NDC 0093-4061 Formoterol Fumarate

Formoterol Fumarate

NDC Product Code 0093-4061

NDC CODE: 0093-4061

Proprietary Name: Formoterol Fumarate What is the Proprietary Name?
The proprietary name also known as the trade name is the name of the product chosen by the medication labeler for marketing purposes.

Non-Proprietary Name: Formoterol Fumarate What is the Non-Proprietary Name?
The non-proprietary name is sometimes called the generic name. The generic name usually includes the active ingredient(s) of the product.

Drug Use Information

Drug Use Information
The drug use information is a summary and does NOT have all possible information about this product. This information does not assure that this product is safe, effective, or appropriate. This information is not individual medical advice and does not substitute for the advice of a health care professional. Always ask a health care professional for complete information about this product and your specific health needs.

  • Formoterol is used as a long-term (maintenance) treatment to prevent or decrease breathing problems caused by ongoing lung diseases (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease-COPD, including chronic bronchitis and emphysema). Formoterol belongs to the class of drugs known as long-acting inhaled beta-agonists (LABAs). It works by relaxing the muscles around the airways so that they open up and you can breathe more easily. This effect helps to reduce wheezing, coughing, and shortness of breath. This medication does not work right away and should not be used for sudden attacks of breathing trouble. Your doctor must prescribe a quick-relief inhaler (e.g., albuterol, also called salbutamol in some countries) for sudden shortness of breath while you are using formoterol. You should always have a quick-relief inhaler with you. This form of formoterol is not approved to treat asthma. People with asthma using long-acting inhaled beta agonists (such as formoterol) without also using an inhaled corticosteroid may have an increased risk of serious (sometimes fatal) breathing problems.

NDC Code Structure

NDC 0093-4061-06

Package Description: 60 POUCH in 1 CARTON > 1 VIAL in 1 POUCH > 2 mL in 1 VIAL

NDC 0093-4061-30

Package Description: 30 POUCH in 1 CARTON > 1 VIAL in 1 POUCH (0093-4061-19) > 2 mL in 1 VIAL

NDC Product Information

Formoterol Fumarate with NDC 0093-4061 is a a human prescription drug product labeled by Teva Pharmaceuticals Usa, Inc.. The generic name of Formoterol Fumarate is formoterol fumarate. The product's dosage form is solution and is administered via respiratory (inhalation) form. The RxNorm Crosswalk for this NDC code indicates a single RxCUI concept is associated to this product: 1246319.

Dosage Form: Solution - A clear, homogeneous liquid1 dosage form that contains one or more chemical substances dissolved in a solvent or mixture of mutually miscible solvents.

Product Type: Human Prescription Drug What kind of product is this?
Indicates the type of product, such as Human Prescription Drug or Human Over the Counter Drug. This data element matches the “Document Type” field of the Structured Product Listing.

Formoterol Fumarate Active Ingredient(s)

What is the Active Ingredient(s) List?
This is the active ingredient list. Each ingredient name is the preferred term of the UNII code submitted.


Inactive Ingredient(s)

About the Inactive Ingredient(s)
The inactive ingredients are all the component of a medicinal product OTHER than the active ingredient(s). The acronym "UNII" stands for “Unique Ingredient Identifier” and is used to identify each inactive ingredient present in a product.

  • SODIUM CHLORIDE (UNII: 451W47IQ8X)
  • WATER (UNII: 059QF0KO0R)
  • CITRIC ACID MONOHYDRATE (UNII: 2968PHW8QP)
  • SODIUM CITRATE, UNSPECIFIED FORM (UNII: 1Q73Q2JULR)

Administration Route(s)

What are the Administration Route(s)?
The translation of the route code submitted by the firm, indicating route of administration.

  • Respiratory (inhalation) - Administration within the respiratory tract by inhaling orally or nasally for local or systemic effect.

Pharmacological Class(es)

What is a Pharmacological Class?
These are the reported pharmacological class categories corresponding to the SubstanceNames listed above.

  • Adrenergic beta2-Agonists - [MoA] (Mechanism of Action)
  • beta2-Adrenergic Agonist - [EPC] (Established Pharmacologic Class)

Product Labeler Information

What is the Labeler Name?
Name of Company corresponding to the labeler code segment of the Product NDC.

Labeler Name: Teva Pharmaceuticals Usa, Inc.
Labeler Code: 0093
FDA Application Number: ANDA091141 What is the FDA Application Number?
This corresponds to the NDA, ANDA, or BLA number reported by the labeler for products which have the corresponding Marketing Category designated. If the designated Marketing Category is OTC Monograph Final or OTC Monograph Not Final, then the Application number will be the CFR citation corresponding to the appropriate Monograph (e.g. “part 341”). For unapproved drugs, this field will be null.

Marketing Category: ANDA - A product marketed under an approved Abbreviated New Drug Application. What is the Marketing Category?
Product types are broken down into several potential Marketing Categories, such as NDA/ANDA/BLA, OTC Monograph, or Unapproved Drug. One and only one Marketing Category may be chosen for a product, not all marketing categories are available to all product types. Currently, only final marketed product categories are included. The complete list of codes and translations can be found at www.fda.gov/edrls under Structured Product Labeling Resources.

Start Marketing Date: 06-22-2021 What is the Start Marketing Date?
This is the date that the labeler indicates was the start of its marketing of the drug product.

Listing Expiration Date: 12-31-2022 What is the Listing Expiration Date?
This is the date when the listing record will expire if not updated or certified by the product labeler.

Exclude Flag: N - NO What is the NDC Exclude Flag?
This field indicates whether the product has been removed/excluded from the NDC Directory for failure to respond to FDA"s requests for correction to deficient or non-compliant submissions ("Y"), or because the listing certification is expired ("E"), or because the listing data was inactivated by FDA ("I"). Values = "Y", "N", "E", or "I".

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Information for Patients

Formoterol Oral Inhalation

Formoterol Oral Inhalation is pronounced as (for moh' te rol)

Why is formoterol oral inhalation medication prescribed?
Formoterol oral inhalation is used to control wheezing, shortness of breath, and chest tightness caused by chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD; a group of lung di...
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Formoterol Fumarate Product Labeling Information

The product labeling information includes all published material associated to a drug. Product labeling documents include information like generic names, active ingredients, ingredient strength dosage, routes of administration, appearance, usage, warnings, inactive ingredients, etc.

Product Labeling Index

1.1 Maintenance Treatment Of Copd

Formoterol fumarate inhalation solution is indicated for the long-term, twice daily (morning and evening) administration in the maintenance treatment of bronchoconstriction in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), including chronic bronchitis and emphysema.

1.2 Important Limitations Of Use

Formoterol fumarate inhalation solution is not indicated to treat acute deteriorations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)].Formoterol fumarate inhalation solution is not indicated to treat asthma. The safety and effectiveness of formoterol fumarate inhalation solution in asthma have not been established.

2 Dosage And Administration

The recommended dose of formoterol fumarate inhalation solution is one 20 mcg unit-dose vial administered twice daily (morning and evening) by nebulization. A total daily dose greater than 40 mcg is not recommended.Formoterol fumarate inhalation solution should be administered by the orally inhaled route via a standard jet nebulizer connected to an air compressor. The safety and efficacy of formoterol fumarate inhalation solution have been established in clinical trials when administered using the PARI-LC Plus® nebulizer (with a facemask or mouthpiece) and the PRONEB® Ultra compressor. The safety and efficacy of formoterol fumarate inhalation solution delivered from non-compressor based nebulizer systems have not been established.Formoterol fumarate inhalation solution should always be stored in the foil pouch, and only removed IMMEDIATELY BEFORE USE. Contents of any partially used container should be discarded.If the recommended maintenance treatment regimen fails to provide the usual response, medical advice should be sought immediately, as this is often a sign of destabilization of COPD. Under these circumstances, the therapeutic regimen should be re-evaluated and additional therapeutic options should be considered.The drug compatibility (physical and chemical), efficacy, and safety of formoterol fumarate inhalation solution when mixed with other drugs in a nebulizer have not been established.

3 Dosage Forms And Strengths

Formoterol fumarate inhalation solution is supplied as a sterile solution for nebulization in low-density polyethylene unit-dose vials. Each vial contains formoterol fumarate dihydrate, USP equivalent to 20 mcg/2 mL of formoterol fumarate.

4 Contraindications

Use of a long-acting beta2-adrenergic agonists (LABA), including formoterol fumarate inhalation solution, without an inhaled corticosteroid is contraindicated in patients with asthma [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)]. Formoterol fumarate inhalation solution is not indicated for the treatment of asthma.

  • The safety and efficacy of formoterol fumarate inhalation solution in patients with asthma have not been established. Formoterol fumarate inhalation solution is not indicated for the treatment of asthma [see Contraindications (4)].Use of LABA as monotherapy [without inhaled corticosteroids (ICS)] for asthma is associated with an increased risk of asthma-related death. Available data from controlled clinical trials also suggest that use of LABA as monotherapy increases the risk of asthma-related hospitalization in pediatric and adolescent patients. These findings are considered a class effect of LABA monotherapy. When LABA are used in fixed-dose combination with ICS, data from large clinical trials do not show a significant increase in the risk of serious asthma-related events (hospitalizations, intubations, death) compared with ICS alone.A 28-week, placebo-controlled US study comparing the safety of another LABA (salmeterol) with placebo, each added to usual asthma therapy, showed an increase in asthma-related deaths in patients receiving salmeterol (13/13,176 in patients treated with salmeterol vs. 3/13,179 in patients treated with placebo; RR 4.37, 95% CI 1.25, 15.34). The increased risk of asthma-related death is considered a class effect of the long-acting beta2-adrenergic agonists, including formoterol fumarate inhalation solution.No study adequate to determine whether the rate of asthma related death is increased in patients treated with formoterol fumarate inhalation solution has been conducted. Clinical studies with formoterol fumarate administered as a dry powder inhaler suggested a higher incidence of serious asthma exacerbations in patients who received formoterol than in those who received placebo. The sizes of these studies were not adequate to precisely quantify the differences in serious asthma exacerbation rates between treatment groups.Available data do not suggest an increased risk of death with use of LABA in patients with COPD.

5.2 Deterioration Of Disease And Acute Episodes

Formoterol fumarate inhalation solution should not be initiated in patients with acutely deteriorating COPD, which may be a life-threatening condition. Formoterol fumarate inhalation solution has not been studied in patients with acutely deteriorating COPD. The use of formoterol fumarate inhalation solution in this setting is inappropriate.Formoterol fumarate inhalation solution should not be used for the relief of acute symptoms, i.e., as rescue therapy for the treatment of acute episodes of bronchospasm. Formoterol fumarate inhalation solution has not been studied in the relief of acute symptoms and extra doses should not be used for that purpose. Acute symptoms should be treated with an inhaled short-acting beta2-agonist.When beginning formoterol fumarate inhalation solution, patients who have been taking inhaled, short-acting beta2-agonists on a regular basis (e.g., four times a day) should be instructed to discontinue the regular use of these drugs and use them only for symptomatic relief of acute respiratory symptoms. When prescribing formoterol fumarate inhalation solution, the healthcare provider should also prescribe an inhaled, short-acting beta2-agonist and instruct the patient how it should be used. Increasing inhaled beta2-agonist use is a signal of deteriorating disease for which prompt medical attention is indicated. COPD may deteriorate acutely over a period of hours or chronically over several days or longer. If formoterol fumarate inhalation solution no longer controls the symptoms of bronchoconstriction, or the patient’s inhaled, short-acting beta2-agonist becomes less effective or the patient needs more inhalation of short-acting beta2-agonist than usual, these may be markers of deterioration of disease. In this setting, a re-evaluation of the patient and the COPD treatment regimen should be undertaken at once. Increasing the daily dosage of formoterol fumarate inhalation solution beyond the recommended 20 mcg twice daily dose is not appropriate in this situation.

5.3 Excessive Use And Use With Other Long-Acting Beta2-Agonists

As with other inhaled beta2-adrenergic drugs, formoterol fumarate inhalation solution should not be used more often, at higher doses than recommended, or in conjunction with other medications containing long-acting beta2-agonists, as an overdose may result. Clinically significant cardiovascular effects and fatalities have been reported in association with excessive use of inhaled sympathomimetic drugs.

5.4 Paradoxical Bronchospasm

As with other inhaled beta2-agonists, formoterol fumarate inhalation solution can produce paradoxical bronchospasm that may be life-threatening. If paradoxical bronchospasm occurs, formoterol fumarate inhalation solution should be discontinued immediately and alternative therapy instituted.

5.5 Cardiovascular Effects

Formoterol fumarate inhalation solution, like other beta2-agonists, can produce a clinically significant cardiovascular effect in some patients as measured by increases in pulse rate, systolic and/or diastolic blood pressure, and/or symptoms. If such effects occur, formoterol fumarate inhalation solution may need to be discontinued. In addition, beta-agonists have been reported to produce ECG changes, such as flattening of the T wave, prolongation of the QTc interval, and ST segment depression. The clinical significance of these findings is unknown. Therefore, formoterol fumarate inhalation solution, like other sympathomimetic amines, should be used with caution in patients with cardiovascular disorders, especially coronary insufficiency, cardiac arrhythmias, and hypertension.

5.6 Coexisting Conditions

Formoterol fumarate inhalation solution, like other sympathomimetic amines, should be used with caution in patients with convulsive disorders or thyrotoxicosis, and in patients who are unusually responsive to sympathomimetic amines. Doses of the related beta2-agonist albuterol, when administered intravenously, have been reported to aggravate preexisting diabetes mellitus and ketoacidosis.

5.7 Hypokalemia And Hyperglycemia

Beta-agonist medications may produce significant hypokalemia in some patients, possibly through intracellular shunting, which has the potential to produce adverse cardiovascular effects [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.2)]. The decrease in serum potassium is usually transient, not requiring supplementation. Beta-agonist medications may produce transient hyperglycemia in some patients.Clinically significant changes in serum potassium and blood glucose were infrequent during clinical studies with long-term administration of formoterol fumarate inhalation solution at the recommended dose.

5.8 Immediate Hypersensitivity Reactions

Immediate hypersensitivity reactions may occur after administration of formoterol fumarate inhalation solution, as demonstrated by cases of anaphylactic reactions, urticaria, angioedema, rash, and bronchospasm.

6 Adverse Reactions

Long-acting beta2-adrenergic agonists, such as formoterol fumarate inhalation solution, as monotherapy (without an inhaled corticosteroid) for asthma increase the risk of asthma-related events. Formoterol fumarate inhalation solution is not indicated for the treatment of asthma [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].

6.1 Beta2-Agonist Adverse Reaction Profile

Adverse reactions to formoterol fumarate inhalation solution are expected to be similar in nature to other beta2-adrenergic receptor agonists including: angina, hypertension or hypotension, tachycardia, arrhythmias, nervousness, headache, tremor, dry mouth, muscle cramps, palpitations, nausea, dizziness, fatigue, malaise, insomnia, hypokalemia, hyperglycemia, and metabolic acidosis.

6.2 Clinical Trials Experience

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.Adults with COPDThe data described below reflect exposure to formoterol fumarate inhalation solution 20 mcg twice daily by oral inhalation in 586 patients, including 232 exposed for 6 months and 155 exposed for at least 1 year. Formoterol fumarate inhalation solution was studied in a 12-week, placebo- and active-controlled trial (123 subjects treated with formoterol fumarate inhalation solution) and a 52-week, active-controlled trial (463 subjects treated with formoterol fumarate inhalation solution). Patients were mostly Caucasians (88%) between 40 to 90 years old (mean, 64 years old) and had COPD, with a mean FEV1 of 1.33 L. Patients with significant concurrent cardiac and other medical diseases were excluded from the trials.Table 1 shows adverse reactions from the 12-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial where the frequency was greater than or equal to 2% in the formoterol fumarate inhalation solution group and where the rate in the formoterol fumarate inhalation solution group exceeded the rate in the placebo group. In this trial, the frequency of patients experiencing cardiovascular adverse events was 4.1% for formoterol fumarate inhalation solution and 4.4% for placebo. There were no frequently occurring specific cardiovascular adverse events for formoterol fumarate inhalation solution (frequency greater than or equal to 1% and greater than placebo). The rate of COPD exacerbations was 4.1% for formoterol fumarate inhalation solution and 7.9% for placebo.TABLE 1: Number of Patients with Adverse Reactions in the 12-Week Multiple-Dose Controlled Clinical TrialFormoterol FumarateAdverse ReactionInhalation SolutionPlacebo20 mcgn(%)n(%)Total Patients123(100)114(100)Diarrhea6(4.9)4(3.5)Nausea6(4.9)3(2.6)Nasopharyngitis4(3.3)2(1.8)Dry Mouth4(3.3)2(1.8)Vomiting3(2.4)2(1.8)Dizziness3(2.4)1(0.9)Insomnia3(2.4)00Patients treated with formoterol fumarate inhalation solution 20 mcg twice daily in the 52-week open-label trial did not experience an increase in specific clinically significant adverse events above the number expected based on the medical condition and age of the patients.

6.3 Postmarketing Experience

The following adverse reactions have been reported during post-approval use of formoterol fumarate inhalation solution. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.Anaphylactic reactions, urticaria, angioedema (presenting as face, lip, tongue, eye, pharyngeal, or mouth edema), rash, and bronchospasm.

7.1 Adrenergic Drugs

If additional adrenergic drugs are to be administered by any route, they should be used with caution because the sympathetic effects of formoterol may be potentiated [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3, 5.5, 5.6, 5.7)].

7.2 Xanthine Derivatives, Steroids, Or Diuretics

Concomitant treatment with xanthine derivatives, steroids, or diuretics may potentiate any hypokalemic effect of adrenergic agonists [see Warnings and Precautions (5.7)].

7.3 Non-Potassium Sparing Diuretics

The ECG changes and/or hypokalemia that may result from the administration of non-potassium sparing diuretics (such as loop or thiazide diuretics) can be acutely worsened by beta-agonists, especially when the recommended dose of the beta-agonist is exceeded. Although the clinical significance of these effects is not known, caution is advised in the coadministration of beta-agonists with non-potassium sparing diuretics.

7.4 Mao Inhibitors, Tricyclic Antidepressants, Qtc Prolonging Drugs

Formoterol, as with other beta2-agonists, should be administered with extreme caution to patients being treated with monoamine oxidase inhibitors, tricyclic antidepressants, or drugs known to prolong the QTc interval because the effect of adrenergic agonists on the cardiovascular system may be potentiated by these agents. Drugs that are known to prolong the QTc interval have an increased risk of ventricular arrhythmias.

7.5 Beta-Blockers

Beta-adrenergic receptor antagonists (beta-blockers) and formoterol may inhibit the effect of each other when administered concurrently. Beta-blockers not only block the therapeutic effects of beta-agonists, but may produce severe bronchospasm in COPD patients. Therefore, patients with COPD should not normally be treated with beta-blockers. However, under certain circumstances, e.g., as prophylaxis after myocardial infarction, there may be no acceptable alternatives to the use of beta-blockers in patients with COPD. In this setting, cardioselective beta-blockers could be considered, although they should be administered with caution.

8.1 Pregnancy

Risk SummaryThere are limited available data with formoterol fumarate inhalation solution use in pregnant women to inform a drug-associated risk of adverse developmental outcomes. Beta-agonists may interfere with uterine contractility (see Clinical Considerations). In animal reproduction studies, oral administration of formoterol fumarate to pregnant rats and rabbits caused increased fetal malformations (rats and rabbits), decreased fetal weight (rats), and increased neonatal mortality (rats) following administration of doses that produced exposures approximately 730 to 29,000 times the MRHD on a mg/m2 or AUC basis. These adverse effects generally occurred at large multiples of the MRHD when formoterol fumarate was administered by the oral route to achieve high systemic exposures. No effects were observed in a study with rats that received formoterol fumarate by the inhalation route at an exposure approximately 300 times the MRHD (see Data).The estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage for the indicated population is unknown. All pregnancies have a background risk of birth defect, loss, or other adverse outcomes. In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2% to 4% and 15% to 20%, respectively.Clinical ConsiderationsLabor or deliveryThere are no adequate and well-controlled human studies that have studied the effects of formoterol fumarate inhalation solution during labor and delivery. Because of the potential for beta-agonists interference with uterine contractility, use of formoterol fumarate inhalation solution during labor should be restricted to those patients in whom the benefits clearly outweigh the risk.DataAnimal DataIn embryofetal development studies with pregnant rats and rabbits dosed throughout the period of organogenesis, formoterol fumarate did not cause malformations in either species. However, for pregnant rats dosed throughout organogenesis, formoterol fumarate caused delayed fetal ossification at an exposure approximately 50 times the MRHD (on a mcg/m2 basis with maternal oral doses of 200 mcg/kg and higher) and decreased fetal weight at an exposure approximately 1,500 times the MRHD (on a mcg/m2 basis with maternal oral doses of 6,000 mcg/kg and above). In a pre- and post-natal development study with rats dosed during the late stage of pregnancy, formoterol fumarate caused stillbirth and neonatal mortality at an exposure approximately 1,500 times the MRHD (on a mcg/m2 basis with maternal oral doses of 6,000 mcg/kg and above). However, no effects were observed in this study at an exposure approximately 50 times the MRHD (on a mcg/m2 basis with a maternal oral dose of 200 mcg/kg).In embryofetal development studies, conducted by another testing laboratory, with pregnant rats and rabbits dosed throughout the period of organogenesis, formoterol fumarate was teratogenic in both species. Umbilical hernia, a malformation, was observed in rat fetuses at exposures approximately 730 times the MRHD (on a mcg/m2 basis with maternal oral doses of 3,000 mcg/kg/day and above). Brachygnathia, a skeletal malformation, was observed in rat fetuses at an exposure approximately 3,600 times the MRHD (on a mcg/m2 basis with a maternal oral dose of 15,000 mcg/kg/day). In another study with rats, no teratogenic effects were observed with exposures up to approximately 300 times the MRHD (on a mcg/m2 basis with a maternal inhalation dose of 1,200 mcg/kg/day). Subcapsular cysts on the liver were observed in rabbit fetuses at an exposure approximately 29,000 times the MRHD (on a mcg/m2 basis with a maternal oral dose of 60,000 mcg/kg/day). No teratogenic effects were observed with exposures up to approximately 1,700 times the MRHD (on a mcg/m2 basis with a maternal oral dose of 3,500 mcg/kg).

8.2 Lactation

Risk SummaryThere are no well-controlled human studies of the use of formoterol fumarate inhalation solution in nursing mothers. It is not known whether formoterol fumarate is excreted in human milk, or whether there are effects on the breastfed infant or on the milk production.In reproductive studies in rats formoterol was excreted in the milk (see Data).The developmental and health benefits of breastfeeding should be considered along with the mother’s clinical need for formoterol fumarate inhalation solution and any potential adverse effects on the breastfed child from formoterol fumarate inhalation solution or from the underlying maternal condition.DataIn a pharmacokinetic study in rats formoterol was excreted in the milk. The amount of radioactive labelled 3H-formoterol fumarate was less than 2% of that in the maternal plasma.

8.4 Pediatric Use

Formoterol fumarate inhalation solution is not indicated for use in children. The safety and effectiveness of formoterol fumarate inhalation solution in pediatric patients have not been established. The pharmacokinetics of formoterol fumarate has not been studied in pediatric patients.

8.5 Geriatric Use

Of the 586 subjects who received formoterol fumarate inhalation solution in clinical studies, 284 were 65 years and over, while 89 were 75 years and over. Of the 123 subjects who received formoterol fumarate inhalation solution in the 12-week safety and efficacy trial, 48 (39%) were 65 years of age or older. No overall differences in safety or effectiveness were observed between these subjects and younger subjects. Other reported clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger adult patients, but greater sensitivity of some older individuals cannot be ruled out.The pharmacokinetics of formoterol fumarate inhalation solution has not been studied in elderly subjects.

10 Overdosage

The expected signs and symptoms with overdosage of formoterol fumarate inhalation solution are those of excessive beta-adrenergic stimulation and/or occurrence or exaggeration of any of the signs and symptoms listed under ADVERSE REACTIONS. Signs and symptoms may include angina, hypertension or hypotension, tachycardia with rates up to 200 beats/min, arrhythmias, nervousness, headache, tremor, seizures, muscle cramps, dry mouth, palpitation, nausea, dizziness, fatigue, malaise, insomnia, hyperglycemia, hypokalemia, and metabolic acidosis. As with all inhaled sympathomimetic medications, cardiac arrest and even death may be associated with an overdose of formoterol fumarate inhalation solution.Treatment of overdosage consists of discontinuation of formoterol fumarate inhalation solution together with institution of appropriate symptomatic and/or supportive therapy. The judicious use of a cardioselective beta-receptor blocker may be considered, bearing in mind that such medication can produce bronchospasm. There is insufficient evidence to determine if dialysis is beneficial for overdosage of formoterol fumarate inhalation solution. Cardiac monitoring is recommended in cases of overdosage.For additional information about overdose treatment, call a poison control center (1-800-222-1222).

11 Description

Formoterol fumarate inhalation solution is supplied as 2 mL of formoterol fumarate inhalation solution packaged in a 3 mL single-dose low-density polyethylene vial and overwrapped in a foil pouch. Each vial contains 2 mL of a clear, colorless solution composed of formoterol fumarate dihydrate, USP equivalent to 20 mcg of formoterol fumarate in an isotonic, sterile aqueous solution containing sodium chloride, water, pH adjusted to 5.0 with citric acid and sodium citrate.The active component of formoterol fumarate inhalation solution is formoterol fumarate dihydrate, USP, a racemate. Formoterol fumarate dihydrate, USP is a beta2-adrenergic bronchodilator. Its chemical name is (±)-2´-Hydroxy-5´-[(R*)-1-hydroxy-2-[[(R*)-p-methoxy-α-methylphenethyl]amino]ethyl]formanilide fumarate (2:1) (salt), dihydrate; its structural formula is:Formoterol fumarate dihydrate, USP has a molecular weight of 840.91 and its molecular formula is (C19H24N2O4)2•C4H4O4•2H2O. Formoterol fumarate dihydrate, USP is a white to yellowish crystalline powder, which is freely soluble in glacial acetic acid, soluble in methanol, sparingly soluble in ethanol and isopropanol, slightly soluble in water, and practically insoluble in acetone, ethyl acetate, and diethyl ether.Formoterol fumarate inhalation solution does not require dilution prior to administration by nebulization. Like all other nebulized treatments, the amount delivered to the lungs will depend on patient factors and the nebulization system used and its performance.Using the PARI-LC Plus® nebulizer (with a facemask or mouthpiece) connected to a PRONEB® Ultra compressor under in vitro conditions, the mean delivered dose from the mouthpiece was approximately 7.3 mcg (37% of label claim). The mean nebulizer flow rate was 4 LPM and the nebulization time was 9 minutes. Formoterol fumarate inhalation solution should be administered from a standard jet nebulizer at adequate flow rates via a facemask or mouthpiece.

12.1 Mechanism Of Action

Formoterol fumarate is a long-acting, beta2-adrenergic receptor agonist (beta2-agonist). Inhaled formoterol fumarate acts locally in the lung as a bronchodilator. In vitro studies have shown that formoterol has more than 200-fold greater agonist activity at beta2-receptors than at beta1-receptors. Although beta2-receptors are the predominant adrenergic receptors in bronchial smooth muscle and beta1-receptors are the predominant receptors in the heart, there are also beta2-receptors in the human heart comprising 10% to 50% of the total beta-adrenergic receptors. The precise function of these receptors has not been established, but they raise the possibility that even highly selective beta2-agonists may have cardiac effects.The pharmacologic effects of beta2-adrenoceptor agonist drugs, including formoterol, are at least in part attributable to stimulation of intracellular adenylyl cyclase, the enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) to cyclic-3', 5'-adenosine monophosphate (cyclic AMP). Increased cyclic AMP levels cause relaxation of bronchial smooth muscle and inhibition of release of mediators of immediate hypersensitivity from cells, especially from mast cells.In vitro tests show that formoterol is an inhibitor of the release of mast cell mediators, such as histamine and leukotrienes, from the human lung. Formoterol also inhibits histamine-induced plasma albumin extravasation in anesthetized guinea pigs and inhibits allergen-induced eosinophil influx in dogs with airway hyper-responsiveness. The relevance of these in vitro and animal findings to humans with COPD is unknown.

12.2 Pharmacodynamics

Systemic Safety and Pharmacokinetic / Pharmacodynamic RelationshipsThe major adverse effects of inhaled beta2-agonists occur as a result of excessive activation of the systemic beta-adrenergic receptors. The most common adverse effects in adults include skeletal muscle tremor and cramps, insomnia, tachycardia, decreases in plasma potassium, and increases in plasma glucose.Changes in serum potassium and serum glucose were evaluated in 12 COPD patients following inhalation of single doses of formoterol fumarate inhalation solution containing 10, 20 and 244 mcg of formoterol fumarate (calculated on an anhydrous basis) in a crossover study. At 1 hour after treatment with formoterol fumarate inhalation solution, mean (± standard deviation) serum glucose rose 26 ± 30, 29 ± 28, and 38 ± 44 mg/dL, respectively, and was not significantly different from baseline or trough level at 24 hours post-dose. At 1 hour after dosing with formoterol fumarate inhalation solution 244 mcg, serum potassium fell by 0.68 ± 0.4 mEq/L, and was not different from baseline or trough level at 24 hours post-dose.Linear pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) relationships between urinary formoterol excretion and decreases in serum potassium, increases in plasma glucose, and increases in heart rate were generally observed with another inhalation formulation of formoterol fumarate and hence would be expected with formoterol fumarate inhalation solution also. Following single dose administration of 10-fold the recommended clinical dose of the other formoterol fumarate inhalation formulation having comparable exposure to single dose of 244 mcg of formoterol fumarate inhalation solution (approximately 12-fold the recommended clinical dose) in healthy subjects, the formoterol plasma concentration was found to be highly correlated with the reduction in plasma potassium concentration. Data from this study showed that maximum reductions from baseline in plasma potassium ranged from 0.55 to 1.52 mmol/L with a median maximum reduction of 1.01 mmol/L. Generally, the maximum effect on plasma potassium was noted 1 to 3 hours after peak formoterol plasma concentrations were achieved.ElectrophysiologyIn the dose-ranging study of formoterol fumarate inhalation solution, ECG-determined heart rate increased by a mean of 6 ±3 beats per minute at 6 hours after a single dose of 244 mcg, but was back to predose level at 16 to 24 hours.The effect of formoterol fumarate inhalation solution on heart rate and cardiac rhythm was studied in a 12-week clinical trial comparing formoterol fumarate inhalation solution to placebo and an active control treatment. COPD patients, including 105 patients exposed to formoterol fumarate inhalation solution, underwent continuous electrocardiographic (Holter) monitoring during two 24-hour periods (study baseline and after 8 to 12 weeks of treatment). ECGs were performed pre-dose and at 2 to 3 hours post-dose at study baseline (prior to dosing) and after 4, 8 and 12 weeks of treatment. Bazett’s and Fridericia’s methods were used to correct the QT interval for heart rate (QTcB and QTcF, respectively). The mean increase from baseline in QTcB interval over the 12-week treatment period was ≤ 4.8 msec for formoterol fumarate inhalation solution and ≤ 4.6 msec for placebo. The percent of patients who experienced a maximum change in QTc greater than 60 msec at any time during the 12-week treatment period was 0% and 1.8% for formoterol fumarate inhalation solution and placebo, respectively, based on Bazett’s correction, and 1.6% and 0.9%, respectively, based on Fridericia’s correction. Prolonged QT was reported as an adverse event in 1 (0.8%) patient treated with formoterol fumarate inhalation solution and 2 (1.8%) placebo patients. No occurrences of atrial fibrillation or ventricular tachycardia were observed during 24-hour Holter monitoring or reported as adverse events in patients treated with formoterol fumarate inhalation solution after the start of dosing. No increase in supraventricular tachycardia over placebo-treated subjects was observed. The mean increase in maximum heart rate from baseline to 8 to 12 weeks after the start of dosing was 0.6 beats per minute (bpm) for patients treated with formoterol fumarate inhalation solution twice daily compared to 1.2 bpm for placebo patients. There were no clinically meaningful differences from placebo in acute or chronic effects on heart rate, including QTcB and QTcF, or cardiac rhythm resulting from treatment with formoterol fumarate inhalation solution.At an exposure from formoterol fumarate dry powder formulation comparable to approximately 12-fold the recommended dose of formoterol fumarate inhalation solution, a mean maximum increase of pulse rate of 26 bpm was observed 6 hours post dose in healthy subjects. This study showed that the maximum increase of mean corrected QT interval (QTc) was 25 msec when calculated using Bazett's correction and was 8 msec when calculated using Fridericia's correction. The QTc returned to baseline within 12 to 24 hours post-dose. Formoterol plasma concentrations were weakly correlated with pulse rate and increase of QTc duration. The effects on pulse rate and QTc interval are known pharmacological effects of this class of study drug and were not unexpected at this supratherapeutic formoterol fumarate inhalation dose.Tachyphylaxis / ToleranceTolerance to the effects of inhaled beta-agonists can occur with regularly-scheduled, chronic use. In a placebo-controlled clinical trial in 351 adult patients with COPD, the bronchodilating effect of formoterol fumarate inhalation solution was determined by the FEV1 area under the curve over 12 hours following dosing on Day 1 and after 12 weeks of treatment. The effect of formoterol fumarate inhalation solution did not decrease after 12 weeks of twice-daily treatment (Figures 1 and 2).

12.3 Pharmacokinetics

Information on the pharmacokinetics of formoterol (dry powder and/or inhalation solution) in plasma and/or urine is available in healthy subjects as well as patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease after oral inhalation of doses at and above the therapeutic dose.Urinary excretion of unchanged formoterol was used as an indirect measure of systemic exposure. Plasma drug disposition data parallel urinary excretion, and the elimination half-lives calculated for urine and plasma are similar.AbsorptionPharmacokinetic properties of formoterol fumarate were evaluated in 12 COPD patients following inhalation of single doses of formoterol fumarate inhalation solution containing 10, 20 and 244 mcg of formoterol fumarate (calculated on an anhydrous basis) and 12 mcg formoterol fumarate dry powder, through 36 hours after single-dose administration. Formoterol fumarate concentrations in plasma following the 10 and 20 mcg doses of formoterol fumarate inhalation solution and the 12 mcg dose of formoterol fumarate dry powder were undetectable or only detected sporadically at very low concentrations. Following a single 244 mcg dose of formoterol fumarate inhalation solution (approximately 12 times the recommended clinical dose), formoterol fumarate concentrations were readily measurable in plasma, exhibiting rapid absorption into plasma, and reaching a maximum drug concentration of 72 pg/mL within approximately 12 minutes of dosing.The mean amount of formoterol excreted unchanged in 24-hour urine following single oral inhalation doses of 10, 20, and 244 mcg formoterol fumarate inhalation solution were found to be 109.7 ng, 349.6 ng, and 3317.5 ng, respectively. These findings indicate a near dose proportional increase in systemic exposure within the dose range tested.When 12 mcg of a dry powder formulation of formoterol fumarate was given twice daily to COPD patients by oral inhalation for 12 weeks, the accumulation index, based on the urinary excretion of unchanged formoterol was 1.19 to 1.38. This suggests some accumulation of formoterol in plasma with multiple dosing. Although multiple-dose pharmacokinetic data is unavailable from formoterol fumarate inhalation solution, assumption of linear pharmacokinetics allows a reasonable prediction of minimal accumulation based on single-dose pharmacokinetics. As with many drug products for oral inhalation, it is likely that the majority of the inhaled formoterol fumarate delivered is swallowed and then absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract.DistributionThe binding of formoterol to human plasma proteins in vitro was 61% to 64% at concentrations from 0.1 to 100 ng/mL. Binding to human serum albumin in vitro was 31% to 38% over a range of 5 to 500 ng/mL. The concentrations of formoterol used to assess the plasma protein binding were higher than those achieved in plasma following inhalation of a single 244 mcg dose of formoterol fumarate inhalation solution.MetabolismFormoterol is metabolized primarily by direct glucuronidation at either the phenolic or aliphatic hydroxyl group and O-demethylation followed by glucuronide conjugation at either phenolic hydroxyl groups. Minor pathways involve sulfate conjugation of formoterol and deformylation followed by sulfate conjugation. The most prominent pathway involves direct conjugation at the phenolic hydroxyl group. The second major pathway involves O-demethylation followed by conjugation at the phenolic 2'-hydroxyl group. In vitro studies showed that multiple drug-metabolizing enzymes catalyze glucuronidation (UGT1A1, 1A8, 1A9, 2B7 and 2B15 were the most predominant enzymes) and O-demethylation (CYP2D6, CYP2C19, CYP2C9 and CYP2A6) of formoterol. Formoterol did not inhibit CYP450 enzymes at therapeutically relevant concentrations. Some patients may be deficient in CYP2D6 or 2C19 or both. Whether a deficiency in one or both of these isozymes results in elevated systemic exposure to formoterol or systemic adverse effects has not been adequately explored.ExcretionFollowing administration of single 10, 20, and 244 mcg formoterol fumarate inhalation solution doses (calculated on an anhydrous basis) delivered via nebulizer in 12 COPD patients, on average, about 1.1% to 1.7% of the dose was excreted in the urine as unchanged formoterol as compared to about 3.4% excreted unchanged following inhalation administration of 12 mcg of formoterol fumarate dry powder. Renal clearance of formoterol following inhalation administration of formoterol fumarate inhalation solution in these subjects was about 157 mL/min. Based on plasma concentrations measured following the 244 mcg dose, the mean terminal elimination half-life was determined to be 7 hours.GenderAs reported for another formoterol fumarate inhalation formulation, upon correction for body weight, pharmacokinetics of formoterol fumarate did not differ significantly between males and females.Geriatric, Pediatric, Hepatic/Renal ImpairmentThe pharmacokinetics of formoterol fumarate has not been studied in elderly and pediatric patient populations. The pharmacokinetics of formoterol fumarate has not been studied in subjects with hepatic or renal impairment.

13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment Of Fertility

The carcinogenic potential of formoterol fumarate has been evaluated in 2-year drinking water and dietary studies in both rats and mice. In rats, the incidence of ovarian leiomyomas was increased at doses of 15,000 mcg/kg and above in the drinking water study and at 20,000 mcg/kg in the dietary study (AUC exposure approximately 2,300 times human exposure at the maximum recommended daily inhalation dose), but not at dietary doses up to 5,000 mcg/kg (AUC exposure approximately 570 times human exposure at the maximum recommended daily inhalation dose). In the dietary study, the incidence of benign ovarian theca-cell tumors was increased at doses of 500 mcg/kg (AUC exposure was approximately 57 times human exposure at the maximum recommended daily inhalation dose) and above. This finding was not observed in the drinking water study, nor was it seen in mice (see below).In mice, the incidence of adrenal subcapsular adenomas and carcinomas was increased in males at doses of 69,000 mcg/kg (AUC exposure approximately 1000 times human exposure at the maximum recommended daily inhalation dose) and above in the drinking water study, but not at doses up to 50,000 mcg/kg (AUC exposure approximately 750 times human exposure at the maximum recommended daily inhalation dose) in the dietary study. The incidence of hepatocarcinomas was increased in the dietary study at doses of 20,000 and 50,000 mcg/kg in females (AUC exposures approximately 300 and 750 times human exposure at the maximum recommended daily inhalation dose, respectively) and 50,000 mcg/kg in males, but not at doses up to 5,000 mcg/kg (AUC exposure approximately 75 times human exposure at the maximum recommended daily inhalation dose). Also in the dietary study, the incidence of uterine leiomyomas and leiomyosarcomas was increased at doses of 2,000 mcg/kg (AUC exposure was approximately 30 times human exposure at the maximum recommended daily inhalation dose) and above. Increases in leiomyomas of the rodent female genital tract have been similarly demonstrated with other beta-agonist drugs.Formoterol fumarate was not mutagenic or clastogenic in the following tests: mutagenicity tests in bacterial and mammalian cells, chromosomal analyses in mammalian cells, unscheduled DNA synthesis repair tests in rat hepatocytes and human fibroblasts, transformation assay in mammalian fibroblasts and micronucleus tests in mice and rats.Reproduction studies in rats revealed no impairment of fertility at oral doses up to 3,000 mcg/kg (approximately 730 times the maximum recommended daily inhalation powder dose in humans on a mcg/m2 basis).

13.2 Animal Pharmacology

Studies in laboratory animals (minipigs, rodents, and dogs) have demonstrated the occurrence of cardiac arrhythmias and sudden death (with histologic evidence of myocardial necrosis) when beta-agonists and methylxanthines are administered concurrently. The clinical significance of these findings is unknown [see Drug Interactions, Xanthine Derivatives, Steroids, or Diuretics (7.2)].

14.1 Adult Copd Trial

Formoterol fumarate inhalation solution was evaluated in a 12-week, double-blind, placebo- and active-controlled, randomized, parallel-group, multicenter trial conducted in the United States. Of a total enrollment of 351 adults (age range: 40 to 86 years; mean age: 63 years) with COPD who had a mean pre-bronchodilator FEV1 of 1.34 liters (44% of predicted), 237 patients were randomized to formoterol fumarate inhalation solution 20 mcg or placebo, administered twice daily via a PARI-LC Plus® nebulizer with a PRONEB® Ultra compressor. The diagnosis of COPD was based upon a prior clinical diagnosis of COPD, a smoking history (at least 10 pack-years), age (at least 40 years), and spirometry results (pre-bronchodilator baseline FEV1 at least 30% and less than 70% of the predicted value, and the FEV1/FVC less than 70%). About 58% of patients had bronchodilator reversibility, defined as a 10% or greater increase in FEV1 after inhalation of 2 actuations (180 mcg) of albuterol from a metered dose inhaler. About 86% (106) of patients treated with formoterol fumarate inhalation solution and 74% (84) of placebo patients completed the trial.Formoterol fumarate inhalation solution 20 mcg twice daily resulted in significantly greater post-dose bronchodilation (as measured by serial FEV1 for 12 hours post-dose; the primary efficacy analysis) compared to placebo when evaluated at endpoint (week 12 for completers and last observation for dropouts). Similar results were seen on Day 1 and at subsequent timepoints during the trial.Mean FEV1 measurements at Day 1 (Figure 1) and at endpoint (Figure 2) are shown below.Figure 1Mean* FEV1 at Day 1Figure 2Mean* FEV1 at Endpoint after 12 Weeks of Treatment*Figures show least-squares means adjusted for baseline FEV1Patients treated with formoterol fumarate inhalation solution used less rescue albuterol during the trial compared to patients treated with placebo.Examination of age (≥ 65 or younger) and gender subgroups did not identify differences in response to formoterol fumarate inhalation solution. There were too few non-Caucasian subjects to assess differences in populations defined by race adequately.In the 12-week study, 78% of subjects achieved a 15% increase from baseline FEV1 following the first dose of formoterol fumarate inhalation solution 20 mcg. In these subjects, the median time to onset of bronchodilation, defined as 15% increase in FEV1, was 11.7 minutes. When defined as an increase in FEV1 of 12% and 200 mL, the time to onset of bronchodilation was 13.1 minutes after dosing. The median time to peak bronchodilator effect was 2 hours after dosing.

16 How Supplied/Storage And Handling

  • Formoterol fumarate inhalation solution is supplied as a 2 mL sterile solution for nebulization in 3 mL low-density polyethylene unit dose vials. Each vial is overwrapped in a foil pouch and supplied in cartons as listed below.Carton of 30 individually wrapped unit dose vials, NDC 0093-4061-30Carton of 60 individually wrapped unit dose vials, NDC 0093-4061-06Storage and HandlingPrior to dispensing to the patient: Store in a refrigerator, 2°C to 8°C (36°F to 46°F). Protect pouch from light and heat.After dispensing to the patient: Store in a refrigerator at 2°C to 8°C (36°F to 46°F) and discard when drug expires or store at room temperature, 20°C to 25°C (68°F to 77°F) and discard if not used after 3 months. Protect pouch from light and heat.Formoterol fumarate inhalation solution should only be administered via a standard jet nebulizer connected to an air compressor with an adequate airflow and equipped with a facemask or mouthpiece.Vial should always be stored in the foil pouch, and only removed IMMEDIATELY before use.Do not take by mouth.Contents of any partially used container should be discarded.Discard the container and top after use.Keep out of the reach of children

17 Patient Counseling Information

Advise the patient to read the FDA-approved patient labeling (Patient Information and Instructions for Use).Serious Asthma-Related EventsInform patients that long-acting beta agonist, such as formoterol fumarate inhalation solution, when used as monotherapy [without an inhaled corticosteroid], increase the risk of serious asthma-related events, including asthma-related death. Formoterol fumarate inhalation solution is not indicated for the treatment of asthma.Acute Exacerbations or DeteriorationsFormoterol fumarate inhalation solution is not indicated for relief of acute symptoms, and extra doses should not be used for that purpose. Acute symptoms should be treated with an inhaled, short-acting beta2-agonist (the healthcare provider should provide the patient with such medication and instruct the patient in how it should be used). Patients should be instructed to seek medical attention if their symptoms worsen despite recommended doses of formoterol fumarate inhalation solution, if formoterol fumarate inhalation solution treatment becomes less effective, or if they need more inhalations of a short-acting beta2-agonist than usual.Appropriate DosingPatients should not stop using formoterol fumarate inhalation solution unless told to do so by a healthcare provider because symptoms may get worse. Patients should not inhale more than the prescribed number of vials at any one time. The daily dosage of formoterol fumarate inhalation solution should not exceed one vial twice daily (40 mcg total daily dose). Excessive use of sympathomimetics may cause significant cardiovascular effects, and may be fatal.Concomitant TherapyPatients who have been taking inhaled, short-acting beta2-agonists (e.g., albuterol) on a regular basis should be instructed to discontinue the regular use of these products and use them only for symptomatic relief of acute symptoms. Formoterol fumarate inhalation solution should not be used in conjunction with other inhaled medications containing long-acting beta2-agonists. Patients should be warned not to stop or change the dose of other concomitant COPD therapy without medical advice, even if symptoms improve after initiating treatment with formoterol fumarate inhalation solution.Common Adverse Reactions with Beta2-agonistsPatients should be informed that treatment with beta2-agonists may lead to adverse reactions that include palpitations, chest pain, rapid heart rate, increased or decreased blood pressure, headache, tremor, nervousness, dry mouth, muscle cramps, nausea, dizziness, fatigue, malaise, low blood potassium, high blood sugar, high blood acid, or trouble sleeping [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)].Instructions for AdministrationIt is important that patients understand how to use formoterol fumarate inhalation solution with a nebulizer appropriately [see the accompanying Patient Information]. Patients should be instructed not to mix other medications with formoterol fumarate inhalation solution or ingest formoterol fumarate inhalation solution. Patients should throw the plastic dispensing container away immediately after use. Due to their small size, the container and top pose a danger of choking to young children.Brands listed are the trademarks of their respective owners.Manufactured In England By:Norton Healthcare LimitedT/A IVAX Pharmaceuticals UKRuncorn, Cheshire WA7 3FA EnglandManufactured For:Teva Pharmaceuticals USA, Inc.Parsippany, NJ 07054Iss. 10/2020

Patient Information

  • Formoterol Fumarate (for moe' ter ol fue' ma rate) Inhalation SolutionWhat is formoterol fumarate inhalation solution?Formoterol fumarate inhalation solution is a long-acting beta2 adrenergic agonist (LABA) used to control the symptoms of COPD in adults with COPD. COPD is a chronic lung disease that includes chronic bronchitis, emphysema, or both.Formoterol fumarate inhalation solution is only for use with a nebulizer.LABA medicines such as formoterol fumarate inhalation solution help the muscles around the airways in your lungs stay relaxed to prevent symptoms, such as wheezing, cough, chest tightness, and shortness of breath.Formoterol fumarate inhalation solution is for long-term use and should be taken 2 times each day, to improve the symptoms of COPD for better breathing.Formoterol fumarate inhalation solution is not used to treat sudden symptoms of COPD.Formoterol fumarate inhalation solution is not for the treatment of asthma. It is not known if formoterol fumarate inhalation solution is safe and effective in people with asthma.Formoterol fumarate inhalation solution should not be used in children. It is not known if formoterol fumarate inhalation solution is safe and effective in children.Do not use formoterol fumarate inhalation solution if you have asthma.Before using formoterol fumarate inhalation solution tell your healthcare provider about all of your medical conditions, including if you:have heart problemshave high blood pressurehave diabeteshave seizureshave thyroid problemshave liver problemsare pregnant or plan to become pregnant. It is not known if the medicine formoterol in formoterol fumarate inhalation solution passes into breast milk and if it can harm your baby.are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. It is not known if the medicine formoterol in formoterol fumarate inhalation solution passes into breast milk and if it can harm your baby.Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins and herbal supplements. Formoterol fumarate inhalation solution and certain other medicines may interact with each other. This may cause serious side effects.Know the medicines you take. Keep a list of them to show your healthcare provider and pharmacist each time you get a new medicine.How should I use formoterol fumarate inhalation solution?Read the step-by-step instructions for using formoterol fumarate inhalation solution at the end of this Patient Information leaflet.Use formoterol fumarate inhalation solution exactly as prescribed. One unit dose vial of formoterol fumarate inhalation solution is one dose. The usual dose of formoterol fumarate inhalation solution is 1 unit dose vial, 2 times each day (morning and evening) breathed in through your nebulizer machine. The 2 doses should be about 12 hours apart. Do not use more than 2 vials of formoterol fumarate inhalation solution a day.Do not mix other medicines with formoterol fumarate inhalation solution in your nebulizer machine.If you miss a dose of formoterol fumarate inhalation solution, just skip that dose. Take your next dose at your usual time. Do not take 2 doses at one time.While you are using formoterol fumarate inhalation solution 2 times each day:do not use other medicines that contain a long-acting beta2-agonist (LABA) for any reason.do not use your short-acting beta2-agonist medicine on regular basis (four times a day).Formoterol fumarate inhalation solution does not relieve sudden symptoms of COPD. Always have a rescue inhaler medicine with you to treat sudden symptoms. If you do not have a rescue inhaler medicine, call your healthcare provider to have one prescribed for you.Do not stop using formoterol fumarate inhalation solution or other medicines to control or treat your COPD unless told to do so by your healthcare provider because your symptoms might get worse. Your healthcare provider will change your medicines as needed.Do not use formoterol fumarate inhalation solution:more often than prescribed,more medicine than prescribed for you, orwith other LABA medicines Call your healthcare provider or get emergency medical care right away if your breathing problems worsen with formoterol fumarate inhalation solution, you need to use your rescue medicine more often than usual, or your rescue medicine does not work as well for you to relieve your symptoms.What are the possible side effects of formoterol fumarate inhalation solution? Formoterol fumarate inhalation solution can cause serious side effects, including:people with asthma who take long-acting LABA medicines, such as formoterol fumarate inhalation solution, without also using a medicine called an inhaled corticosteroid, have an increased risk of serious problems from asthma, including being hospitalized, needing a tube placed in their airway to help them breathe, or death.Call your healthcare provider if breathing problems worsen over time while using formoterol fumarate inhalation solution. You may need a different treatment.Get emergency medical care if:breathing problems worsen quicklyyou use your rescue inhaler medicine, but it does not relieve your breathing problemsCOPD symptoms that get worse over time. If your COPD symptoms worsen over time, do not increase your dose of formoterol fumarate inhalation solution, instead call your healthcare provider.using too much of a LABA medicine may cause:chest pain fast and irregular heartbeattremorincreased blood pressureheadachenervousnesssudden shortness of breath immediately after use of formoterol fumarate inhalation solution. Sudden shortness of breath may be life-threatening. If you have sudden breathing problems immediately after inhaling your medicine, call your healthcare provider or go to nearest hospital emergency room right away.effects on your heart, including fast or irregular heartbeat, chest pain or increased blood pressure.changes in laboratory levels, including high levels of blood sugar (hyperglycemia) and low levels of potassium (hypokalemia), which may cause symptoms of muscle spasm, muscle weakness or abnormal heart rhythm.serious allergic reactions including rash, hives, swelling of the face, mouth, and tongue, and breathing problems. Call your healthcare provider or get emergency medical care if you get any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction.Common side effects of formoterol fumarate inhalation solution include:headachemuscle crampsdizzinesstremornauseatirednessnervousnessvomitingtrouble sleepingdry mouthdiarrheaTell your healthcare provider if you get any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away.These are not all the possible side effects of formoterol fumarate inhalation solution. For more information, ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist for more information.Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800­ FDA-1088.How should I store formoterol fumarate inhalation solution?Store formoterol fumarate inhalation solution in a refrigerator between 36° to 46°F (2° to 8°C) in the protective foil pouch. Protect from light and heat. Do not open a sealed pouch until you are ready to use a dose of formoterol fumarate inhalation solution. After a sealed pouch is opened, formoterol fumarate inhalation solution must be used right away. Formoterol fumarate inhalation solution may be used directly from the refrigerator.Formoterol fumarate inhalation solution may also be stored at room temperature between 68°F to 77°F (20° to 25°C) for up to 3 months (90 days). If stored at room temperature, discard formoterol fumarate inhalation solution if it is not used after 3 months or if past the expiration date, whichever is sooner. Space is provided on the packaging to record dispense date and use by date.Do not use formoterol fumarate inhalation solution after the expiration date provided on the foil pouch and vial.Formoterol fumarate inhalation solution should be colorless. Discard formoterol fumarate inhalation solution if it is not colorless.Keep formoterol fumarate inhalation solution and all medicines out of the reach of children.General information about the safe and effective use of formoterol fumarate inhalation solution.Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes that are not listed in a Patient Information leaflet. Do not use formoterol fumarate inhalation solution for a condition for which it was not prescribed. Do not give formoterol fumarate inhalation solution to other people, even if they have the same symptoms that you have. It may harm them.You can ask your health care provider or pharmacist for information about formoterol fumarate inhalation solution that is written for health professionals.What are the ingredients in formoterol fumarate inhalation solution? Active ingredient: formoterol fumarate dihydrateInactive ingredients: sodium chloride, citric acid, sodium citrate, and water.Manufactured In England By: Norton Healthcare Limited, T/A IVAX Pharmaceuticals UK, Runcorn, Cheshire WA7 3FA EnglandManufactured For: Teva Pharmaceuticals USA, Inc., Parsippany, NJ 07054For more information call Teva Pharmaceuticals USA, Inc. at 1-888-838-2872.This Patient Information has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration                                                   Issued: 10/2020

Instructions For Use

  • Formoterol Fumarate (for moe' ter ol fue' ma rate) Inhalation SolutionUsing Formoterol Fumarate Inhalation SolutionFormoterol fumarate inhalation solution is used only in a standard jet nebulizer machine connected to an air compressor. Make sure you know how to use your nebulizer machine before you use it to breathe in formoterol fumarate inhalation solution or other medicines.Do not mix formoterol fumarate inhalation solution with other medicines in your nebulizer machine.Formoterol fumarate inhalation solution comes sealed in a foil pouch. Do not open a sealed pouch until you are ready to use a dose of formoterol fumarate inhalation solution.Remove vial from the foil pouch.Twist the cap completely off the vial and squeeze all the medicine into the nebulizer medicine cup (reservoir) (Figure 1).Connect the nebulizer reservoir to the mouthpiece or facemask (Figure 2).Connect the nebulizer to the compressor.Sit in a comfortable, upright position. Place the mouthpiece in your mouth (Figure 3) or put on the facemask (Figure 4); and turn on the compressor.     Breathe as calmly, deeply and evenly as possible through your mouth until no more mist is formed in the nebulizer reservoir. The average nebulization time is 9 minutes. At this point, the treatment is finished.Discard the formoterol fumarate inhalation solution container and top after use.Clean the nebulizer (see manufacturer’s instructions).This Instructions for Use has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.Manufactured In England By:Norton Healthcare LimitedT/A IVAX Pharmaceuticals UKRuncorn, Cheshire WA7 3FA EnglandManufactured For:Teva Pharmaceuticals USA, Inc.Parsippany, NJ 07054Iss. 10/2020

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