NDC 0093-8231 Sunitinib Malate

Sunitinib Malate

NDC Product Code 0093-8231

NDC CODE: 0093-8231

Proprietary Name: Sunitinib Malate What is the Proprietary Name?
The proprietary name also known as the trade name is the name of the product chosen by the medication labeler for marketing purposes.

Non-Proprietary Name: Sunitinib Malate What is the Non-Proprietary Name?
The non-proprietary name is sometimes called the generic name. The generic name usually includes the active ingredient(s) of the product.

Drug Use Information

Drug Use Information
The drug use information is a summary and does NOT have all possible information about this product. This information does not assure that this product is safe, effective, or appropriate. This information is not individual medical advice and does not substitute for the advice of a health care professional. Always ask a health care professional for complete information about this product and your specific health needs.

  • This medication is used to treat certain types of cancer (kidney, pancreas, and intestinal). It is also used to treat people who are at high risk of the kidney cancer coming back again after having kidney surgery. Sunitinib works by stopping or slowing the growth of cancer tumors. It also works by slowing the growth of new blood vessels within the tumor.

Product Characteristics

Color(s):
RED (C48326 - MAROON)
BROWN (C48332 - LIGHT BROWN)
YELLOW (C48330)
Shape: CAPSULE (C48336)
Size(s):
14 MM
16 MM
18 MM
Imprint(s):
TEVA;8199;TEVA;8199
TEVA;8224;TEVA;8224
TEVA;8229;TEVA;8229
TEVA;8231;TEVA;8231
Score: 1

NDC Code Structure

  • 0093 - Teva Pharmaceuticals Usa, Inc.

NDC 0093-8231-28

Package Description: 28 CAPSULE in 1 BOTTLE

NDC Product Information

Sunitinib Malate with NDC 0093-8231 is a a human prescription drug product labeled by Teva Pharmaceuticals Usa, Inc.. The generic name of Sunitinib Malate is sunitinib malate. The product's dosage form is capsule and is administered via oral form. The RxNorm Crosswalk for this NDC code indicates multiple RxCUI concepts are associated to this product: 1541890, 616279, 616285 and 616289.

Dosage Form: Capsule - A solid oral dosage form consisting of a shell and a filling. The shell is composed of a single sealed enclosure, or two halves that fit together and which are sometimes sealed with a band. Capsule shells may be made from gelatin, starch, or cellulose, or other suitable materials, may be soft or hard, and are filled with solid or liquid ingredients that can be poured or squeezed.

Product Type: Human Prescription Drug What kind of product is this?
Indicates the type of product, such as Human Prescription Drug or Human Over the Counter Drug. This data element matches the “Document Type” field of the Structured Product Listing.

Sunitinib Malate Active Ingredient(s)

What is the Active Ingredient(s) List?
This is the active ingredient list. Each ingredient name is the preferred term of the UNII code submitted.


Inactive Ingredient(s)

About the Inactive Ingredient(s)
The inactive ingredients are all the component of a medicinal product OTHER than the active ingredient(s). The acronym "UNII" stands for “Unique Ingredient Identifier” and is used to identify each inactive ingredient present in a product.

  • CROSCARMELLOSE SODIUM (UNII: M28OL1HH48)
  • MAGNESIUM STEARATE (UNII: 70097M6I30)
  • MANNITOL (UNII: 3OWL53L36A)
  • POVIDONE K30 (UNII: U725QWY32X)
  • D&C RED NO. 28 (UNII: 767IP0Y5NH)
  • FD&C BLUE NO. 1 (UNII: H3R47K3TBD)
  • FD&C RED NO. 40 (UNII: WZB9127XOA)
  • GELATIN, UNSPECIFIED (UNII: 2G86QN327L)
  • TITANIUM DIOXIDE (UNII: 15FIX9V2JP)
  • FERROSOFERRIC OXIDE (UNII: XM0M87F357)
  • D&C YELLOW NO. 10 ALUMINUM LAKE (UNII: CQ3XH3DET6)
  • FD&C BLUE NO. 1 ALUMINUM LAKE (UNII: J9EQA3S2JM)
  • FD&C BLUE NO. 2--ALUMINUM LAKE (UNII: 4AQJ3LG584)
  • SHELLAC (UNII: 46N107B71O)
  • PROPYLENE GLYCOL (UNII: 6DC9Q167V3)
  • CROSCARMELLOSE SODIUM (UNII: M28OL1HH48)
  • MAGNESIUM STEARATE (UNII: 70097M6I30)
  • MANNITOL (UNII: 3OWL53L36A)
  • POVIDONE K30 (UNII: U725QWY32X)
  • D&C RED NO. 28 (UNII: 767IP0Y5NH)
  • FD&C BLUE NO. 1 (UNII: H3R47K3TBD)
  • FD&C RED NO. 40 (UNII: WZB9127XOA)
  • FD&C YELLOW NO. 6 (UNII: H77VEI93A8)
  • GELATIN, UNSPECIFIED (UNII: 2G86QN327L)
  • TITANIUM DIOXIDE (UNII: 15FIX9V2JP)
  • FERROSOFERRIC OXIDE (UNII: XM0M87F357)
  • D&C YELLOW NO. 10 ALUMINUM LAKE (UNII: CQ3XH3DET6)
  • FD&C BLUE NO. 1 ALUMINUM LAKE (UNII: J9EQA3S2JM)
  • FD&C BLUE NO. 2--ALUMINUM LAKE (UNII: 4AQJ3LG584)
  • SHELLAC (UNII: 46N107B71O)
  • PROPYLENE GLYCOL (UNII: 6DC9Q167V3)
  • CROSCARMELLOSE SODIUM (UNII: M28OL1HH48)
  • MAGNESIUM STEARATE (UNII: 70097M6I30)
  • MANNITOL (UNII: 3OWL53L36A)
  • POVIDONE K30 (UNII: U725QWY32X)
  • GELATIN, UNSPECIFIED (UNII: 2G86QN327L)
  • TITANIUM DIOXIDE (UNII: 15FIX9V2JP)
  • FERRIC OXIDE YELLOW (UNII: EX438O2MRT)
  • FERROSOFERRIC OXIDE (UNII: XM0M87F357)
  • D&C YELLOW NO. 10 ALUMINUM LAKE (UNII: CQ3XH3DET6)
  • FD&C BLUE NO. 1 ALUMINUM LAKE (UNII: J9EQA3S2JM)
  • FD&C BLUE NO. 2--ALUMINUM LAKE (UNII: 4AQJ3LG584)
  • FD&C RED NO. 40 (UNII: WZB9127XOA)
  • SHELLAC (UNII: 46N107B71O)
  • PROPYLENE GLYCOL (UNII: 6DC9Q167V3)
  • CROSCARMELLOSE SODIUM (UNII: M28OL1HH48)
  • MAGNESIUM STEARATE (UNII: 70097M6I30)
  • MANNITOL (UNII: 3OWL53L36A)
  • POVIDONE K30 (UNII: U725QWY32X)
  • FD&C BLUE NO. 1 (UNII: H3R47K3TBD)
  • FD&C RED NO. 40 (UNII: WZB9127XOA)
  • FD&C YELLOW NO. 6 (UNII: H77VEI93A8)
  • GELATIN, UNSPECIFIED (UNII: 2G86QN327L)
  • TITANIUM DIOXIDE (UNII: 15FIX9V2JP)
  • FERROSOFERRIC OXIDE (UNII: XM0M87F357)
  • D&C YELLOW NO. 10 ALUMINUM LAKE (UNII: CQ3XH3DET6)
  • FD&C BLUE NO. 1 ALUMINUM LAKE (UNII: J9EQA3S2JM)
  • FD&C BLUE NO. 2--ALUMINUM LAKE (UNII: 4AQJ3LG584)
  • SHELLAC (UNII: 46N107B71O)
  • PROPYLENE GLYCOL (UNII: 6DC9Q167V3)

Administration Route(s)

What are the Administration Route(s)?
The translation of the route code submitted by the firm, indicating route of administration.

  • Oral - Administration to or by way of the mouth.

Pharmacological Class(es)

What is a Pharmacological Class?
These are the reported pharmacological class categories corresponding to the SubstanceNames listed above.

  • Protein Kinase Inhibitors - [MoA] (Mechanism of Action)
  • Kinase Inhibitor - [EPC] (Established Pharmacologic Class)

Product Labeler Information

What is the Labeler Name?
Name of Company corresponding to the labeler code segment of the Product NDC.

Labeler Name: Teva Pharmaceuticals Usa, Inc.
Labeler Code: 0093
FDA Application Number: ANDA213803 What is the FDA Application Number?
This corresponds to the NDA, ANDA, or BLA number reported by the labeler for products which have the corresponding Marketing Category designated. If the designated Marketing Category is OTC Monograph Final or OTC Monograph Not Final, then the Application number will be the CFR citation corresponding to the appropriate Monograph (e.g. “part 341”). For unapproved drugs, this field will be null.

Marketing Category: ANDA - A product marketed under an approved Abbreviated New Drug Application. What is the Marketing Category?
Product types are broken down into several potential Marketing Categories, such as NDA/ANDA/BLA, OTC Monograph, or Unapproved Drug. One and only one Marketing Category may be chosen for a product, not all marketing categories are available to all product types. Currently, only final marketed product categories are included. The complete list of codes and translations can be found at www.fda.gov/edrls under Structured Product Labeling Resources.

Start Marketing Date: 12-22-2021 What is the Start Marketing Date?
This is the date that the labeler indicates was the start of its marketing of the drug product.

Listing Expiration Date: 12-31-2022 What is the Listing Expiration Date?
This is the date when the listing record will expire if not updated or certified by the product labeler.

Exclude Flag: N - NO What is the NDC Exclude Flag?
This field indicates whether the product has been removed/excluded from the NDC Directory for failure to respond to FDA"s requests for correction to deficient or non-compliant submissions ("Y"), or because the listing certification is expired ("E"), or because the listing data was inactivated by FDA ("I"). Values = "Y", "N", "E", or "I".

* Please review the disclaimer below.

Sunitinib Malate Product Labeling Information

The product labeling information includes all published material associated to a drug. Product labeling documents include information like generic names, active ingredients, ingredient strength dosage, routes of administration, appearance, usage, warnings, inactive ingredients, etc.

Product Labeling Index

Warning: Hepatotoxicity

Hepatotoxicity may be severe, and in some cases, fatal. Monitor hepatic function and interrupt, dose reduce, or discontinue sunitinib malate capsules as recommended [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].

1.1 Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor

Sunitinib malate capsules are indicated for the treatment of adult patients with gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) after disease progression on or intolerance to imatinib mesylate.

1.2 Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

Sunitinib malate capsules are indicated for the treatment of adult patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC).

1.3 Adjuvant Treatment Of Renal Cell Carcinoma

Sunitinib malate capsules are indicated for the adjuvant treatment of adult patients at high risk of recurrent RCC following nephrectomy.

1.4 Advanced Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors

Sunitinib malate capsules are indicated for the treatment of progressive, well-differentiated pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (pNET) in adult patients with unresectable locally advanced or metastatic disease.

The recommended dosage of sunitinib malate capsules for gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) and advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is 50 mg taken orally once daily, on a schedule of 4 weeks on treatment followed by 2 weeks off (Schedule 4/2) until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Sunitinib malate capsules may be taken with or without food.

The recommended dosage of sunitinib malate capsules for the adjuvant treatment of RCC is 50 mg taken orally once daily, on a schedule of 4 weeks on treatment followed by 2 weeks off (Schedule 4/2), for nine 6-week cycles. Sunitinib malate capsules may be taken with or without food.

The recommended dosage of sunitinib malate capsules for pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (pNET) is 37.5 mg taken orally once daily until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Sunitinib malate capsules may be taken with or without food.

2.4 Dosage Modifications For Adverse Reactions

  • To manage adverse reactions, the recommended dosage modifications are provided in Table 1. Table 2 provides the recommended dosage reductions of sunitinib malate capsules for adverse reactions.Table 1. Recommended Dosage Reductions of Sunitinib Malate Capsules for Adverse ReactionsIndicationsGISTRCCpNETAdvanced RCCAdjuvant RCCFirst dose reduction37.5 mg once daily37.5 mg oncedaily37.5 mg once daily25 mg once dailySecond dose reduction25 mg once daily25 mg oncedailyNANAAdverse ReactionSeverityDosage Modifications for Sunitinib Malate CapsulesHepatotoxicity [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)]Grade 3Withhold until resolution to Grade 0 to 1 or baseline.Resume at a reduced dose.For recurring Grade 3 permanently discontinue.Grade 4Permanently discontinue.Cardiovascular events [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)]Asymptomatic cardiomyopathy (left ventricular ejection fraction greater than 20% but less than 50% below baseline or below the lower limit of normal if baseline was not obtained)Withhold until resolution to Grade 0 to 1 or baseline.Resume at reduced dose.Clinically manifested congestive heart failure (CHF)Permanently discontinue.Hypertension [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)]Grade 3Withhold until resolution to Grade 0 to 1 or baseline.Resume at a reduced dose.Grade 4Permanently discontinue.Hemorrhagic events [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)]Grade 3 or 4Withhold until resolution to Grade 0 to 1 or baseline.Either resume at a reduced dose or discontinue depending on the severity and persistence of adverse reaction.Thrombotic microangiopathy [see Warnings and Precautions (5.7)]Any GradePermanently discontinue.Proteinuria or Nephrotic syndrome [see Warnings and Precautions (5.8)]3 or more grams proteinuria in 24 hours in the absence of nephrotic syndromeWithhold until resolution to Grade 0 to 1 or baseline.Resume at a reduced dose.Nephrotic syndrome or recurrent proteinuria of 3 or more grams per 24 hours despite dose reductionsPermanently discontinue.Dermatological toxicities Erythema multiforme (EM), Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS), toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN), Necrotizing fasciitis [see Warnings and Precautions (5.9)]Any GradePermanently discontinue.Reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome [see Warnings and Precautions (5.10)]Any GradePermanently discontinue.Osteonecrosis of the jaw [see Warnings and Precautions (5.13)]Any GradeThe safety of resumption of sunitinib malate capsules after osteonecrosis has not been established.Either resume at a reduced dose or discontinue depending on the severity and persistence of the adverse reaction.Impaired wound healing [see Warnings and Precautions (5.14)]Any GradeThe safety of resumption of sunitinib malate capsules after resolution of wound healing has not been established.Either resume at a reduced dose or discontinue depending on the severity and persistence of the adverse reaction.

2.5 Dosage Modification For Drug Interactions

  • Strong CYP3A4 InhibitorsSelect an alternate concomitant medication with no or minimal enzyme inhibition potential. If coadministration of sunitinib malate capsules with a strong CYP3A4 inhibitor cannot be avoided, consider a dose reduction for sunitinib malate capsules to a minimum dosage as follows [see Drug Interactions (7.1)]:GIST and RCC: 37.5 mg orally once daily, on a schedule of 4 weeks on treatment followed by 2 weeks off (Schedule 4/2)pNET: 25 mg orally once dailyStrong CYP3A4 InducersSelect an alternate concomitant medication with no or minimal enzyme induction potential. If coadministration of sunitinib malate capsules with a strong CYP3A4 inducer cannot be avoided, consider a dose increase for sunitinib malate capsules to a maximum dosage as follows:GIST and RCC: 87.5 mg orally once daily, on a schedule of 4 weeks on treatment followed by 2 weeks off (Schedule 4/2)pNET: 62.5 mg orally once dailyIf the dose of sunitinib malate capsules is increased, monitor patients carefully for adverse reactions [see Drug Interactions (7.1)].

2.6 Dosage Modification For End-Stage Renal Disease Patients On Hemodialysis

No starting dose adjustment is required in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on hemodialysis. However, given the decreased exposure compared to patients with normal renal function, subsequent doses may be increased gradually up to 2-fold based on safety and tolerability [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

3 Dosage Forms And Strengths

12.5 mg capsulesHard gelatin capsule with maroon opaque cap and body, imprinted with TEVA over 8199 on both cap and body in black ink.25 mg capsulesHard gelatin capsule with light brown opaque cap and maroon opaque body, imprinted with TEVA over 8224 on both cap and body in black ink.37.5 mg capsulesHard gelatin capsule with yellow opaque cap and body, imprinted with TEVA over 8229 on both cap and body in black ink.50 mg capsulesHard gelatin capsule with light brown opaque cap and body, imprinted with TEVA over 8231 on both cap and body in black ink.

4 Contraindications

None.

5.1 Hepatotoxicity

Sunitinib malate can cause severe hepatotoxicity, resulting in liver failure or death. In the pooled safety population, liver failure occurred in <1% of patients in clinical trials. Liver failure include jaundiced, elevated transaminases and/or hyperbilirubinemia in conjunction with encephalopathy, coagulopathy, and/or renal failure.Monitor liver function tests (alanine aminotransferase [ALT], aspartate aminotransferase [AST], and bilirubin) at baseline, during each cycle, and as clinically indicated. Interrupt sunitinib malate for Grade 3 hepatotoxicity until resolution to Grade ≤1 or baseline, then resume sunitinib malate at a reduced dose.Discontinue sunitinib malate in patients with Grade 4 hepatotoxicity, in patients without resolution of Grade 3 hepatotoxicity, in patients who subsequently experience severe changes in liver function tests and in patients who have other signs and symptoms of liver failure. Safety in patients with ALT or AST >2.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) or with >5 x ULN and liver metastases has not been established.

5.2 Cardiovascular Events

Cardiovascular events, including heart failure, cardiomyopathy, myocardial ischemia, and myocardial infarction, some of which were fatal, have been reported.In pooled safety population, 3% of patients experienced heart failure; 71% of the patients with heart failure were reported as recovered. Fatal cardiac failure was reported in <1% of patients.In the adjuvant treatment of RCC study, 11 patients experienced Grade 2 decreased ejection fraction (left ventricular ejection fraction [LVEF] 40% to 50% and a 10% to 19% decrease from baseline). In 3 of these 11 patients, the ejection fractions arm did not return to ≥50% or baseline by the time of last measurement. No patients who received sunitinib malate were diagnosed with CHF.Patients who presented with cardiac events within 12 months prior to sunitinib malate administration, such as myocardial infarction (including severe/unstable angina), coronary/peripheral artery bypass graft, symptomatic CHF, cerebrovascular accident or transient ischemic attack, or pulmonary embolism were excluded from sunitinib malate clinical studies. Patients with prior anthracycline use or cardiac radiation were also excluded from some studies. It is unknown whether patients with these concomitant conditions may be at a higher risk of developing left ventricular dysfunction.Consider monitoring LVEF at baseline and periodically as clinically indicated. Carefully monitor patients for clinical signs and symptoms of congestive heart failure (CHF). Discontinue sunitinib malate in patients who experience clinical manifestations of CHF. Interrupt sunitinib malate and/or reduce the dose in patients without clinical evidence of CHF who have an ejection fraction of greater than 20% but less than 50% below baseline or below the lower limit of normal if baseline ejection fraction was not obtained.

5.3 Qt Interval Prolongation And Torsade De Pointes

Sunitinib malate can cause QT interval prolongation in a dose-dependent manner, which may lead to an increased risk for ventricular arrhythmias including Torsade de Pointes. Torsade de Pointes was observed in <0.1% of patients.Monitor patients who are at higher risk of developing QT interval prolongation, including patients with a history of QT interval prolongation, patients who are taking antiarrhythmics, or patients with relevant pre-existing cardiac disease, bradycardia, or electrolyte disturbances. Consider periodic monitoring of electrocardiograms and electrolytes (i.e., magnesium, potassium) during treatment with sunitinib malate.Monitor QT interval more frequently when sunitinib malate is concomitantly administered with strong CYP3A4 inhibitors or drugs known to prolong QT interval. Consider dose reducing sunitinib malate [see Dosage and Administration (2.5), Drug Interactions (7.2)].

5.4 Hypertension

In the pooled safety population, 29% of patients experienced hypertension. Grade 3 hypertension was reported in 7% of patients, and Grade 4 hypertension was reported in 0.2%.Monitor blood pressure at baseline and as clinically indicated. Initiate and/or adjust antihypertensive therapy as appropriate. In cases of Grade 3 hypertension, withhold sunitinib malate until resolution to Grade ≤1 or baseline, then resume sunitinib malate at a reduced dose. Discontinue sunitinib malate in patients with who develop Grade 4 hypertension.

5.5 Hemorrhagic Events And Viscus Perforation

Hemorrhagic events, some of which were fatal, have involved the gastrointestinal tract, respiratory tract, tumor, urinary tract, and brain. In the pooled safety population, 30% of patients experienced hemorrhagic events, including Grade 3 or 4 in 4.2% of patients. Epistaxis was the most common hemorrhagic event and gastrointestinal hemorrhage was the most common Grade 3-5 event.Tumor-related hemorrhage was observed in patients treated with sunitinib malate. These events may occur suddenly, and in the case of pulmonary tumors, may present as severe and life-threatening hemoptysis or pulmonary hemorrhage. Pulmonary hemorrhage, some with a fatal outcome, was observed in patients treated with sunitinib malate for metastatic RCC, GIST, and metastatic lung cancer. Sunitinib malate is not approved for use in patients with lung cancer.Serious, sometimes fatal, gastrointestinal complications including gastrointestinal perforation, have been reported in patients with intra-abdominal malignancies treated with sunitinib malate.Include serial complete blood counts (CBCs) and physical examinations with the clinical assessment of hemorrhagic events. Interrupt sunitinib malate for Grade 3 or 4 hemorrhagic events until resolution to Grade ≤1 or baseline, then resume sunitinib malate at a reduced dose.Discontinue sunitinib malate in patients without resolution of Grade 3 or 4 hemorrhagic events.

5.6 Tumor Lysis Syndrome

Tumor Lysis Syndrome (TLS), some fatal, occurred in clinical trials and has been reported in postmarketing experience, primarily in patients with RCC or GIST. Patients generally at risk of TLS are those with high tumor burden prior to treatment. Monitor these patients for TLS and manage as appropriate.

5.7 Thrombotic Microangiopathy

Thrombotic Microangiopathy (TMA), including thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura and hemolytic uremic syndrome, sometimes leading to renal failure or a fatal outcome, occurred in clinical trials and in postmarketing experience of sunitinib malate as monotherapy and administered in combination with bevacizumab. Sunitinib malate is not approved for use in combination with bevacizumab.Discontinue sunitinib malate in patients developing TMA. Reversal of the effects of TMA has been observed after sunitinib malate was discontinued.

5.8 Proteinuria

Proteinuria and nephrotic syndrome have been reported. Some of these cases have resulted in renal failure and fatal outcomes.Monitor patients for the development or worsening of proteinuria. Perform baseline and periodic urinalyses during treatment, with follow up measurement of 24-hour urine protein as clinically indicated. Interrupt sunitinib malate and dose reduce for 24-hour urine protein of 3 or more grams. Discontinue sunitinib malate for patients with nephrotic syndrome or repeat episodes of 24-hour urine protein of 3 or more grams despite dose reductions. The safety of continued sunitinib malate treatment in patients with moderate to severe proteinuria has not been evaluated.

5.9 Dermatologic Toxicities

Severe cutaneous adverse reactions have been reported, including erythema multiforme (EM), Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS), and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN), some of which were fatal. Permanently discontinue sunitinib malate for these severe cutaneous adverse reactions.Necrotizing fasciitis, including fatal cases, has been reported in patients treated with sunitinib malate, including of the perineum and secondary to fistula formation. Discontinue sunitinib malate in patients who develop necrotizing fasciitis.

5.10 Reversible Posterior Leukoencephalopathy Syndrome

Reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome (RPLS) has been reported in <1% of patients, some of which were fatal. Patients can present with hypertension, headache, decreased alertness, altered mental functioning, and visual loss, including cortical blindness. Magnetic resonance imaging is necessary to confirm the diagnosis. Discontinue sunitinib malate in patients developing RPLS.

5.11 Thyroid Dysfunction

Hyperthyroidism, some followed by hypothyroidism, have been reported in clinical trials and through postmarketing experience of sunitinib malate.Monitor thyroid function at baseline, periodically during treatment and as clinically indicated. Monitor patients closely for signs and symptoms of thyroid dysfunction, including hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, and thyroiditis, during treatment with sunitinib malate. Initiate and/or adjust therapies for thyroid dysfunction as appropriate.

5.12 Hypoglycemia

Sunitinib malate can result in symptomatic hypoglycemia, which may lead to loss of consciousness, or require hospitalization. In the pooled safety population, hypoglycemia occurred in 2% of the patients treated with sunitinib malate. Hypoglycemia has occurred in clinical trials in 2% of the patients treated with sunitinib malate for advanced RCC (Study 3) and GIST (Study 1) (n=577) and in approximately 10% of the patients treated with sunitinib malate for pNET (Study 6) (n=83). For patients being treated with sunitinib malate for pNET, pre-existing abnormalities in glucose homeostasis were not present in all patients who experienced hypoglycemia. Reductions in blood glucose levels may be worse in patients with diabetes.Check blood glucose levels at baseline, regularly during treatment, as clinically indicated and after discontinuation of sunitinib malate. In patients with diabetes, assess if antidiabetic therapies need to be adjusted to minimize the risk of hypoglycemia.

5.13 Osteonecrosis Of The Jaw

Osteonecrosis of the Jaw (ONJ) occurred in patients treated with sunitinib malate. Concomitant exposure to other risk factors, such as bisphosphonates or dental disease/invasive dental procedures, may increase the risk of ONJ. Perform an oral examination prior to initiation of sunitinib malate and periodically during sunitinib malate therapy. Advise patients regarding good oral hygiene practices. Withhold sunitinib malate treatment for at least 3 weeks prior to scheduled dental surgery or invasive dental procedures, if possible. Withhold sunitinib malate for development of ONJ until complete resolution. The safety of resumption of sunitinib malate after resolution of osteonecrosis of the jaw has not been established.

5.14 Impaired Wound Healing

Impaired wound healing has been reported in patients who received sunitinib malate [see Adverse Reactions (6.2)].Withhold sunitinib malate for at least 3 weeks prior to elective surgery. Do not administer for at least 2 weeks following major surgery and until adequate wound healing. The safety of resumption of sunitinib malate after resolution of wound healing complications has not been established.

5.15 Embryo-Fetal Toxicity

Based on findings from animal studies and its mechanism of action, sunitinib malate can cause fetal harm when administered to pregnant woman. Administration of sunitinib to pregnant rats and rabbits during the period of organogenesis resulted in teratogenicity at approximately 5.5 and 0.3 times the combined systemic exposure [combined area under the curve (AUC) of sunitinib plus its active metabolite] in patients administered the recommended daily dose (RDD) of 50 mg, respectively.Advise pregnant women of the potential risk to a fetus. Advise females of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with sunitinib malate and for 4 weeks following the final dose [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1, 8.3)].

6 Adverse Reactions

  • The following clinically significant adverse reactions are described elsewhere in the labeling.Hepatotoxicity [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)]Cardiovascular Events [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)]QT Interval Prolongation and Torsade de Pointes [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)]Hypertension [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)]Hemorrhagic Events [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)]Tumor Lysis Syndrome [see Warnings and Precautions (5.6)]Thrombotic Microangiopathy [see Warnings and Precautions (5.7)]Proteinuria [see Warnings and Precautions (5.8)]Dermatologic Toxicities [see Warnings and Precautions (5.9)]Reversible Posterior Leukoencephalopathy Syndrome [see Warnings and Precautions (5.10)]Thyroid Dysfunction [see Warnings and Precautions (5.11)]Hypoglycemia [see Warnings and Precautions (5.12)]Osteonecrosis of the Jaw [see Warnings and Precautions (5.13)]Impaired Wound Healing [see Warnings and Precautions (5.14)]

6.1 Clinical Trials Experience

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.The pooled safety population described in the Warnings and Precautions reflect exposure to sunitinib malate in 7527 patients with GIST, RCC (advanced and adjuvant), or pNET. In this pooled safety population, the most common adverse reactions (≥25%) were fatigue/asthenia, diarrhea, mucositis/stomatitis, nausea, decreased appetite/anorexia, vomiting, abdominal pain, hand-foot syndrome, hypertension, bleeding events, dysgeusia/altered taste, dyspepsia, and thrombocytopenia.Gastrointestinal Stromal TumorThe safety of sunitinib malate was evaluated in Study 1, a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in which previously treated patients with GIST received sunitinib malate 50 mg daily on Schedule 4/2 (n=202) or placebo (n=102). Median duration of blinded study treatment was 2 cycles for patients on sunitinib malate (mean: 3.0; range: 1 to 9) and 1 cycle (mean; 1.8; range: 1 to 6) for patients on placebo at the time of the interim analysis.Permanent discontinuation due to an adverse reaction occurred in 7% of patients in the sunitinib malate arm. Dose reductions occurred in 11% and dose interruptions occurred in 29% of patients who received sunitinib malate.Table 3 summarizes the adverse reactions for Study 1.Table 3. Adverse Reactions Reported in ≥10% of GIST Patients Who Received Sunitinib Malate in the Double-Blind Treatment Phase and More Commonly Than in Patients Given Placebo* in Study 1Adverse ReactionGISTSunitinib Malate (N=202)Placebo (N=102)All Grades %Grade 3-4 %All Grades %Grade 3-4 %Any Adverse Reaction94569751Gastrointestinal  Diarrhea404270   Mucositis/stomatitis291182   Constipation200142Metabolism/Nutrition   Anorexiaa331295   Asthenia225113Dermatology   Skin discoloration300230   Rash14190   Hand-foot syndrome144103Neurology   Altered taste210120Cardiac   Hypertension154110Musculoskeletal   Myalgia/limb pain14191* Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE), version 3.0.Abbreviations: GIST=gastrointestinal stromal tumor; N=number of patients.a Includes decreased appetite.Other clinically relevant adverse reactions included oral pain other than mucositis/stomatitis in 6%; hair color changes in 7%; alopecia in 5% of patients who received sunitinib malate.Table 4 summarizes the laboratory abnormalities in Study 1.Table 4. Laboratory Abnormalities Reported in ≥10% of GIST Patients Who Received Sunitinib Malate or Placebo in the Double-Blind Treatment Phase* in Study 1Laboratory AbnormalityGISTSunitinib Malate (N=202)Placebo (N=102)All Grades*%Grade 3-4*,a%All Grades*%Grade 3-4*,b%Any Laboratory Abnormality3422Hematology  Neutrophils decreased531040  Lymphocytes decreased380160  Platelets decreased38540  Hemoglobin decreased263222Gastrointestinal  AST/ALT increased392231  Lipase increased2510177  Alkaline phosphatase increased244214  Amylase increased175123  Total bilirubin increased16180  Indirect bilirubin increased10040Renal/Metabolic  Creatinine increased12170  Potassium decreased12140  Sodium increased10041Cardiac  Decreased LVEF11130* Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE), version 3.0.Abbreviations: ALT=alanine aminotransferase; AST=aspartate aminotransferase; GIST=gastrointestinal stromal tumor; LVEF=left ventricular ejection fraction; N=number of patients.a Grade 4 laboratory abnormalities in patients on sunitinib malate included alkaline phosphatase (1%), lipase (2%), creatinine (1%), potassium decreased (1%), neutrophils (2%), hemoglobin (2%), and platelets (1%).b Grade 4 laboratory abnormalities in patients on placebo included amylase (1%), lipase (1%), and hemoglobin (2%).After an interim analysis, the study was unblinded and patients on the placebo arm were given the opportunity to receive open-label sunitinib malate [see Clinical Studies (14.1)]. For 241 patients randomized to the sunitinib malate arm, including 139 who received sunitinib malate in both the double-blind and open-label phases, the median duration of sunitinib malate treatment was 6 cycles (mean: 8.5; range: 1 to 44). For the 255 patients who ultimately received open-label sunitinib malate treatment, median duration of treatment was 6 cycles (mean: 7.8; range: 1 to 37) from the time of the unblinding.Permanent discontinuation due to an adverse reaction occurred in 20% of patients who received sunitinib malate. Dosage interruption occurred in 46% and dose reduction occurred in 28% of patients who received sunitinib malate.The most common Grade 3 or 4 adverse reactions in patients who received sunitinib malate in the open-label phase were fatigue (10%), hypertension (8%), asthenia (5%), diarrhea (5%), hand-foot syndrome (5%), nausea (4%), abdominal pain (3%), anorexia (3%), mucositis (2%), vomiting (2%), and hypothyroidism (2%).Advanced Renal Cell CarcinomaThe safety of sunitinib malate was evaluated in Study 3, a double-blind, active-controlled trial in which previously untreated patients with locally advanced or metastatic RCC received sunitinib malate 50 mg daily on Schedule 4/2 (n=375) or interferon alfa 9 million International Units (MIU) (n=360). The median duration of treatment was 11.1 months (range: 0.4 to 46.1) for sunitinib malate treatment and 4.1 months (range: 0.1 to 45.6) for interferon alfa treatment.Permanent discontinuation due to an adverse reaction occurred in 20% of patients in the sunitinib malate arm. Dose interruptions occurred in 54% and dose reductions occurred in 52% of patients who received sunitinib malate.Table 5 summarizes the adverse reactions for Study 3.Table 5. Adverse Reactions Reported in ≥10% of Patients With RCC Who Received Sunitinib Malate or Interferon Alfa* in Study 3Adverse ReactionTreatment-Naïve RCCSunitinib Malate (N=375)Interferon Alfa (N=360)All Grades%Grade 3-4a%All Grades%Grade 3-4b%Any Adverse Reaction99779955Gastrointestinal  Diarrhea661021<1  Nausea586412  Mucositis/stomatitis4735<1  Vomiting395171  Dyspepsia34240  Abdominal painc305121  Constipation23114<1  Dry mouth1307<1  Oral pain14<110  Flatulence14020  GERD/reflux esophagitis12<110  Glossodynia11010  Hemorrhoids10020Constitutional  Fatigue62155615  Asthenia2611226  Fever22137<1  Weight decreased16<1171  Chills141310  Chest Pain13271  Influenza like illness5015<1Metabolism/Nutrition  Anorexiad483422Neurology  Altered tastee47<1150  Headache231190  Dizziness11<1141Hemorrhage/Bleeding  Bleeding, all sites374f101Cardiac  Hypertension34134<1  Edema peripheral24251  Ejection fraction decreased16352Dermatology  Rash29211<1  Hand-foot syndrome29810  Skin discoloration/yellow skin25<100  Dry skin23<170  Hair color changes200<10  Alopecia14090  Erythema12<110  Pruritus12<17<1Musculoskeletal  Pain in extremity/limb discomfort405302  Arthralgia303191  Back pain285142Respiratory  Cough27114<1  Dyspnea266204  Nasopharyngitis14020  Oropharyngeal pain14<120  Upper respiratory tract infection11<120Endocrine  Hypothyroidism16210Psychiatric  Insomnia15<1100  Depressiong110141* Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE), version 3.0.Abbreviations: ARs=adverse reactions; N=number of patients; RCC=renal cell carcinoma.a Grade 4 ARs in patients on sunitinib malate included back pain (1%), arthralgia (<1%), dyspnea (<1%), asthenia (<1%), fatigue (<1%), limb pain (<1%), and rash (<1%).b Grade 4 ARs in patients on interferon alfa included dyspnea (1%), fatigue (1%), abdominal pain (<1%), and depression (<1%).c Includes flank pain.d Includes decreased appetite.e Includes ageusia, hypogeusia, and dysgeusia.f Includes 1 patient with Grade 5 gastric hemorrhage.g Includes depressed mood.Table 6 summarizes the laboratory abnormalities in Study 3.Table 6. Laboratory Abnormalities Reported in ≥10% of RCC Patients Who Received Sunitinib Malate or Interferon Alfa in Study 3Laboratory AbnormalityTreatment-Naïve RCCSunitinib Malate (N=375)Interferon Alfa (N=360)All Grades*%Grade 3-4*,a%All Grades*%Grade 3-4*,b%Hematology  Hemoglobin decreased798695  Neutrophils decreased7717499  Platelets decreased689241  Lymphocytes decreased68186826Renal/Metabolic  Creatinine increased70<151<1  Creatine kinase increased492111  Uric acid increased4614338  Calcium decreased421401  Phosphorus decreased316246  Albumin decreased281200  Glucose increased236156  Sodium decreased208154  Glucose decreased17012<1  Potassium increased163174  Calcium increased13<1101  Potassium decreased1312<1  Sodium increased130100Gastrointestinal  AST increased562382  Lipase increased5618468  ALT increased513402  Alkaline phosphatase increased462372  Amylase increased356323  Total bilirubin increased20120  Indirect bilirubin increased13110* Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE), version 3.0.Abbreviations: ALT=alanine aminotransferase; AST=aspartate aminotransferase; N=number of patients; RCC=renal cell carcinoma.a Grade 4 laboratory abnormalities in patients on sunitinib malate included uric acid (14%), lipase (3%), neutrophils (2%), lymphocytes (2%), hemoglobin (2%), platelets (1%), amylase (1%), ALT (<1%), creatine kinase (<1%), creatinine (<1%), glucose increased (<1%), calcium decreased (<1%), phosphorous (<1%), potassium increased (<1%), and sodium decreased (<1%).b Grade 4 laboratory abnormalities in patients on interferon alfa included uric acid (8%), lymphocytes (2%), lipase (1%), neutrophils (1%), amylase (<1%), calcium increased (<1%), glucose decreased (<1%), potassium increased (<1%), and hemoglobin (<1%).Long-Term Safety in RCCThe long-term safety of sunitinib malate in patients with metastatic RCC was analyzed across 9 completed clinical studies conducted in the first-line, bevacizumab-refractory, and cytokine-refractory treatment settings. The analysis included 5739 patients, of whom 807 (14%) were treated for at least 2 years and 365 (6%) for at least 3 years. Prolonged treatment with sunitinib malate did not appear to be associated with new types of adverse reactions. There appeared to be no increase in the yearly incidence of adverse reactions at later time points. Hypothyroidism increased during the second year of treatment with new cases reported up to year 4.Adjuvant Treatment of RCCThe safety of sunitinib malate was evaluated in S-TRAC, a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in which patients who had undergone nephrectomy for RCC received sunitinib malate 50 mg daily on Schedule 4/2 (n=306) or placebo (n=304). The median duration of treatment was 12.4 months (range: 0.13 to 14.9) for sunitinib malate and 12.4 months (range: 0.03 to 13.7) for placebo.Permanent discontinuation due to an adverse reaction occurred in 28% of patients in the sunitinib malate arm. Adverse reactions leading to permanent discontinuation in >2% of patients include hand-foot syndrome and fatigue/asthenia. Dosing interruptions occurred in 54% and dose reductions occurred in 46% of patients who received sunitinib malate.Table 7 summarizes the adverse reactions in S-TRAC.Table 7. Adverse Reactions Reported in ≥10% of Patients With RCC Who Received Sunitinib Malate and More Commonly Than in Patients Given Placebo* in S-TRACAdverse ReactionAdjuvant Treatment of RCCSunitinib Malate (N=306)Placebo (N=304)All Grades%Grade 3-4%All Grades%Grade 3-4%Any Adverse Reaction99608815Gastrointestinal  Mucositis/Stomatitisa616150  Diarrhea57422<1  Nausea342150  Dyspepsia27170  Abdominal painb2529<1  Vomiting19270  Constipation120110Constitutional  Fatigue/Asthenia578342  Localized edemac18<1<10  Pyrexia12<160Dermatology  Hand-foot syndrome501610<1  Rashd242120  Hair color changes22020  Skin discoloration/Yellow skin18010  Dry skin14060Cardiac  Hypertensione398141  Edema/Peripheral edema10<170Neurology  Altered tastef38<160  Headache 19<1120Endocrine  Hypothyroidism/TSH increased24<140Hemorrhage/Bleeding  Bleeding events, all sitesg24<15<1Metabolism/Nutrition  Anorexia/Decreased appetite19<150Musculoskeletal  Pain in extremity15<170  Arthralgia11<1100* Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE), version 3.0.Abbreviations: ARs=adverse reactions; N=number of patients; RCC=renal cell carcinoma.a Includes mucosal inflammation, stomatitis aphthous ulcer, mouth ulceration, tongue ulceration, oropharyngeal pain, and oral pain.b Includes abdominal pain, abdominal pain lower, and abdominal pain upper.c Includes edema localized, face edema, eyelid edema, periorbital edema, swelling face, and eye edema.d Includes dermatitis, dermatitis psoriasiform, exfoliative rash, genital rash, rash, rash erythematous, rash follicular, rash generalized, rash macular, rash maculopapular, rash papular, and rash pruritic.e Includes hypertension, blood pressure increased, blood pressure systolic increased, blood pressure diastolic increased, and hypertensive crisis.f Includes ageusia, hypogeusia, and dysgeusia.g Includes epistaxis, gingival bleeding, rectal hemorrhage, hemoptysis, anal hemorrhage, upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage, and hematuria.Grade 4 adverse reactions in patients on sunitinib malate included hand-foot syndrome (1%), fatigue (<1%), abdominal pain (<1%), stomatitis (<1%), and pyrexia (<1%).Grade 3-4 laboratory abnormalities that occurred in ≥2% of patients receiving sunitinib malate include neutropenia (13%), thrombocytopenia (5%), leukopenia (3%), lymphopenia (3%), elevated alanine aminotransferase (2%), elevated aspartate aminotransferase (2%), hyperglycemia (2%), and hyperkalemia (2%).Advanced Pancreatic Neuroendocrine TumorsThe safety of sunitinib malate was evaluated in Study 6, a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in which patients with progressive pNET received sunitinib malate 37.5 mg once daily (n=83) or placebo (n=82). The median number of days on treatment was 139 days (range: 13 to 532 days) for patients on sunitinib malate and 113 days (range: 1 to 614 days) for patients on placebo. Nineteen patients (23%) on sunitinib malate and 4 patients (5%) on placebo were on study for >1 year.Permanent discontinuation due to an adverse reaction occurred in 22% in the sunitinib malate arm. Dose interruptions occurred in 30% and dose reductions occurred in 31% of patients who received sunitinib malate.Table 8 summarizes the adverse reactions in Study 6.Table 8. Adverse Reactions Reported in ≥10% of Patients With pNET Who Received Sunitinib Malate and More Commonly Than in Patients Given Placebo* in Study 6Adverse ReactionpNETSunitinib Malate (N=83)Placebo (N=82)All Grades%Grade 3-4a%All Grades%Grade 3-4%Any Adverse Reaction99549550Gastrointestinal  Diarrhea595392  Stomatitis/oral syndromesb486180  Nausea451291  Abdominal painc3953410  Vomiting340312  Dyspepsia15060Constitutional  Asthenia345274  Fatigue335279  Weight decreased161110Dermatology  Hair color changes29110  Hand-foot syndrome23620  Rash18050  Dry skin150110Cardiac  Hypertension271051Hemorrhage/Bleeding  Bleeding eventsd220104  Epistaxis21150Neurology  Dysgeusia21050  Headache180131Psychiatric  Insomnia180120Musculoskeletal  Arthralgia15060* Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE), version 3.0.Abbreviations: N=number of patients; pNET=pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors. a Grade 4 adverse reactions in patients on sunitinib malate included fatigue (1%).b Includes aphthous stomatitis, gingival pain, gingivitis, glossitis, glossodynia, mouth ulceration, oral discomfort, oral pain, tongue ulceration, mucosal dryness, mucosal inflammation, and dry mouth.c Includes abdominal discomfort, abdominal pain, and abdominal pain upper.d Includes hematemesis, hematochezia, hematoma, hemoptysis, hemorrhage, melena, and metrorrhagia.Table 9 summarizes the laboratory abnormalities in Study 6.Table 9. Laboratory Abnormalities Reported in ≥10% of Patients With pNET Who Received Sunitinib Malate in Study 6Laboratory AbnormalitypNETSunitinib MalatePlaceboAll Grades*%Grade 3-4*,a%All Grades*%Grade 3-4*,b%Gastrointestinal  AST increased725703  Alkaline phosphatase increased63107011  ALT increased614553  Total bilirubin increased371284  Amylase increased204101  Lipase increased175114Hematology  Neutrophils decreased7116160  Hemoglobin decreased650551  Platelets decreased605150  Lymphocytes decreased567354Renal/Metabolic  Glucose increased71127818  Albumin decreased411371  Phosphorus decreased367225  Calcium decreased340190  Sodium decreased292343  Creatinine increased275285  Glucose decreased222154  Potassium decreased214140  Magnesium decreased190100  Potassium increased181111* The denominator used to calculate the rate varied from 52 to 82 for sunitinib malate and 39 to 80 for Placebo based on the number of patients with a baseline value and at least one post-treatment value. Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE), version 3.0.Abbreviations: ALT=alanine aminotransferase; AST=aspartate aminotransferase; N=number of patients; pNET=pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors.a Grade 4 laboratory abnormalities in patients on sunitinib malate included creatinine (4%), lipase (4%), glucose decreased (2%), glucose increased (2%), neutrophils (2%), ALT (1%), AST (1%), platelets (1%), potassium increased (1%), and total bilirubin (1%).b Grade 4 laboratory abnormalities in patients on placebo included creatinine (3%), alkaline phosphatase (1%), glucose increased (1%), and lipase (1%).Venous Thromboembolic EventsIn pooled safety population, 3.5% of patients experienced a venous thromboembolic event, including Grade 3-4 in 2.2% of patients.Pancreatic FunctionPancreatitis was observed in 1 patient (1%) in the pNET study, 5 patients (1%) in the treatment-naïve RCC study, and 1 patient (<1%) in the adjuvant treatment for RCC study on sunitinib malate.

6.2 Postmarketing Experience

  • The following adverse reactions have been identified during postapproval use of sunitinib malate. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.Blood and lymphatic system disorders: hemorrhage associated with thrombocytopenia*.Gastrointestinal disorders: esophagitis.Hepatobiliary disorders: cholecystitis, particularly acalculous cholecystitis.Immune system disorders: hypersensitivity reactions, including angioedema.Infections and infestations: serious infection (with or without neutropenia)*. The infections most commonly observed with sunitinib malate include respiratory, urinary tract, skin infections, and sepsis/septic shock.Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders: fistula formation, sometimes associated with tumor necrosis and/or regression*; myopathy and/or rhabdomyolysis with or without acute renal failure*.Renal and urinary disorders: renal impairment and/or failure*.Respiratory disorders: pulmonary embolism*, pleural effusion*.Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders: pyoderma gangrenosum, including positive de-challenges.Vascular disorders: arterial (including aortic) aneurysms, dissections*, and rupture*; arterial thromboembolic events*. The most frequent events included cerebrovascular accident, transient ischemic attack, and cerebral infarction.General disorders and administration site conditions: impaired wound healing.*including some fatalities

7.1 Effect Of Other Drugs On Sunitinib Malate

Strong CYP3A4 InhibitorsCoadministration with strong CYP3A4 inhibitors may increase sunitinib plasma concentrations [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. Select an alternate concomitant medication with no or minimal enzyme inhibition potential. Consider a dose reduction for sunitinib malate when it is co-administered with strong CYP3A4 inhibitors [see Dosage and Administration (2.5)].Strong CYP3A4 InducersCoadministration with strong CYP3A4 inducers may decrease sunitinib plasma concentrations [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. Select an alternate concomitant medication with no or minimal enzyme induction potential. Consider a dose increase for sunitinib malate when it must be co-administered with CYP3A4 inducers [see Dosage and Administration (2.5)].

7.2 Drugs That Prolong Qt Interval

Sunitinib malate is associated with QTc interval prolongation [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3), Clinical Pharmacology (12.2)]. Monitor the QT interval with ECGs more frequently in patients who require treatment with concomitant medications known to prolong the QT interval.

8.1 Pregnancy

Risk SummaryBased on animal reproduction studies and its mechanism of action, sunitinib malate can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.1)]. There are no available data in pregnant women to inform a drug-associated risk. In animal developmental and reproductive toxicology studies, oral administration of sunitinib to pregnant rats and rabbits throughout organogenesis resulted in teratogenicity (embryolethality, craniofacial and skeletal malformations) at 5.5 and 0.3 times the combined AUC (the combined systemic exposure of sunitinib plus its active metabolite) in patients administered the recommended daily doses (RDD) of 50 mg, respectively (see Data). Advise females of reproductive potential of the potential risk to a fetus.The estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage for the indicated populations are unknown. All pregnancies have a background risk of birth defect, loss, or other adverse outcomes. In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriages in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2% to 4% and 15% to 20%, respectively.DataAnimal DataIn a female fertility and early embryonic development study, female rats were administered oral sunitinib (0.5, 1.5, 5 mg/kg/day) for 21 days prior to mating and for 7 days after mating. Embryolethality was observed at 5 mg/kg/day (approximately 5 times the combined AUC in patients administered the RDD of 50 mg).In embryo-fetal developmental toxicity studies, oral sunitinib was administered to pregnant rats (0.3, 1.5, 3, 5 mg/kg/day) and rabbits (0.5, 1, 5, 20 mg/kg/day) during the period of organogenesis. In rats, embryolethality and skeletal malformations of the ribs and vertebrae were observed at the dose of 5 mg/kg/day (approximately 5.5 times the combined AUC in patients administered the RDD of 50 mg). No adverse fetal effects were observed in rats at doses ≤3 mg/kg/day (approximately 2 times the combined AUC in patients administered the RDD of 50 mg). In rabbits, embryolethality was observed at 5 mg/kg/day (approximately 3 times the combined AUC in patients administered the RDD of 50 mg), and craniofacial malformations (cleft lip and cleft palate) were observed at ≥1 mg/kg/day (approximately 0.3 times the combined AUC in patients administered the RDD of 50 mg).Sunitinib (0.3, 1, 3 mg/kg/day) was evaluated in a pre- and postnatal development study in pregnant rats. Maternal body weight gains were reduced during gestation and lactation at doses ≥1 mg/kg/day (approximately 0.5 times the combined AUC in patients administered the RDD of 50 mg). At 3 mg/kg/day (approximately 2 times the combined AUC in patients administered the RDD of 50 mg), reduced neonate body weights were observed at birth and persisted in the offspring of both sexes during the preweaning period and in males during postweaning period. No adverse developmental effects were observed at doses ≤1 mg/kg/day.

8.2 Lactation

There is no information regarding the presence of sunitinib and its metabolites in human milk. Sunitinib and its metabolites were excreted in rat milk at concentrations up to 12-fold higher than in plasma (see Data). Because of the potential for serious adverse reactions in breastfed infants, advise women not to breastfeed during treatment with sunitinib malate and for at least 4 weeks after the last dose.DataAnimal DataIn lactating female rats administered 15 mg/kg, sunitinib and its metabolites were excreted in milk at concentrations up to 12-fold higher than in plasma.

8.3 Females And Males Of Reproductive Potential

Sunitinib malate can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1)].Pregnancy TestingVerify pregnancy status of females of reproductive potential prior to initiating treatment with sunitinib malate.ContraceptionFemalesAdvise females of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with sunitinib malate and for at least 4 weeks after the last dose.MalesBased on findings in animal reproduction studies, advise males with female partners of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with sunitinib malate and for 7 weeks after the last dose.InfertilityBased on findings in animals, sunitinib malate may impair male and female fertility [see Nonclinical Toxicology (13.1)].

8.4 Pediatric Use

The safety and effectiveness of sunitinib malate in pediatric patients have not been established. Safety and pharmacokinetics of sunitinib were assessed in an open-label study (NCT00387920) in pediatric patients 2 years to <17 years of age (n=29) with refractory solid tumors. In addition, efficacy, safety and pharmacokinetics of sunitinib was assessed in another open-label study (NCT01462695) in pediatric patients 2 years to <17 years of age (n=27) with high-grade glioma or ependymoma. The maximum tolerated dose (MTD) normalized for body surface area (BSA) was lower in pediatric patients compared to adults. Sunitinib was poorly tolerated in pediatric patients. The occurrence of dose-limiting cardiotoxicity prompted an amendment of the NCT00387920 study to exclude patients with previous exposure to anthracyclines or cardiac radiation. No responses were reported in patients in either of the trials.Apparent clearance and volume of distribution normalized for BSA for sunitinib and its active major metabolite were lower in pediatrics as compared to adults.The effect on open tibial growth plates in pediatric patients who received sunitinib malate has not been adequately studied. See Juvenile Animal Toxicity Data below.Juvenile Animal Toxicity DataPhyseal dysplasia was present in cynomolgus monkeys with open growth plates treated with sunitinib for ≥3 months (3 month dosing 2, 6, 12 mg/kg/day; 8 cycles of dosing 0.3, 1.5, 6.0 mg/kg/day) at doses that were >0.4 times the combined AUC (the combined systemic exposure of sunitinib plus its active metabolite) in patients administered the RDD of 50 mg. The no-effect level (NOEL) was 1.5 mg/kg/day in monkeys treated intermittently for 8 cycles, but was not identified in monkeys treated continuously for 3 months. In developing rats treated continuously for 3 months (1.5, 5.0, and 15.0 mg/kg) or 5 cycles (0.3, 1.5, and 6.0 mg/kg/day), bone abnormalities consisted of thickening of the epiphyseal cartilage of the femur and an increase of fracture of the tibia at doses ≥5 mg/kg (approximately 10 times the combined AUC in patients administered the RDD of 50 mg). Additionally, tooth caries were present in rats at >5 mg/kg. The incidence and severity of physeal dysplasia were dose related and reversible upon cessation of treatment; however, findings in the teeth were not. In rats, the NOEL in bones was ≤2 mg/kg/day.

8.5 Geriatric Use

Of the 7527 patients with GIST, RCC (advanced and adjuvant), or pNET who received sunitinib malate, 32% were 65 years and older, and 7% were 75 years and older. Patients aged 65 years of age and older had a higher incidence of Grade 3 or 4 adverse reactions (67%) than younger patients (60%).In the GIST study, 73 (30%) of the patients who received sunitinib malate were 65 years and older. In the mRCC study, 152 (41%) of patients who received sunitinib malate were 65 years and older. No overall differences in safety or effectiveness were observed between these patients and younger patients.In the pNET study, 22 (27%) of the patients who received sunitinib malate were 65 years and older. Clinical studies of sunitinib malate did not include sufficient numbers of patients with pNET to determine if patients 65 years of age and older respond differently than younger patients.

8.6 Hepatic Impairment

No dose adjustment is required in patients with mild or moderate (Child-Pugh Class A or B) hepatic impairment [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. Sunitinib malate was not studied in patients with severe (Child-Pugh Class C) hepatic impairment.

8.7 Renal Impairment

No dose adjustment is recommended in patients with mild (CLcr 50 to 80 mL/min), moderate (CLcr 30 to <50 mL/min), or severe (CLcr <30 mL/min) renal impairment who are not on dialysis [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].No dose adjustment is recommended for patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on hemodialysis [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

10 Overdosage

Treatment of overdose with sunitinib malate should consist of general supportive measures. There is no specific antidote for overdosage with sunitinib malate. If indicated, elimination of unabsorbed drug should be achieved by emesis or gastric lavage. Cases of accidental overdose have been reported; these cases were associated with adverse reactions consistent with the known safety profile of sunitinib malate, or without adverse reactions. In nonclinical studies, mortality was observed following as few as 5 daily doses of 500 mg/kg (3,000 mg/m2) in rats. At this dose, signs of toxicity included impaired muscle coordination, head shakes, hypoactivity, ocular discharge, piloerection, and gastrointestinal distress. Mortality and similar signs of toxicity were observed at lower doses when administered for longer durations.

11 Description

Sunitinib is a kinase inhibitor present in sunitinib malate capsules as the malate salt. Sunitinib malate is described chemically as (2S)-2-hydroxybutanedoic acid with N-[2-(diethylamino)ethyl]-5-[(Z)-(5-fluoro-1,2-dihydro-2-oxo-3H-indol-3-ylidine)methyl]-2,4-dimethyl-1H-pyrrole-3-carboxamide (1:1). The molecular formula is C22H27FN4O2 ● C4H6O5 and the molecular weight is 532.6 Daltons. The chemical structure of sunitinib malate is:Sunitinib malate is a yellow to orange powder with a pKa of 8.95. The solubility of sunitinib malate in aqueous media over the range pH 1.2 to pH 6.8 is in excess of 0.4 mg/mL. The log of the distribution coefficient (octanol/water) at pH 7 is 5.2.Sunitinib malate capsules are supplied as printed hard shell capsules containing 12.5 mg, 25 mg, 37.5 mg or 50 mg of sunitinib (equivalent to 16.7 mg, 33.4 mg, 50.1 mg, or 66.8 mg of sunitinib malate, respectively). The capsules contain the following inactive ingredients: croscarmellose sodium, magnesium stearate, mannitol, and povidone K-30. The 12.5 mg capsule shell contains D&C Red No. 28, FD&C Blue No. 1, FD&C Red No. 40, gelatin, and titanium dioxide. The 25 mg capsule shell contains D&C Red No. 28, FD&C Blue No. 1, FD&C Red No. 40, FD&C Yellow No. 6, gelatin, and titanium dioxide. The 37.5 mg capsule shell contains gelatin, titanium dioxide, and yellow iron oxide. The 50 mg capsule shell contains FD&C Blue No. 1, FD&C Red No. 40, FD&C Yellow No. 6, gelatin, and titanium dioxide. The black printing ink which is common for all strengths contains black iron oxide, D&C Yellow No. 10 Aluminum Lake, FD&C Blue No. 1 Aluminum Lake, FD&C Blue No. 2 Aluminum Lake, FD&C Red No. 40 Aluminum Lake, shellac, and may also contain propylene glycol.

12.1 Mechanism Of Action

Sunitinib is a small molecule that inhibits multiple receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs), some of which are implicated in tumor growth, pathologic angiogenesis, and metastatic progression of cancer. Sunitinib was evaluated for its inhibitory activity against a variety of kinases (>80 kinases) and was identified as an inhibitor of platelet-derived growth factor receptors (PDGFRα and PDGFRβ), vascular endothelial growth factor receptors (VEGFR1, VEGFR2, and VEGFR3), stem cell factor receptor (KIT), Fms-like tyrosine kinase-3 (FLT3), colony stimulating factor receptor Type 1 (CSF-1R), and the glial cell-line derived neurotrophic factor receptor (RET). Sunitinib inhibition of the activity of these RTKs has been demonstrated in biochemical and cellular assays, and inhibition of function has been demonstrated in cell proliferation assays. The primary metabolite exhibits similar potency compared to sunitinib in biochemical and cellular assays.Sunitinib inhibited the phosphorylation of multiple RTKs (PDGFRβ, VEGFR2, KIT) in tumor xenografts expressing RTK targets in vivo and demonstrated inhibition of tumor growth or tumor regression and/or inhibited metastases in some experimental models of cancer. Sunitinib demonstrated the ability to inhibit growth of tumor cells expressing dysregulated target RTKs (PDGFR, RET, or KIT) in vitro and to inhibit PDGFRβ- and VEGFR2-dependent tumor angiogenesis in vivo.

12.2 Pharmacodynamics

Exposure-Response RelationshipBased on population pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic analyses, there were relationships between changes in different pharmacodynamic endpoints (i.e., safety and efficacy endpoints) over time and sunitinib plasma exposures.Cardiac ElectrophysiologySunitinib malate can cause QT interval prolongation in a dose-dependent manner, which may lead to an increased risk for ventricular arrhythmias including Torsade de Pointes [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)].

12.3 Pharmacokinetics

The pharmacokinetics of sunitinib and sunitinib malate have been evaluated in healthy subjects and in patients with solid tumors.Sunitinib AUC and Cmax increase proportionately over a dose range of 25 mg to 100 mg (0.5 to 2 times the approved RDD of 50 mg). The pharmacokinetics were similar in healthy subjects and in patients with a solid tumor, including patients with GIST and RCC. No significant changes in the pharmacokinetics of sunitinib or the primary active metabolite were observed with repeated daily administration or with repeated cycles. With repeated daily administration, sunitinib accumulates 3- to 4-fold while the primary metabolite accumulates 7- to 10-fold. Steady-state concentrations of sunitinib and its primary active metabolite are achieved within 10 to 14 days. By Day 14, combined plasma concentrations of sunitinib and its active metabolite ranged from 63 to 101 ng/mL.AbsorptionFollowing oral administration of sunitinib, the time to maximum plasma concentration (Tmax) ranged from 6 to 12 hours.Effect of FoodThe administration of a single dose of sunitinib malate 50 mg with a high-fat, high-calorie meal (consisting of approximately 150 protein calories and 500 to 600 fat calories) in healthy subjects had no clinically significant effect on sunitinib malate or active metabolites exposure.DistributionThe apparent volume of distribution (Vd/F) for sunitinib is 2230 L. Binding of sunitinib and its primary active metabolite to human plasma protein in vitro is 95% and 90%, respectively, with no concentration dependence in the range of 100 to 4000 ng/mL.EliminationFollowing administration of a single oral dose in healthy subjects, the terminal half-lives of sunitinib and its primary active metabolite are approximately 40 to 60 hours and 80 to 110 hours, respectively. Sunitinib total oral clearance (CL/F) ranged from 34 to 62 L/h with an interpatient variability of 40%.MetabolismSunitinib is metabolized primarily by CYP3A4 to its primary active metabolite, which is further metabolized by CYP3A4. The primary active metabolite comprises 23% to 37% of the total exposure. After a radiolabeled dose, sunitinib and its active metabolite were the major compounds identified in plasma, accounting for 92% of radioactivity.ExcretionAfter a radiolabeled dose of sunitinib, approximately 61% of the dose was recovered in feces and 16% in urine.Sunitinib and its primary active metabolite were the major compounds identified in urine and feces, representing 86% and 74% of radioactivity, respectively.Specific PopulationsNo clinically significant differences in the pharmacokinetics of sunitinib or the primary active metabolite were observed based on age (18 to 84 years), body weight (34 to 168 kg), race (White, Black, or Asian), sex, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) score, mild (Child-Pugh Class A) or moderate (Child-Pugh Class B) hepatic impairment.Patients with Renal ImpairmentNo clinically significant differences in the pharmacokinetics of sunitinib or its active metabolite were predicted or observed in patients with mild (CLcr 50 to 80 mL/min), moderate (CLcr 30 to <50 mL/min), or severe (CLcr <30 mL/min) renal impairment who are not on dialysis, compared to patients with normal renal function (CLcr >80 mL/min). Although sunitinib was not eliminated through hemodialysis, the sunitinib systemic exposure was 47% lower in patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD) on hemodialysis compared to patients with normal renal function.Drug Interaction StudiesClinical StudiesEffect of strong CYP3A4 inhibitors on sunitinib: Coadministration of a single sunitinib malate dose with ketoconazole (strong CYP3A4 inhibitor) increased the combined sunitinib and its active metabolite Cmax and AUC0-inf by 49% and 51%, respectively, in healthy subjects.Effect of strong CYP3A4 inducers on sunitinib: Coadministration of a single sunitinib malate dose with rifampin (strong CYP3A4 inducer) reduced the combined sunitinib and its active metabolite Cmax and AUC0-inf by 23% and 46%, respectively in healthy subjects.In Vitro StudiesIn vitro studies in human hepatocytes and microsomes indicated that sunitinib and the primary active metabolite do not induce CYP1A2, CYP2E1, and CYP3A4/5, or inhibit CYP1A2, CYP2A6, CYP2B6, CYP2C8, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP2D6, CYP2E1, CYP3A4/5, and CYP4A9/11 at clinically relevant concentrations.

13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment Of Fertility

The carcinogenic potential of sunitinib has been evaluated in 2 species: rasH2 transgenic mice and Sprague-Dawley rats. There were similar positive findings in both species. In rasH2 transgenic mice, gastroduodenal carcinomas and/or gastric mucosal hyperplasia, as well as an increased incidence of background hemangiosarcomas were observed at sunitinib daily doses of ≥25 mg/kg/day in studies of 1 or 6 months duration. No proliferative changes were observed in rasH2 transgenic mice at 8 mg/kg/day. Similarly, in a 2-year rat carcinogenicity study, administration of sunitinib in 28-day cycles followed by 7-day dose-free periods resulted in findings of duodenal carcinoma at doses as low as 1 mg/kg/day [approximately 0.9 times the combined AUC (combined systemic exposure of sunitinib plus its active metabolite) in patients administered the RDD of 50 mg]. At the high dose of 3 mg/kg/day (approximately 8 times the combined AUC in patients administered the RDD of 50 mg), the incidence of duodenal tumors was increased and was accompanied by findings of gastric mucous cell hyperplasia and by an increased incidence of pheochromocytoma and hyperplasia of the adrenal gland.Sunitinib did not cause genetic damage when tested in in vitro assays [bacterial mutation (Ames test), human lymphocyte chromosome aberration] and an in vivo rat bone marrow micronucleus test.In a female fertility and early embryonic development study, female rats were administered oral sunitinib (0.5, 1.5, 5 mg/kg/day) for 21 days prior to mating and for 7 days after mating. Preimplantation loss was observed in females administered 5 mg/kg/day (approximately 5 times the combined AUC in patients administered the RDD of 50 mg). No adverse effects on fertility were observed at doses ≤1.5 mg/kg/day (approximately equal to the combined AUC in patients administered the RDD of 50 mg). In addition, effects on the female reproductive system were identified in a 3-month oral repeat-dose monkey study (2, 6, 12 mg/kg/day). Ovarian changes (decreased follicular development) were noted at 12 mg/kg/day (approximately 5 times the combined AUC in patients administered the RDD of 50 mg), while uterine changes (endometrial atrophy) were noted at ≥2 mg/kg/day (approximately 0.4 times the combined AUC in patients administered the RDD of 50 mg). With the addition of vaginal atrophy, the uterine and ovarian effects were reproduced at 6 mg/kg/day (approximately 0.8 times the combined AUC in patients administered the RDD of 50 mg) in a 9-month monkey study (0.3, 1.5, and 6 mg/kg/day administered daily for 28 days followed by a 14-day respite).In a male fertility study, no reproductive effects were observed in male rats dosed with 1, 3, or 10 mg/kg/day oral sunitinib for 58 days prior to mating with untreated females. Fertility, copulation, conception indices, and sperm evaluation (morphology, concentration, and motility) were unaffected by sunitinib at doses ≤10 mg/kg/day (approximately ≥26 times the combined AUC in patients administered the RDD of 50 mg).

14.1 Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor

Study 1Study 1 (NCT#00075218) was a 2-arm, international, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of sunitinib malate in patients with GIST who had disease progression during prior imatinib mesylate (imatinib) treatment or who were intolerant of imatinib. The objective was to compare time-to-tumor progression (TTP) in patients receiving sunitinib malate plus best supportive care versus patients receiving placebo plus best supportive care. Other objectives included progression-free survival (PFS), objective response rate (ORR), and overall survival (OS). Patients were randomized (2:1) to receive either 50 mg sunitinib malate or placebo orally, once daily, on Schedule 4/2 until disease progression or withdrawal from the study for another reason. Treatment was unblinded at the time of disease progression. Patients randomized to placebo were then offered crossover to open-label sunitinib malate and patients randomized to sunitinib malate were permitted to continue treatment per investigator judgment.At the time of a prespecified interim analysis, the intent-to-treat (ITT) population included 312 patients. Two hundred seven (207) patients were randomized to the sunitinib malate arm and 105 patients were randomized to the placebo arm. Demographics were comparable between the sunitinib malate and placebo groups with regard to age (69% versus 72% <65 years for sunitinib malate versus placebo, respectively), sex (male: 64% versus 61%), race (White: 88% both arms, Asian: 5% both arms, Black: 4% both arms, remainder not reported), and performance status (ECOG 0: 44% versus 46%, ECOG 1: 55% versus 52%, and ECOG 2: 1% versus 2%). Prior treatment included surgery (94% versus 93%) and radiotherapy (8% versus 15%). Outcome of prior imatinib treatment was also comparable between arms with intolerance (4% versus 4%), progression within 6 months of starting treatment (17% versus 16%), or progression beyond 6 months (78% versus 80%) balanced.The planned interim efficacy and safety analysis was performed after 149 TTP events had occurred. There was a statistically significant advantage for sunitinib malate over placebo in TTP, meeting the primary endpoint. Efficacy results are summarized in Table 10 and the Kaplan-Meier curve for TTP is shown in Figure 1.Table 10. GIST Efficacy Results From Study 1 (Double-Blind Treatment Phase)Efficacy ParameterSunitinib Malate(N=207)Placebo(N=105)p-value(log-rank test)HR(95% CI)Time-to-tumor progressiona27.36.4<0.0001*0.33[median, weeks (95% CI)](16.0, 32.1)(4.4, 10.0)(0.23, 0.47)Progression-free survivalb24.16.0<0.00010.33[median, weeks (95% CI)](11.1, 28.3)(4.4, 9.9)(0.24, 0.47)Objective response rate (PR)6.800.006c[%, (95% CI)](3.7, 11.1)* A comparison is considered statistically significant if the p-value is <0.00417 (O’Brien Fleming stopping boundary). Abbreviations: CI=confidence interval; GIST=gastrointestinal stromal tumor; HR=hazard ratio; N=number of patients; PR=partial response.a Time from randomization to progression; deaths prior to documented progression were censored at time of last radiographic evaluation.b Time from randomization to progression or death due to any cause.c Pearson chi-square test.Figure 1. Kaplan-Meier Curve of TTP in GIST Study 1 (Intent-to-Treat Population)Abbreviations: CI=confidence interval; GIST=gastrointestinal stromal tumor; N=number of patients; TTP=time-to-tumor progression.The final ITT population enrolled in the double-blind treatment phase of the study included 243 patients randomized to the sunitinib malate arm and 118 patients randomized to the placebo arm. After the primary endpoint was met at the interim analysis, the study was unblinded, and patients on the placebo arm were offered open-label sunitinib malate treatment. Ninety-nine (99) of the patients initially randomized to placebo crossed over to receive sunitinib malate in the open-label treatment phase. At the protocol specified final analysis of OS, the median OS was 72.7 weeks for the sunitinib malate arm and 64.9 weeks for the placebo arm [hazard ratio (HR)=0.876, 95% confidence interval (CI) (0.679, 1.129)].Study 2Study 2 was an open-label, multi-center, single-arm, dose-escalation study conducted in patients with GIST following progression on, or intolerance to imatinib. Following identification of the recommended regimen (50 mg once daily on Schedule 4/2), 55 patients in this study received the 50 mg dose of sunitinib malate on treatment Schedule 4/2. Partial responses (PR) were observed in 5 of 55 patients (9.1% PR rate; 95% CI: 3.0%, 20.0%).

14.2 Renal Cell Carcinoma

Treatment-NaïveStudy 3 (NCT#00083889) was a multi-center, international, randomized study comparing single-agent sunitinib malate with interferon alfa was conducted in patients with treatment-naïve RCC. The objective was to compare PFS in patients receiving sunitinib malate versus patients receiving interferon alfa. Other endpoints included ORR, OS, and safety. Seven hundred fifty (750) patients were randomized (1:1) to receive either 50 mg sunitinib malate once daily on Schedule 4/2 or to receive interferon alfa administered subcutaneously at 9 million international units (MIU) 3 times a week. Patients were treated until disease progression or withdrawal from the study.The ITT population included 750 patients, 375 randomized to sunitinib malate and 375 randomized to interferon alfa. Demographics were comparable between the sunitinib malate and interferon alfa groups with regard to age (59% versus 67% <65 years for sunitinib malate versus interferon alfa, respectively), sex (male: 71% versus 72%), race (White: 94% versus 91%, Asian: 2% versus 3%, Black: 1% versus 2%, remainder not reported), and performance status (ECOG 0: 62% versus 61%, ECOG 1: 38% each arm, ECOG 2: 0 versus 1%). Prior treatment included nephrectomy (91% versus 89%) and radiotherapy (14% each arm). The most common site of metastases present at screening was the lung (78% versus 80%, respectively), followed by the lymph nodes (58% versus 53%, respectively) and bone (30% each arm); the majority of the patients had multiple (2 or more) metastatic sites at baseline (80% versus 77%, respectively).There was a statistically significant advantage for sunitinib malate over interferon alfa in the endpoint of PFS (see Table 11 and Figure 2). In the prespecified stratification factors of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) (>1.5 ULN versus ≤1.5 ULN), ECOG performance status (0 versus 1), and prior nephrectomy (yes versus no), the hazard ratio favored sunitinib malate over interferon alfa. The ORR was higher in the sunitinib malate arm (see Table 11).Table 11. Treatment-Naïve RCC Efficacy Results (Interim Analysis) from Study 3Efficacy ParameterSunitinib Malate(N=375)Interferon Alfa(N=375)p-value(log-rank test)HR(95% CI)Progression-free survivala47.322.0<0.000001b0.415[median, weeks (95% CI)](42.6, 50.7)(16.4, 24.0)(0.320, 0.539)Objective response ratea27.55.3<0.001cNA[%, (95% CI)](23.0, 32.3)(3.3, 8.1)Abbreviations: CI=confidence interval; HR=hazard ratio; N=number of patients; NA=not applicable; RCC=renal cell carcinoma.a Assessed by blinded core radiology laboratory; 90 patients’ scans had not been read at time of analysis.b A comparison is considered statistically significant if the p-value is <0.0042 (O’Brien Fleming stopping boundary).c Pearson chi-square test.Figure 2. Kaplan-Meier Curve of PFS in Treatment-Naïve RCC Study 3 (Intent-to-Treat Population)Abbreviations: CI=confidence interval; IFN-α=interferon-alfa; N=number of patients; PFS=progression-free survival; RCC=renal cell carcinoma.At the protocol-specified final analysis of OS, the median OS was 114.6 weeks for the sunitinib malate arm and 94.9 weeks for the interferon alfa arm (HR=0.821; 95% CI: 0.673, 1.001). The median OS for the interferon alfa arm includes 25 patients who discontinued interferon alfa treatment because of disease progression and crossed over to treatment with sunitinib malate as well as 121 patients (32%) on the interferon alfa arm who received post-study cancer treatment with sunitinib malate.Cytokine-RefractoryThe use of single-agent sunitinib malate in the treatment of cytokine-refractory RCC was investigated in 2 single-arm, multi-center studies. All patients enrolled into these studies experienced failure of prior cytokine-based therapy. In Study 4 (NCT#00077974), failure of prior cytokine therapy was based on radiographic evidence of disease progression defined by response evaluation criteria in solid tumors (RECIST) or World Health Organization (WHO) criteria during or within 9 months of completion of 1 cytokine therapy treatment (interferon alfa, interleukin-2, or interferon alfa plus interleukin-2; patients who were treated with interferon alfa alone must have received treatment for at least 28 days). In Study 5 (NCT#00054886), failure of prior cytokine therapy was defined as disease progression or unacceptable treatment-related toxicity. The endpoint for both studies was ORR. Duration of response (DR) was also evaluated.One hundred and six patients (106) were enrolled into Study 4 and 63 patients were enrolled into Study 5. Patients received 50 mg sunitinib malate on Schedule 4/2. Therapy was continued until the patients met withdrawal criteria or had progressive disease. The baseline age, sex, race, and ECOG performance statuses of the patients were comparable between Studies 4 and 5. Approximately 86% to 94% of patients in the 2 studies were White. Men comprised 65% of the pooled population. The median age was 57 years and ranged from 24 to 87 years in the studies. All patients had an ECOG performance status <2 at the screening visit.The baseline malignancy and prior treatment history of the patients were comparable between Studies 4 and 5. Across the 2 studies, 95% of the pooled population of patients had at least some component of clear-cell histology. All patients in Study 4 were required to have a histological clear-cell component. Most patients enrolled in the studies (97% of the pooled population) had undergone nephrectomy; prior nephrectomy was required for patients enrolled in Study 4. All patients had received 1 previous cytokine regimen. Metastatic disease present at the time of study entry included lung metastases in 81% of patients. Liver metastases were more common in Study 4 (27% versus 16% in Study 5) and bone metastases were more common in Study 5 (51% versus 25% in Study 4); 52% of patients in the pooled population had at least 3 metastatic sites. Patients with known brain metastases or leptomeningeal disease were excluded from both studies.The ORR and DR data from Studies 4 and 5 are provided in Table 12. There were 36 PRs in Study 4 as assessed by a core radiology laboratory for an ORR of 34.0% (95% CI: 25.0%, 43.8%). There were 23 PRs in Study 5 as assessed by the investigators for an ORR of 36.5% (95% CI: 24.7%, 49.6%). The majority (>90%) of objective disease responses were observed during the first 4 cycles; the latest reported response was observed in Cycle 10. DR data from Study 4 is premature as only 9 of 36 patients (25%) responding to treatment had experienced disease progression or died at the time of the data cutoff.Table 12. Cytokine-Refractory RCC Efficacy Results from Study 4 and Study 5Efficacy ParameterStudy 4(N=106)Study 5(N=63)Objective response rate [%, (95% CI)]34.0a(25.0, 43.8)36.5b(24.7, 49.6)Duration of response [median, weeks (95% CI)]NR*(42.0, *)54b(34.3, 70.1)*Data not mature enough to determine upper confidence limit.Abbreviations: CI=confidence interval; N=number of patients; NR=not reached; RCC=renal cell carcinoma.a Assessed by blinded core radiology laboratory.b Assessed by investigators.Adjuvant TreatmentIn the adjuvant treatment setting, sunitinib malate was investigated in S-TRAC (NCT#00375674), a multi-center, international, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, trial in patients with high risk of recurrent RCC following nephrectomy. Patients were required to have clear cell histology and high risk of recurrence defined as ≥T3 and/or N+ tumors. Six hundred fifteen (615) patients were randomized 1:1 to receive either 50 mg sunitinib malate once daily on Schedule 4/2 or placebo. Patients were treated for 9 cycles (approximately 1 year), or until disease recurrence, unacceptable toxicity, or withdrawal of consent.Demographics were generally comparable between the sunitinib malate and placebo arms with regard to age (median age 58 years), sex (73% male), and race (84% White, 12% Asian and 4% Other). At randomization, most patients had an ECOG performance status of 0 (74% sunitinib malate and 72% placebo). The remainder of the patients had an ECOG performance status of 1; 1 patient on sunitinib malate had a performance status of 2.The major efficacy outcome measure was disease-free survival (DFS) in patients receiving sunitinib malate versus placebo as assessed by blinded independent central review (BICR). Overall survival was an additional endpoint. There was a statistically significant improvement in DFS in patients who were treated with sunitinib malate compared to placebo (Table 13 and Figure 3). Prespecified subgroup analyses are presented in Table 14. At the time of the DFS analysis, overall survival data were not mature, with 141/615 (23%) patient deaths.Table 13. Disease-free Survival Results as Assessed by BICR in Adjuvant RCC (Intent to Treat Population) from S-TRACSunitinib MalateN=309PlaceboN=306p-valueaHRa (95% CI)Median DFS [years (95% CI)]6.8 (5.8, NR)5.6 (3.8, 6.6)0.030.76 (0.59, 0.98)DFS Events113 (36.6%)144 (47.1%)5 Year DFS Rate59.3%51.3%a P-value based on log-rank test stratified by University of California Los Angeles Integrated Staging System (UISS) prognostic group; HR based on a Cox proportional hazard model stratified by UISS prognostic groupAbbreviations: BICR=blinded independent central review; CI=confidence interval; DFS=disease-free survival; HR=hazard ratio; N=number of patients; RCC=renal cell carcinoma.Table 14. Disease-free Survival by Baseline Disease CharacteristicsNumber of Events/Totaln/NMedian DFS [years (95% CI)]HRa(95% CI)Sunitinib MalatePlaceboSunitinib MalatePlaceboT3 Intermediateb35/11546/112NR (5.2, NR)6.4(4.7, NR)0.82(0.53, 1.28)T3 Highc63/16579/1666.8(5.0, NR)5.3(2.9, NR)0.77(0.55, 1.07)T4/Node Positived15/2919/283.5(1.2, NR)1.7(0.4, 3.0)0.62(0.31, 1.23)Abbreviations: CI=confidence interval; DFS=disease-free survival; HR=hazard ratio; N=number of patients; n=number of events; NR=not reacheda HR based on a Cox proportional hazards modelb T3 Intermediate: T3, N0 or NX, M0, any Fuhrman’s grade, ECOG PS 0 OR T3, N0 or NX, M0, Fuhrman’s grade 1, ECOG PS ≥1c T3 High: T3, N0 or NX, M0, Fuhrman’s grade ≥2, ECOG PS ≥1d T4/Node Positive: T4, N0 or NX, M0, any Fuhrman’s grade, any ECOG PS OR Any T, N1-2, M0, any Fuhrman’s grade, any ECOG PSFigure 3. Kaplan-Meier Curve of Disease-free Survival as Assessed by BICR (Intent-to-Treat Population)Abbreviations: BICR=blinded independent central review; CI=confidence interval; N=number of patients.

14.3 Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors

Study 6 (NCT#00428597) was a multi-center, international, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of single-agent sunitinib malate conducted in patients with unresectable pNET. Patients were required to have documented RECIST-defined disease progression within the prior 12 months and were randomized (1:1) to receive either 37.5 mg sunitinib malate (N=86) or placebo (N=85) once daily without a scheduled off-treatment period. The primary objective was to compare PFS in patients receiving sunitinib malate versus patients receiving placebo. Other endpoints included OS, ORR, and safety. Use of somatostatin analogs was allowed in the study.Demographics were comparable between the sunitinib malate and placebo groups. Additionally, 49% of sunitinib malate patients had nonfunctioning tumors vs 52% of placebo patients, and 92% patients in both arms had liver metastases. A total of 66% of sunitinib malate patients received prior systemic therapy compared with 72% of placebo patients and 35% of sunitinib malate patients had received somatostatin analogs compared with 38% of placebo patients. Patients were treated until disease progression or withdrawal from the study. Upon disease progression or study closure, patients were offered access to sunitinib malate in a separate extension study.As recommended by the Independent Data Monitoring Committee, the study was terminated prematurely prior to the prespecified interim analysis. This may have led to an overestimate of the magnitude of PFS effect. A clinically significant improvement for sunitinib malate over placebo in PFS was seen by both investigator and independent assessment. A hazard ratio favoring sunitinib malate was observed in all subgroups of baseline characteristics evaluated. OS data were not mature at the time of the analysis. There were 9 deaths in the sunitinib malate arm and 21 deaths in the placebo arm. A statistically significant difference in ORR favoring sunitinib malate over placebo was observed. Efficacy results are summarized in Table 15 and the Kaplan-Meier curve for PFS is in Figure 4.Table 15. pNET Efficacy Results from Study 6Efficacy ParameterSunitinib Malate(N=86)Placebo(N=85)p-valueHR(95% CI)Progression-free survival [median, months (95% CI)]10.2(7.4, 16.9)5.4(3.4, 6.0)0.000146a0.427(0.271, 0.673)Objective response rate [%, (95% CI)]9.3(3.2, 15.4)00.0066bNAAbbreviations: CI=confidence interval; HR=hazard ratio; N=number of patients; NA=not applicable; pNET=pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors.a 2-sided unstratified log-rank test.b Fisher’s Exact test.Figure 4. Kaplan-Meier Curve of PFS in the pNET Study 6Abbreviations: CI=confidence interval; N=number of patients; PFS=progression-free survival; pNET=pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors.

16 How Supplied/Storage And Handling

12.5 mg capsulesHard gelatin capsule with maroon opaque cap and body, imprinted with TEVA over 8199 on both cap and body in black ink. Available as follows:Bottles of 28 capsules: NDC 0093-8199-2825 mg capsulesHard gelatin capsule with light brown opaque cap and maroon opaque body, imprinted with TEVA over 8224 on both cap and body in black ink. Available as follows:Bottles of 28 capsules: NDC 0093-8224-2837.5 mg capsulesHard gelatin capsule with yellow opaque cap and body, imprinted with TEVA over 8229 on both cap and body in black ink. Available as follows:Bottles of 28 capsules: NDC 0093-8229-2850 mg capsulesHard gelatin capsule with light brown opaque cap and body, imprinted with TEVA over 8231 on both cap and body in black ink. Available as follows:Bottles of 28 capsules: NDC 0093-8231-28Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F); excursions permitted to 15° to 30°C (59° to 86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature].

17 Patient Counseling Information

Advise the patient to read the FDA-approved patient labeling (Medication Guide).HepatotoxicityInform patients of the signs and symptoms of hepatotoxicity. Advise patients to contact their healthcare provider immediately for signs or symptoms of hepatotoxicity [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].Cardiovascular EventsAdvise patients to contact their healthcare provider if they develop symptoms of heart failure [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)].QT Prolongation and Torsade de PointesInform patients of the signs and symptoms of QT prolongation. Advise patients to contact their healthcare provider immediately in the event of syncope, pre-syncopal symptoms, and cardiac palpitations [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)].HypertensionInform patients of the signs and symptoms of hypertension. Advise patients to undergo routine blood pressure monitoring and to contact their health care provider if blood pressure is elevated or if they experience signs or symptoms of hypertension [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)].Hemorrhagic EventsAdvise patients that sunitinib malate capsules can cause severe bleeding. Advise patients to immediately contact their healthcare provider for bleeding or symptoms of bleeding [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)].Gastrointestinal DisordersAdvise patients that gastrointestinal disorders such as diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and constipation may develop during sunitinib malate capsules treatment and to seek immediate medical attention if they experience persistent or severe abdominal pain because cases of gastrointestinal perforation and fistula have been reported in patients taking sunitinib malate capsules [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5), Adverse Reactions (6.1)].Dermatologic Effects and ToxicitiesAdvise patients that depigmentation of the hair or skin may occur during treatment with sunitinib malate capsules due to the drug color (yellow). Other possible dermatologic effects may include dryness, thickness or cracking of skin, blister or rash on the palms of the hands and soles of the feet. Severe dermatologic toxicities including Stevens-Johnson syndrome, Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis, erythema multiforme, and necrotizing fasciitis have been reported. Advise patients to immediately inform their healthcare provider if severe dermatologic reactions occur [see Warnings and Precautions (5.9), Adverse Reactions (6.1)].Reversible Posterior Leukoencephalopathy SyndromeInform patients of the signs and symptoms of reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome. Advise patients to contact their healthcare provider if they develop symptoms of reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome [see Warnings and Precautions (5.10)].Thyroid DysfunctionAdvise patients that sunitinib malate capsules can cause thyroid dysfunction. Advise patient to contact their healthcare provider if symptoms of abnormal thyroid function occur [see Warnings and Precautions (5.11)].HypoglycemiaAdvise patients that sunitinib malate capsules can cause severe hypoglycemia and may be more severe in patients with diabetes taking antidiabetic medications. Inform patients of the signs, symptoms, and risks associated with hypoglycemia. Advise patients to immediately inform their healthcare provider if severe signs or symptoms of hypoglycemia occur [see Warnings and Precautions (5.12)].Osteonecrosis of the JawAdvise patients regarding good oral hygiene practices and to inform their healthcare provider of any planned dental procedures. Advise patients to immediately contact their healthcare provider for signs or symptoms associated with osteonecrosis of the jaw [see Warnings and Precautions (5.13)].Impaired Wound HealingAdvise patients that sunitinib malate capsules impair wound healing. Advise patients to inform their healthcare provider of any planned surgical procedures [see Warnings and Precautions (5.14)].Concomitant MedicationsAdvise patients to inform their healthcare providers of all concomitant medications, including over-the-counter medications and dietary supplements [see Drug Interactions (7)].Embryo-Fetal ToxicityAdvise pregnant women of the potential risk to a fetus. Advise females of reproductive potential to inform their healthcare provider of a known or suspected pregnancy [see Warnings and Precautions (5.15), Use in Specific Populations (8.1)].Advise females of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment and for 4 weeks after receiving the last dose of sunitinib malate capsules [see Use in Specific Populations (8.3)].Advise males with female partners of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment and for 7 weeks after receiving the last dose of sunitinib malate capsules [see Use in Specific Populations (8.3)].LactationAdvise women not to breastfeed during treatment with sunitinib malate capsules and for at least 4 weeks after the last dose [see Use in Specific Populations (8.2)].InfertilityAdvise patients that sunitinib malate capsules may impair male and female fertility [see Use in Specific Populations (8.3), Nonclinical Toxicology (13.1)].Missed DoseAdvise patients that miss a dose of sunitinib malate capsules by less than 12 hours to take the missed dose right away. Advise patients that miss a dose of sunitinib malate capsules by more than 12 hours to take the next scheduled dose at its regular time.Manufactured By:Teva Pharmaceuticals USA, Inc.Parsippany, NJ 07054Iss. 9/2021

Medication Guide

  • Sunitinib Malate (soo ni' ti nib mal' ate) CapsulesWhat is the most important information I should know about sunitinib malate capsules?Sunitinib malate capsules can cause serious side effects including:Severe liver problems, that can lead to death. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you develop any of the following signs and symptoms of liver problems during treatment with sunitinib malate capsules:itchingyellow eyes or skindark urinepain or discomfort in the right upper stomach areaYour healthcare provider should do blood tests to check your liver function before you start taking and during treatment with sunitinib malate capsules. Your healthcare provider may temporarily stop, reduce your dose, or permanently stop treatment with sunitinib malate capsules if you develop liver problems. See “What are the possible side effects of sunitinib malate capsules?” for more information about side effects.What are sunitinib malate capsules?Sunitinib malate capsules are a prescription medicine used to treat:a rare cancer of the stomach, bowel, or esophagus called gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) and when:you have taken the medicine imatinib mesylate and it did not stop the cancer from growing, oryou cannot take imatinib mesylate.advanced kidney cancer (advanced renal cell carcinoma or RCC).adults with kidney cancer that has not spread (localized), and who are at high risk of RCC coming back again after having kidney surgery.a type of pancreatic cancer called pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (pNET), that has progressed and cannot be treated with surgery. It is not known if sunitinib malate capsules are safe and effective in children.Before taking sunitinib malate capsules tell your healthcare provider about all of your medical conditions, including if you:have any heart problemshave high blood pressurehave thyroid problemshave a history of low blood sugar or diabeteshave kidney function problems (other than cancer)have liver problemshave any bleeding problemplan to have surgery or have had a recent surgery. You should stop taking sunitinib malate capsules at least 3 weeks before planned surgery. See “What are the possible side effects of sunitinib malate capsules?”have seizureshave or have had pain in the mouth, teeth or jaw, swelling or sores inside the mouth, numbness or a feeling of heaviness in the jaw, or loosening of a toothare pregnant or plan to become pregnant. Sunitinib malate can harm your unborn baby.Females who are able to become pregnant:Your healthcare provider should do a pregnancy test before you start treatment with sunitinib malate capsules.You should use effective birth control (contraception) during treatment and for at least 4 weeks after your last dose of sunitinib malate capsules.Tell your healthcare provider right away if you become pregnant or think you are pregnant during treatment with sunitinib malate capsules.Males with female partners who are able to become pregnant should use effective birth control (contraception) during treatment and for 7 weeks after your last dose of sunitinib malate capsules. Sunitinib malate capsules may cause fertility problems in males and females. Tell your healthcare provider if this is a concern for you.are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. Do not breastfeed during treatment with sunitinib malate capsules and for at least 4 weeks (1 month) after the last dose. Tell all of your healthcare providers and dentists that you are taking sunitinib malate capsules. They should talk to the healthcare provider who prescribed sunitinib malate capsules for you, before you have any surgery, or medical or dental procedure.Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take, including prescription medicines and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. Using sunitinib malate capsules with certain other medicines can cause serious side effects.You may have an increased risk of severe jawbone problems (osteonecrosis) if you take sunitinib malate capsules and a bisphosphonate medicine. Especially tell your healthcare provider if you are taking or have taken an osteoporosis medicine. Know the medicines you take. Keep a list of them to show your healthcare provider and pharmacist when you get a new medicine.How should I take sunitinib malate capsules?Take sunitinib malate capsules exactly the way your healthcare provider tells you.Take sunitinib malate capsules 1 time each day with or without food.If you take sunitinib malate capsules for GIST or RCC, you will usually take your medicine for 4 weeks (28 days) and then stop for 2 weeks (14 days). This is 1 cycle of treatment. You will repeat this cycle for as long as your healthcare provider tells you to.If you take sunitinib malate capsules for pNET, take it 1 time each day until your healthcare provider tells you to stop.Do not drink grapefruit juice or eat grapefruit during your treatment with sunitinib malate capsules. They may cause you to have too much sunitinib malate in your body.Your healthcare provider may do blood tests before each cycle of treatment to check you for side effects.If you miss a dose of sunitinib malate capsules by less than 12 hours, take the missed dose right away. If you miss a dose of sunitinib malate capsules by more than 12 hours, just take your next dose at your regular time. Do not make up the missed dose. Tell your healthcare provider about any missed dose.Call your healthcare provider right away, if you take too many sunitinib malate capsules.What are possible side effects of sunitinib malate capsules?Sunitinib malate capsules may cause serious side effects, including:See “What is the most important information I should know about sunitinib malate capsules?”Heart problems. Heart problems may include heart failure, heart attack and heart muscle problems (cardiomyopathy) that can lead to death. Tell your healthcare provider if you feel very tired, are short of breath, or have swollen feet and ankles. Abnormal heart rhythm changes. Changes in the electrical activity of your heart called QT prolongation can cause irregular heart beats that can be life threatening. Your healthcare provider may do electrocardiograms and blood tests (electrolytes) to watch for these problems during your treatment with sunitinib malate capsules. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you feel dizzy, faint, or have abnormal heartbeats during your treatment with sunitinib malate capsulesyou feel faint or lightheaded, or you pass outdizziness feel your heart beat is irregular or fastHigh blood pressure. High blood pressure is common with sunitinib malate capsules and may sometimes be severe. Follow your healthcare provider’s instructions about having your blood pressure checked regularly. Call your healthcare provider if your blood pressure is high, or if you have any of the following signs or symptoms of high blood pressure:severe headachelightheadednessdizzinesschange in visionYour healthcare provider may prescribe medicine for you to treat high blood pressure, if needed. Bleeding problems. Bleeding is common with sunitinib malate capsules, but sunitinib malate capsules can also cause severe bleeding problems that can lead to death. Your healthcare provider will monitor you for bleeding and may do blood tests if needed. Call your healthcare provider right away if you have any of these symptoms or a serious bleeding problem during treatment with sunitinib malate capsules, including:painful, swollen stomach (abdomen)vomiting bloodcoughing up bloodblack, sticky stoolsbloody urineheadache change in your mental statusSerious stomach and intestinal problems, that can sometimes lead to death. Some people have had tears in their stomach or intestine (perforation), or have developed an abnormal opening between the stomach and intestine (fistula). Get medical help right away if you get stomach-area (abdominal) pain that does not go away or is severe during treatment with sunitinib malate capsules.Tumor lysis syndrome (TLS). TLS is caused by the fast breakdown of cancer cells and may lead to death. TLS can cause kidney failure and the need for dialysis treatment, abnormal heart rhythm, seizure, and sometimes death. Your healthcare provider may do blood tests to check you for TLS.Abnormal changes in the brain (Reversible Posterior Leukoencephalopathy Syndrome [RPLS]). RPLS can cause a collection of symptoms including headache, confusion, and vision loss. Some people who have taken sunitinib malate capsules have developed RPLS that can lead to death. Thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) including thrombotic thrombocytopenia purpura (TTP) and hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS). TMA is a condition that involves injury to the smallest blood vessels, and blood clots that can happen while taking sunitinib malate capsules. TMA is accompanied by a decrease in red cells and cells that are involved with clotting. TMA may harm your body’s organs such as the brain and kidneys, and can sometimes lead to death.Protein in your urine. Some people who have taken sunitinib malate capsules have developed protein in their urine, and in some cases, kidney problems that can lead to death. Your healthcare provider will check you for this problem. Serious skin and mouth reactions. Treatment with sunitinib malate capsules has caused severe skin reactions that can lead to death, including:severe rash with blisters or peeling of the skin.painful sores or ulcers on the skin, lips or inside the mouth.tissue damage (necrotizing fasciitis).If you have any signs or symptoms of severe skin reactions, stop taking sunitinib malate capsules and call your healthcare provider or get medical help right away.Thyroid problems. Your healthcare provider may do tests to check your thyroid function during sunitinib malate capsules treatment. Tell your healthcare provider if you have any of the following signs and symptoms during your treatment with sunitinib malate capsules:tiredness that gets worse and does not go awayloss of appetiteproblems with heatfeeling nervous or agitated, tremorssweatingnausea or vomitingdiarrheafast heat rateweight gain or weight lossfeeling depressedirregular menstrual periods or no menstrual periodsheadache hair lossLow blood sugar (hypoglycemia). Low blood sugar can happen with sunitinib malate capsules, and may cause you to become unconscious, or you may need to be hospitalized. Low blood sugar with sunitinib malate capsules may be worse in people who have diabetes and take antidiabetic medicines. Your healthcare provider should check your blood sugar levels regularly during treatment with sunitinib malate capsules and may need to adjust the dose of your antidiabetic medicines. Call your healthcare provider right away if you have any of the following signs or symptoms of low blood sugar during your treatment with sunitinib malate capsules:headachedrowsinessweaknessdizzinessconfusionirritabilityhungerfast heart beatsweating feeling jitteryJawbone problems (osteonecrosis). Severe jawbone problems have happened in some people who take sunitinib malate capsules. Certain risk factors such as taking a bisphosphonate medicine or having dental disease may increase your risk of getting osteonecrosis. Your healthcare provider may tell you to see your dentist before you start taking sunitinib malate capsules. Your healthcare provider may tell you to avoid dental procedures, if possible, during your treatment with sunitinib malate capsules, especially if you are receiving a bisphosphonate medicine into a vein (intravenous). Tell your healthcare provider if you plan to have any dental procedures before or during treatment with sunitinib malate capsules.You should stop taking sunitinib malate capsules at least 3 weeks before planned dental procedures.Your healthcare provider should tell you when you may start taking sunitinib malate capsules again after dental procedures.Wound healing problems. Wound healing problems have happened in some people who take sunitinib malate capsules. Tell your healthcare provider if you plan to have any surgery before or during treatment with sunitinib malate capsules.You should stop taking sunitinib malate capsules at least 3 weeks before planned surgery.Your healthcare provider should tell you when you may start taking sunitinib malate capsules again after surgery.Your healthcare provider may temporarily stop, reduce your dose, or permanently stop treatment with sunitinib malate capsules if you develop serious side effects.Common side effects of sunitinib malate capsules include:tirednessweaknessdiarrheapain, swelling or sores inside of your mouthnausealoss of appetiteindigestionvomitingstomach-area (abdominal) painblisters or rash on the palms of your hands and soles of your feethigh blood pressuretaste changes low platelet countsThe medicine in sunitinib malate capsules is yellow, and it may make your skin look yellow. Your skin and hair may get lighter in color. Sunitinib malate capsules may also cause other skin problems including: dryness, thickness or cracking of the skin.These are not all of the possible side effects of sunitinib malate capsules. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.How do I store sunitinib malate capsules?Store sunitinib malate capsules at room temperature, between 68°F to 77°F (20°C to 25°C).Keep sunitinib malate capsules and all medicines out of the reach of children.General information about the safe and effective use of sunitinib malate capsules.Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in a Medication Guide. Do not use sunitinib malate capsules for a condition for which they were not prescribed. Do not give sunitinib malate capsules to other people, even if they have the same symptoms that you have. They may harm them. You can ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist for information about sunitinib malate capsules that is written for health professionals.What are the ingredients in sunitinib malate capsules?Active ingredient: sunitinib malateInactive ingredients: croscarmellose sodium, magnesium stearate, mannitol, and povidone K-30. The 12.5 mg capsule shell contains D&C Red No. 28, FD&C Blue No. 1, FD&C Red No. 40, gelatin, and titanium dioxide.The 25 mg capsule shell contains D&C Red No. 28, FD&C Blue No. 1, FD&C Red No. 40, FD&C Yellow No. 6, gelatin, and titanium dioxide. The 37.5 mg capsule shell contains gelatin, titanium dioxide, and yellow iron oxide.The 50 mg capsule shell contains FD&C Blue No. 1, FD&C Red No. 40, FD&C Yellow No. 6, gelatin, and titanium dioxide.The black printing ink which is common for all strengths contains black iron oxide, D&C Yellow No. 10 Aluminum Lake, FD&C Blue No. 1 Aluminum Lake, FD&C Blue No. 2 Aluminum Lake, FD&C Red No. 40 Aluminum Lake, shellac, and may also contain propylene glycol.Manufactured By: Teva Pharmaceuticals USA, Inc., Parsippany, NJ 07054For more information, call Teva at 1-888-838-2872.This Medication Guide has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.                                                      Iss. 9/2021

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