NDC 0046-1107 Prempro

Conjugated Estrogens And Medroxyprogesterone Acetate

NDC Product Code 0046-1107

NDC CODE: 0046-1107

Proprietary Name: Prempro What is the Proprietary Name?
The proprietary name also known as the trade name is the name of the product chosen by the medication labeler for marketing purposes.

Non-Proprietary Name: Conjugated Estrogens And Medroxyprogesterone Acetate What is the Non-Proprietary Name?
The non-proprietary name is sometimes called the generic name. The generic name usually includes the active ingredient(s) of the product.

Drug Use Information

Drug Use Information
The drug use information is a summary and does NOT have all possible information about this product. This information does not assure that this product is safe, effective, or appropriate. This information is not individual medical advice and does not substitute for the advice of a health care professional. Always ask a health care professional for complete information about this product and your specific health needs.

  • This medication is a female hormone. It is used by women to help reduce symptoms of menopause (such as hot flashes, vaginal dryness). These symptoms are caused by the body making less estrogen. If you are using this medication to treat symptoms only in and around the vagina, products applied directly inside the vagina should be considered before medications that are taken by mouth, absorbed through the skin, or injected. Certain estrogen products may also be used by women after menopause to prevent bone loss (osteoporosis). However, there are other medications (such as raloxifene, bisphosphonates including alendronate) that are also effective in preventing bone loss and may be safer. These medications should be considered for use before estrogen treatment. Certain estrogen products may also be used by men and women to treat cancers (certain types of prostate cancer, breast cancer that has spread to other parts of the body) and by women who are not able to produce enough estrogen (for example, due to hypogonadism, primary ovarian failure).
  • This medication is used to prevent pregnancy. Medroxyprogesterone is like a natural hormone made by the body. It works mainly by preventing the growth and release of an egg (ovulation) during your menstrual cycle. It also makes vaginal fluid thicker to help prevent sperm from reaching an egg (fertilization) and changes the lining of the uterus (womb) to prevent attachment of a fertilized egg. Medroxyprogesterone is also used to treat endometriosis. It works by lowering the amount of certain hormones in the body and decreasing the growth of abnormal tissues that cause endometriosis. This helps reduce pain and other symptoms. Using this medication does not protect you or your partner against sexually transmitted diseases (such as HIV, gonorrhea, chlamydia).

Product Characteristics

Color(s):
BLUE (C48333 - LIGHT BLUE)
BROWN (C48332 - MAROON)
YELLOW (C48330 - CREAM)
YELLOW (C48330 - GOLD)
ORANGE (C48331 - PEACH)
Shape: OVAL (C48345)
Size(s):
10 MM
Imprint(s):
PREMPRO;0625;5
PREMARIN;0625
PREMPRO;03;15
PREMPRO;045;15
PREMPRO;0625;25
Score: 1

NDC Code Structure

  • 0046 - Wyeth Pharmaceuticals Llc, A Subsidiary Of Pfizer Inc.

NDC 0046-1107-11

Package Description: 1 BLISTER PACK in 1 CARTON > 28 TABLET, SUGAR COATED in 1 BLISTER PACK

NDC Product Information

Prempro with NDC 0046-1107 is a a human prescription drug product labeled by Wyeth Pharmaceuticals Llc, A Subsidiary Of Pfizer Inc.. The generic name of Prempro is conjugated estrogens and medroxyprogesterone acetate. The product's dosage form is tablet, sugar coated and is administered via oral form.

Labeler Name: Wyeth Pharmaceuticals Llc, A Subsidiary Of Pfizer Inc.

Dosage Form: Tablet, Sugar Coated - A solid dosage form that contains medicinal substances with or without suitable diluents and is coated with a colored or an uncolored water-soluble sugar.

Product Type: Human Prescription Drug What kind of product is this?
Indicates the type of product, such as Human Prescription Drug or Human Over the Counter Drug. This data element matches the “Document Type” field of the Structured Product Listing.

Prempro Active Ingredient(s)

What is the Active Ingredient(s) List?
This is the active ingredient list. Each ingredient name is the preferred term of the UNII code submitted.

  • ESTROGENS, CONJUGATED .625 mg/1
  • MEDROXYPROGESTERONE ACETATE 2.5 mg/1

Inactive Ingredient(s)

About the Inactive Ingredient(s)
The inactive ingredients are all the component of a medicinal product OTHER than the active ingredient(s). The acronym "UNII" stands for “Unique Ingredient Identifier” and is used to identify each inactive ingredient present in a product.

  • HYDROXYPROPYL CELLULOSE (1600000 WAMW) (UNII: RFW2ET671P)
  • MICROCRYSTALLINE CELLULOSE (UNII: OP1R32D61U)
  • LACTOSE MONOHYDRATE (UNII: EWQ57Q8I5X)
  • MAGNESIUM STEARATE (UNII: 70097M6I30)
  • POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL 400 (UNII: B697894SGQ)
  • SUCROSE (UNII: C151H8M554)
  • TITANIUM DIOXIDE (UNII: 15FIX9V2JP)
  • FD&C BLUE NO. 2 (UNII: L06K8R7DQK)
  • CARNAUBA WAX (UNII: R12CBM0EIZ)
  • TRIBASIC CALCIUM PHOSPHATE (UNII: 91D9GV0Z28)
  • FERROSOFERRIC OXIDE (UNII: XM0M87F357)
  • HYPROMELLOSE 2208 (15000 MPA.S) (UNII: Z78RG6M2N2)
  • HYPROMELLOSE 2910 (15 MPA.S) (UNII: 36SFW2JZ0W)
  • HYPROMELLOSE 2910 (6 MPA.S) (UNII: 0WZ8WG20P6)
  • METHACRYLIC ACID - ETHYL ACRYLATE COPOLYMER (1:1) TYPE A (UNII: NX76LV5T8J)
  • TRIETHYL CITRATE (UNII: 8Z96QXD6UM)
  • PROPYLENE GLYCOL (UNII: 6DC9Q167V3)
  • HYDROXYPROPYL CELLULOSE (1600000 WAMW) (UNII: RFW2ET671P)
  • MICROCRYSTALLINE CELLULOSE (UNII: OP1R32D61U)
  • LACTOSE MONOHYDRATE (UNII: EWQ57Q8I5X)
  • MAGNESIUM STEARATE (UNII: 70097M6I30)
  • POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL 400 (UNII: B697894SGQ)
  • SUCROSE (UNII: C151H8M554)
  • TITANIUM DIOXIDE (UNII: 15FIX9V2JP)
  • FD&C BLUE NO. 2 (UNII: L06K8R7DQK)
  • FD&C RED NO. 40 (UNII: WZB9127XOA)
  • TRIBASIC CALCIUM PHOSPHATE (UNII: 91D9GV0Z28)
  • POWDERED CELLULOSE (UNII: SMD1X3XO9M)
  • HYPROMELLOSE 2208 (15000 MPA.S) (UNII: Z78RG6M2N2)
  • HYPROMELLOSE 2910 (15 MPA.S) (UNII: 36SFW2JZ0W)
  • HYPROMELLOSE 2910 (6 MPA.S) (UNII: 0WZ8WG20P6)
  • CARNAUBA WAX (UNII: R12CBM0EIZ)
  • PROPYLENE GLYCOL (UNII: 6DC9Q167V3)
  • MICROCRYSTALLINE CELLULOSE (UNII: OP1R32D61U)
  • HYDROXYPROPYL CELLULOSE (1600000 WAMW) (UNII: RFW2ET671P)
  • SUCROSE (UNII: C151H8M554)
  • LACTOSE MONOHYDRATE (UNII: EWQ57Q8I5X)
  • MAGNESIUM STEARATE (UNII: 70097M6I30)
  • POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL 400 (UNII: B697894SGQ)
  • TITANIUM DIOXIDE (UNII: 15FIX9V2JP)
  • FERRIC OXIDE YELLOW (UNII: EX438O2MRT)
  • FERROSOFERRIC OXIDE (UNII: XM0M87F357)
  • TRIBASIC CALCIUM PHOSPHATE (UNII: 91D9GV0Z28)
  • METHACRYLIC ACID - ETHYL ACRYLATE COPOLYMER (1:1) TYPE A (UNII: NX76LV5T8J)
  • HYPROMELLOSE 2208 (15000 MPA.S) (UNII: Z78RG6M2N2)
  • HYPROMELLOSE 2910 (15 MPA.S) (UNII: 36SFW2JZ0W)
  • HYPROMELLOSE 2910 (6 MPA.S) (UNII: 0WZ8WG20P6)
  • CARNAUBA WAX (UNII: R12CBM0EIZ)
  • PROPYLENE GLYCOL (UNII: 6DC9Q167V3)
  • MICROCRYSTALLINE CELLULOSE (UNII: OP1R32D61U)
  • HYDROXYPROPYL CELLULOSE (1600000 WAMW) (UNII: RFW2ET671P)
  • SUCROSE (UNII: C151H8M554)
  • LACTOSE MONOHYDRATE (UNII: EWQ57Q8I5X)
  • MAGNESIUM STEARATE (UNII: 70097M6I30)
  • POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL 400 (UNII: B697894SGQ)
  • TITANIUM DIOXIDE (UNII: 15FIX9V2JP)
  • FERRIC OXIDE YELLOW (UNII: EX438O2MRT)
  • FERROSOFERRIC OXIDE (UNII: XM0M87F357)
  • METHACRYLIC ACID - ETHYL ACRYLATE COPOLYMER (1:1) TYPE A (UNII: NX76LV5T8J)
  • TRIBASIC CALCIUM PHOSPHATE (UNII: 91D9GV0Z28)
  • HYPROMELLOSE 2208 (15000 MPA.S) (UNII: Z78RG6M2N2)
  • HYPROMELLOSE 2910 (15 MPA.S) (UNII: 36SFW2JZ0W)
  • HYPROMELLOSE 2910 (6 MPA.S) (UNII: 0WZ8WG20P6)
  • CARNAUBA WAX (UNII: R12CBM0EIZ)
  • PROPYLENE GLYCOL (UNII: 6DC9Q167V3)
  • MICROCRYSTALLINE CELLULOSE (UNII: OP1R32D61U)
  • HYDROXYPROPYL CELLULOSE (1600000 WAMW) (UNII: RFW2ET671P)
  • SUCROSE (UNII: C151H8M554)
  • LACTOSE MONOHYDRATE (UNII: EWQ57Q8I5X)
  • MAGNESIUM STEARATE (UNII: 70097M6I30)
  • POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL 400 (UNII: B697894SGQ)
  • TITANIUM DIOXIDE (UNII: 15FIX9V2JP)
  • FERRIC OXIDE YELLOW (UNII: EX438O2MRT)
  • FERROSOFERRIC OXIDE (UNII: XM0M87F357)
  • METHACRYLIC ACID - ETHYL ACRYLATE COPOLYMER (1:1) TYPE A (UNII: NX76LV5T8J)
  • TRIBASIC CALCIUM PHOSPHATE (UNII: 91D9GV0Z28)
  • HYPROMELLOSE 2208 (15000 MPA.S) (UNII: Z78RG6M2N2)
  • HYPROMELLOSE 2910 (15 MPA.S) (UNII: 36SFW2JZ0W)
  • HYPROMELLOSE 2910 (6 MPA.S) (UNII: 0WZ8WG20P6)
  • CARNAUBA WAX (UNII: R12CBM0EIZ)
  • PROPYLENE GLYCOL (UNII: 6DC9Q167V3)

Administration Route(s)

What are the Administration Route(s)?
The translation of the route code submitted by the firm, indicating route of administration.

  • Oral - Administration to or by way of the mouth.
  • Oral - Administration to or by way of the mouth.

Pharmacological Class(es)

What is a Pharmacological Class?
These are the reported pharmacological class categories corresponding to the SubstanceNames listed above.

  • Estrogen - [EPC] (Established Pharmacologic Class)
  • Estrogen Receptor Agonists - [MoA] (Mechanism of Action)
  • Estrogens -
  • Conjugated (USP) - [CS]
  • Progesterone Congeners - [CS]
  • Progestin - [EPC] (Established Pharmacologic Class)

Product Labeler Information

What is the Labeler Name?
Name of Company corresponding to the labeler code segment of the Product NDC.

Labeler Name: Wyeth Pharmaceuticals Llc, A Subsidiary Of Pfizer Inc.
Labeler Code: 0046
FDA Application Number: NDA020527 What is the FDA Application Number?
This corresponds to the NDA, ANDA, or BLA number reported by the labeler for products which have the corresponding Marketing Category designated. If the designated Marketing Category is OTC Monograph Final or OTC Monograph Not Final, then the Application number will be the CFR citation corresponding to the appropriate Monograph (e.g. “part 341”). For unapproved drugs, this field will be null.

Marketing Category: NDA - A product marketed under an approved New Drug Application. What is the Marketing Category?
Product types are broken down into several potential Marketing Categories, such as NDA/ANDA/BLA, OTC Monograph, or Unapproved Drug. One and only one Marketing Category may be chosen for a product, not all marketing categories are available to all product types. Currently, only final marketed product categories are included. The complete list of codes and translations can be found at www.fda.gov/edrls under Structured Product Labeling Resources.

Start Marketing Date: 09-21-2009 What is the Start Marketing Date?
This is the date that the labeler indicates was the start of its marketing of the drug product.

Listing Expiration Date: 12-31-2020 What is the Listing Expiration Date?
This is the date when the listing record will expire if not updated or certified by the product labeler.

Exclude Flag: N What is the NDC Exclude Flag?
This field indicates whether the product has been removed/excluded from the NDC Directory for failure to respond to FDA’s requests for correction to deficient or non-compliant submissions. Values = ‘Y’ or ‘N’.

* Please review the disclaimer below.

Information for Patients

Estrogen and Progestin (Hormone Replacement Therapy)

Estrogen and Progestin (Hormone Replacement Therapy) is pronounced as (ess' troe jen) (pro jes' tin)

Why is estrogen and progestin (hormone replacement therapy) medication prescribed?
Combinations of estrogen and progestin are used to treat certain symptoms of menopause. Estrogen and progestin are two female sex hormones. Hormone replacement therapy wo...
[Read More]

* Please review the disclaimer below.

Prempro Product Labeling Information

The product labeling information includes all published material associated to a drug. Product labeling documents include information like generic names, active ingredients, ingredient strength dosage, routes of administration, appearance, usage, warnings, inactive ingredients, etc.

Product Labeling Index

Warning: Cardiovascular Disorders, Breast Cancer, Endometrial Cancer And Probable Dementia

Estrogen Plus Progestin TherapyCardiovascular Disorders and Probable DementiaEstrogen plus progestin therapy should not be used for the prevention of cardiovascular disease or dementia [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1, 5.3), and Clinical Studies (14.6, 14.7)].The Women's Health Initiative (WHI) estrogen plus progestin substudy reported an increased risk of deep vein thrombosis (DVT), pulmonary embolism (PE), stroke and myocardial infarction (MI) in postmenopausal women (50 to 79 years of age) during 5.6 years of treatment with daily oral conjugated estrogen (CE) [0.625 mg] combined with medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) [2.5 mg], relative to placebo [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1), and Clinical Studies (14.6)].The WHI Memory Study (WHIMS) estrogen plus progestin ancillary study of the WHI reported an increased risk of developing probable dementia in postmenopausal women 65 years of age or older during 4 years of treatment with daily CE (0.625 mg) combined with MPA (2.5 mg), relative to placebo. It is unknown whether this finding applies to younger postmenopausal women [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3), Use in Specific Populations (8.5), and Clinical Studies (14.7)].Breast CancerThe WHI estrogen plus progestin substudy also demonstrated an increased risk of invasive breast cancer [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2), and Clinical Studies (14.6)].In the absence of comparable data, these risks should be assumed to be similar for other doses of CE and MPA and other combinations and dosage forms of estrogens and progestins.Estrogens with or without progestins should be prescribed at the lowest effective doses and for the shortest duration consistent with treatment goals and risks for the individual woman. Estrogen-Alone TherapyEndometrial CancerThere is an increased risk of endometrial cancer in a woman with a uterus who uses unopposed estrogens. Adding a progestin to estrogen therapy has been shown to reduce the risk of endometrial hyperplasia, which may be a precursor to endometrial cancer. Adequate diagnostic measures, including directed or random endometrial sampling when indicated, should be undertaken to rule out malignancy in postmenopausal women with undiagnosed persistent or recurring abnormal genital bleeding [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)].Cardiovascular Disorders and Probable DementiaEstrogen-alone therapy should not be used for the prevention of cardiovascular disease or dementia [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1, 5.3), and Clinical Studies (14.6, 14.7)].The WHI estrogen-alone substudy reported increased risks of stroke and DVT in postmenopausal women (50 to 79 years of age) during 7.1 years of treatment with daily oral CE (0.625 mg)-alone, relative to placebo [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1), and Clinical Studies (14.6)].The WHIMS estrogen-alone ancillary study of WHI reported an increased risk of developing probable dementia in postmenopausal women 65 years of age or older during 5.2 years of treatment with daily CE (0.625 mg)-alone, relative to placebo. It is unknown whether this finding applies to younger postmenopausal women [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3), Use in Specific Populations (8.5), and Clinical Studies (14.7)].In the absence of comparable data, these risks should be assumed to be similar for other doses of CE and other dosage forms of estrogens.Estrogens with or without progestins should be prescribed at the lowest effective doses and for the shortest duration consistent with treatment goals and risks for the individual woman.

2 Dosage And Administration

Use of estrogen-alone, or in combination with a progestin, should be with the lowest effective dose and for the shortest duration consistent with treatment goals and risks for the individual woman. Postmenopausal women should be re-evaluated periodically as clinically appropriate to determine if treatment is still necessary.

2.1 Treatment Of Moderate To Severe Vasomotor Symptoms Due To Menopause

PREMPRO therapy consists of a single tablet to be taken orally once daily.PREMPHASE therapy consists of two separate tablets: one maroon 0.625 mg Premarin [conjugated estrogens (CE)] tablet taken daily on days 1 through 14 and one light-blue tablet containing 0.625 mg CE and 5 mg of medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) taken on days 15 through 28.

2.2 Treatment Of Moderate To Severe Vulvar And Vaginal Atrophy Due To Menopause

PREMPRO therapy consists of a single tablet to be taken orally once daily.PREMPHASE therapy consists of two separate tablets: one maroon 0.625 mg CE tablet taken daily on days 1 through 14 and one light-blue tablet containing 0.625 mg CE and 5 mg MPA taken on days 15 through 28.When prescribing solely for the treatment of moderate to severe vulvar and vaginal atrophy, topical vaginal products should be considered.

2.3 Prevention Of Postmenopausal Osteoporosis

PREMPRO therapy consists of a single tablet to be taken orally once daily.PREMPHASE therapy consists of two separate tablets: one maroon 0.625 mg CE tablet taken daily on days 1 through 14 and one light-blue tablet containing 0.625 mg CE and 5 mg of MPA taken on days 15 through 28.When prescribing solely for the prevention of postmenopausal osteoporosis, therapy should only be considered for women at significant risk of osteoporosis and non-estrogen medications should be carefully considered.

3 Dosage Forms And Strengths

PREMPRO (conjugated estrogens/medroxyprogesterone acetate tablets)Tablet StrengthTablet Shape/ColorImprint0.3 mg CE plus 1.5 mg MPAoval / creamPREMPRO0.3/1.5 0.45 mg CE plus 1.5 mg MPAoval / goldPREMPRO0.45/1.5 0.625 mg CE plus 2.5 mg MPAoval / peachPREMPRO0.625/2.50.625 mg CE plus 5 mg MPAoval / light bluePREMPRO0.625/5PREMPHASE (conjugated estrogens/medroxyprogesterone acetate tablets)Tablet StrengthTablet Shape/ColorImprint0.625 mg CEoval / maroon (14 tablets)PREMARIN0.6250.625 mg CE plus 5 mg MPAoval / light-blue (14 tablets)PREMPRO0.625/5

4 Contraindications

  • PREMPRO or PREMPHASE therapy should not be used in women with any of the following conditions:Undiagnosed abnormal genital bleedingKnown, suspected, or history of breast cancerKnown or suspected estrogen-dependent neoplasiaActive DVT, PE, or a history of these conditionsActive arterial thromboembolic disease (for example, stroke and MI), or a history of these conditionsKnown anaphylactic reaction or angioedema to PREMPRO/PREMPHASEKnown liver dysfunction or diseaseKnown protein C, protein S, or antithrombin deficiency, or other known thrombophilic disorders Known or suspected pregnancy

5.1 Cardiovascular Disorders

An increased risk of PE, DVT, stroke and MI has been reported with estrogen plus progestin therapy. An increased risk of stroke and DVT has been reported with estrogen-alone therapy. Should any of these occur or be suspected, estrogen with or without progestin therapy should be discontinued immediately.Risk factors for arterial vascular disease (for example, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, tobacco use, hypercholesterolemia, and obesity) and/or venous thromboembolism (VTE) (for example, personal history or family history of VTE, obesity, and systemic lupus erythematosus) should be managed appropriately.

Other

StrokeIn the WHI estrogen plus progestin substudy, a statistically significant increased risk of stroke was reported in women 50 to 79 years of age receiving daily CE (0.625 mg) plus MPA (2.5 mg) compared to women in the same age group receiving placebo (33 versus 25 per 10,000 women-years) [see Clinical Studies (14.6)]. The increase in risk was demonstrated after the first year and persisted.1 Should a stroke occur or be suspected, estrogen plus progestin therapy should be discontinued immediately.In the WHI estrogen-alone substudy, a statistically significant increased risk of stroke was reported in women 50 to 79 years of age receiving daily CE (0.625 mg)-alone compared to women in the same age group receiving placebo (45 versus 33 per 10,000 women-years). The increase in risk was demonstrated in year 1 and persisted [see Clinical Studies (14.6)]. Should a stroke occur or be suspected, estrogen-alone therapy should be discontinued immediately.Subgroup analyses of women 50 to 59 years of age suggest no increased risk of stroke for those women receiving CE (0.625 mg)-alone versus those receiving placebo (18 versus 21 per 10,000 women-years).1

Coronary Heart DiseaseIn the WHI estrogen plus progestin substudy, there was a statistically non-significant increased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) events (defined as nonfatal MI, silent MI, or CHD death) reported in women receiving daily CE (0.625 mg) plus MPA (2.5 mg) compared to women receiving placebo (41 versus 34 per 10,000 women-years).1 An increase in relative risk was demonstrated in year 1, and a trend toward decreasing relative risk was reported in years 2 through 5 [see Clinical Studies (14.6)].In the WHI estrogen-alone substudy, no overall effect on CHD events was reported in women receiving estrogen-alone compared to placebo2 [see Clinical Studies (14.6)].Subgroup analyses of women 50 to 59 years of age suggest a statistically non-significant reduction in CHD events (CE [0.625 mg]-alone compared to placebo) in women with less than 10 years since menopause (8 versus 16 per 10,000 women-years).1In postmenopausal women with documented heart disease (n = 2,763), average 66.7 years of age, in a controlled clinical trial of secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease (Heart and Estrogen/Progestin Replacement Study [HERS]), treatment with daily CE (0.625 mg) plus MPA (2.5 mg) demonstrated no cardiovascular benefit. During an average follow-up of 4.1 years, treatment with CE plus MPA did not reduce the overall rate of CHD events in postmenopausal women with established coronary heart disease. There were more CHD events in the CE plus MPA-treated group than in the placebo group in year 1, but not during subsequent years. Two thousand, three hundred and twenty-one (2,321) women from the original HERS trial agreed to participate in an open label extension of HERS, HERS II. Average follow-up in HERS II was an additional 2.7 years, for a total of 6.8 years overall. Rates of CHD events were comparable among women in the CE plus MPA group and the placebo group in HERS, HERS II, and overall.

Venous Thromboembolism In the WHI estrogen plus progestin substudy, a statistically significant 2-fold greater rate of VTE (DVT and PE) was reported in women receiving daily CE (0.625 mg) plus MPA (2.5 mg) compared to women receiving placebo (35 versus 17 per 10,000 women-years). Statistically significant increases in risk for both DVT (26 versus 13 per 10,000 women-years) and PE (18 versus 8 per 10,000 women-years) were also demonstrated. The increase in VTE risk was demonstrated during the first year and persisted3 [see Clinical Studies (14.6)]. Should a VTE occur or be suspected, estrogen plus progestin therapy should be discontinued immediately.In the WHI estrogen-alone substudy, the risk of VTE was increased for women receiving daily CE (0.625 mg)-alone compared to placebo (30 versus 22 per 10,000 women-years), although only the increased risk of DVT reached statistical significance (23 versus 15 per 10,000 women-years). The increase in VTE risk was demonstrated during the first 2 years4 [see Clinical Studies (14.6)]. Should a VTE occur or be suspected, estrogen-alone therapy should be discontinued immediately.If feasible, estrogens should be discontinued at least 4 to 6 weeks before surgery of the type associated with an increased risk of thromboembolism, or during periods of prolonged immobilization.

Breast CancerThe most important randomized clinical trial providing information about breast cancer in estrogen plus progestin users is the WHI substudy of daily CE (0.625 mg) plus MPA (2.5 mg). After a mean follow-up of 5.6 years, the estrogen plus progestin substudy reported an increased risk of invasive breast cancer in women who took daily CE plus MPA. In this substudy, prior use of estrogen-alone or estrogen plus progestin therapy was reported by 26 percent of the women. The relative risk of invasive breast cancer was 1.24, and the absolute risk was 41 versus 33 cases per 10,000 women-years, for CE plus MPA compared with placebo. Among women who reported prior use of hormone therapy, the relative risk of invasive breast cancer was 1.86, and the absolute risk was 46 versus 25 cases per 10,000 women-years, for CE plus MPA compared with placebo. Among women who reported no prior use of hormone therapy, the relative risk of invasive breast cancer was 1.09, and the absolute risk was 40 versus 36 cases per 10,000 women-years, for CE plus MPA compared with placebo. In the same substudy, invasive breast cancers were larger, were more likely to be node positive, and were diagnosed at a more advanced stage in the CE (0.625 mg) plus MPA (2.5 mg) group compared with the placebo group. Metastatic disease was rare, with no apparent difference between the two groups. Other prognostic factors, such as histologic subtype, grade and hormone receptor status did not differ between the groups5 [see Clinical Studies (14.6)].The most important randomized clinical trial providing information about breast cancer in estrogen-alone users is the WHI substudy of daily CE (0.625 mg)-alone. In the WHI estrogen-alone substudy, after an average follow-up of 7.1 years, daily CE (0.625 mg)-alone was not associated with an increased risk of invasive breast cancer [relative risk (RR) 0.80]6 [see Clinical Studies (14.6)].Consistent with the WHI clinical trials, observational studies have also reported an increased risk of breast cancer for estrogen plus progestin therapy, and a smaller increased risk for estrogen-alone therapy, after several years of use. The risk increased with duration of use, and appeared to return to baseline over about 5 years after stopping treatment (only the observational studies have substantial data on risk after stopping). Observational studies also suggest that the risk of breast cancer was greater, and became apparent earlier, with estrogen plus progestin therapy as compared to estrogen-alone therapy. However, these studies have not found significant variation in the risk of breast cancer among different estrogen plus progestin combinations, doses, or routes of administration.The use of estrogen-alone and estrogen plus progestin has been reported to result in an increase in abnormal mammograms requiring further evaluation.All women should receive yearly breast examinations by a healthcare provider and perform monthly breast self-examinations. In addition, mammography examinations should be scheduled based on patient age, risk factors, and prior mammogram results.

Endometrial CancerEndometrial hyperplasia (a possible precursor of endometrial cancer) has been reported to occur at a rate of approximately 1 percent or less with PREMPRO or PREMPHASE.An increased risk of endometrial cancer has been reported with the use of unopposed estrogen therapy in a woman with a uterus. The reported endometrial cancer risk among unopposed estrogen users is about 2 to 12 times greater than in non-users, and appears dependent on duration of treatment and on estrogen dose. Most studies show no significant increased risk associated with use of estrogens for less than 1 year. The greatest risk appears to be associated with prolonged use, with increased risks of 15- to 24-fold for 5 to 10 years or more, and this risk has been shown to persist for at least 8 to 15 years after estrogen therapy is discontinued.Clinical surveillance of all women using estrogen-alone or estrogen plus progestin therapy is important. Adequate diagnostic measures, including directed or random endometrial sampling when indicated, should be undertaken to rule out malignancy in postmenopausal women with undiagnosed persistent or recurring abnormal genital bleeding.There is no evidence that the use of natural estrogens results in a different endometrial risk profile than synthetic estrogens of equivalent estrogen dose. Adding a progestin to estrogen therapy in postmenopausal women has been shown to reduce the risk of endometrial hyperplasia, which may be a precursor to endometrial cancer.

Ovarian CancerThe WHI estrogen plus progestin substudy reported a statistically non-significant increased risk of ovarian cancer. After an average follow-up of 5.6 years, the relative risk for ovarian cancer for CE plus MPA versus placebo was 1.58 (95 percent CI, 0.77–3.24). The absolute risk for CE plus MPA versus placebo was 4 versus 3 cases per 10,000 women-years.7A meta-analysis of 17 prospective and 35 retrospective epidemiology studies found that women who used hormonal therapy for menopausal symptoms had an increased risk for ovarian cancer. The primary analysis, using case-control comparisons, included 12,110 cancer cases from the 17 prospective studies. The relative risks associated with current use of hormonal therapy was 1.41 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.32 to 1.50); there was no difference in the risk estimates by duration of the exposure (less than 5 years [median of 3 years] vs. greater than 5 years [median of 10 years] of use before the cancer diagnosis). The relative risk associated with combined current and recent use (discontinued use within 5 years before cancer diagnosis) was 1.37 (95% CI 1.27–1.48), and the elevated risk was significant for both estrogen-alone and estrogen plus progestin products. The exact duration of hormone therapy use associated with an increased risk of ovarian cancer, however, is unknown.

Genitourinary SystemAbnormal uterine bleeding, dysmenorrhea or pelvic pain, increase in size of uterine leiomyomata, vaginitis, vaginal candidiasis, amenorrhea, changes in cervical secretion, ovarian cancer, endometrial hyperplasia, endometrial cancer.

BreastsTenderness, enlargement, pain, nipple discharge, galactorrhea, fibrocystic breast changes, breast cancer.

CardiovascularDeep and superficial venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, superficial thrombophlebitis, myocardial infarction, stroke, increase in blood pressure.

GastrointestinalNausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, bloating, cholestatic jaundice, increased incidence of gallbladder disease, pancreatitis, changes in appetite, ischemic colitis.

SkinChloasma or melasma that may persist when drug is discontinued, erythema multiforme, erythema nodosum, loss of scalp hair, hirsutism, pruritus, urticaria, rash, acne.

EyesRetinal vascular thrombosis, intolerance of contact lenses.

Central Nervous System Headache, migraine, dizziness, mental depression, exacerbation of chorea, mood disturbances, anxiety, irritability, exacerbation of epilepsy, dementia, growth potentiation of benign meningioma.

MiscellaneousIncrease or decrease in weight, arthralgia, glucose intolerance, edema, changes in libido, exacerbation of asthma, increased triglycerides, hypersensitivity.Additional postmarketing adverse reactions have been reported in patients receiving other forms of hormone therapy.

The Women's Health Initiative StudiesIn the WHI estrogen plus progestin substudy (daily CE [0.625 mg] plus MPA [2.5 mg] versus placebo), there was a higher relative risk of nonfatal stroke and invasive breast cancer in women greater than 65 years of age [see Clinical Studies (14.6)].In the WHI estrogen-alone substudy (daily CE [0.625 mg]-alone versus placebo), there was a higher relative risk of stroke in women greater than 65 years of age [see Clinical Studies (14.6)].

The Women's Health Initiative Memory StudyIn the WHIMS ancillary studies of postmenopausal women 65 to 79 years of age, there was an increased risk of developing probable dementia in women receiving estrogen plus progestin or estrogen-alone when compared to placebo [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3), and Clinical Studies (14.7)].Since both ancillary studies were conducted in women 65 to 79 years of age, it is unknown whether these findings apply to younger postmenopausal women8 [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3), and Clinical Studies (14.7)].

PREMPHASEEach maroon Premarin tablets for oral administration contain 0.625 mg of conjugated estrogens and the following inactive ingredients: calcium phosphate tribasic, hydroxypropyl cellulose, microcrystalline cellulose, powdered cellulose, hypromellose, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, polyethylene glycol, sucrose, titanium dioxide, FD&C Blue No. 2, and FD&C Red No. 40. These tablets comply with USP Dissolution Test 5.Each light-blue tablet for oral administration contains 0.625 mg of conjugated estrogens, 5 mg of medroxyprogesterone acetate, and the following inactive ingredients: calcium phosphate tribasic, carnauba wax, Eudragit NE 30D, hydroxypropyl cellulose, hypromellose, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, polyethylene glycol, sucrose, titanium dioxide, FD&C Blue No. 2, and black iron oxide.

PREMPROTablet StrengthTablet Color Contains0.3 mg/1.5 mgYellow iron oxide and black iron oxide0.45 mg/1.5 mgYellow iron oxide and black iron oxide0.625 mg/2.5 mgRed iron oxide, yellow iron oxide, and black iron oxide0.625 mg/5 mgFD&C Blue No. 2 and black iron oxidePREMPHASETablet StrengthTablet Color Contains0.625 mgFD&C Blue No. 2 and FD&C Red No. 400.625 mg/5 mgFD&C Blue No. 2 and black iron oxide

AbsorptionPREMPRO and PREMPHASE contain a formulation of medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) that is immediately released and conjugated estrogens that are slowly released over several hours. Conjugated estrogens are water-soluble and are well-absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract after release from the drug formulation. MPA is well absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract. Table 3 and Table 4 summarize the mean pharmacokinetic parameters for select unconjugated and conjugated estrogens and medroxyprogesterone acetate following administration of PREMPRO to healthy, postmenopausal women.TABLE 3: PHARMACOKINETIC PARAMETERS FOR UNCONJUGATED AND CONJUGATED ESTROGENS (CE) AND MEDROXYPROGESTERONE ACETATE (MPA)DRUG2 × 0.625 mg CE/2.5 mg MPACombination Tablets(n = 54)2 × 0.625 mg CE/5 mg MPACombination Tablets(n = 51)BA* = Baseline adjustedCmax = peak plasma concentrationtmax = time peak concentration occurst1/2 = apparent terminal-phase disposition half-life (0.693/λz)AUC = total area under the concentration-time curvePK ParameterArithmeticMean (%CV)Cmax(pg/mL)tmax(h)t1/2(h)AUC(pg∙h/mL)Cmax(pg/mL)tmax(h)t1/2(h)AUC(pg∙h/mL)Unconjugated EstrogensEstrone175(23)7.6(24)31.6(23)5358(34)124(43)10(35)62.2(137)6303(40)BA* -Estrone159(26)7.6(24)16.9(34)3313(40)104(49)10(35)26.0(100)3136(51)Equilin71(31)5.8(34)9.9(35)951(43)54(43)8.9(34)15.5(53)1179(56)PK ParameterArithmeticMean (%CV)Cmax(ng/mL)tmax(h)t1/2(h)AUC(ng∙h/mL)Cmax(ng/mL)tmax(h)t1/2(h)AUC(ng∙h/mL)Conjugated EstrogensTotal Estrone6.6(38)6.1(28)20.7(34)116(59)6.3(48)9.1(29)23.6(36)151(42)BA* -Total Estrone6.4(39)6.1(28)15.4(34)100(57)6.2(48)9.1(29)20.6(35)139(40)Total Equilin5.1(45)4.6(35)11.4(25)50(70)4.2(52)7.0(36)17.2(131)72(50)PK ParameterArithmetic Mean(%CV)Cmax(ng/mL)tmax(h)t1/2(h)AUC(ng∙h/mL)Cmax(ng/mL)tmax(h)t1/2(h)AUC(ng∙h/mL)Medroxyprogesterone AcetateMPA1.5(40)2.8(54)37.6(30)37(30)4.8(31)2.4(50)46.3(39)102(28)TABLE 4. PHARMACOKINETIC PARAMETERS FOR UNCONJUGATED AND CONJUGATED ESTROGENS (CE) AND MEDROXYPROGESTERONE ACETATE (MPA)DRUG4 × 0.45 mg CE/1.5 mg MPA Combination(n = 65)BA* = Baseline adjustedCmax = peak plasma concentrationtmax = time peak concentration occurst1/2 = apparent terminal-phase disposition half-life (0.693/λz)AUC = total area under the concentration-time curvePK ParameterArithmetic Mean (%CV)Cmax(pg/mL)tmax(h)t1/2(h)AUC(pg∙h/mL)Unconjugated EstrogensEstrone149(35)8.9(35)37.5(35)6641(39)BA* -Estrone130(40)8.9(35)21.2(35)3799(47)Equilin83(38)8.3(48)15.9(44)1889(40)PK ParameterArithmetic Mean (%CV)Cmax(ng/mL)tmax(h)t1/2(h)AUC(ng∙h/mL)Conjugated EstrogensTotal Estrone5.4(49)7.9(48)22.4(53)119(48)BA* -Total Estrone5.2(48)7.9(48)15.1(29)100(47)Total Equilin4.3(42)6.5(45)11.6(31)74(48)PK ParameterArithmetic Mean (%CV)Cmax(ng/mL)tmax(h)t1/2(h)AUC(ng∙h/mL)Medroxyprogesterone AcetateMPA0.7(66)2.0(52)26.2(35)5.0(61)

Food-Effect: Single dose studies in healthy, postmenopausal women were conducted to investigate any potential drug interaction when PREMPRO or PREMPHASE is administered with a high-fat breakfast. Administration with food decreased the Cmax of total estrone by 18 to 34 percent and increased total equilin Cmax by 38 percent compared to the fasting state, with no other effect on the rate or extent of absorption of other conjugated or unconjugated estrogens. Administration with food approximately doubles MPA Cmax and increases MPA AUC by approximately 20 to 30 percent.

Dose Proportionality: The Cmax and AUC values for MPA observed in two separate pharmacokinetic studies conducted with 2 PREMPRO 0.625 mg/2.5 mg or 2 PREMPRO or PREMPHASE 0.625 mg/5 mg tablets exhibited nonlinear dose proportionality; doubling the MPA dose from 2 × 2.5 to 2 × 5 mg increased the mean Cmax and AUC by 3.2- and 2.8-fold, respectively.The dose proportionality of estrogens and medroxyprogesterone acetate was assessed by combining pharmacokinetic data across another two studies totaling 61 healthy, postmenopausal women. Single conjugated estrogens doses of 2 × 0.3 mg, 2 × 0.45 mg, or 2 × 0.625 mg were administered either alone or in combination with medroxyprogesterone acetate doses of 2 × 1.5 mg or 2 × 2.5 mg. Most of the estrogen components demonstrated dose proportionality; however, several estrogen components did not. Medroxyprogesterone acetate pharmacokinetic parameters increased in a dose-proportional manner.

DistributionThe distribution of exogenous estrogens is similar to that of endogenous estrogens. Estrogens are widely distributed in the body and are generally found in higher concentrations in the sex hormone target organs. Estrogens circulate in the blood largely bound to SHBG and albumin. MPA is approximately 90 percent bound to plasma proteins, but does not bind to SHBG.

MetabolismExogenous estrogens are metabolized in the same manner as endogenous estrogens. Circulating estrogens exist in a dynamic equilibrium of metabolic interconversions. These transformations take place mainly in the liver. Estradiol is converted reversibly to estrone, and both can be converted to estriol, which is a major urinary metabolite. Estrogens also undergo enterohepatic recirculation via sulfate and glucuronide conjugation in the liver, biliary secretion of conjugates into the intestine, and hydrolysis in the intestine followed by reabsorption. In postmenopausal women, a significant portion of the circulating estrogens exists as sulfate conjugates, especially estrone sulfate, which serves as a circulating reservoir for the formation of more active estrogens. Metabolism and elimination of MPA occur primarily in the liver via hydroxylation, with subsequent conjugation and elimination in the urine.

ExcretionEstradiol, estrone, and estriol are excreted in the urine along with glucuronide and sulfate conjugates. Most metabolites of MPA are excreted as glucuronide conjugates, with only minor amounts excreted as sulfates.

Use in Specific PopulationsNo pharmacokinetic studies were conducted in specific populations, including patients with renal or hepatic impairment.

Health and Osteoporosis, Progestin and Estrogen (HOPE) StudyThe HOPE study was a double-blind, randomized, placebo/active-drug-controlled, multicenter study of healthy postmenopausal women with an intact uterus. Subjects (mean age 53.3 ± 4.9 years) were 2.3 ± 0.9 years on average since menopause and took one 600 mg tablet of elemental calcium (Caltrate™) daily. Subjects were not given Vitamin D supplements. They were treated with PREMPRO 0.625 mg/2.5 mg, 0.45 mg/1.5 mg or 0.3 mg/1.5 mg, comparable doses of Premarin alone, or placebo. Prevention of bone loss was assessed by measurement of bone mineral density (BMD), primarily at the anteroposterior lumbar spine (L2 to L4). Secondarily, BMD measurements of the total body, femoral neck, and trochanter were also analyzed. Serum osteocalcin, urinary calcium, and N-telopeptide were used as bone turnover markers (BTM) at cycles 6, 13, 19, and 26.

Intent-to-treat subjectsAll active treatment groups showed significant differences from placebo in each of the four BMD endpoints. These significant differences were seen at cycles 6, 13, 19, and 26.The percent changes from baseline to final evaluation are shown in Table 9.TABLE 9: PERCENT CHANGE IN BONE MINERAL DENSITY: COMPARISON BETWEEN ACTIVE AND PLACEBO GROUPS IN THE INTENT-TO-TREAT POPULATION, LOCFRegion Evaluated Treatment GroupIdentified by dosage (mg/mg) of Premarin/MPA or placebo.No. of SubjectsBaseline(g/cm2)Mean ± SDChange fromBaseline (%) AdjustedMean ± SEp-Valuevs.PlaceboL2 to L4 BMD  0.625/2.5811.14 ± 0.163.28 ± 0.37<0.001  0.45/1.5891.16 ± 0.142.18 ± 0.35<0.001  0.3/1.5901.14 ± 0.151.71 ± 0.35<0.001  Placebo851.14 ± 0.14-2.45 ± 0.36Total body BMD  0.625/2.5811.14 ± 0.080.87 ± 0.17<0.001  0.45/1.5891.14 ± 0.070.59 ± 0.17<0.001  0.3/1.5911.13 ± 0.080.60 ± 0.16<0.001  Placebo851.13 ± 0.08-1.50 ± 0.17Femoral neck BMD  0.625/2.5810.89 ± 0.141.62 ± 0.46<0.001  0.45/1.5890.89 ± 0.121.48 ± 0.44<0.001  0.3/1.5910.86 ± 0.111.31 ± 0.43<0.001  Placebo850.88 ± 0.14-1.72 ± 0.45Femoral trochanter BMD  0.625/2.5810.77 ± 0.143.35 ± 0.590.002  0.45/1.5890.76 ± 0.122.84 ± 0.570.011  0.3/1.5910.76 ± 0.123.93 ± 0.56<0.001  Placebo850.75 ± 0.120.81 ± 0.58Figure 3 shows the cumulative percentage of subjects with percent changes from baseline in spine BMD equal to or greater than the percent change shown on the x-axis. FIGURE 3. CUMULATIVE PERCENT OF SUBJECTS WITH CHANGES FROM BASELINE IN SPINE BMD OF GIVEN MAGNITUDE OR GREATER IN PREMARIN/MPA AND PLACEBO GROUPSThe mean percent changes from baseline in L2 to L4 BMD for women who completed the bone density study are shown with standard error bars by treatment group in Figure 4. Significant differences between each of the PREMPRO dosage groups and placebo were found at cycles 6, 13, 19, and 26.FIGURE 4. ADJUSTED MEAN (SE) PERCENT CHANGE FROM BASELINE AT EACH CYCLE IN SPINE BMD: SUBJECTS COMPLETING IN PREMARIN/MPA GROUPS AND PLACEBOThe bone turnover markers, serum osteocalcin and urinary N-telopeptide, significantly decreased (p < 0.001) in all active-treatment groups at cycles 6, 13, 19, and 26 compared with the placebo group. Larger mean decreases from baseline were seen with the active groups than with the placebo group. Significant differences from placebo were seen less frequently in urine calcium; only with PREMPRO 0.625 mg/2.5 mg and 0.45 mg/1.5 mg were there significantly larger mean decreases than with placebo at 3 or more of the 4 time points.

WHI Estrogen Plus Progestin SubstudyThe WHI estrogen plus progestin substudy was stopped early. According to the predefined stopping rule, after an average follow-up of 5.6 years of treatment, the increased risk of invasive breast cancer and cardiovascular events exceeded the specified benefits included in the "global index." The absolute excess risk of events included in the "global index" was 19 per 10,000 women-years.For those outcomes included in the WHI "global index" that reached statistical significance after 5.6 years of follow-up, the absolute excess risks per 10,000 women-years in the group treated with CE plus MPA were 7 more CHD events, 8 more strokes, 10 more PEs, and 8 more invasive breast cancers, while the absolute risk reductions per 10,000 women-years were 6 fewer colorectal cancers and 5 fewer hip fractures.Results of the CE plus MPA substudy, which included 16,608 women (average 63 years of age, range 50 to 79; 83.9 percent White, 6.8 percent Black, 5.4 percent Hispanic, 3.9 percent Other) are presented in Table 10. These results reflect centrally adjudicated data after an average follow-up of 5.6 years.TABLE 10: Relative and Absolute Risk Seen in the Estrogen Plus Progestin Substudy of WHI at an Average of 5.6 YearsAdapted from numerous WHI publications. WHI publications can be viewed at www.nhlbi.nih.gov/whi.,Results are based on centrally adjudicated data.Relative RiskCE/MPA vs. Placebo(95% nCINominal confidence intervals unadjusted for multiple looks and multiple comparisons.)CE/MPAn = 8,506Placebon = 8,102EventAbsolute Risk per 10,000Women-YearsCHD events1.23 (0.99–1.53)4134  Non-fatal MI1.28 (1.00–1.63)3125  CHD death1.10 (0.70–1.75)88All Strokes1.31 (1.03–1.68)3325  Ischemic stroke1.44 (1.09–1.90)2618Deep vein thrombosisNot included in "global index."1.95 (1.43–2.67)2613Pulmonary embolism2.13 (1.45–3.11)188Invasive breast cancerIncludes metastatic and non-metastatic breast cancer, with the exception of in situ breast cancer. 1.24 (1.01–1.54)4133Colorectal cancer0.61 (0.42–0.87)1016Endometrial cancer0.81 (0.48–1.36)67Cervical cancer1.44 (0.47–4.42)21Hip fracture0.67 (0.47–0.96)1116Vertebral fractures0.65 (0.46–0.92)1117Lower arm/wrist fractures0.71 (0.59–0.85)4462Total fractures0.76 (0.69–0.83)152199Overall MortalityAll deaths, except from breast or colorectal cancer, definite or probable CHD, PE or cerebrovascular disease.1.00 (0.83–1.19)5252Global IndexA subset of the events was combined in a "global index" defined as the earliest occurrence of CHD events, invasive breast cancer, stroke, pulmonary embolism, colorectal cancer, hip fracture, or death due to other causes.1.13 (1.02–1.25)184165Timing of the initiation of estrogen plus progestin therapy relative to the start of menopause may affect the overall risk benefit profile. The WHI estrogen plus progestin substudy stratified by age showed in women 50 to 59 years of age, a non-significant trend toward reduced risk for overall mortality [hazard ratio (HR) 0.69 (95 percent CI, 0.44–1.07)].

WHI Estrogen-Alone SubstudyThe WHI estrogen-alone substudy was stopped early because an increased risk of stroke was observed, and it was deemed that no further information would be obtained regarding the risks and benefits of estrogen-alone in predetermined primary endpoints.Results of the estrogen-alone substudy, which included 10,739 women (average 63 years of age, range 50 to 79; 75.3 percent White, 15.1 percent Black, 6.1 percent Hispanic, 3.6 percent Other) after an average follow-up of 7.1 years, are presented in Table 11.Table 11: Relative and Absolute Risk Seen in the Estrogen-Alone Substudy of WHIAdapted from numerous WHI publications. WHI publications can be viewed at www.nhlbi.nih.gov/whi.Relative RiskCE vs. Placebo(95% nCINominal confidence intervals unadjusted for multiple looks and multiple comparisons.)CEn = 5,310Placebon = 5,429EventAbsolute Risk per 10,000Women-YearsCHD eventsResults are based on centrally adjudicated data for an average follow-up of 7.1 years.0.95 (0.78–1.16)5457  Non-fatal MI0.91 (0.73–1.14)4043  CHD death1.01 (0.71–1.43)1616All Strokes1.33 (1.05–1.68)4533  Ischemic stroke1.55 (1.19–2.01)3825Deep vein thrombosis,Not included in "global index."1.47 (1.06–2.06)2315Pulmonary embolism1.37 (0.90–2.07)1410Invasive breast cancer0.80 (0.62–1.04)2834Colorectal cancerResults are based on an average follow-up of 6.8 years.1.08 (0.75–1.55)1716Hip fracture0.65 (0.45–0.94)1219Vertebral fractures,0.64 (0.44–0.93)1118Lower arm/wrist fractures,0.58 (0.47–0.72)3559Total fractures,0.71 (0.64–0.80)144197Death due to other causes,All deaths, except from breast or colorectal cancer, definite or probable CHD, PE or cerebrovascular disease.1.08 (0.88–1.32)5350Overall mortality,1.04 (0.88–1.22)7975Global IndexA subset of the events was combined in a "global index" defined as the earliest occurrence of CHD events, invasive breast cancer, stroke, pulmonary embolism, colorectal cancer, hip fracture, or death due to other causes. 1.02 (0.92–1.13)206201For those outcomes included in the WHI "global index" that reached statistical significance, the absolute excess risk per 10,000 women-years in the group treated with CE-alone was 12 more strokes while the absolute risk reduction per 10,000 women-years was 7 fewer hip fractures.9 The absolute excess risk of events included in the "global index" was a non-significant 5 events per 10,000 women-years. There was no difference between the groups in terms of all-cause mortality.No overall difference for primary CHD events (nonfatal MI, silent MI and CHD death) and invasive breast cancer incidence in women receiving CE-alone compared with placebo was reported in final centrally adjudicated results from the estrogen-alone substudy, after an average follow up of 7.1 years.Centrally adjudicated results for stroke events from the estrogen-alone substudy, after an average follow-up of 7.1 years, reported no significant difference in distribution of stroke subtype or severity, including fatal strokes, in women receiving CE-alone compared to placebo. Estrogen-alone increased the risk for ischemic stroke, and this excess risk was present in all subgroups of women examined.10Timing of the initiation of estrogen-alone therapy relative to the start of menopause may affect the overall risk benefit profile. The WHI estrogen-alone substudy, stratified by age, showed in women 50 to 59 years of age a non-significant trend toward reduced risk for CHD [HR 0.63 (95 percent CI, 0.36–1.09)] and overall mortality [HR 0.71 (95 percent CI, 0.46–1.11)].

This product's label may have been updated. For current package insert and further product information, please visit www.pfizer.com.LAB-0502-7.0

5.3 Probable Dementia

In the WHIMS estrogen plus progestin ancillary study of WHI, a population of 4,532 postmenopausal women 65 to 79 years of age was randomized to daily CE (0.625 mg) plus MPA (2.5 mg) or placebo.After an average follow-up of 4 years, 40 women in the CE plus MPA group and 21 women in the placebo group were diagnosed with probable dementia. The relative risk of probable dementia for CE plus MPA versus placebo was 2.05 (95 percent CI, 1.21–3.48). The absolute risk of probable dementia for CE plus MPA versus placebo was 45 versus 22 cases per 10,000 women-years8 [see Use in Specific Populations (8.5), and Clinical Studies (14.7)].In the WHIMS estrogen-alone ancillary study of WHI, a population of 2,947 hysterectomized women 65 to 79 years of age was randomized to daily CE (0.625 mg)-alone or placebo.After an average follow-up of 5.2 years, 28 women in the estrogen-alone group and 19 women in the placebo group were diagnosed with probable dementia. The relative risk of probable dementia for CE-alone versus placebo was 1.49 (95 percent CI, 0.83–2.66). The absolute risk of probable dementia for CE-alone versus placebo was 37 versus 25 cases per 10,000 women-years8 [see Use in Specific Populations (8.5), and Clinical Studies (14.7)].When data from the two populations in the WHIMS estrogen-alone and estrogen plus progestin ancillary studies were pooled as planned in the WHIMS protocol, the reported overall relative risk for probable dementia was 1.76 (95 percent CI, 1.19–2.60). Since both ancillary studies were conducted in women 65 to 79 years of age, it is unknown whether these findings apply to younger postmenopausal women8 [see Use in Specific Populations (8.5), and Clinical Studies (14.7)].

5.4 Gallbladder Disease

A 2- to 4-fold increase in the risk of gallbladder disease requiring surgery in postmenopausal women receiving estrogens has been reported.

5.5 Hypercalcemia

Estrogen administration may lead to severe hypercalcemia in women with breast cancer and bone metastases. If hypercalcemia occurs, use of the drug should be stopped and appropriate measures taken to reduce the serum calcium level.

5.6 Visual Abnormalities

Retinal vascular thrombosis has been reported in women receiving estrogens. Discontinue medication pending examination if there is sudden partial or complete loss of vision, or a sudden onset of proptosis, diplopia, or migraine. If examination reveals papilledema or retinal vascular lesions, estrogens should be permanently discontinued.

5.7 Addition Of A Progestin When A Woman Has Not Had A Hysterectomy

Studies of the addition of a progestin for 10 or more days of a cycle of estrogen administration or daily with estrogen in a continuous regimen, have reported a lowered incidence of endometrial hyperplasia than would be induced by estrogen treatment alone. Endometrial hyperplasia may be a precursor to endometrial cancer.There are, however, possible risks that may be associated with the use of progestins with estrogens compared to estrogen-alone regimens. These include an increased risk of breast cancer.

5.8 Elevated Blood Pressure

In a small number of case reports, substantial increases in blood pressure have been attributed to idiosyncratic reactions to estrogens. In a large, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial, a generalized effect of estrogen therapy on blood pressure was not seen.

5.9 Hypertriglyceridemia

In women with pre-existing hypertriglyceridemia, estrogen therapy may be associated with elevations of plasma triglycerides leading to pancreatitis. Consider discontinuation of treatment if pancreatitis occurs.

5.10 Hepatic Impairment And/Or Past History Of Cholestatic Jaundice

Estrogens may be poorly metabolized in women with impaired liver function. For women with a history of cholestatic jaundice associated with past estrogen use or with pregnancy, caution should be exercised, and in the case of recurrence, medication should be discontinued.

5.11 Hypothyroidism

Estrogen administration leads to increased thyroid-binding globulin (TBG) levels. Women with normal thyroid function can compensate for the increased TBG by making more thyroid hormone, thus maintaining free T4 and T3 serum concentrations in the normal range. Women dependent on thyroid hormone replacement therapy who are also receiving estrogens may require increased doses of their thyroid replacement therapy. These women should have their thyroid function monitored in order to maintain their free thyroid hormone levels in an acceptable range.

5.12 Fluid Retention

Estrogens plus progestins may cause some degree of fluid retention. Women with conditions that might be influenced by this factor, such as cardiac or renal dysfunction, warrant careful observation when estrogens plus progestins are prescribed.

5.13 Hypocalcemia

Estrogen therapy should be used with caution in women with hypoparathyroidism as estrogen-induced hypocalcemia may occur.

5.14 Exacerbation Of Endometriosis

A few cases of malignant transformation of residual endometrial implants have been reported in women treated post-hysterectomy with estrogen-alone therapy. For women known to have residual endometriosis post-hysterectomy, the addition of progestin should be considered.

5.15 Anaphylactic Reaction And Angioedema

Cases of anaphylaxis, which developed within minutes to hours after taking PREMPRO or PREMPHASE and require emergency medical management, have been reported in the postmarketing setting. Skin (hives, pruritis, swollen lips-tongue-face) and either respiratory tract (respiratory compromise) or gastrointestinal tract (abdominal pain, vomiting) involvement has been noted.Angioedema involving the tongue, larynx, face, hands, and feet requiring medical intervention has occurred postmarketing in patients taking PREMPRO or PREMPHASE. If angioedema involves the tongue, glottis, or larynx, airway obstruction may occur. Patients who develop an anaphylactic reaction with or without angioedema after treatment with PREMPRO or PREMPHASE should not receive PREMPRO or PREMPHASE again.

5.16 Hereditary Angioedema

Exogenous estrogens may exacerbate symptoms of angioedema in women with hereditary angioedema.

5.17 Exacerbation Of Other Conditions

Estrogen therapy may cause an exacerbation of asthma, diabetes mellitus, epilepsy, migraine, porphyria, systemic lupus erythematosus, and hepatic hemangiomas and should be used with caution in women with these conditions.

5.18 Laboratory Tests

Serum follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and estradiol levels have not been shown to be useful in the management of moderate to severe vasomotor symptoms and moderate to severe symptoms of vulvar and vaginal atrophy.

5.19 Drug-Laboratory Test Interactions

Accelerated prothrombin time, partial thromboplastin time, and platelet aggregation time; increased platelet count; increased factors II, VII antigen, VIII antigen, VIII coagulant activity, IX, X, XII, VII-X complex, II-VII-X complex, and beta-thromboglobulin; decreased levels of antifactor Xa and antithrombin III, decreased antithrombin III activity; increased levels of fibrinogen and fibrinogen activity; increased plasminogen antigen and activity.Increased thyroid-binding globulin (TBG) leading to increased circulating total thyroid hormone, as measured by protein-bound iodine (PBI), T4 levels (by column or by radioimmunoassay), or T3 levels by radioimmunoassay. T3 resin uptake is decreased, reflecting the elevated TBG. Free T4 and free T3 concentrations are unaltered. Women on thyroid replacement therapy may require higher doses of thyroid hormone.Other binding proteins may be elevated in serum, for example, corticosteroid binding globulin (CBG), sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG), leading to increased total circulating corticosteroids and sex steroids, respectively. Free hormone concentrations, such as testosterone and estradiol, may be decreased. Other plasma proteins may be increased (angiotensinogen/renin substrate, alpha-1-antitrypsin, ceruloplasmin).Increased plasma high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and HDL2 cholesterol subfraction concentrations, reduced low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol concentrations, increased triglyceride levels.Impaired glucose tolerance.

6 Adverse Reactions

  • The following serious adverse reactions are discussed elsewhere in the labeling:Cardiovascular Disorders [see Boxed Warning, Warnings and Precautions (5.1)]Malignant Neoplasms [see Boxed Warning, Warnings and Precautions (5.2)]

6.1 Clinical Trials Experience

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trial of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.In a 1-year clinical trial that included 678 postmenopausal women treated with PREMPRO and 351 postmenopausal women treated with PREMPHASE, the following adverse reactions occurred at a rate ≥ 1 percent, see Table 1.TABLE 1: ALL TREATMENT RELATED ADVERSE REACTIONS AT A FREQUENCY ≥ 1 PERCENTBody SystemPREMPRO0.625 mg/2.5 mgcontinuousPREMPRO0.625 mg/5 mg continuousPREMPHASE0.625 mg/5 mg sequential  Adverse event (n = 340)(n = 338)(n = 351)Body As A Whole  Abdominal pain 35 (10%)51 (15%)58 (17%)  Asthenia 13 (4%)18 (5%)21 (6%)  Back pain 19 (6%)16 (5%)23 (7%)  Chest pain 5 (1%)4 (1%)4 (1%)  Flu syndrome 1 (<1%) 1 (<1%) 4 (1%)   Generalized edema12 (4%) 12 (4%)8 (2%)  Headache64 (19%)52 (15%) 66 (19%)   Infection2 (<1%) 4 (1)%0  Moniliasis4 (1%) 3 (<1%)4 (1%)  Pain12 (4%) 14 (4%)15 (4%)  Pelvic pain11 (3%) 13 (4%)16 (5%)Cardiovascular System  Hypertension7 (2%) 7 (2%)6 (2%)  Migraine 6 (2%) 8 (2%) 7 (2%)   Palpitation2 (<1%)3 (<1%)4 (1%)  Vasodilatation2 (<1%)7 (2%)2 (<1%)Digestive System  Diarrhea4 (1%) 3 (<1%) 7 (2%)  Dyspepsia5 (1%)5 (1%)7 (2%)  Eructation02 (<1%)4 (1%)  Flatulence25 (7%)27 (8%)24 (7%)  Increased appetite1 (<1%)5 (1%)5 (1%)  Nausea26 (8%)19 (6%)26 (7%)Metabolic and Nutritional  Edema5 (1%) 6 (2%)3 (<1%)   Glucose tolerance  decreased2 (<1%)5 (1%)4 (1%)  Peripheral edema 11 (3%)10 (3%) 11 (3%)    Weight gain9 (3%)10 (3%)11 (3%)Musculoskeletal System  Arthralgia 6 (2%)2 (<1%)7 (2%)  Leg cramps 8 (2%)11 (3%)12 (3%)Nervous System  Depression 14 (4%)26 (8%)29 (8%)  Dizziness 9 (3%)8 (2%)7 (2%)  Emotional lability 5 (1%) 5 (1%) 6 (2%)   Hypertonia4 (1%)4 (1%)7 (2%)  Insomnia7 (2%)6 (2%)4 (1%)  Nervousness4 (1%) 9 (3%) 6 (2%) Skin and Appendages  Acne1 (<1%) 5 (1%)4 (1%)   Alopecia3 (<1%)4 (1%)0  Dry skin2 (<1%)3 (<1%)4 (1%)  Pruritus20 (6%)18 (5%)13 (4%)  Rash8 (2%)6 (2%)7 (2%)  Sweating 2 (<1%)4 (1%)2 (<1%)Urogenital System  Breast engorgement5 (1%)5 (1%)0  Breast enlargement14 (4%) 14 (4%) 14 (4%)   Breast neoplasm2 (<1%)2 (<1%)4 (1%)  Breast pain110 (32%)123 (36%)109 (31%)  Cervix disorder10 (3%)6 (2%)10 (3%)   Dysmenorrhea 26 (8%)18 (5%)44 (13%)   Leukorrhea 19 (6%)13 (4%)29 (8%)   Menstrual disorder 7 (2%) 1 (<1%)5 (1%)   Menorrhagia01 (<1%)5 (1%)   Metrorrhagia 13 (4%)5 (1%)7 (1%)  Papanicolaou smear  suspicious5 (1%) 08 (2%)   Urinary incontinence4 (1%)2 (<1%)1 (<1%)  Uterine spasm7 (2%)4 (1%)7 (2%)  Vaginal hemorrhage5 (1%)3 (<1%)8 (2%)  Vaginal moniliasis5 (1%)6 (2%)7 (2%)  Vaginitis13 (4%)13 (4%)10 (3%)In addition, phargyngitis and sinusitis were reported as two of the more frequent adverse events (>5 percent) in the PREMPRO clinical study. For pharyngitis, of the 121 events, six events were considered by the investigator causally related to study drug. For sinusitis, of the 73 events, one event was considered as casually related to study drug.During the first year of a 2-year clinical trial with postmenopausal women between 40 and 65 years of age (88 percent Caucasian), 989 postmenopausal women received continuous regimens of PREMPRO, and 332 received placebo tablets. Table 2 summarizes adverse reactions that occurred at a rate ≥ 1 percent in at least 1 treatment group.TABLE 2: ALL TREATMENT RELATED ADVERSE REACTIONS AT A FREQUENCY OF ≥ 1 PERCENTBody SystemAdverse eventPREMPRO0.625/2.5continuous(N=331)PREMPRO0.45/1.5continuous(N=331)PREMPRO0.3/1.5continuous(N=327)PLACEBOdaily(N=332)Any adverse event214 (65)208 (63)188 (57)164 (49)Body as a Whole  Abdominal pain38 (11)33 (10)24 (7)21 (6)  Asthenia11 (3)11 (3)12 (4)3 (1)  Back pain12 (4)12 (4)8 (2)4 (1)  Chest pain4 (1)2 (1)1 (0)2 (1)  Generalized edema7 (2)5 (2)6 (2)8 (2)  Headache45 (14)45 (14)57 (17)46 (14)  Moniliasis3 (1)6 (2)4 (1)1 (0)  Pain9 (3)10 (3)17 (5)14 (4)  Pelvic pain9 (3)7 (2)5 (2)4 (1)Cardiovascular System  Hypertension2 (1)3 (1)1 (0)5 (2)  Migraine11 (3)8 (2)5 (2)3 (1)  Palpitation1 (0)1 (0)2 (1)4 (1)  Vasodilatation03 (1)1 (0)5 (2)Digestive System  Constipation5 (2)7 (2)6 (2)3 (1)  Diarrhea5 (2)2 (1)6 (2)8 (2)  Dyspepsia10 (3)9 (3)6 (2)14 (4)  Flatulence16 (5)18 (5)13 (4)8 (2)  Increased appetite6 (2)2 (1)02 (1)  Nausea13 (4)13 (4)16 (5)16 (5)Metabolic and nutritional  Peripheral edema7 (2)8 (2)4 (1)3 (1)  Weight gain9 (3)8 (2)6 (2)14 (4)Musculoskeletal System  Arthralgia2 (1)3 (1)3 (1)5 (2)  Leg cramps13 (4)7 (2)10 (3)4 (1)Nervous System  Anxiety5 (2)4 (1)1 (0)4 (1)  Depression23 (7)11 (3)11 (3)17 (5)  Dizziness3 (1)8 (2)6 (2)5 (2)  Emotional lability10 (3)10 (3)9 (3)8 (2)  Insomnia8 (2)7 (2)9 (3)14 (4)  Nervousness6 (2)3 (1)4 (1)6 (2)Skin and Appendages  Acne7 (2)3 (1)03 (1)  Alopecia1 (0)6 (2)4 (1)2 (1)  Pruritus8 (2)10 (3)9 (3)3 (1)  Rash06 (2)4 (1)2 (1)  Skin discoloration5 (2)1 (0)3 (1)1 (0)  Sweating3 (1)1 (0)04 (1)Urogenital System  Breast disorder7 (2)6 (2)5 (2)6 (2)  Breast enlargement18 (5)9 (3)5 (2)3 (1)  Breast neoplasm8 (2)7 (2)5 (2)7 (2)  Breast pain87 (26)66 (20)41 (13)26 (8)  Cervix disorder7 (2)2 (1)2 (1)0  Dysmenorrhea14 (4)18 (5)9 (3)2 (1)  Hematuria4 (1)3 (1)1 (0)2 (1)  Leukorrhea7 (2)14 (4)9 (3)6 (2)  Metrorrhagia7 (2)14 (4)4 (1)1 (0)  Urinary tract infection01 (0)1 (0)4 (1)  Uterine spasm13 (4)11 (3)7 (2)2 (1)  Vaginal dryness2 (1)1 (0)06 (2)  Vaginal hemorrhage18 (5)14 (4)7 (2)0  Vaginal moniliasis13 (4)11 (3)8 (2)5 (2)  Vaginitis6 (2)8 (2)7 (2)1 (0)In addition, the following events were considered as related to the study drug with an incidence less than 1 percent, including accidental injury, infection, myalgia, cough increased, rhinitis, sinusitis, and upper respiratory infection.

6.2 Postmarketing Experience

The following adverse reactions have been identified during post-approval use of PREMPRO or PREMPHASE. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.

7 Drug Interactions

Data from a single-dose drug-drug interaction study involving conjugated estrogens and medroxyprogesterone acetate indicate that the pharmacokinetic disposition of both drugs is not altered when the drugs are coadministered. No other clinical drug-drug interaction studies have been conducted with CE plus MPA.

7.1 Metabolic Interactions

In vitro and in vivo studies have shown that estrogens are metabolized partially by cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4). Therefore, inducers or inhibitors of CYP3A4 may affect estrogen drug metabolism. Inducers of CYP3A4, such as St. John's wort (Hypericum perforatum) preparations, phenobarbital, carbamazepine, and rifampin, may reduce plasma concentrations of estrogens, possibly resulting in a decrease in therapeutic effects and/or changes in the uterine bleeding profile. Inhibitors of CYP3A4, such as erythromycin, clarithromycin, ketoconazole, itraconazole, ritonavir and grapefruit juice, may increase plasma concentrations of estrogens and may result in side effects.Aminoglutethimide administered concomitantly with MPA may significantly depress the bioavailability of MPA.

8.1 Pregnancy

PREMPRO and PREMPHASE should not be used during pregnancy [see Contraindications (4)]. There appears to be little or no increased risk of birth defects in children born to women who have used estrogens and progestins as an oral contraceptive inadvertently during early pregnancy.

8.3 Nursing Mothers

PREMPRO and PREMPHASE should not be used during lactation. Estrogen administration to nursing women has been shown to decrease the quantity and quality of the breast milk. Detectable amounts of estrogen and progestin have been identified in the breast milk of women receiving these drugs. Caution should be exercised when PREMPRO or PREMPHASE is administered to a nursing woman.

8.4 Pediatric Use

PREMPRO and PREMPHASE are not indicated in children. Clinical studies have not been conducted in the pediatric population.

8.5 Geriatric Use

There have not been sufficient numbers of geriatric women involved in clinical studies utilizing PREMPRO or PREMPHASE to determine whether those over 65 years of age differ from younger subjects in their response to PREMPRO or PREMPHASE.

8.6 Renal Impairment

The effects of renal impairment on the pharmacokinetics of PREMPRO or PREMPHASE have not been studied.

8.7 Hepatic Impairment

The effects of hepatic impairment on the pharmacokinetics of PREMPRO or PREMPHASE have not been studied.

10 Overdosage

Overdosage of estrogen plus progestin may cause nausea, vomiting, breast tenderness, abdominal pain, drowsiness and fatigue, and withdrawal bleeding may occur in women. Treatment of overdose consists of discontinuation of PREMPRO or PREMPHASE therapy with institution of appropriate symptomatic care.

11 Description

Premarin (conjugated estrogens tablets, USP) for oral administration contains a mixture obtained exclusively from natural sources, occurring as the sodium salts of water-soluble estrogen sulfates blended to represent the average composition of material derived from pregnant mares' urine. It is a mixture of sodium estrone sulfate and sodium equilin sulfate. It contains as concomitant components, as sodium sulfate conjugates, 17 α-dihydroequilin, 17 α-estradiol and 17 β-dihydroequilin.Medroxyprogesterone acetate is a derivative of progesterone. It is a white to off-white, odorless, crystalline powder, stable in air, melting between 200°C and 210°C. It is freely soluble in chloroform, soluble in acetone and in dioxane, sparingly soluble in alcohol and in methanol, slightly soluble in ether, and insoluble in water. The chemical name for MPA is pregn-4-ene-3, 20-dione, 17-(acetyloxy)-6-methyl-, (6α)-. Its molecular formula is C24H34O4, with a molecular weight of 386.53. Its structural formula is:PREMPRO 0.3 mg/1.5 mg and 0.45 mg/1.5 mg tablets contain the following inactive ingredients: calcium phosphate tribasic, microcrystalline cellulose, carnauba wax, hypromellose, hydroxypropyl cellulose, sucrose, Eudragit NE 30D, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, polyethylene glycol, titanium dioxide, yellow iron oxide, propylene glycol and black iron oxide.PREMPRO 0.625 mg/2.5 mg tablets contain the following inactive ingredients: calcium phosphate tribasic, microcrystalline cellulose, hypromellose, hydroxypropyl cellulose, sucrose, Eudragit NE 30D, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, polyethylene glycol, povidone, titanium dioxide, red iron oxide, yellow iron oxide, and black iron oxide.PREMPRO 0.625 mg/5 mg tablets contain the following inactive ingredients: calcium phosphate tribasic, carnauba wax, Eudragit NE 30D, hydroxypropyl cellulose, hypromellose, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, polyethylene glycol, sucrose, titanium dioxide, FD&C Blue No. 2, and black iron oxide.

12.1 Mechanism Of Action

Endogenous estrogens are largely responsible for the development and maintenance of the female reproductive system and secondary sexual characteristics. Although circulating estrogens exist in a dynamic equilibrium of metabolic interconversions, estradiol is the principal intracellular human estrogen and is substantially more potent than its metabolites, estrone and estriol, at the receptor level.The primary source of estrogen in normally cycling adult women is the ovarian follicle, which secretes 70 to 500 mcg of estradiol daily, depending on the phase of the menstrual cycle. After menopause, most endogenous estrogen is produced by conversion of androstenedione, which is secreted by the adrenal cortex, to estrone in the peripheral tissues. Thus, estrone and the sulfate-conjugated form, estrone sulfate, are the most abundant circulating estrogens in postmenopausal women.Estrogens act through binding to nuclear receptors in estrogen-responsive tissues. To date, two estrogen receptors have been identified. These vary in proportion from tissue to tissue.Circulating estrogens modulate the pituitary secretion of the gonadotropins, luteinizing hormone (LH) and FSH, through a negative feedback mechanism. Estrogens act to reduce the elevated levels of these gonadotropins seen in postmenopausal women.Parenterally administered medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) inhibits gonadotropin production, which in turn prevents follicular maturation and ovulation; although available data indicate that this does not occur when the usually recommended oral dosage is given as single daily doses. MPA may achieve its beneficial effect on the endometrium in part by decreasing nuclear estrogen receptors and suppression of epithelial DNA synthesis in endometrial tissue. Androgenic and anabolic effects of MPA have been noted, but the drug is apparently devoid of significant estrogenic activity.

12.2 Pharmacodynamics

Currently, there are no pharmacodynamic data known for PREMPRO or PREMPHASE tablets.

13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment Of Fertility

Long-term continuous administration of natural and synthetic estrogens in certain animal species increases the frequency of carcinomas of the breasts, uterus, cervix, vagina, testis, and liver.

14.1 Effects On Vasomotor Symptoms

In the first year of the Health and Osteoporosis, Progestin and Estrogen (HOPE) Study, a total of 2,805 postmenopausal women (average age 53.3 ± 4.9 years) were randomly assigned to one of eight treatment groups of either placebo or conjugated estrogens, with or without medroxyprogesterone acetate. Efficacy for vasomotor symptoms was assessed during the first 12 weeks of treatment in a subset of symptomatic women (n = 241) who had at least seven moderate to severe hot flushes daily, or at least 50 moderate to severe hot flushes during the week before randomization. With PREMPRO 0.625 mg/2.5 mg, 0.45 mg/1.5 mg, and 0.3 mg/1.5 mg, the relief of both the frequency and severity of moderate to severe vasomotor symptoms was shown to be statistically improved compared to placebo at weeks 4 and 12. Table 5 shows the adjusted mean number of hot flushes in the PREMPRO 0.625 mg/2.5 mg, 0.45 mg/1.5 mg, 0.3 mg/1.5 mg, and placebo groups during the initial 12-week period.TABLE 5: SUMMARY TABULATION OF THE NUMBER OF HOT FLUSHES PER DAY – MEAN VALUES AND COMPARISONS BETWEEN THE ACTIVE TREATMENT GROUPS AND THE PLACEBO GROUP – PATIENTS WITH AT LEAST 7 MODERATE TO SEVERE FLUSHES PER DAY OR AT LEAST 50 PER WEEK AT BASELINE, LAST OBSERVATION CARRIED FORWARD (LOCF)TreatmentIdentified by dosage (mg) of Premarin/MPA or placebo.(No. of Patients)-------------------No. of Hot Flushes/Day-----------------Time Period(week)BaselineMean ± SDObservedMean ± SDMeanChange ± SDp-Valuesvs. PlaceboThere were no statistically significant differences between the 0.625 mg/2.5 mg, 0.45 mg/1.5 mg, and 0.3 mg/1.5 mg groups at any time period.0.625 mg/2.5 mg(n = 34)411.98 ± 3.543.19 ± 3.74-8.78 ± 4.72<0.0011211.98 ± 3.541.16 ± 2.22-10.82 ± 4.61<0.0010.45 mg/1.5 mg(n = 29)412.61 ± 4.293.64 ± 3.61-8.98 ± 4.74<0.0011212.61 ± 4.291.69 ± 3.36-10.92 ± 4.63<0.0010.3 mg/1.5 mg(n = 33)411.30 ± 3.133.70 ± 3.29-7.60 ± 4.71<0.0011211.30 ± 3.131.31 ± 2.82-10.00 ± 4.60<0.001Placebo(n = 28)411.69 ± 3.877.89 ± 5.28-3.80 ± 4.71-1211.69 ± 3.875.71 ± 5.22-5.98 ± 4.60-

14.2 Effects On Vulvar And Vaginal Atrophy

Results of vaginal maturation indexes at cycles 6 and 13 showed that the differences from placebo were statistically significant (p < 0.001) for all treatment groups.

14.3 Effects On The Endometrium

In a 1-year clinical trial of 1,376 women (average age 54 ± 4.6 years) randomized to PREMPRO 0.625 mg/2.5 mg (n = 340), PREMPRO 0.625 mg/5 mg (n = 338), PREMPHASE 0.625 mg/5 mg (n = 351), or Premarin 0.625 mg alone (n = 347), results of evaluable biopsies at 12 months (n = 279, 274, 277, and 283, respectively) showed a reduced risk of endometrial hyperplasia in the two PREMPRO treatment groups (less than 1 percent) and in the PREMPHASE treatment group (less than 1 percent; 1 percent when focal hyperplasia was included) compared to the Premarin group (8 percent; 20 percent when focal hyperplasia was included), see Table 6.TABLE 6: INCIDENCE OF ENDOMETRIAL HYPERPLASIA AFTER ONE YEAR OF TREATMENT--------------------------Groups-------------------------PREMPROPREMPROPREMPHASEPremarin0.625 mg/2.5 mg0.625 mg/5 mg0.625 mg/5 mg0.625 mgTotal number of patients340338351347Number of patients with evaluable biopsies279274277283No. (%) of patients with biopsies:• All focal and non-focal hyperplasia2 (<1)Significant (p < 0.001) in comparison with Premarin (0.625 mg) alone.0 (0)3 (1)57 (20)• Excluding focal cystic hyperplasia2 (<1)0 (0)1 (<1)25 (8)In the first year of the Health and Osteoporosis, Progestin and Estrogen (HOPE) Study, 2,001 women (average age 53.3 ± 4.9 years), of whom 88 percent were Caucasian, were treated with either Premarin 0.625 mg alone (n = 348), Premarin 0.45 mg alone (n = 338), Premarin 0.3 mg alone (n = 326) or PREMPRO 0.625 mg/2.5 mg (n = 331), PREMPRO 0.45 mg/1.5 mg (n = 331) or PREMPRO 0.3 mg/1.5 mg (n = 327). Results of evaluable endometrial biopsies at 12 months showed a reduced risk of endometrial hyperplasia or cancer in the PREMPRO treatment groups compared with the corresponding Premarin alone treatment groups, except for the PREMPRO 0.3 mg/1.5 mg and Premarin 0.3 mg alone groups, in each of which there was only 1 case, see Table 7.No endometrial hyperplasia or cancer was noted in those patients treated with the continuous combined regimens who continued for a second year in the osteoporosis and metabolic substudy of the HOPE study, see Table 8.TABLE 7: INCIDENCE OF ENDOMETRIAL HYPERPLASIA/CANCERAll cases of hyperplasia/cancer were endometrial hyperplasia, except for 1 patient in the Premarin 0.3 mg group diagnosed with endometrial cancer based on endometrial biopsy and 1 patient in the Premarin/MPA 0.45 mg/1.5 mg group diagnosed with endometrial cancer based on endometrial biopsy. AFTER ONE YEAR OF TREATMENTTwo (2) primary pathologists evaluated each endometrial biopsy. Where there was lack of agreement on the presence or absence of hyperplasia/cancer between the two, a third pathologist adjudicated (consensus).-----------------------------------Groups---------------------------------PatientPrempro0.625 mg/2.5 mgPremarin0.625 mgPrempro0.45 mg/1.5 mgPremarin0.45 mgPrempro0.3 mg/1.5 mgPremarin0.3 mgTotal number of patients331348331338327326Number of patients with evaluable biopsies278249272279271269No. (%) of patients with biopsies:• Hyperplasia/cancer(consensusFor an endometrial biopsy to be counted as consensus endometrial hyperplasia or cancer, at least 2 pathologists had to agree on the diagnosis.)0 (0)Significant (p < 0.05) in comparison with corresponding dose of Premarin alone.20 (8)1 (<1),9 (3)1 (<1)Non-significant in comparison with corresponding dose of Premarin alone.1 (<1)TABLE 8: OSTEOPOROSIS AND METABOLIC SUBSTUDY, INCIDENCE OF ENDOMETRIAL HYPERPLASIA/CANCERAll cases of hyperplasia/cancer were endometrial hyperplasia in patients who continued for a second year in the osteoporosis and metabolic substudy of the HOPE study. AFTER TWO YEARS OF TREATMENTTwo (2) primary pathologists evaluated each endometrial biopsy. Where there was lack of agreement on the presence or absence of hyperplasia/cancer between the two, a third pathologist adjudicated (consensus).-------------------------------Groups------------------------------PatientPrempro0.625 mg/2.5 mgPremarin0.625 mgPrempro0.45 mg/1.5 mgPremarin0.45 mgPrempro0.3 mg/1.5 mgPremarin 0.3 mgTotal number of patients756575747973Number of patients with evaluable biopsies625569677563No. (%) of patients with biopsies:• Hyperplasia/cancer(consensusFor an endometrial biopsy to be counted as consensus endometrial hyperplasia or cancer, at least 2 pathologists had to agree on the diagnosis.)0 (0)Significant (p < 0.05) in comparison with corresponding dose of Premarin alone.15 (27)0 (0)10 (15)0 (0)2 (3)

14.4 Effects On Uterine Bleeding Or Spotting

The effects of PREMPRO on uterine bleeding or spotting, as recorded on daily diary cards, were evaluated in 2 clinical trials. Results are shown in Figures 1 and 2.FIGURE 1. PATIENTS WITH CUMULATIVE AMENORRHEA OVER TIME PERCENTAGES OF WOMEN WITH NO BLEEDING OR SPOTTING AT A GIVEN CYCLE THROUGH CYCLE 13 INTENT-TO-TREAT POPULATION, LOCFNote: The percentage of patients who were amenorrheic in a given cycle and through cycle 13 is shown. If data were missing, the bleeding value from the last reported day was carried forward (LOCF).FIGURE 2. PATIENTS WITH CUMULATIVE AMENORRHEA OVER TIME PERCENTAGES OF WOMEN WITH NO BLEEDING OR SPOTTING AT A GIVEN CYCLE THROUGH CYCLE 13 INTENT-TO-TREAT POPULATION, LOCFNote: The percentage of patients who were amenorrheic in a given cycle and through cycle 13 is shown. If data were missing, the bleeding value from the last reported day was carried forward (LOCF).

14.6 Women's Health Initiative Studies

The WHI enrolled approximately 27,000 predominantly healthy postmenopausal women in two substudies to assess the risks and benefits of daily oral CE (0.625 mg)-alone or in combination with MPA (2.5 mg) compared to placebo in the prevention of certain chronic diseases. The primary endpoint was the incidence of CHD (defined as nonfatal MI, silent MI and CHD death), with invasive breast cancer as the primary adverse outcome. A "global index" included the earliest occurrence of CHD, invasive breast cancer, stroke, PE, endometrial cancer (only in the CE plus MPA substudy), colorectal cancer, hip fracture, or death due to other causes. These substudies did not evaluate the effects of CE plus MPA or CE-alone on menopausal symptoms.

14.7 Women's Health Initiative Memory Study

The WHIMS estrogen plus progestin ancillary study of WHI enrolled 4,532 predominantly healthy postmenopausal women 65 years of age and older (47 percent were 65 to 69 years of age; 35 percent were 70 to 74 years of age; and 18 percent were 75 years of age and older) to evaluate the effects of daily CE (0.625 mg) plus MPA (2.5 mg) on the incidence of probable dementia (primary outcome) compared to placebo.After an average follow-up of 4 years, the relative risk of probable dementia for CE plus MPA versus placebo was 2.05 (95 percent CI, 1.21–3.48). The absolute risk of probable dementia for CE plus MPA versus placebo was 45 versus 22 cases per 10,000 women-years. Probable dementia as defined in this study included Alzheimer's disease (AD), vascular dementia (VaD) and mixed types (having features of both AD and VaD). The most common classification of probable dementia in the treatment group and the placebo group was AD. Since the ancillary study was conducted in women 65 to 79 years of age, it is unknown whether these findings apply to younger postmenopausal women [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3), and Use in Specific Populations (8.5)].The WHIMS estrogen-alone ancillary study of WHI enrolled 2,947 predominantly healthy hysterectomized postmenopausal women 65 to 79 years of age and older (45 percent were 65 to 69 years of age; 36 percent were 70 to 74 years of age; 19 percent were 75 years of age and older) to evaluate the effects of daily CE (0.625 mg)-alone on the incidence of probable dementia (primary outcome) compared to placebo.After an average follow-up of 5.2 years, the relative risk of probable dementia for CE-alone versus placebo was 1.49 (95 percent CI, 0.83–2.66). The absolute risk of probable dementia for CE-alone versus placebo was 37 versus 25 cases per 10,000 women-years. Probable dementia as defined in this study included AD, VaD and mixed types (having features of both AD and VaD). The most common classification of probable dementia in the treatment group and the placebo group was AD. Since the ancillary study was conducted in women 65 to 79 years of age, it is unknown whether these findings apply to younger postmenopausal women [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3), and Use in Specific Populations (8.5)].When data from the two populations were pooled as planned in the WHIMS protocol, the reported overall relative risk for probable dementia was 1.76 (95 percent CI, 1.19–2.60). Differences between groups became apparent in the first year of treatment. It is unknown whether these findings apply to younger postmenopausal women [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3), and Use in Specific Populations (8.5)].

15 References

  • Rossouw JE, et al. Postmenopausal Hormone Therapy and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease by Age and Years Since Menopause. JAMA. 2007;297:1465–1477.Hsia J, et al. Conjugated Equine Estrogens and Coronary Heart Disease. Arch Int Med. 2006;166:357–365.Cushman M, et al. Estrogen Plus Progestin and Risk of Venous Thrombosis. JAMA. 2004;292:1573–1580.Curb JD, et al. Venous Thrombosis and Conjugated Equine Estrogen in Women Without a Uterus. Arch Int Med. 2006;166:772–780.Chlebowski RT, et al. Influence of Estrogen Plus Progestin on Breast Cancer and Mammography in Healthy Postmenopausal Women. JAMA. 2003;289:3234–3253.Stefanick ML, et al. Effects of Conjugated Equine Estrogens on Breast Cancer and Mammography Screening in Postmenopausal Women With Hysterectomy. JAMA. 2006;295:1647–1657.Anderson GL, et al. Effects of Estrogen Plus Progestin on Gynecologic Cancers and Associated Diagnostic Procedures. JAMA. 2003;290:1739–1748. Shumaker SA, et al. Conjugated Equine Estrogens and Incidence of Probable Dementia and Mild Cognitive Impairment in Postmenopausal Women. JAMA. 2004;291:2947–2958.Jackson RD, et al. Effects of Conjugated Equine Estrogen on Risk of Fractures and BMD in Postmenopausal Women With Hysterectomy: Results From the Women's Health Initiative Randomized Trial. J Bone Miner Res. 2006;21:817–828.Hendrix SL, et al. Effects of Conjugated Equine Estrogen on Stroke in the Women's Health Initiative. Circulation. 2006;113:2425–2434.

16.1 How Supplied

PREMPRO therapy consists of a single tablet to be taken once daily. PREMPRO 0.3 mg/1.5 mgNDC 0046-1105-11, carton includes 1 blister card containing 28 oval, cream tablets.PREMPRO 0.45 mg/1.5 mgNDC 0046-1106-11, carton includes 1 blister card containing 28 oval, gold tablets.PREMPRO 0.625 mg/2.5 mgNDC 0046-1107-11, carton includes 1 blister card containing 28 oval, peach tablets.PREMPRO 0.625 mg/5 mgNDC 0046-1108-11, carton includes 1 blister card containing 28 oval, light-blue tablets.PREMPHASE therapy consists of two separate tablets; one maroon Premarin tablet taken daily on days 1 through 14 and one light-blue tablet taken on days 15 through 28.NDC 0046-2575-12, carton includes 1 blister card containing 28 tablets (14 oval, maroon Premarin tablets and 14 oval, light-blue tablets).The appearance of PREMPRO tablets is a trademark of Pfizer Inc.The appearance of PREMARIN tablets is a trademark of Pfizer Inc. The appearance of the conjugated estrogens/medroxyprogesterone acetate combination tablets is a trademark.

16.2 Storage And Handling

Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F); excursions permitted to 15° to 30°C (59° to 86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature].

17 Patient Counseling Information

See FDA-Approved Patient Labeling.

17.1 Abnormal Vaginal Bleeding

Inform postmenopausal women of the importance of reporting abnormal vaginal bleeding to their healthcare provider as soon as possible [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)].

17.2 Possible Serious Adverse Reactions With Estrogen Plus Progestin Therapy

Inform postmenopausal women of possible serious adverse reactions of estrogen plus progestin therapy including Cardiovascular Disorders, Malignant Neoplasms, and Probable Dementia [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1, 5.2, 5.3)].

17.3 Possible Less Serious But Common Adverse Reactions With Estrogen Plus Progestin Therapy

Inform postmenopausal women of possible less serious but common adverse reactions of estrogen plus progestin therapy such as headache, breast pain and tenderness, nausea and vomiting.

Patient Information

  • PREMPRO®(Conjugated Estrogens/Medroxyprogesterone Acetate Tablets)PREMPHASE®(Conjugated Estrogens plus Medroxyprogesterone Acetate Tablets)Read this PATIENT INFORMATION before you start taking PREMPRO or PREMPHASE and read what you get each time you refill your PREMPRO or PREMPHASE prescription. There may be new information. This information does not take the place of talking to your healthcare provider about your medical condition or your treatment.What is the most important information I should know about PREMPRO and PREMPHASE (combinations of estrogens and a progestin)?Do not use estrogens with progestins to prevent heart disease, heart attacks, strokes, or dementia (decline of brain function)Using estrogens with progestins may increase your chances of getting heart attacks, strokes, breast cancer, or blood clotsUsing estrogens with progestins may increase your chance of getting dementia, based on a study of women 65 years of age or olderDo not use estrogen-alone to prevent heart disease, heart attacks, strokes or dementiaUsing estrogen-alone may increase your chance of getting cancer of the uterus (womb)Using estrogen-alone may increase your chances of getting strokes or blood clotsUsing estrogen-alone may increase your chance of getting dementia, based on a study of women 65 years of age or olderYou and your healthcare provider should talk regularly about whether you still need treatment with PREMPRO or PREMPHASEWhat is PREMPRO or PREMPHASE?PREMPRO or PREMPHASE are medicines that contain two kinds of hormones, estrogens and a progestin.What is PREMPRO or PREMPHASE used for?PREMPRO or PREMPHASE is used after menopause to:Reduce moderate to severe hot flashesEstrogens are hormones made by a woman's ovaries. The ovaries normally stop making estrogens when a woman is between 45 and 55 years old. This drop in body estrogen levels causes the "change of life" or menopause (the end of monthly menstrual periods). Sometimes, both ovaries are removed during an operation before natural menopause takes place. The sudden drop in estrogen levels causes "surgical menopause."When the estrogen levels begin dropping, some women get very uncomfortable symptoms, such as feelings of warmth in the face, neck, and chest, or sudden strong feelings of heat and sweating ("hot flashes" or "hot flushes"). In some women the symptoms are mild, and they will not need to take estrogens. In other women, symptoms can be more severe.Treat menopausal changes in and around the vaginaYou and your healthcare provider should talk regularly about whether you still need treatment with PREMPRO or PREMPHASE to control these problems. If you use PREMPRO or PREMPHASE only to treat your menopausal changes in and around your vagina, talk with your healthcare provider about whether a topical vaginal product would be better for you.Help reduce your chances of getting osteoporosis (thin weak bones)Osteoporosis from menopause is a thinning of the bones that makes them weaker and easier to break. If you use PREMPRO or PREMPHASE only to prevent osteoporosis due to menopause, talk with your healthcare provider about whether a different treatment or medicine without estrogens might be better for you. Weight-bearing exercise, like walking or running, and taking calcium (1500 mg per day of elemental calcium) and vitamin D (400–800 IU per day) supplements may also lower your chances of getting postmenopausal osteoporosis. It is important to talk about exercise and supplements with your healthcare provider before starting them.You and your healthcare provider should talk regularly about whether you still need treatment with PREMPRO or PREMPHASE. Who should not take PREMPRO or PREMPHASE?Do not take PREMPRO or PREMPHASE if you have had your uterus (womb) removed (hysterectomy).PREMPRO and PREMPHASE contain a progestin to decrease the chance of getting cancer of the uterus. If you do not have a uterus, you do not need a progestin and you should not take PREMPRO or PREMPHASE.Do not take PREMPRO or PREMPHASE if you:Have unusual vaginal bleedingCurrently have or have had certain cancersEstrogens may increase the chance of getting certain types of cancers, including cancer of the breast or uterus. If you have or have had cancer, talk with your healthcare provider about whether you should use PREMPRO or PREMPHASE.Had a stroke or heart attackCurrently have or have had blood clotsCurrently have or have had liver problemsHave been diagnosed with a bleeding disorderAre allergic to PREMPRO or PREMPHASE or any of their ingredientsSee the list of ingredients in PREMPRO and PREMPHASE at the end of this leaflet.Think you may be pregnantTell your healthcare providerIf you have any unusual vaginal bleedingVaginal bleeding after menopause may be a warning sign of cancer of the uterus (womb). Your healthcare provider should check any unusual vaginal bleeding to find out the cause.About all of your medical problemsYour healthcare provider may need to check you more carefully if you have certain conditions, such as asthma (wheezing), epilepsy (seizures), diabetes, migraine, endometriosis, lupus, problems with your heart, liver, thyroid, kidneys, or have high calcium levels in your blood.About all the medicines you takeThis includes prescription and nonprescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. Some medicines may affect how PREMPRO or PREMPHASE works. PREMPRO or PREMPHASE may also affect how your other medicines work. If you are going to have surgery or will be on bedrestYou may need to stop taking PREMPRO or PREMPHASE.If you are breastfeedingThe hormones in PREMPRO and PREMPHASE can pass into your breast milk.How should I take PREMPRO or PREMPHASE?Take one PREMPRO or PREMPHASE tablet at the same time each dayIf you miss a dose, take it as soon as possibleIf it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your normal schedule. Do not take 2 doses at the same time. Estrogens should be used at the lowest dose possible for your treatment only as long as neededYou and your healthcare provider should talk regularly (for example, every 3 to 6 months) about the dose you are taking and whether you still need treatment with PREMPRO or PREMPHASE.What are the possible side effects of PREMPRO or PREMPHASE?Side effects are grouped by how serious they are and how often they happen when you are treated.Serious, but less common side effects include:Heart attackStrokeBlood clotsDementiaBreast cancerCancer of the lining of the uterus (womb)Cancer of the ovaryHigh blood pressureHigh blood sugarGallbladder diseaseLiver problemsEnlargement of benign tumors of the uterus ("fibroids")Mental depressionSevere allergic reactionCall your healthcare provider right away if you get any of the following warning signs or any other unusual symptoms that concern you:New breast lumpsUnusual vaginal bleeding Changes in vision or speechSudden new severe headachesSevere pains in your chest or legs with or without shortness of breath, weakness and fatigueSwollen lips, tongue and faceLess serious, but common side effects include:HeadacheBreast painIrregular vaginal bleeding or spotting Stomach or abdominal cramps, bloatingNausea and vomiting Hair lossFluid retentionVaginal yeast infectionThese are not all the possible side effects of PREMPRO or PREMPHASE. For more information, ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist for advice about side effects. You may report side effects to Pfizer Inc. at 1-800-438-1985 or to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088. What can I do to lower my chances of getting a serious side effect with PREMPRO or PREMPHASE?Talk with your healthcare provider regularly about whether you should continue taking PREMPRO or PREMPHASESee your healthcare provider right away if you get vaginal bleeding while taking PREMPRO or PREMPHASEHave a pelvic exam, breast exam and mammogram (breast X-ray) every year unless your healthcare provider tells you something elseIf members of your family have had breast cancer or if you have ever had breast lumps or an abnormal mammogram, you may need to have breast exams more often. If you have high blood pressure, high cholesterol (fat in the blood), diabetes, are overweight, or if you use tobacco, you may have higher chances for getting heart diseaseAsk your healthcare provider for ways to lower your chances of getting heart disease.General Information about the safe and effective use of PREMPRO and PREMPHASEMedicines are sometimes prescribed for conditions that are not mentioned in patient information leaflets. Do not take PREMPRO or PREMPHASE for conditions for which it was not prescribed. Do not give PREMPRO or PREMPHASE to other people, even if they have the same symptoms you have. It may harm them. Keep PREMPRO and PREMPHASE out of the reach of children.This leaflet provides a summary of the most important information about PREMPRO and PREMPHASE. If you would like more information, talk with your healthcare provider or pharmacist. You can ask for information about PREMPRO and PREMPHASE that is written for health professionals.What are the ingredients in PREMPRO and PREMPHASE?PREMPRO contains the same conjugated estrogens found in Premarin, which are a mixture of sodium estrone sulfate and sodium equilin sulfate and other components, including sodium sulfate conjugates, 17α-dihydroequilin, 17α-estradiol and 17β-dihydroequilin. PREMPRO also contains either 1.5, 2.5, or 5 mg of medroxyprogesterone acetate.PREMPRO 0.3 mg/1.5 mg and 0.45 mg/1.5 mg tablets also contain calcium phosphate tribasic, microcrystalline cellulose, lactose monohydrate, carnauba wax, hypromellose, magnesium stearate, polyethylene glycol, sucrose, hydroxypropyl cellulose, Eudragit NE 30D, titanium dioxide, yellow iron oxide, propylene glycol and black iron oxide. PREMPRO 0.625 mg/2.5 mg tablets also contain calcium phosphate tribasic, microcrystalline cellulose, lactose monohydrate, hypromellose, magnesium stearate, polyethylene glycol, sucrose, hydroxypropyl cellulose, Eudragit NE 30D, povidone, titanium dioxide, red iron oxide, yellow iron oxide, and black iron oxide.PREMPRO 0.625 mg/5 mg tablets also contain calcium phosphate tribasic, carnauba wax, Eudragit NE 30D, hydroxypropyl cellulose, hypromellose, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, polyethylene glycol, sucrose, titanium dioxide, FD&C Blue No. 2, and black iron oxide.PREMPHASE is two separate tablets. One tablet (maroon color) is 0.625 mg of Premarin, which is a mixture of sodium estrone sulfate and sodium equilin sulfate and other components, including sodium sulfate conjugates, 17 α-dihydroequilin, 17 α-estradiol and 17 β-dihydroequilin. The maroon tablet also contains calcium phosphate tribasic, hydroxypropyl cellulose, microcrystalline cellulose, powdered cellulose, hypromellose, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, polyethylene glycol, sucrose, titanium dioxide, FD&C Blue No. 2, FD&C Red No. 40. The second tablet (light-blue color) contains 0.625 mg of the same ingredients as the maroon color tablet plus 5 mg of medroxyprogesterone acetate. The light-blue tablet also contains calcium phosphate tribasic, carnauba wax, Eudragit NE 30D, hydroxypropyl cellulose, hypromellose, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, polyethylene glycol, sucrose, titanium dioxide, FD&C Blue No. 2, and black iron oxide.PREMPRO therapy consists of a single tablet to be taken once daily.PREMPRO 0.3 mg/1.5 mgBlister Card - Each carton includes 1 blister card containing 28 oval, cream tablets. Each tablet contains 0.3 mg of the conjugated estrogens found in Premarin tablets and 1.5 mg of medroxyprogesterone acetate for oral administration. PREMPRO 0.45 mg/1.5 mgBlister Card - Each carton includes 1 blister card containing 28 oval, gold tablets. Each tablet contains 0.45 mg of the conjugated estrogens found in Premarin tablets and 1.5 mg of medroxyprogesterone acetate for oral administration.PREMPRO 0.625 mg/2.5 mgBlister Card - Each carton includes 1 blister card containing 28 oval, peach tablets. Each tablet contains 0.625 mg of the conjugated estrogens found in Premarin tablets and 2.5 mg of medroxyprogesterone acetate for oral administration.PREMPRO 0.625 mg/5 mgBlister Card - Each carton includes 1 blister card containing 28 oval, light-blue tablets. Each tablet contains 0.625 mg of the conjugated estrogens found in Premarin tablets and 5 mg of medroxyprogesterone acetate for oral administration.PREMPHASE therapy consists of two separate tablets; one maroon Premarin tablet taken daily on days 1 through 14 and one light-blue tablet taken on days 15 through 28.Each carton includes 1 blister pack containing 28 tablets. One blister pack contains 14 oval, maroon Premarin tablets containing 0.625 mg of conjugated estrogens and 14 oval, light-blue tablets that contain 0.625 mg of the conjugated estrogens found in Premarin tablets and 5 mg of medroxyprogesterone acetate for oral administration.The appearance of PREMPRO tablets is a trademark of Pfizer Inc.The appearance of PREMARIN tablets is a trademark of Pfizer Inc. The appearance of the conjugated estrogens/medroxyprogesterone acetate combination tablets is a trademark.Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F); excursions permitted to 15° to 30°C (59° to 86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature].This product's label may have been updated. For current package insert and further product information, please visit www.pfizer.com.LAB-0504-7.0Revised March 2015

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