Animal NDC 54771-6293-1 Antisedan

Atipamezole Hydrochloride

Animal Product Information

Field Name Field Value
Animal NDC Code 54771-6293-1
Proprietary Name Antisedan What is the Proprietary Name?
The proprietary name also known as the trade name is the name of the product chosen by the medication labeler for marketing purposes.
Non-Proprietary Name Atipamezole Hydrochloride What is the Non-Proprietary Name?
The non-proprietary name is sometimes called the generic name. The generic name usually includes the active ingredient(s) of the product.
Labeler Name Zoetis Inc.
Product Type Prescription Animal Drug
Usage Information
    ANTISEDAN is indicated for the reversal of the sedative and analgesic effects of DEXDOMITOR (dexmedetomidine hydrochloride), and DOMITOR (medetomidine hydrochloride) in dogs.
Active Ingredient(s)
  • Atipamezole Hydrochloride
Inactive Ingredient(s)
Marketing Category NADA - NEW ANIMAL DRUG APPLICATION What is the Marketing Category?
Product types are broken down into several potential Marketing Categories, such as NDA/ANDA/BLA, OTC Monograph, or Unapproved Drug. One and only one Marketing Category may be chosen for a product, not all marketing categories are available to all product types. Currently, only final marketed product categories are included. The complete list of codes and translations can be found at under Structured Product Labeling Resources.
FDA Application Number NADA141033 What is the FDA Application Number?
This corresponds to the NDA, ANDA, or BLA number reported by the labeler for products which have the corresponding Marketing Category designated. If the designated Marketing Category is OTC Monograph Final or OTC Monograph Not Final, then the Application number will be the CFR citation corresponding to the appropriate Monograph (e.g. “part 341”). For unapproved drugs, this field will be null.

Antisedan Animal Product Labeling Information

The product labeling information includes all published material associated to a drug. Product labeling documents include information like generic names, active ingredients, ingredient strength dosage, routes of administration, appearance, usage, warnings, inactive ingredients, etc.

Table of Contents


Federal law restricts this drug to use by or on the order of a licensed veterinarian.


ANTISEDAN (atipamezole hydrochloride) is a synthetic α2-adrenergic antagonist.

The chemical name is 4-(2-ethyl-2,3-dihydro-1H-inden-2-yl)-1H-imidazole hydrochloride.

The molecular formula is C14H16N2 • HCl and structural formula is:

Each mL of ANTISEDAN contains 5.0 mg atipamezole hydrochloride, 1.0 mg methylparaben (NF), 8.5 mg sodium chloride (USP), and water for injection (USP).


ANTISEDAN is indicated for the reversal of the sedative and analgesic effects of DEXDOMITOR (dexmedetomidine hydrochloride), and DOMITOR (medetomidine hydrochloride) in dogs.

Dosage And Administration

ANTISEDAN is administered intramuscularly (IM) for reversal of sedation and analgesia regardless of the route used for DEXDOMITOR or DOMITOR. The atipamezole dose for the reversal of IV DEXDOMITOR or DOMITOR is 3750 mcg/m2. The atipamezole dose for the reversal of IM DEXDOMITOR or DOMITOR is 5000 mcg/m2.

The dosage of ANTISEDAN is calculated based on body surface area. Use the following tables to determine the correct injection volume or the correct ANTISEDAN dosage on the basis of kilograms of body weight.

Note that the mcg/kg dosage decreases as body weight increases.

Table 1: Atipamezole dosing for reversal of IV dexmedetomidine- or medetomidine-induced sedation/analgesia:
Dose table for ANTISEDAN (3750 mcg/m2) when dexmedetomidine or medetomidine is given IV
For # lbs For # kg dose = mcg/kg volume = mL ANTISEDAN
Table 2: Atipamezole dosing for reversal of IM dexmedetomidine- or medetomidine-induced sedation/analgesia:
Dose table for ANTISEDAN (5000 mcg/m2) when dexmedetomidine or medetomidine is given IM
For # lbs For # kg dose = mcg/kg volume = mL ANTISEDAN


Since atipamezole is always used concomitantly with dexmedetomidine or medetomidine, it should not be used in dogs with the following conditions: cardiac disease, respiratory disorders, liver or kidney diseases, dogs in shock, severely debilitated dogs, or dogs stressed due to extreme heat, cold or fatigue.

Administration of atipamezole is contraindicated in dogs with a known hypersensitivity to the drug.

Human Warnings

Not for human use. Keep out of reach of children.

Atipamezole hydrochloride can be absorbed and may cause irritation following direct exposure to skin, eyes, or mouth. In case of accidental eye exposure, flush with water for 15 minutes. In case of accidental skin exposure, wash with soap and water. Remove contaminated clothing.

If irritation or other adverse reaction occurs (for example, increased heart rate, tremor, muscle cramps), seek medical attention.

In case of accidental oral exposure or injection, seek medical attention. Caution should be used while handling and using filled syringes.

Users with cardiovascular disease (for example, hypertension or ischemic heart disease) should take special precautions to avoid any exposure to this product.

The safety data sheet (SDS) contains more detailed occupational safety information.

To report adverse reactions in users or to obtain a copy of the SDS for this product call 1-888-963-8471.

Note to Physician: This product contains an alpha2-adrenergic antagonist.

1. Handling:

ANTISEDAN can produce an abrupt reversal of sedation; therefore, dogs that have recently received ANTISEDAN should be handled with caution. The potential for apprehensive or aggressive behavior should be considered in the handling of dogs emerging from sedation, especially in dogs predisposed to nervousness or fright. Also, avoid situations where a dog might fall.

2. Sedation Relapse:

While atipamezole does reverse the clinical signs associated with medetomidine or dexmedetomidine sedation, complete physiologic return to pretreatment status may not be immediate or may be temporary, and dogs should be monitored for sedation relapse. Sedation relapse is more likely to occur in dogs that receive an alpha2-agonist by the IV route, compared to dogs that are sedated using the IM route. Animals should be monitored closely for persistent hypothermia, bradycardia, and depressed respiration, until signs of recovery persist.

3. Analgesia Reversal:

Atipamezole reverses analgesic effects as well as sedative effects. Additional procedures for the control of pain may be required.

4. Debilitated Dogs:

The safety of atipamezole has not been evaluated in dogs with compromised health. Geriatric, debilitated, and ill dogs are more likely to experience adverse reactions associated with the administration of alpha2-antagonists (as well as alpha2-agonists). Dogs with abnormalities associated with the cardiovascular system are especially at risk.

5. Breeding Dogs:

ANTISEDAN has not been evaluated in breeding dogs; therefore, the drug is not recommended for use in pregnant or lactating dogs, or in dogs intended for breeding.

6. Minimum Age And Weight:

ANTISEDAN has not been evaluated in dogs less than four months of age or in dogs weighing less than 4.4 lbs (2 kg).

Adverse Reactions

Occasional vomiting may occur. At times, a period of excitement or apprehensiveness may be seen in dogs treated with atipamezole. Other effects of atipamezole include hypersalivation, diarrhea, and tremors.

Clinical Pharmacology

Atipamezole is a potent alpha2-antagonist which selectively and competitively inhibits alpha2-adrenergic receptors. The result of atipamezole administration in the dog is the rapid recovery from the sedative and analgesic effects produced by the alpha2-adrenergic agonists dexmedetomidine or medetomidine. Atipamezole does not reverse the effects of other classes of sedatives, anesthetics, or analgesics.

Atipamezole is rapidly absorbed following intramuscular injection; maximum serum concentration is reached in approximately 10 minutes. Onset of arousal is usually apparent within 5 to 10 minutes of injection, depending on the depth and duration of dexmedetomidine- or medetomidine-induced sedation. Elimination half-life from serum is less than 3 hours. Atipamezole undergoes extensive hepatic biotransformation, with excretion of metabolites primarily in urine.

Dexmedetomidine or medetomidine activation of peripheral and central alpha2-adrenergic receptors induces a pattern of pharmacological responses that include sedation, reduction of anxiety, analgesia, and bradycardia.

Blood pressure is initially increased due to peripheral vasoconstriction and thereafter drops to normal or slightly below normal levels. A transient, decrease in systolic blood pressure occurs immediately after administration of atipamezole to dexmedetomidine- or medetomidine-sedated dogs, followed by a transient increase in arterial pressure within 10 minutes compared to pre-atipamezole levels. This is the opposite of the response to alpha2-agonist treatment, and is probably due to atipamezole-induced peripheral vasodilation.

Atipamezole administration rapidly abolishes dexmedetomidine- or medetomidine-induced bradycardia, usually within 3 minutes. The magnitude of the effect of atipamezole on heart rate is greater when dexmedetomidine is administered intravenously compared to intramuscularly. Dogs receiving medetomidine or IM dexmedetomidine may not return to pre-sedative heart rates after atipamezole administration and some dogs briefly show heart rate elevations above baseline. Respiratory rate increases following atipamezole injection.


One hundred and nine dogs received atipamezole in the field study (55 dogs received the reversal agent following dexmedetomidine; 54 following medetomidine). The mean age was 5.9 years and ranged between 17 weeks and 16 years. The mean weight was 45.5 lbs (20.7 kg), ranging from 4.8 lbs to 117 lbs (2.2 kg to 53.2 kg). Atipamezole was administered by the IM route of administration, within a range of 39-57 minutes after administration of either dexmedetomidine (IV and IM) or medetomidine (IV and IM).

Atipamezole reversed the effects of dexmedetomidine and medetomidine in all cases. In dexmedetomidine treated dogs, the onset of reversal was evident within 5 minutes after administration of atipamezole (57% could stand). Within 15 minutes, 96% of dexmedetomidine treated dogs were standing, 92% responded normally to sound, 86% had a normal muscle tone of jaw, and >90% had a normal pedal reflex response. Responses in dogs treated with medetomidine were similar or slightly later.

Following atipamezole, heart rate increased between 0 and 5 minutes following either alpha2-agonist (IV dexmedetomidine dogs had heart rates from 60 to 85 bpm, and IV medetomidine dogs from 51 to 67 bpm; IM dexmedetomidine dogs had heart rates from 45 to 73 bpm, and IM medetomidine dogs from 52 to 79 bpm). Bradycardia resolved more slowly in the IM treatment groups. The body temperature remained at the same level during the 120 minutes of follow-up after atipamezole administration. Respiratory rates increased toward normal between 0 and 5 minutes after the administration of atipamezole in all treatment groups. Mucous membranes were described as normal after 5 minutes in 91% of dexmedetomidine dogs (IV or IM). By 120 minutes, 96% were normal (after IV dexmedetomidine) or 100% were normal (after IM dexmedetomidine). Many physiological responses were slightly slower to return toward normal when dogs were treated with medetomidine IV or IM.

No adverse events were reported in the atipamezole treated dogs.

Animal Safety

Atipamezole was tolerated in healthy dogs receiving 10X the recommended dose and in dogs receiving repeated doses at 1, 3, and 5X the recommended dose, in the absence of an alpha2-agonist. Signs were dose-related and included excitement, panting, trembling, vomiting, soft or liquid feces and scleral injection. At 10X the recommended dose, increases in creatine kinase, AST, and ALT were noted. Creatine kinase also increased in 3 (of 6) dogs in the 3X treatment group. Localized skeletal muscle injury was seen at the injection site but no associated clinical signs or complications were observed. Dogs receiving the recommended atipamezole dose in the absence of medetomidine or dexmedetomidine exhibited no adverse clinical signs. In additional safety studies, adverse events were absent up to the 3X dose of atipamezole when its administration followed medetomidine or dexmedetomidine sedation.

In a separate safety study using a crossover design, 5 dogs received atipamezole after dexmedetomidine (IV and IM). Dexmedetomidine's effects on blood pressure, heart rate, respiratory rate, and cardiac conduction times were reversed by atipamezole. However, heart rate and cardiac conduction times did not return to predexmedetomidine values. Heart rate increases after atipamezole were closer to baseline values in dogs treated with dexmedetomidine IV (compared to IM).

Storage Information

Store at room temperature 20° to 25°C (68-77°F), with excursions permitted to 15° to 30°C (59-86°F). Use within 90 days of first puncture.

How Supplied

ANTISEDAN is supplied in 10-mL, multidose vials containing 5.0 mg of atipamezole hydrochloride per mL.

Principal Display Panel - 10 Ml Carton Label

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