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1 Indications And Usage
STRENSIQ® is indicated for the treatment of patients with perinatal/infantile- and juvenile-onset hypophosphatasia (HPP).
2.1 Dosage For Perinatal/Infantile-Onset Hpp
- The recommended dosage regimen of STRENSIQ for the treatment of perinatal/infantile-onset HPP is 6 mg/kg per week administered subcutaneously as either:2 mg/kg three times per week, or1 mg/kg six times per week. Injection site reactions may limit the tolerability of the six times per week regimen [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)].The dose of STRENSIQ may be increased for lack of efficacy (e.g., no improvement in respiratory status, growth, or radiographic findings) up to 9 mg/kg per week administered subcutaneously as 3 mg/kg three times per week.
2.2 Dosage For Juvenile-Onset Hpp
- The recommended dosage regimen of STRENSIQ for the treatment of juvenile-onset HPP is 6 mg/kg per week administered subcutaneously as either:2 mg/kg three times per week, or1 mg/kg six times per week. Injection site reactions may limit the tolerability of the six times per week regimen [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)].
2.3 Preparation And Weight-Based Dosing Tables
- Caution: Do not use the 80 mg/0.8 mL vial of STRENSIQ in pediatric patients weighing less than 40 kg because the systemic exposure of asfotase alfa achieved with the 80 mg/0.8 mL vial (higher concentration) is lower than that achieved with the other strength vials (lower concentration). A lower exposure may not be adequate for this subgroup of patients [see Dosage Forms and Strengths (3), Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].1.Determine the volume needed for the prescribed dosage based on the patient's weight and recommended dosage. Follow these steps to determine the patient dose. Total dose (mg) = patient's weight (kg) × prescribed dose (mg/kg) Total injection volume (mL) = Total dose (mg) divided by concentration (40 mg/mL or 80 mg/0.8 mL) Round total injection volume to the nearest hundredth of a mL Total number of vials = Total injection volume divided by vial volume (mL)2.Determine frequency of weekly injections.3.Determine dose. Patient weights should be rounded to the nearest kilogram when determining dose. Use the following tables for guidance, for patients administering 2 mg/kg three times per week (Table 1), 1 mg/kg six times per week (Table 2) and for dose escalations to 3 mg/kg three times per week, recommended only for patients with perinatal/infantile-onset HPP [see Dosage and Administration (2.1)] (Table 3).4.When preparing a volume for injection greater than 1 mL, split the volume equally between two syringes, and administer two injections. When administering the two injections, use two separate injection sites.Table 1: Weight-Based Dosing for Administration of 2 mg/kg Three Times per WeekBody Weight (kg)Do not use the 80 mg/0.8 mL vial of STRENSIQ in pediatric patients weighing less than 40 kg [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].Dose to InjectVolume to InjectVial Configuration36 mg0.15 mL18 mg/0.45 mL48 mg0.2 mL18 mg/0.45 mL510 mg0.25 mL18 mg/0.45 mL612 mg0.3 mL18 mg/0.45 mL714 mg0.35 mL18 mg/0.45 mL816 mg0.4 mL18 mg/0.45 mL918 mg0.45 mL18 mg/0.45 mL1020 mg0.5 mL28 mg/0.7 mL1530 mg0.75 mL40 mg/mL2040 mg1 mL40 mg/mL2550 mg1.25 mLTwo 28 mg/0.7 mL vials3060 mg1.5 mLTwo 40 mg/mL vials3570 mg1.75 mLTwo 40 mg/mL vials4080 mg0.8 mL80 mg/0.8 mL50100 mg1 mLTwo 80 mg/0.8 mL vials60120 mg1.2 mLWhen preparing a volume for injection greater than 1 mL, split the volume equally between two syringes, and administer two injections. When administering the two injections, use two separate injection sites.Two 80 mg/0.8 mL vials70140 mg1.4 mLTwo 80 mg/0.8 mL vials80160 mg1.6 mLTwo 80 mg/0.8 mL vialsTable 2: Weight-Based Dosing for Administration of 1 mg/kg Six Times per WeekBody Weight (kg)Do not use the 80 mg/0.8 mL vial of STRENSIQ in pediatric patients weighing less than 40 kg [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].Dose to InjectVolume to InjectVial Configuration33 mg0.08 mL18 mg/0.45 mL44 mg0.1 mL18 mg/0.45 mL55 mg0.13 mL18 mg/0.45 mL66 mg0.15 mL18 mg/0.45 mL77 mg0.18 mL18 mg/0.45 mL88 mg0.2 mL18 mg/0.45 mL99 mg0.23 mL18 mg/0.45 mL1010 mg0.25 mL18 mg/0.45 mL1515 mg0.38 mL18 mg/0.45 mL2020 mg0.5 mL28 mg/0.7 mL2525 mg0.63 mL28 mg/0.7 mL3030 mg0.75 mL40 mg/mL3535 mg0.88 mL40 mg/mL4040 mg1 mL40 mg/mL5050 mg0.5 mL80 mg/0.8 mL6060 mg0.6 mL80 mg/0.8 mL7070 mg0.7 mL80 mg/0.8 mL8080 mg0.8 mL80 mg/0.8 mL9090 mg0.9 mLTwo 80 mg/0.8 mL vials100100 mg1 mLTwo 80 mg/0.8 mL vialsTable 3: Weight-Based Dosing for Administration of 3 mg/kg Three Times per Week – Only for Perinatal/Infantile-Onset HPPA regimen of 3 mg/kg three times per week is recommended only for patients with perinatal/infantile-onset HPP [see Dosage and Administration (2.1)]Body Weight (kg)Do not use the 80 mg/0.8 mL vial of STRENSIQ in pediatric patients weighing less than 40 kg [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].Dose to InjectVolume to InjectVial Configuration39 mg0.23 mL18 mg/0.45 mL412 mg0.3 mL18 mg/0.45 mL515 mg0.38 mL18 mg/0.45 mL618 mg0.45 mL18 mg/0.45 mL721 mg0.53 mL28 mg/0.7 mL824 mg0.6 mL28 mg/0.7 mL927 mg0.68 mL28 mg/0.7 mL1030 mg0.75 mL40 mg/mL1545 mg1.13 mLWhen preparing a volume for injection greater than 1 mL, split the volume equally between two syringes, and administer two injections. When administering the two injections, use two separate injection sites.Two 28 mg/0.7 mL vials2060 mg1.5 mLTwo 40 mg/mL vials2575 mg1.88 mLTwo 40 mg/mL vials5.Inspect the solution in the vial(s) for particulate matter and discoloration. STRENSIQ is supplied as a clear, slightly opalescent or opalescent, colorless to slightly yellow aqueous solution; few small translucent or white particles may be present. Discard any vial(s) not consistent with this appearance.6.Assemble injection supplies. Administer STRENSIQ using sterile disposable 1 mL syringes and ½ inch injection needles, between 25 to 29 gauge are recommended. For doses greater than 1 mL, the injection volume should be split equally between two 1 mL syringes. Always use a new syringe and needle.7.Remove vial cap, aseptically prepare the vial and insert the syringe into the vial to withdraw the prescribed dose for administration.8.Remove any air bubbles in the syringe and verify the correct dose.
- STRENSIQ is for subcutaneous injection only.1.Administer STRENSIQ within 1 hour upon removal of the vial(s) from refrigeration.2.Rotate the injection from among the following sites to reduce the risk of lipodystrophy: abdominal area, thigh, or deltoid [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2), Adverse Reactions (6.1)].3. Do NOT administer injections in areas that are reddened, inflamed, or swollen.4.Inject STRENSIQ subcutaneously into the determined site and properly dispose of the needle.5.STRENSIQ vials are single use only. Discard any unused product.
3 Dosage Forms And Strengths
- STRENSIQ is supplied as a sterile, preservative-free, nonpyrogenic, clear, slightly opalescent or opalescent, colorless to slightly yellow aqueous solution; few small translucent or white particles may be present. The product is available as:Injection: 18 mg/0.45 mL, 28 mg/0.7 mL, 40 mg/mL, or 80 mg/0.8 mL solution in single-use vials
5.1 Hypersensitivity Reactions
Hypersensitivity reactions, including anaphylaxis, have been reported in STRENSIQ-treated patients. Signs and symptoms consistent with anaphylaxis included difficulty breathing, choking sensation, nausea, periorbital edema, and dizziness. These reactions have occurred within minutes after subcutaneous administration of STRENSIQ and can occur in patients on treatment for more than one year. Other hypersensitivity reactions have also been reported in STRENSIQ-treated patients, including vomiting, fever, headache, flushing, irritability, chills, skin erythema, rash, pruritus and oral hypoesthesia [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)].If a severe hypersensitivity reaction occurs, discontinue STRENSIQ treatment and initiate appropriate medical treatment. Consider the risks and benefits of re-administering STRENSIQ to individual patients following a severe reaction. If the decision is made to re-administer the product, monitor patients for a reoccurrence of signs and symptoms of a severe hypersensitivity reaction.
Localized lipodystrophy, including lipoatrophy and lipohypertrophy, has been reported at injection sites after several months in patients treated with STRENSIQ in clinical trials [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)]. Advise patients to follow proper injection technique and to rotate injection sites [see Dosage and Administration (2.4)].
5.3 Ectopic Calcifications
Patients with HPP are at increased risk for developing ectopic calcifications. In clinical trials with STRENSIQ, 14 cases (14%) of ectopic calcification of the eye including the cornea and conjunctiva, and the kidneys (nephrocalcinosis) were reported. There was insufficient information to determine whether or not the reported events were consistent with the disease or due to STRENSIQ. No visual changes or changes in renal function were reported resulting from the occurrence of ectopic calcifications.Ophthalmology examinations and renal ultrasounds are recommended at baseline and periodically during treatment with STRENSIQ to monitor for signs and symptoms of ophthalmic and renal ectopic calcifications and for changes in vision or renal function.
6 Adverse Reactions
- The following adverse reactions are described below and elsewhere in the labeling:Hypersensitivity Reactions [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)]Lipodystrophy [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)]Ectopic Calcifications [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)]
6.1 Clinical Trials Experience
Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.The data described below reflect exposure to STRENSIQ in 99 patients with perinatal/infantile- or juvenile-onset HPP (age 1 day to 58 years) treated with STRENSIQ, most for more than 2 years (range 1 day to 312 weeks [78 months]): 51 patients received at least 96 weeks (24 months) of treatment and 39 patients received 168 weeks (42 months) or more of treatment.
Common Adverse ReactionsOverall, the most common adverse reactions reported were injection site reactions (63%). Other common adverse reactions included lipodystrophy (28%), ectopic calcifications (14%), and hypersensitivity reactions (12%).Table 4 summarizes the adverse reactions that occurred at a rate of at least 10% in clinical trials following subcutaneous injection of STRENSIQ, by patient population and STRENSIQ dosage regimen.The frequency of injection site reactions, lipodystrophy and ectopic calcification were higher in patients with juvenile-onset HPP as compared to perinatal/infantile-onset HPP patients.The majority of injection site reactions resolved within a week. Two patients experienced injection site reactions that led to reductions of their STRENSIQ dose. One patient switched from six times per week dosing to 3 times per week dosing as a result of injection site reactions. One other patient experienced a severe injection site reaction of injection site discoloration and withdrew from the trial.Table 4: Adverse Reactions Reported in at Least 10% of Patients with Perinatal/Infantile- or Juvenile-onset HPP Enrolled in STRENSIQ Clinical TrialsPerinatal/Infantile-onset HPPJuvenile-onset HPPAdverse Reaction Category or TermSTRENSIQless than or equal to 6 mg/kg per week(N=66)n (%)STRENSIQmore than 6 mg/kg/weekAdverse reactions are from the combined period of 6 mg/kg and above (i.e. total drug exposure regardless of starting dose and intermediary doses as long as the patient reached doses > 6 mg/kg).(N=13)n (%)Total(N=79)n (%)(N=20)n (%)Injection site reactions38 (58)6 (46)44 (56)18 (90) Erythema29 (44)3 (23)32 (41)15 (75) Discoloration/ Hypopigmentation11 (17)1 (8)12 (15)8 (40) Pain/ Tenderness10 (15)1 (8)11 (14)8 (40) Pruritus/ Itching10 (15)0 (0)10 (13)7 (35) Swelling8 (12)0 (0)8 (10)6 (30) Induration9 (14)1 (8)10 (13)3 (15) Macule4 (6)0 (0)4 (5)7 (35) Reaction, not otherwise specified6 (9)1 (8)7 (9)4 (20) Bruising6 (9)0 (0)6 (8)4 (20) Nodule2 (3)0 (0)2 (3)2 (10) Other injection site reactionsOther injection site reactions include injection site rash, inflammation, papule, hemorrhage, hematoma, urticaria, warmth, calcification, mass, scar and cellulitis.10 (15)3 (23)13 (17)4 (20)Ectopic calcifications3 (5)0 (0)3 (4)11 (55)Lipodystrophy12 (18)2 (15)14 (18)14 (70) Injection site atrophy4 (6)2 (15)6 (8)8 (40) Injection site hypertrophy5 (8)0 (0)5 (6)6 (30) Other lipodystrophyOther lipodystrophy includes lipohypertrophy.4 (6)0 (0)4 (5)1 (5)Hypersensitivity reactions7 (11)3 (23)10 (13)2 (10) Vomiting/emesis2 (3)2 (15)4 (5)2 (10) Other hypersensitivity reactionsOther hypersensitivity reactions include erythema/redness, pyrexia/fever, irritability, nausea, pain, rigor/chills, hypoesthesia oral, headache, flushing, and anaphylaxis.6 (9)2 (15)8 (10)2 (10)
- Less Common Adverse ReactionsAdverse reactions that occurred at rates less than 1% included:HypocalcemiaRenal stonesChronic hepatitisDecreased vitamin B6
Laboratory Tests Utilizing Alkaline Phosphatase as a Detection Reagent Studies have shown that there is analytical interference between asfotase alfa and laboratory tests that utilize an alkaline phosphatase (ALP)-conjugated test system, rendering erroneous test results in patients treated with STRENSIQ. ALP-conjugated test systems are utilized to measure substances such as hormones, bacterial antigens and antibodies. Therefore, it is recommended that laboratory assays which do not have ALP-conjugate technology be used when testing samples from patients who are receiving STRENSIQ.To avoid erroneous test results for patients treated with STRENSIQ, inform laboratory personnel that the patient is being treated with STRENSIQ and discuss the use of a testing platform which does not utilize an ALP-conjugated test system.
Serum Alkaline Phosphatase High serum ALP measurements detected through clinical laboratory testing are expected in patients receiving STRENSIQ and reflect circulating concentrations of asfotase alfa.Do not rely on serum ALP measurements for clinical decision making in patients treated with STRENSIQ.
Risk SummaryThere are no available human data on STRENSIQ use in pregnant women to inform a drug associated risk. In animal reproduction studies, asfotase alfa administered intravenously to pregnant rats and rabbits during the period of organogenesis showed no evidence of fetotoxicity, embryolethality or teratogenicity at doses causing plasma exposures up to 21 and 24 times, respectively, the exposure at the recommended human dose [see Data].In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2 to 4% and 15 to 20%, respectively.
Animal DataAsfotase alfa administered during the period of organogenesis to rats (from gestation Day 6 to Day 19 post-partum) and rabbits (on gestation days 7 to 19) at intravenous doses up to 50 mg/kg/day, approximately 21 and 24 times the human AUC of 65486 ng.h/mL at 2 mg/kg dose administered three times weekly for a 50 kg individual, respectively did not cause any adverse effects on embryofetal development. A pre- and post-natal development study in pregnant rats showed no evidence of adverse effects on pre- and post-natal development at intravenous doses (from Day 6 of gestation to Day 19 postpartum) of asfotase alfa up to 50 mg/kg/day approximately 21 times the human AUC of 65486 ng.h/mL at 2 mg/kg dose administered three times weekly for a 50 kg individual.
Risk SummaryThere are no data on the presence of asfotase alfa in human milk, the effects on the breastfed infant, or the effects on milk production. The developmental and health benefits of breastfeeding should be considered along with the mother's clinical need for STRENSIQ and any potential adverse effects on the breastfed infant from asfotase alfa or from the underlying maternal condition.
Survival and Ventilation-Free SurvivalSurvival and invasive ventilation-free survival were compared in STRENSIQ-treated patients (Studies 1 and 2) with a historical cohort of untreated patients with similar clinical characteristics (Table 7 and Figure 1). Table 7: Survival and Invasive Ventilation-Free Survival in STRENSIQ-Treated versus Historical Control Patients with Perinatal/ Infantile-Onset HPPSTRENSIQ-TreatedHistorical ControlsSurvivaln = 68n = 48 Alive at Point of Last Contact (%)9127 Hazard Ratio (STRENSIQ/Historical Control), 95% Confidence IntervalAdjusted for year of diagnosis.0.14(0.05, 0.39) Kaplan-Meier Estimate and Alive at Age 1 Year (Week 48) (%)9742Invasive Ventilation-Free SurvivalAlive and not initiating invasive ventilation after start of STRENSIQ treatment. STRENSIQ-treated patients on invasive ventilation at baseline were excluded from this analysis.n = 54n = 48 Alive and Not on Ventilation at Point of Last Contact (%)8525 Hazard Ratio (STRENSIQ/Historical Control), 95% Confidence Interval0.21(0.09, 0.51) Kaplan-Meier Estimate of Alive and Not on Ventilation at Age 1 Year (Week 48) (%)9631In patients who required any form of respiratory support, 21 of 26 (81%) of the treated patients survived through their last assessment (median age at last assessment was 3.2 years of age), versus 1 of 20 (5%) of historical controls.Figure 1: Overall Survival in STRENSIQ-Treated versus Historical Control Patients with Perinatal/ Infantile-Onset HPP
Skeletal ManifestationsRadiographs from 68 STRENSIQ-treated perinatal/infantile-onset HPP patients, including 64 patients in Studies 1 and 2, and 4 patients in Study 3 [see Clinical Studies (14.2)], were examined to assess HPP-related rickets using the 7-point Radiographic Global Impression of Change (RGI-C) scale. Patients with a minimum RGI-C score of +2 were defined as "responders". Radiologic improvements could be seen by Month 24; at last assessment, 50/68 [74%] treated patients were rated as RGI-C responders. No comparative data were available from historical controls. The mean time interval between the baseline and last RGI-C assessment was 24 months (range was 1 month to 67 months).Eighteen perinatal/infantile-onset HPP patients experienced fractures during the course of treatment. There were insufficient data to determine the effect of STRENSIQ on fractures.
GrowthHeight and weight measurements (as measured by z-scores) were available post-treatment for 72 perinatal/infantile-onset HPP patients, including 68 patients enrolled in Studies 1 and 2, and 4 patients enrolled in Study 3 (Table 8).Table 8: Perinatal/Infantile-Onset Height and Weight Measurements as Measured by Z-ScoreHeight Z-scoreWeight Z-scoreBaselineLast AssessmentBaselineLast AssessmentMeanMin, MaxMeanMin, MaxMeanMin, MaxMeanMin, MaxStudies 1 and 2The mean time interval between baseline and last assessment was 21 months (range was 1 month to 72 months). (N=68)-3.3-10.1, 0.9-2.9-10.6, 0.4-3.2-23.8, 0-2.4-20.9, 1.1Study 3 (N=4)The mean time between baseline and last assessment was 56 months (range was 53 months to 60 months).-2.6-6.6, -0.7-1.5-5.8, 0.4-2.5-8.2, -1.0-1.5-5.4, 0.5
GrowthHeight and weight measurements (as measured by z-scores) in 8 STRENSIQ-treated patients were compared with a historical cohort of 32 untreated patients with similar clinical characteristics (Table 9). Height and weight data for historical patients were collected from medical records.Table 9: Juvenile-Onset Height and Weight Measurements as Measured by Z-ScoreHeight Z-scoreWeight Z-scoreBaselineLast AssessmentBaselineLast AssessmentMeanMin, MaxMeanMin, MaxMeanMin, MaxMeanMin, MaxSTRENSIQ (N=8)The mean time interval between baseline and last assessment was 55 months (range was 53 months to 60 months).-1.5-3.8, 0-0.9-2, 0-1.1-3.5, 2.30-1.3, 2.2Control (N=32)The mean time interval between baseline and last assessment was 61 months (range was 19 months to 109 months).-1.1-4.9, 2.6-1.1-4.9, 1.8-1.2-5, 2.1-1-5.7, 2.1
Skeletal ManifestationsRadiographs from 8 STRENSIQ-treated patients and 32 historical controls were compared to assess HPP-related rickets using the 7-point RGI-C (Radiographic Global Impression of Change) scale. Patients who achieved a RGI-C score of 2 or higher (corresponding to substantial healing of rickets) were classified as being responders to treatment. All 8 treated patients were rated as responders by Month 54 of treatment. The mean duration between the baseline and last RGI-C assessments for control patients was 56 months (range was 8 to 95 months). At last assessment, 2/32 (6%) of control patients were rated as responders.Eight of 20 (40%) patients with juvenile-onset HPP experienced new fractures during the course of treatment. There were insufficient data to assess the effect of STRENSIQ on fractures.
Gait/MobilityGait was assessed using a modified Performance Oriented Mobility Assessment-Gait (MPOMA-G) scale in 8 STRENSIQ-treated patients at 6 month intervals out to 36 months. Mobility was also assessed using the 6 Minute Walk Test (6MWT) in 7 of the 8 patients. Step length improved by at least 1 point in either foot in 6/8 patients compared to 1/6 (17%) control patients. The proportion of patients who had 6MWT percent predicted values within the normal range for age, sex, and height-matched peers increased from 0/8 patients at baseline to 6/6 patients (100%) by Month 48 and all 6 were also able to walk longer distances at this time point compared to baseline.
- PreparationWhen preparing a volume for injection greater than 1 mL, split the volume equally between two syringes, and administer two injections. When administering the two injections, use two separate injection sites.Inspect the solution in the vial(s) for particulate matter and discoloration.Assemble injection supplies. Administer STRENSIQ using sterile disposable syringes and injection needles. The syringes should be of small enough volume that the prescribed dose can be withdrawn from the vial with reasonable accuracy. Always use a new syringe and needle.Remove vial cap, aseptically prepare the vial and insert the syringe into the vial to withdraw the prescribed dose for administration.Remove any air bubbles in the syringe and verify the correct dose.
- AdministrationAdminister STRENSIQ within 1 hour upon removal of the vial(s) from refrigeration.Rotate the injection site to reduce the risk of lipohypertrophy and injection site atrophy.Do NOT administer injections in areas that are reddened, inflamed, or swollen.Inject STRENSIQ subcutaneously into the determined site and properly dispose of the needle.STRENSIQ vials are single use only. Discard any unused product.
- Hypersensitivity ReactionsReactions related to administration and injection may occur during and after STRENSIQ treatment. Inform patients of the signs and symptoms of hypersensitivity reactions, and have them seek immediate medical care should signs and symptoms occur.
- LipodystrophyLipohypertrophy (enlargement or thickening of tissue) and localized atrophy (depression in the skin) have been reported at injection sites after several months. Follow proper injection technique and rotate injection sites.
- Hypophosphatasia (HPP) RegistryA registry has been established in order to better understand HPP in the population, and to monitor and evaluate long-term treatment effects of STRENSIQ. Patients and their caregivers should be encouraged to participate and advised that their participation is voluntary and may involve long-term follow-up. For more information, visit www.hppregistry.com
STRENSIQ is manufactured by:Alexion Pharmaceuticals, Inc.New Haven, CT 06510 USAU.S. License Number: 17431-888-765-4747 (phone)
As with all therapeutic proteins, there is potential for immunogenicity. During clinical trials, anti-drug antibodies have been detected in patients receiving treatment with STRENSIQ using an electrochemiluminescent (ECL) immunoassay. Antibody positive samples were tested to determine the presence of neutralizing antibodies based on in vitro inhibition of the catalytic activity of STRENSIQ. Among 98 patients with hypophosphatasia (HPP) enrolled in the clinical trials and who had post-baseline antibody data, 76 (78%) tested positive for anti-drug antibodies at some time point after receiving STRENSIQ treatment. Among those 76 patients, 34 (45%) also showed the presence of neutralizing antibodies. No correlation was observed between the anti-drug antibody titer and neutralizing antibody (% inhibition) values. Formation of anti-drug antibody resulted in a reduced systemic exposure of asfotase alfa. [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].The detection of antibody formation is dependent on the sensitivity and specificity of the assay. Additionally, the observed incidence of antibody (including neutralizing antibody) positivity in an assay may be influenced by several factors including assay methodology, sample handling, timing of sample collection, concomitant medications, and underlying disease. For these reasons, comparison of the incidence of the antibodies to STRENSIQ with the incidence of antibodies to other products may be misleading.
8.4 Pediatric Use
The safety and effectiveness of STRENSIQ have been established in pediatric patients. Use of STRENSIQ is based on 4 prospective, open-label clinical trials conducted in 99 adult and pediatric patients with perinatal/infantile-onset or juvenile-onset HPP. The majority of patients were pediatric patients 1 day to 16 years of age (89/99 [90%]) [see Clinical Studies (14)].
8.5 Geriatric Use
No patients with perinatal/infantile- or juvenile-onset HPP aged 65 years were enrolled in clinical trials of STRENSIQ. Therefore, there is no information available to determine whether patients aged 65 years and over respond differently from younger patients.
STRENSIQ is a formulation of asfotase alfa, which is a soluble glycoprotein composed of two identical polypeptide chains. Each chain contains 726 amino acids with a theoretical mass of 161 kDa. Each chain consists of the catalytic domain of human tissue non-specific alkaline phosphatase (TNSALP), the human immunoglobulin G1 Fc domain and a deca-aspartate peptide used as a bone targeting domain. The two polypeptide chains are covalently linked by two disulfide bonds.STRENSIQ is a tissue nonspecific alkaline phosphatase produced by recombinant DNA technology in a Chinese hamster ovary cell line. TNSALP is a metallo-enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of phosphomonoesters with release of inorganic phosphate and alcohol. Asfotase alfa has a specific activity of 620 to 1250 units/mg. One activity unit is defined as the amount of asfotase alfa required to form 1 µmol of p-nitrophenol from pNPP per minute at 37°C.STRENSIQ (asfotase alfa) is a sterile, preservative-free, nonpyrogenic, clear, slightly opalescent or opalescent, colorless to slightly yellow, with few small translucent or white particles, aqueous solution for subcutaneous administration. STRENSIQ is supplied in glass single-use vials containing asfotase alfa; dibasic sodium phosphate, heptahydrate; monobasic sodium phosphate, monohydrate; and sodium chloride at a pH between 7.2 and 7.6. Table 5 describes the content of STRENSIQ vial presentations.Table 5: Content of STRENSIQ Vial PresentationsIngredientQuantity per VialAsfotase Alfa18 mg/0.45 mL28 mg/0.7 mL40 mg/mL80 mg/0.8 mLDibasic sodiumphosphate, heptahydrate2.48 mg3.85 mg5.5 mg4.4 mgMonobasic sodium phosphate, monohydrate0.28 mg0.43 mg0.62 mg0.5 mgSodium chloride3.94 mg6.13 mg8.76 mg7.01 mg
12.1 Mechanism Of Action
HPP is caused by a deficiency in TNSALP enzyme activity, which leads to elevations in several TNSALP substrates, including inorganic pyrophosphate (PPi). Elevated extracellular levels of PPi block hydroxyapatite crystal growth which inhibits bone mineralization and causes an accumulation of unmineralized bone matrix which manifests as rickets and bone deformation in infants and children and as osteomalacia (softening of bones) once growth plates close, along with muscle weakness. Replacement of the TNSALP enzyme upon STRENSIQ treatment reduces the enzyme substrate levels.
Perinatal/infantile- and juvenile-onset HPP patients treated with STRENSIQ had reductions in plasma TNSALP substrates, PPi and pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP) within 6 to 12 weeks of treatment. Reductions in plasma PPi and PLP levels did not correlate with clinical outcomes.Bone biopsy data from perinatal/infantile-onset and juvenile-onset HPP patients treated with STRENSIQ demonstrated decreases in osteoid volume and thickness indicating improved bone mineralization.
Based on data in 38 HPP patients, the pharmacokinetics of asfotase alfa exhibit dose proportionality across the dose range of 0.3 mg/kg to 3 mg/kg and appear to be time-independent. Steady state exposure was achieved as early as three weeks after the administration of the first dose. The elimination half-life following subcutaneous administration was approximately 5 days.Table 6 summarizes the pharmacokinetic parameters following multiple doses in 20 HPP patients after subcutaneous administration of STRENSIQ at 2 mg/kg three times per week in Study 2 (age of less than or equal to 5 years) and Study 3 (age of greater than 5 to 12 years), indicating the pharmacokinetics were similar between patients in the two age groups.Table 6: Summary of Pharmacokinetic Parameters Following Multiple Subcutaneous Administration of STRENSIQ 2 mg/kg Three Times per WeekStudy 2Study 3Data are presented as mean ± standard deviation (range). Study 3 includes patients with perinatal/infantile- or juvenile-onset of disease. tlast, time of last concentration; tmax, time of maximal concentration; Cmax, maximal concentration; AUCt, area under the concentration-time curves over a dosing interval of 48 hoursN146Age (year)3.4 ± 2.1(0.2, 6.2)8.6 ± 2.2(6.1, 12.6)Weight at baseline (kg)11.2 ± 5.0(2.9, 17.1)21.2 ± 7.9(11.4, 35.4)tlast (h)48.1 ± 0.1(47.9, 48.3)48.0 ± 0.1(48.0, 48.1)tmax (h)14.9 ± 10.4(0, 32.2)20.8 ± 10.0(11.9, 32.2)Cmax (ng/mL)1794 ± 690(856, 3510)2108 ± 788(905, 3390)AUCt (h*ng/mL)66042 ± 25758(27770, 119122)89877 ± 33248(37364, 142265)Accumulation RatioRatio values reflect the fold increase of AUCt from Week 1 based on mean AUCt, values.1.53.9Population PK analysis of asfotase alfa concentrations supports weight-based dosing because body weight is a major covariate of asfotase alfa clearance. The formulation concentration had an impact on the systemic exposure of asfotase alfa in HPP patients. The higher concentration formulation (80 mg/0.8 mL vial) achieved an approximately 25% lower systemic asfotase alfa exposure (i.e., concentrations and AUC) compared to the lower concentration formulations (18 mg/0.45 mL, 28 mg/0.7 mL or 40 mg/mL vials) at the same dose of STRENSIQ [see Dosage and Administration (2.1)].Formation of anti-drug antibodies resulted in reduced systemic exposure of asfotase alfa.
13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment Of Fertility
Long-term studies in animals to evaluate carcinogenic potential or studies to evaluate mutagenic potential have not been performed with asfotase alfa. Asfotase alfa at intravenous doses up to 50 mg/kg/day administered daily in pregnant rats (approximately 21 times the human AUC of 65486 ng.h/mL at 2 mg/kg dose administered three times weekly for a 50 kg individual) was found to have no adverse effect on fertility and reproductive performance of male and female rats.
14.1 Perinatal/Infantile-Onset Hpp
Study 1 was a 24-week prospective single-arm trial in 11 patients, 7/11 (64%) were female and 10/11 (91%) were white, aged 3 weeks to 39.5 months with severe perinatal/infantile-onset HPP. Severe perinatal/infantile-onset HPP was defined as biochemical, medical history and radiographic evidence of HPP as well as the presence of any of the following: rachitic chest deformity, vitamin B6-dependent seizures, or failure to thrive. Ten of 11 patients completed the 24-week trial and continued treatment in the extension phase. Nine patients have been treated for at least 216 weeks (54 months) and 4 patients have been treated for over 240 weeks (60 months). Patients received STRENSIQ at 3 mg/kg per week for the first month; subsequently, dose increases up to 9 mg/kg per week were allowed for changes in weight and/or for lack of efficacy. All 10 patients required dose increases of up to 6 mg/kg per week or higher; 9 patients increased between 4 and 24 weeks after starting treatment and 1 patient increased after 70 weeks due to suboptimal clinical response. One patient's dose was decreased from 9 mg/kg per week to 6 mg/kg per week based on PK data.Study 2 was a prospective open-label study in 59 patients, 32/59 (54%) were female and 46/59 (78%) were white, aged 1 day to 78 months with perinatal/ infantile-onset HPP. Patients received STRENSIQ at 6 mg/kg per week for the first 4 weeks. Ten patients received dose increases higher than 6 mg/kg per week due to suboptimal clinical response, with dose increases occurring between 8 and 24 weeks after starting treatment. The recommended dosage regimen of STRENSIQ for the treatment of perinatal/infantile-onset HPP is up to 9 mg/kg per week administered subcutaneously as 3 mg/kg three times per week [see Dosage and Administration (2.1)].Forty-one patients have been treated for at least 24 weeks (6 months) and 15 patients have been treated for at least 96 weeks (24 months).
14.2 Juvenile-Onset Hpp
Study 3 was a prospective open-label 24-week trial that included 8 juvenile-onset HPP patients and 5 perinatal/ infantile-onset HPP patients, 11/13 (85%) were male and 12/13 (92%) were white [see Clinical Studies (14.1)]; on entry, patients were 6 to 12 years of age. All 8 juvenile-onset patients entered the extension study and were treated for at least 48 months. At trial entry, patients were randomized to receive STRENSIQ at 6 mg/kg per week or 9 mg/kg per week. Two patients received dose reductions during the primary treatment period, including one patient who experienced a decrease in vitamin B6 levels and one patient who experienced recurrent injection site reactions. During the extension phase, the dosing regimen for all patients was initially changed to 3 mg/kg per week. Dosing was subsequently increased to 6 mg/kg per week, with no patients requiring doses higher than 6 mg/kg per week. The recommended dosage regimen of STRENSIQ for the treatment of juvenile-onset HPP is 6 mg/kg per week [see Dosage and Administration (2.1)].
16 How Supplied/Storage And Handling
STRENSIQ is supplied as a sterile, nonpyrogenic, preservative free, clear, slightly opalescent or opalescent, colorless to slightly yellow aqueous solution; a few small translucent or white particles may be present. The product is available as single-use vials in a carton of one (1) or twelve (12) vials at the following strengths:Table 10: STRENSIQ Vial PresentationsStrengthNational Drug Code (NDC)Quantity of 2 mL Vials in Carton18 mg/0.45 mLNDC 25682-010-011NDC 25682-010-121228 mg/0.7 mLNDC 25682-013-011NDC 25682-013-121240 mg/mLNDC-25682-016-011NDC-25682-016-1212For pediatric patients 40 kg and greater80 mg/0.8 mLNDC 25682-019-011NDC 25682-019-1212
Storage And Handling
STRENSIQ vials must be stored in the original carton until the time of use under refrigerated conditions at 2°C to 8°C (36°F to 46°F) and protected from light.Once removed from refrigeration, STRENSIQ should be administered within 1 hour.Do not use beyond the expiration date stamped on the carton.DO NOT FREEZE OR SHAKE.Vials are single-use only. Discard any unused product.
17 Patient Counseling Information
Advise the patient to read the FDA-approved patient labeling (Patient Labeling and Instructions for Use).Advise patients or caregivers of the following:
Spl Patient Package Insert
- This Patient Information has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug AdministrationApproved: 10/2016Patient InformationSTRENSIQ® (stren' sik)(asfotase alfa) injection, for subcutaneous useWhat is STRENSIQ?STRENSIQ is a prescription medicine used to treat people with perinatal, infantile, and juvenile onset hypophosphatasia (HPP).Before using STRENSIQ, tell your healthcare provider about all of your medical conditions, including if you:are allergic to asfotase alfa or any of the ingredients in STRENSIQ. See the end of this leaflet for a complete list of ingredients in STRENSIQ.are pregnant or planning to become pregnant. It is not known if STRENSIQ will harm your unborn baby.are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. It is not known if STRENSIQ passes into your breast milk. Talk to your healthcare provider about the best way to feed your baby if you use STRENSIQ.Tell your healthcare provider about all the medications you take, including prescription and over-the counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements.There is a registry for people who use STRENSIQ. The purpose of this registry is to collect information about HPP and about what happens when you use STRENSIQ for a long time. For more information about this registry, talk with your healthcare provider or go to www.hppregistry.com.How should I use STRENSIQ?See the "Instructions for Use" that come with STRENSIQ for detailed instructions about the right way to use STRENSIQ.Use STRENSIQ exactly as your healthcare provider tells you to.Your healthcare provider will tell you how much STRENSIQ to use and when to use it.Your healthcare provider may change your dose if needed.Change (rotate) your injection site with each injection. Do not use the same injection site for each injection.What are the possible side effects of STRENSIQ?STRENSIQ may cause serious side effects, including:serious allergic (hypersensitivity) reactions. Serious allergic reactions have happened in some people who use STRENSIQ. Stop using STRENSIQ and go to the nearest hospital emergency room right away if you have any of the signs and symptoms of a serious allergic reaction including:difficulty breathingswelling of your eyes, lips or tonguehivesfeeling faintnausea or vomitingdizzinessitching of lips, tongue or throatchoking sensationskin thickening or pits at the injection site (lipodystrophy). Lipodystrophy at the injection site has happened several months after using STRENSIQ.calcium build up in your eyes and kidneys. You healthcare provider should check your eyes and kidneys while you use STRENSIQ.The most common side effects of STRENSIQ include local skin injection site reactions (including skin red patches, bruising, color change, pain, itching, thinning, swelling, pits, and bumps) and calcium build up in your eyes and kidneys.These are not all the possible side effects of STRENSIQ. For more information, ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist. Call your healthcare provider for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.General information about the safe and effective use of STRENSIQMedicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in a Patient Information leaflet. Do not use STRENSIQ for a condition for which it was not prescribed. Do not give STRENSIQ to other people, even if they have the same symptoms that you have. It may harm them. You can ask your pharmacist or healthcare provider for information about STRENSIQ that is written for healthcare professionals.What are the ingredients in STRENSIQ?Active ingredient: asfotase alfaInactive ingredients: dibasic sodium phosphate, heptahydrate; monobasic sodium phosphate, monohydrate and sodium chloride.Manufactured by: Alexion Pharmaceuticals, Inc., New Haven, CT 06510, USA U.S. License Number: 1743For more information, go to www.strensiq.com or call 888-765-4747.
Instructions For Usestrensiq® (Stren' Sik)(Asfotase Alfa)Injection, For Subcutaneous Usevial
- Read this Instructions for Use before you start using STRENSIQ and each time you get a refill. There may be new information. This information does not take the place of talking to your healthcare provider about your medical condition or your treatment. Do not share your syringes or needles with anyone else. You may give an infection to them or get an infection from them.Supplies needed to give your STRENSIQ injection (See Figure A):1 or 2 STRENSIQ vial(s)1 or 2 sterile disposable 1 mL syringes for injection with 25 to 29 Gauge (G), ½ inch needles.2 alcohol wipes1 gauze or cotton balla clean flat surface like a table1 sharps container for throwing away used needles and syringes. See "Disposing of used needles and syringes" at the end of these instructions.Figure APreparing your STRENSIQ dose:Prepare a clean flat surface, like a table or counter topGather all the supplies you will need to give your STRENSIQ injectionWash your hands with soap and waterStep 1: Check the liquid in the STRENSIQ vial. STRENSIQ liquid should look clear or slightly yellow and may have a few small white particles in it. Do not use it if the liquid is discolored or contains any lumps or large particles in it. Throw it away and get a new vial.Step 2:Using your thumb, flip the plastic cap off the STRENSIQ vial.Step 3:Remove the needle from the package. Pick up the syringe and place the needle on the tip of the syringe. Push down and twist the needle onto the syringe until it is tight.Step 4:Hold the syringe with the needle pointing up and pull back the plunger until the top of the plunger reaches the line for your prescribed dose.Step 5:Pull the cap straight off of the needle.Do not touch the needle or let the needle touch any surface. Step 6:Hold the STRENSIQ vial firmly on a flat surface, then push the needle through the rubber stopper of the STRENSIQ vial.Step 7:Keeping the needle in the STRENSIQ vial, lift the vial and turn it upside down with the needle pointing toward the ceiling. Slowly push the plunger all the way in. Step 8:With the needle tip still in the liquid, slowly pull back the plunger until the top of the plunger reaches the line slightly past the line for your prescribed dose. Do not pull the needle out of the STRENSIQ vial. Slowly push the plunger up until the top of the plunger reaches the line for your prescribed dose.Check the syringe to make sure that you have the right dose.Step 9:Turn the STRENSIQ vial upright and pull the syringe straight out of the vial's rubber stopper.Do not touch the needle or allow the needle to touch any surface.Step 10:Hold the syringe with the needle pointing up and tap the barrel of the syringe with your finger to remove any air bubbles.Giving your STRENSIQ injection:Inject your STRENSIQ exactly as your healthcare provider has shown you.You should use STRENSIQ within 1 hour after you remove it from the refrigerator.Step 11:Choose your injection site. STRENSIQ is injected under the skin (subcutaneously) of your stomach-area (abdomen), upper arms, or upper legs.Change (rotate) your injection site with each injection. Do not use the same injection site for each injection.Do not inject STRENSIQ into skin that is red, hot, or swollen.Wipe your skin with an alcohol wipe. Let the site dry before you inject your dose.Step 12:Pinch the skin. Hold the syringe at a 90° angle (straight up and down) and insert the needle into your skin. For patients with little fat, hold the syringe at a 45° angle and insert the needle into your skin.Step 13:Push the plunger all the way in to give your dose.Step 14:Pull the needle out of your skin.If you see blood after you take the needle out of your skin, press your injection site with a piece of gauze or alcohol wipe.Do not recap the needle. Recapping the needle can lead to a needle stick injury.If you need a second injection for your prescribed dose, get another STRENSIQ vial and repeat steps 1 through 14.Disposing of used needles and syringes:Put your used needles in a FDA-cleared sharps disposal container right away after use. Do not throw away (dispose of) loose needles and syringes in your household trash.If you do not have a FDA-cleared sharps disposal container, you may use a household container that is: made of a heavy-duty plastic,can be closed with a tight-fitting, puncture- resistant lid, without sharps being able to come out,upright and stable during use,leak- resistant, andproperly labeled to warn of hazardous waste inside the container.When your sharps disposal container is almost full, you will need to follow your community guidelines for the right way to dispose of your sharps disposal container. There may be state or local laws about how you should throw away used needles and syringes. For more information about safe sharps disposal, and for specific information about sharps disposal in the state that you live in, go to the FDA's website at: http://www.fda.gov/safesharpsdisposal.Do not dispose of your used sharps disposal container in your household trash unless your community guidelines permit this. Do not recycle your used sharps disposal container.How should I store STRENSIQ?Store STRENSIQ in the original carton in the refrigerator between 36°F to 46°F (2°C to 8°C) until you are ready to use it.Do not freeze your STRENSIQ vials. Do not use STRENSIQ if it has been frozen.Do not shake your STRENSIQ vials.Protect STRENSIQ from light until you are ready to use it.Do not use STRENSIQ after the expiration date printed on the carton.STRENSIQ vials are for 1 time use only. Throw away any unused STRENSIQ left in the vial.Keep STRENSIQ and all medicines, needles and syringes out of the reach of children.This Instructions for Use has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.Manufactured by:Alexion Pharmaceuticals, Inc.New Haven, CT 06510 USAU.S. License Number: 17431-888-765-4747 (phone)Approved: 10/2016
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