NDC 31722-635 Silodosin

Silodosin

NDC Product Code 31722-635

NDC CODE: 31722-635

Proprietary Name: Silodosin What is the Proprietary Name?
The proprietary name also known as the trade name is the name of the product chosen by the medication labeler for marketing purposes.

Non-Proprietary Name: Silodosin What is the Non-Proprietary Name?
The non-proprietary name is sometimes called the generic name. The generic name usually includes the active ingredient(s) of the product.

Drug Use Information

Drug Use Information
The drug use information is a summary and does NOT have all possible information about this product. This information does not assure that this product is safe, effective, or appropriate. This information is not individual medical advice and does not substitute for the advice of a health care professional. Always ask a health care professional for complete information about this product and your specific health needs.

  • Silodosin is used by men to treat the symptoms of an enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia-BPH). It does not shrink the prostate, but it works by relaxing the muscles in the prostate and the bladder. This helps to relieve symptoms of BPH such as difficulty in beginning the flow of urine, weak stream, and the need to urinate often or urgently (including during the middle of the night). Silodosin belongs to a class of drugs known as alpha blockers. Do not use this medication to treat high blood pressure.

Product Characteristics

Color(s):
WHITE (C48325)
Shape: CAPSULE (C48336)
Size(s):
16 MM
Imprint(s):
H;S1
Score: 1

NDC Code Structure

NDC 31722-635-30

Package Description: 30 CAPSULE in 1 BOTTLE

NDC 31722-635-31

Package Description: 30 CAPSULE in 1 BOTTLE

NDC 31722-635-90

Package Description: 90 CAPSULE in 1 BOTTLE

NDC 31722-635-91

Package Description: 90 CAPSULE in 1 BOTTLE

NDC Product Information

Silodosin with NDC 31722-635 is a a human prescription drug product labeled by Camber Pharmaceuticals, Inc.. The generic name of Silodosin is silodosin. The product's dosage form is capsule and is administered via oral form.

Labeler Name: Camber Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

Dosage Form: Capsule - A solid oral dosage form consisting of a shell and a filling. The shell is composed of a single sealed enclosure, or two halves that fit together and which are sometimes sealed with a band. Capsule shells may be made from gelatin, starch, or cellulose, or other suitable materials, may be soft or hard, and are filled with solid or liquid ingredients that can be poured or squeezed.

Product Type: Human Prescription Drug What kind of product is this?
Indicates the type of product, such as Human Prescription Drug or Human Over the Counter Drug. This data element matches the “Document Type” field of the Structured Product Listing.

Silodosin Active Ingredient(s)

What is the Active Ingredient(s) List?
This is the active ingredient list. Each ingredient name is the preferred term of the UNII code submitted.

  • SILODOSIN 4 mg/1

Inactive Ingredient(s)

About the Inactive Ingredient(s)
The inactive ingredients are all the component of a medicinal product OTHER than the active ingredient(s). The acronym "UNII" stands for “Unique Ingredient Identifier” and is used to identify each inactive ingredient present in a product.

  • GELATIN (UNII: 2G86QN327L)
  • STARCH, CORN (UNII: O8232NY3SJ)
  • SODIUM STEARYL FUMARATE (UNII: 7CV7WJK4UI)
  • SORBITOL (UNII: 506T60A25R)
  • TITANIUM DIOXIDE (UNII: 15FIX9V2JP)
  • FERROSOFERRIC OXIDE (UNII: XM0M87F357)
  • BUTYL ALCOHOL (UNII: 8PJ61P6TS3)
  • ALCOHOL (UNII: 3K9958V90M)
  • ISOPROPYL ALCOHOL (UNII: ND2M416302)
  • POTASSIUM HYDROXIDE (UNII: WZH3C48M4T)
  • PROPYLENE GLYCOL (UNII: 6DC9Q167V3)
  • SHELLAC (UNII: 46N107B71O)
  • AMMONIA (UNII: 5138Q19F1X)

Administration Route(s)

What are the Administration Route(s)?
The translation of the route code submitted by the firm, indicating route of administration.

  • Oral - Administration to or by way of the mouth.
  • Oral - Administration to or by way of the mouth.

Pharmacological Class(es)

What is a Pharmacological Class?
These are the reported pharmacological class categories corresponding to the SubstanceNames listed above.

  • Adrenergic alpha-Antagonists - [MoA] (Mechanism of Action)
  • alpha-Adrenergic Blocker - [EPC] (Established Pharmacologic Class)

Product Labeler Information

What is the Labeler Name?
Name of Company corresponding to the labeler code segment of the Product NDC.

Labeler Name: Camber Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Labeler Code: 31722
FDA Application Number: ANDA204793 What is the FDA Application Number?
This corresponds to the NDA, ANDA, or BLA number reported by the labeler for products which have the corresponding Marketing Category designated. If the designated Marketing Category is OTC Monograph Final or OTC Monograph Not Final, then the Application number will be the CFR citation corresponding to the appropriate Monograph (e.g. “part 341”). For unapproved drugs, this field will be null.

Marketing Category: ANDA - A product marketed under an approved Abbreviated New Drug Application. What is the Marketing Category?
Product types are broken down into several potential Marketing Categories, such as NDA/ANDA/BLA, OTC Monograph, or Unapproved Drug. One and only one Marketing Category may be chosen for a product, not all marketing categories are available to all product types. Currently, only final marketed product categories are included. The complete list of codes and translations can be found at www.fda.gov/edrls under Structured Product Labeling Resources.

Start Marketing Date: 02-14-2020 What is the Start Marketing Date?
This is the date that the labeler indicates was the start of its marketing of the drug product.

Listing Expiration Date: 12-31-2021 What is the Listing Expiration Date?
This is the date when the listing record will expire if not updated or certified by the product labeler.

Exclude Flag: N What is the NDC Exclude Flag?
This field indicates whether the product has been removed/excluded from the NDC Directory for failure to respond to FDA’s requests for correction to deficient or non-compliant submissions. Values = ‘Y’ or ‘N’.

* Please review the disclaimer below.

Silodosin Product Labeling Information

The product labeling information includes all published material associated to a drug. Product labeling documents include information like generic names, active ingredients, ingredient strength dosage, routes of administration, appearance, usage, warnings, inactive ingredients, etc.

Product Labeling Index

1 Indications And Usage

Silodosin capsules, a selective alpha-1 adrenergic receptor antagonist, are indicated for the treatment of the signs and symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) [see Clinical Studies (14)]. Silodosin capsules are not indicated for the treatment of hypertension.

2.1 Dosing Information

The recommended dose is 8 mg orally once daily with a meal. Patients who have difficulty swallowing pills and capsules may carefully open the silodosin capsule and sprinkle the powder inside on a tablespoonful of applesauce. The applesauce should be swallowed immediately (within 5 minutes) without chewing and followed with an 8 oz glass of cool water to ensure complete swallowing of the powder. The applesauce used should not be hot, and it should be soft enough to be swallowed without chewing. Any powder/applesauce mixture should be used immediately (within 5 minutes) and not stored for future use. Subdividing the contents of a silodosin capsule is not recommended [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

2.2 Dosage Adjustment In Special Populations

Renal impairment: Silodosin capsules are contraindicated in patients with severe renal impairment (CCr < 30 mL/min). In patients with moderate renal impairment (CCr 30 to 50 mL/min), the dose should be reduced to 4 mg once daily taken with a meal. No dosage   adjustment is needed in patients with mild renal impairment (CCr 50 to 80 mL/min) [see Contraindications (4), Warnings and Precautions (5.2), Use in Specific Populations (8.6), and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].  Hepatic impairment: Silodosin capsules have not been studied in patients with severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh score ≥ 10) and are therefore contraindicated in these patients. No dosage adjustment is needed in patients with mild or moderate hepatic impairment [see Contraindications (4), Warnings and Precautions (5.3), Use in Specific Populations (8.7), and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

3 Dosage Forms And Strengths

The 4 mg capsules are White cap/White body size '3' hard gelatin capsules imprinted with 'H' on cap and 'S1' on  body, filled with white to off  white powder.  The 8 mg capsules are White cap/White body size ‘1’ hard gelatin capsules imprinted with ‘H’ on cap and ‘S2’ on body, filled with white to off  white powder.

4 Contraindications

• Severe renal impairment (CCr < 30 mL/min) • Severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh score ≥ 10) • Concomitant administration with strong Cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) inhibitors (e.g., ketoconazole, clarithromycin, itraconazole, ritonavir) [see Drug Interactions (7.1)] • Patients with a history of hypersensitivity to silodosin or any of the ingredients of silodosin capsules [see Adverse Reactions (6.2) and Description (11)]

5.1 Orthostatic Effects

Postural hypotension, with or without symptoms (e.g., dizziness) may develop when beginning silodosin capsules treatment. As with other alpha-blockers, there is potential for syncope. Patients should be cautioned about driving, operating machinery, or performing hazardous tasks when initiating therapy [see Adverse Reactions (6), Use in Specific Populations (8.5), Clinical Pharmacology (12.2), and Patient Counseling Information (17)].

5.2 Renal Impairment

In a clinical pharmacology study, plasma concentrations (AUC and Cmax) of silodosin were approximately three times higher in subjects with moderate renal impairment compared with subjects with normal renal function, while half-lives of silodosin doubled in duration. The dose of silodosin capsules should be reduced to 4 mg in patients with moderate renal impairment. Exercise caution and monitor such patients for adverse events [see Use in Specific Populations (8.6) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. Silodosin capsules are contraindicated in patients with severe renal impairment [see Contraindications (4)].

5.3 Hepatic Impairment

Silodosin capsules have not been tested in patients with severe hepatic impairment, and therefore, should not be prescribed to such patients [see Contraindications (4), Use in Specific Populations (8.7) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

5.4 Pharmacokinetic Drug-Drug Interactions

In a drug interaction study, co-administration of a single 8 mg dose of silodosin capsules with 400 mg ketoconazole, a strong CYP3A4 inhibitor, caused a 3.8-fold increase in maximum plasma silodosin concentrations and 3.2-fold increase in silodosin exposure (i.e., AUC). Concomitant use of ketoconazole or other strong CYP3A4 inhibitors (e.g., itraconazole, clarithromycin, ritonavir) is therefore contraindicated [see Drug Interactions (7.1)].

5.5 Pharmacodynamic Drug-Drug Interactions

The pharmacodynamic interactions between silodosin and other alpha-blockers have not been determined. However, interactions may be expected, and silodosin capsules should not be used in combination with other alpha-blockers [see Drug Interactions (7.3)]. A specific pharmacodynamic interaction study between silodosin and antihypertensive agents has not been performed. However, patients in the Phase 3 clinical studies taking concomitant antihypertensive medications with silodosin capsules did not experience a significant increase in the incidence of syncope, dizziness, or orthostasis. Nevertheless, exercise caution during concomitant use with antihypertensives and monitor patients for possible adverse events [see Adverse Reactions (6.1) and Drug Interactions (7.6)].   Caution is also advised when alpha-adrenergic blocking agents including silodosin capsules are co-administered with PDE5 inhibitors. Alpha-adrenergic blockers and PDE5 inhibitors are both vasodilators that can lower blood pressure. Concomitant use of these two drug classes can potentially cause symptomatic hypotension [see Drug Interactions (7.5)].

5.6 Carcinoma Of The Prostate

Carcinoma of the prostate and BPH cause many of the same symptoms. These two diseases frequently co-exist. Therefore, patients thought to have BPH should be examined prior to starting therapy with silodosin capsules to rule out the presence of carcinoma of the prostate.

5.7 Intraoperative Floppy Iris Syndrome

Intraoperative Floppy Iris Syndrome has been observed during cataract surgery in some patients on alpha-1 blockers or previously treated with alpha-1 blockers. This variant of small pupil syndrome is characterized by the combination of a flaccid iris that billows in response to intraoperative irrigation currents; progressive intraoperative miosis despite preoperative dilation with standard mydriatic drugs; and potential prolapse of the iris toward the phacoemulsification incisions. Patients planning cataract surgery should be told to inform their ophthalmologist that they are taking silodosin capsules [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)].

5.8 Laboratory Test Interactions

No laboratory test interactions were observed during clinical evaluations. Treatment with silodosin capsules for up to 52 weeks had no significant effect on prostate-specific antigen (PSA).

6.1 Clinical Trials Experience

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in clinical practice.  In U.S. clinical trials, 897 patients with BPH were exposed to 8 mg silodosin capsules daily. This includes 486 patients exposed for 6 months and 168 patients exposed for 1 year. The population was 44 to 87 years of age, and predominantly Caucasian. Of these patients, 42.8% were 65 years of age or older and 10.7% were 75 years of age or older. In double-blind, placebo controlled, 12-week clinical trials, 466 patients were administered silodosin capsules and 457 patients were administered placebo. At least one treatment-emergent adverse reaction was reported by 55.2% of silodosin capsules treated patients (36.8% for placebo treated). The majority (72.1%) of adverse reactions for the silodosin capsules treated patients (59.8% for placebo treated) were qualified by the investigator as mild. A total of 6.4% of silodosin capsules treated patients (2.2% for placebo treated) discontinued therapy due to an adverse reaction (treatment-emergent), the most common reaction being retrograde ejaculation (2.8%) for silodosin capsules treated patients. Retrograde ejaculation is reversible upon discontinuation of treatment. Adverse Reactions observed in at least 2% of patients: The incidence of treatment-emergent adverse reactions listed in the following table were derived from two 12-week, multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical studies of silodosin capsules 8 mg daily in BPH patients. Adverse reactions that occurred in at least 2% of patients treated with silodosin capsules and more frequently than with placebo are shown in Table 1. Table 1   Adverse Reactions Occurring in ≥ 2% of Patients in 12-week, Placebo-Controlled Clinical TrialsAdverse Reactions Silodosin Capsules N = 466 n (%) Placebo N = 457 n (%) Retrograde Ejaculation 131 (28.1) 4 (0.9) Dizziness 15 (3.2) 5 (1.1) Diarrhea 12 (2.6) 6 (1.3) Orthostatic Hypotension 12 (2.6) 7 (1.5) Headache 11 (2.4) 4 (0.9) Nasopharyngitis 11 (2.4) 10 (2.2) Nasal Congestion 10 (2.1) 1 (0.2) In the two 12-week, placebo-controlled clinical trials, the following adverse events were reported by between 1% and 2% of patients receiving silodosin capsules and occurred more frequently than with placebo: insomnia, PSA increased, sinusitis, abdominal pain, asthenia, and rhinorrhea. One case of syncope in a patient taking prazosin concomitantly and one case of priapism were reported in the silodosin capsules treatment group. In a 9-month open-label safety study of silodosin capsules, one case of Intraoperative Floppy Iris Syndrome (IFIS) was reported.

6.2 Postmarketing Experience

The following adverse reactions have been identified during post approval use of silodosin. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure:  Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders: toxic skin eruption, purpura, skin rash, pruritus and urticaria Hepatobiliary disorders: jaundice, impaired hepatic function associated with increased transaminase values Immune system disorders: allergic-type reactions, not limited to skin reactions including swollen tongue and pharyngeal edema resulting in serious outcomes.

7.1 Moderate And Strong Cyp3a4 Inhibitors

In a clinical metabolic inhibition study, a 3.8-fold increase in silodosin maximum plasma concentrations and 3.2-fold increase in silodosin exposure were observed with concurrent administration of a strong CYP3A4 inhibitor, 400 mg ketoconazole. Use of strong CYP3A4 inhibitors such as itraconazole or ritonavir may cause plasma concentrations of silodosin to increase. Concomitant administration of strong CYP3A4 inhibitors and silodosin capsules are contraindicated [see Contraindications (4), Warnings and Precautions (5.4) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].   The effect of moderate CYP3A4 inhibitors on the pharmacokinetics of silodosin has not been evaluated. Concomitant administration with moderate CYP3A4 inhibitors (e.g., diltiazem, erythromycin, verapamil) may increase concentration of silodosin capsules. Exercise caution and monitor patients for adverse events when co-administering silodosin capsules with moderate CYP3A4 inhibitors.

7.2 Strong P-Glycoprotein (P-Gp) Inhibitors

In vitro studies indicated that silodosin is a P-gp substrate. Ketoconazole, a CYP3A4 inhibitor that also inhibits P-gp, caused significant increase in exposure to silodosin. Inhibition of P-gp may lead to increased silodosin concentration. Silodosin capsules are therefore not recommended in patients taking strong P-gp inhibitors such as cyclosporine [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

7.3 Alpha-Blockers

The pharmacodynamic interactions between silodosin and other alpha-blockers have not been determined. However, interactions may be expected, and silodosin capsules should not be used in combination with other alpha-blockers [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)].

7.4 Digoxin

The effect of co-administration of silodosin capsules and digoxin 0.25 mg/day for 7 days was evaluated in a clinical trial in 16 healthy males, aged 18 to 45 years. Concomitant administration of silodosin capsules and digoxin did not significantly alter the steady state pharmacokinetics of digoxin. No dose adjustment is required.

7.5 Pde5 Inhibitors

Co-administration of silodosin capsules with a single dose of 100 mg sildenafil or 20 mg tadalafil was evaluated in a placebo-controlled clinical study that included 24 healthy male subjects, 45 to 78 years of age. Orthostatic vital signs were monitored in the 12-hour period following concomitant dosing. During this period, the total number of positive orthostatic test results was greater in the group receiving silodosin capsules plus a PDE5 inhibitor compared with silodosin capsules alone. No events of symptomatic orthostasis or dizziness were reported in subjects receiving silodosin capsules with a PDE5 inhibitor.

7.6 Other Concomitant Drug Therapy

Antihypertensives The pharmacodynamic interactions between silodosin and antihypertensives have not been rigorously investigated in a clinical study. However, approximately one-third of the patients in clinical studies used concomitant antihypertensive medications with silodosin capsules. The incidence of dizziness and orthostatic hypotension in these patients was higher than in the general silodosin population (4.6% versus 3.8% and 3.4% versus 3.2%, respectively). Exercise caution during concomitant use with antihypertensives and monitor patients for possible adverse events [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)].Metabolic InteractionsIn vitro data indicate that silodosin does not have the potential to inhibit or induce cytochrome P450 enzyme systems.

7.7 Food Interactions

The effect of a moderate fat, moderate calorie meal on silodosin pharmacokinetics was variable and decreased silodosin maximum plasma concentration (Cmax) by approximately 18 to 43% and exposure (AUC) by 4 to 49% across three different studies. Safety and efficacy clinical trials for silodosin capsules were always conducted in the presence of food intake. Patients should be instructed to take silodosin with a meal to reduce risk of adverse events [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

8.1 Pregnancy

Pregnancy Category B. Silodosin is not indicated for use in women. An embryo/fetal study in rabbits showed decreased maternal body weight at 200 mg/kg/day (approximately 13 to 25 times the maximum recommended human exposure or MRHE of silodosin via AUC). No statistically significant teratogenicity was observed at this dose. Silodosin was not teratogenic when administered to pregnant rats during organogenesis at 1000 mg/kg/day (estimated to be approximately 20 times the MRHE). No maternal or fetal effects were observed at this dose. Rats and rabbits do not produce glucuronidated silodosin, which is present in human serum at approximately 4 times the level of circulating silodosin and which has similar pharmacological activity to silodosin. No effects on physical or behavioral development of offspring were observed when rats were treated during pregnancy and lactation at up to 300 mg/kg/day.

8.4 Pediatric Use

Silodosin capsules are not indicated for use in pediatric patients. Safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients have not been established.

8.5 Geriatric Use

In double-blind, placebo-controlled, 12-week clinical studies of silodosin capsules, 259 (55.6%) were under 65 years of age, 207 (44.4%) patients were 65 years of age and over, while 60 (12.9%) patients were 75 years of age and over. Orthostatic hypotension was reported in 2.3% of silodosin capsules patients < 65 years of age (1.2% for placebo), 2.9% of silodosin capsules patients ≥ 65 years of age (1.9% for placebo), and 5.0% of patients ≥ 75 years of age (0% for placebo). There were otherwise no significant differences in safety or effectiveness between older and younger patients [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

8.6 Renal Impairment

The effect of renal impairment on silodosin pharmacokinetics was evaluated in a single dose study of six male patients with moderate renal impairment and seven male subjects with normal renal function. Plasma concentrations of silodosin were approximately three times higher in subjects with moderate renal impairment compared with subjects with normal renal function. Silodosin capsules should be reduced to 4 mg per day in patients with moderate renal impairment. Exercise caution and monitor patients for adverse events. Silodosin capsules have not been studied in patients with severe renal impairment. Silodosin capsules are contraindicated in patients with severe renal impairment [see Contraindications (4), Warnings and Precautions (5.2) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

8.7 Hepatic Impairment

In a study comparing nine male patients with moderate hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh scores 7 to 9), to nine healthy male subjects, the single dose pharmacokinetics of silodosin were not significantly altered in patients with hepatic impairment. No dosing adjustment is required in patients with mild or moderate hepatic impairment. Silodosin capsules have not been studied in patients with severe hepatic impairment. Silodosin capsules are contraindicated in patients with severe hepatic impairment [see Contraindications (4), Warnings and Precautions (5.3) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

10 Overdosage

Silodosin capsules were evaluated at doses of up to 48 mg/day in healthy male subjects. The dose-limiting adverse event was postural hypotension. Should overdose of silodosin capsules lead to hypotension, support of the cardiovascular system is of first importance. Restoration of blood pressure and normalization of heart rate may be accomplished by maintaining the patient in the supine position. If this measure is inadequate, administration of intravenous fluid should be considered. If necessary, vasopressors could be used, and renal function should be monitored and supported as needed. Dialysis is unlikely to be of significant benefit since silodosin is highly (97%) protein bound.

11 Description

Silodosin, a selective antagonist of alpha-1 adrenoreceptors. The chemical name of Silodosin is 2,3-Dihydro-1-(3-hydroxy-propyl)-5-[(2R)-2-[[2-[2-(2,2,2-trifluoroethoxy) phenoxy] ethyl]amino]-propyl]-1H-indole-7-carboxamide and the molecular formula is C25H32F3N3O4 with a molecular weight of 495.55. The structural formula of silodosin is: Silodosin is a white to pale yellowish white powder. It is sparingly soluble in methanol. Each silodosin capsule for oral administration contains 4 mg or 8 mg of silodosin, and the following inactive ingredients: gelatin, pregelatinized starch, sodium stearyl fumarate, sorbitol and titanium dioxide. The imprinting ink containing black iron oxide, butyl alcohol, dehydrated alcohol, isopropyl alcohol, potassium hydroxide, propylene glycol, shellac and strong ammonia solution. The botanical source for pregelatinized starch is corn starch.

12.1 Mechanism Of Action

Silodosin is a selective antagonist of post-synaptic alpha-1 adrenoreceptors, which are located in the human prostate, bladder base, bladder neck, prostatic capsule, and prostatic urethra. Blockade of these alpha-1 adrenoreceptors can cause smooth muscle in these tissues to relax, resulting in an improvement in urine flow and a reduction in BPH symptoms. An in vitro study examining binding affinity of silodosin to the three subtypes of the alpha-1 adrenoreceptors (alpha-1A, alpha-1B, and alpha-1D) was conducted. The results of the study demonstrated that silodosin binds with high affinity to the alpha-1A subtype.

12.2 Pharmacodynamics

Orthostatic Effects A test for postural hypotension was conducted 2 to 6 hours after the first dose in the two 12-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical studies. After the patient had been at rest in a supine position for 5 minutes, the patient was asked to stand. Blood pressure and heart rate were assessed at 1 minute and 3 minutes after standing. A positive result was defined as a > 30 mmHg decrease in systolic blood pressure, or a > 20 mmHg decrease in diastolic blood pressure, or a > 20 bpm increase in heart rate [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].Table 2  Summary of Orthostatic Test Results in 12-week, Placebo-Controlled Clinical TrialsTime ofMeasurementTest ResultSilodosin Capsules N=466 n(%)PlaceboN=457n(%)1 Minute After StandingNegativePositive459 (98.7)6 (1.3)454 (99.6)2 (0.4)3 Minutes AfterStandingNegativePositive456 (98.1)9 (1.9)454 (99.6)2 (0.4)Cardiac Electrophysiology   The effect of silodosin capsules on QT interval was evaluated in a double-blind, randomized, active-(moxifloxacin) and placebo-controlled, parallel-group study in 189 healthy male subjects aged 18 to 45 years. Subjects received either silodosin capsules 8 mg, silodosin capsules 24 mg, or placebo once daily for five days, or a single dose of moxifloxacin 400 mg on Day 5 only. The 24 mg dose of silodosin capsules was selected to achieve blood levels of silodosin that may be seen in a “worst-case” scenario exposure (i.e., in the setting of concomitant renal disease or use of strong CYP3A4 inhibitors) [see Contraindications (4), Warnings and Precautions (5.3) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. QT interval was measured during a 24-hour period following dosing on Day 5 (at silodosin steady state). Silodosin capsules were not associated with an increase in individual corrected (QTcI) QT interval at any time during steady state measurement, while moxifloxacin, the active control, was associated with a maximum 9.59 msec increase in QTcI. There has been no signal of Torsade de Pointes in the post-marketing experience with silodosin outside the United States.

12.3 Pharmacokinetics

The pharmacokinetics of silodosin have been evaluated in adult male subjects with doses ranging from 0.1 mg to 24 mg per day. The pharmacokinetics of silodosin are linear throughout this dosage range. Absorption The pharmacokinetic characteristics of silodosin 8 mg once daily were determined in a multi-dose, open-label, 7-day pharmacokinetic study completed in 19 healthy, target-aged (≥ 45 years of age) male subjects. Table 3 presents the steady state pharmacokinetics of this study. Table 3  Mean (±SD) Steady State Pharmacokinetic Parameters in Healthy Males   Following Silodosin 8 mg Once Daily with FoodCmax (ng/mL)tmax (hours)T1/2 (hours)AUCss (ng•hr/mL)61.6 ± 27.542.6 ± 0.9013.3 ± 8.07373.4 ± 164.94 Cmax = maximum concentration, tmax = time to reach Cmax, t1/2 = elimination half-life, AUCss = steady state area under the concentration-time curveFigure 1 Mean (±SD) Silodosin Steady State Plasma Concentration-Time Profile in Healthy Target-Aged Subjects Following Silodosin 8 mg Once Daily with FoodThe absolute bioavailability is approximately 32%.Food Effect The maximum effect of food (i.e., co-administration with a high fat, high calorie meal) on the PK of silodosin was not evaluated. The effect of a moderate fat, moderate calorie meal was variable and decreased silodosin Cmax by approximately 18 to 43% and AUC by 4 to 49% across three different studies. In a single-center, open-label, single-dose, randomized, two-period crossover study in twenty healthy male subjects age 21 to 43 years under fed conditions, a study was conducted to evaluate the relative bioavailability of the contents of an 8 mg capsule (size #1) of silodosin sprinkled on applesauce compared to the product administered as an intact capsule. Based on AUC0 to 24 and Cmax, silodosin administered by sprinkling the contents of a silodosin capsule onto a tablespoonful of applesauce was found to be bioequivalent to administering the capsule whole.Distribution Silodosin has an apparent volume of distribution of 49.5 L and is approximately 97% protein bound. Metabolism Silodosin undergoes extensive metabolism through glucuronidation, alcohol and aldehyde dehydrogenase, and cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) pathways. The main metabolite of silodosin is a glucuronide conjugate (KMD-3213G) that is formed via direct conjugation of silodosin by UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B7 (UGT2B7). Co-administration with inhibitors of UGT2B7 (e.g., probenecid, valproic acid, fluconazole) may potentially increase exposure to silodosin. KMD-3213G, which has been shown in vitro to be active, has an extended half-life (approximately 24 hours) and reaches plasma exposure (AUC) approximately four times greater than that of silodosin. The second major metabolite (KMD-3293) is formed via alcohol and aldehyde dehydrogenases and reaches plasma exposures similar to that of silodosin. KMD-3293 is not expected to contribute significantly to the overall pharmacologic activity of silodosin capsules.Excretion Following oral administration of 14C-labeled silodosin, the recovery of radioactivity after 10 days was approximately 33.5% in urine and 54.9% in feces. After intravenous administration, the plasma clearance of silodosin was approximately 10 L/hour. Special Populations Race No clinical studies specifically investigating the effects of race have been performed. Geriatric In a study comparing 12 geriatric males (mean age 69 years) and 9 young males (mean age 24 years), the exposure (AUC) and elimination half-life of silodosin were approximately 15% and 20%, respectively, greater in geriatric than young subjects. No difference in the Cmax of silodosin was observed [see Use in Specific Populations (8.5)].Pediatric Silodosin capsules have not been evaluated in patients less than 18 years of age. Renal Impairment In a study with six subjects with moderate renal impairment, the total silodosin (bound and unbound) AUC, Cmax, and elimination half-life were 3.2-, 3.1-, and 2-fold higher, respectively, compared to seven subjects with normal renal function. The unbound silodosin AUC and Cmax were 2.0- and 1.5-fold higher, respectively, in subjects with moderate renal impairment compared to the normal controls. In controlled and uncontrolled clinical studies, the incidence of orthostatic hypotension and dizziness was greater in subjects with moderate renal impairment treated with 8 mg silodosin capsules daily than in subjects with normal or mildly impaired renal function [see Contraindications (4), Warnings and Precautions (5.2) and Use in Specific Populations (8.6)].Hepatic Impairment In a study comparing nine male patients with moderate hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh scores 7 to 9), to nine healthy male subjects, the single dose pharmacokinetic disposition of silodosin was not significantly altered in the patients with moderate hepatic impairment. No dosing adjustment is required in patients with mild or moderate hepatic impairment. The pharmacokinetics of silodosin in patients with severe hepatic impairment have not been studied [see Contraindications (4), Warnings and Precautions (5.3) and Use in Specific Populations (8.7)]. Drug InteractionsCytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4 Inhibitors Two clinical drug interaction studies were conducted in which a single oral dose of silodosin was co-administered with the strong CYP3A4 inhibitor, ketoconazole, at doses of 400 mg and 200 mg, respectively, once daily for 4 days. Co-administration of 8 mg silodosin with 400 mg ketoconazole led to 3.8–fold increase in silodosin Cmax and 3.2-fold increase in AUC. Co-administration of 4 mg silodosin with 200 mg ketoconazole led to similar increases: 3.7- and 2.9-fold in silodosin Cmax and AUC, respectively. Silodosin is contraindicated with strong CYP3A4 inhibitors. The effect of moderate CYP3A4 inhibitors on the pharmacokinetics of silodosin has not been evaluated. Due to the potential for increased exposure to silodosin, caution should be exercised when co-administering silodosin with moderate CYP3A4 inhibitors, particularly those that also inhibit P-glycoprotein (e.g., verapamil, erythromycin). P-glycoprotein (P-gp) InhibitorsIn vitro studies indicated that silodosin is a P-gp substrate. A drug interaction study with a strong P-gp inhibitor has not been conducted. However, in drug interaction studies with ketoconazole, a CYP3A4 inhibitor that also inhibits P-gp, significant increase in exposure to silodosin was observed (see Clinical Pharmacology, Drug Interactions, CYP3A4 Inhibitors). Inhibition of P-gp may lead to increased silodosin concentration. Silodosin is not recommended in patients taking strong P-gp inhibitors (e.g., cyclosporine).Digoxin The effect of silodosin on the pharmacokinetics of digoxin was evaluated in a multiple dose, single-sequence, crossover study of 16 healthy males, aged 18 to 45 years. A loading dose of digoxin was administered as 0.5 mg twice daily for one day. Following the loading doses, digoxin (0.25 mg once daily) was administered alone for seven days and then concomitantly with silodosin 4 mg twice a day for the next seven days. No significant differences in digoxin AUC and Cmax were observed when digoxin was administered alone or concomitantly with silodosin. Other Metabolic Enzymes and TransportersIn vitro studies indicated that silodosin administration is not likely to inhibit the activity of CYP1A2, CYP2A6, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP2D6, CYP2E1, and CYP3A4 or induce the activity of CYP1A2, CYP2C8, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP3A4, and P-gp.

13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment Of Fertility

In a 2-year oral carcinogenicity study in rats administered doses up to 150 mg/kg/day [about 8 times the exposure of the maximum recommended human dose (MRHE) based on AUC of silodosin], an increase in thyroid follicular cell tumor incidence was seen in male rats receiving doses of 150 mg/kg/day. Silodosin induced stimulation of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) secretion in the male rat as a result of increased metabolism and decreased circulating levels of thyroxine (T4). These changes are believed to produce specific morphological and functional changes in the rat thyroid including hypertrophy, hyperplasia, and neoplasia. Silodosin did not alter TSH or T4 levels in clinical trials and no effects based on thyroid examinations were noted. The relevance to human risk of these thyroid tumors in rats is not known. In a 2-year oral carcinogenicity study in mice administered doses up to 100 mg/kg/day in males (about nine times the MRHE based on AUC of silodosin) and 400 mg/kg/day in females (about 72 times the MRHE based on AUC), there were no significant tumor findings in male mice. Female mice treated for 2 years with doses of 150 mg/kg/day (about 29 times the MRHE based on AUC) or greater had statistically significant increases in the incidence of mammary gland adenoacanthomas and adenocarcinomas. The increased incidence of mammary gland neoplasms in female mice was considered secondary to silodosin-induced hyperprolactinemia measured in the treated mice. Elevated prolactin levels were not observed in clinical trials. The relevance to human risk of prolactin-mediated endocrine tumors in mice is not known. Rats and mice do not produce glucuronidated silodosin, which is present in human serum at approximately four times the level of circulating silodosin and which has similar pharmacological activity to silodosin. Silodosin produced no evidence of mutagenic or genotoxic potential in the in vitro Ames assay, mouse lymphoma assay, unscheduled DNA synthesis assay and the in vivo mouse micronucleus assay. A weakly positive response was obtained in two in vitro Chinese Hamster Lung (CHL) tests for chromosomal aberration assays at high, cytotoxic concentrations. Treatment of male rats with silodosin for 15 days resulted in decreased fertility at the high dose of 20 mg/kg/day (about twice the MRHE) which was reversible following a two week recovery period. No effect was observed at 6 mg/kg/day. The clinical relevance of this finding is not known. In a fertility study in female rats, the high dose of 20 mg/kg/day (about 1 to 4 times the MRHE) resulted in estrus cycle changes, but no effect on fertility. No effect on the estrus cycle was observed at 6 mg/kg/day. In a male rat fertility study, sperm viability and count were significantly lower after administration of 600 mg/kg/day (about 65 times the MRHE) for one month. Histopathological examination of infertile males revealed changes in the testes and epididymides at 200 mg/kg/day (about 30 times the MRHE).

14.1 Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

Two 12-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter studies were conducted with 8 mg daily of silodosin.  In these two studies, 923 patients [mean age 64.6 years; Caucasian (89.3%), Hispanic (4.9%), Black (3.9%), Asian (1.2%), Other (0.8%)] were randomized and 466 patients received silodosin capsules 8 mg daily. The two studies were identical in design except for the inclusion of pharmacokinetic sampling in Study 1. The primary efficacy assessment was the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) which evaluated irritative (frequency, urgency, and nocturia), and obstructive (hesitancy, incomplete emptying, intermittency, and weak stream) symptoms. Maximum urine flow rate (Qmax) was a secondary efficacy measure. Mean changes from baseline to last assessment (Week 12) in total IPSS score were statistically significantly greater for groups treated with silodosin capsules than those treated with placebo in both studies (Table 4 and Figures 2 and 3).Table 4 Mean Change (SD) from Baseline to Week 12 in International Prostate Symptom Score in Two Randomized, Controlled, Double-Blind StudiesTotal Symptom Score Study 1Study 2Silodosin Capsules 8 mg (n = 233)Placebo (n = 228)p-valueSilodosin Capsules 8 mg (n = 233)Placebo (n = 229)p-valueBaseline21.5 (5.38)21.4 (4.91) 21.2 (4.88)21.2(4.92) Week 12 / LOCF Change from Baseline-6.5 (6.73)-3.6 (5.85)< 0.0001-6.3 (6.54)-3.4 (5.83)< 0.0001 LOCF – Last observation carried forward for those not completing 12 weeks of treatment.Figure 2 Mean Change from Baseline in IPSS Total Score by Treatment Group and Visit in Study 1   B – Baseline determination taken Day 1 of the study before the initial dose. Subsequent values are observed  cases except for LOCF values. LOCF – Last observation carried forward for those not completing 12 weeks of treatment.Figure 3 Mean Change from Baseline in IPSS Total Score by Treatment Group and   Visit in Study 2 B – Baseline determination taken Day 1 of the study before the initial dose. Subsequent values are observed cases except for LOCF values. LOCF – Last observation carried forward for those not completing 12 weeks of treatment. Mean IPSS total score for silodosin capsules once daily groups showed a decrease starting at the first scheduled observation and remained decreased through the 12 weeks of treatment in both studies. Silodosin capsules produced statistically significant increases in maximum urinary flow rates from baseline to last assessment (Week 12) versus placebo in both studies (Table 5 and Figures 4 and 5). Mean peak flow rate increased starting at the first scheduled observation at Day 1 and remained greater than the baseline flow rate through the 12 weeks of treatment for both studies.  Table 5 Mean Change (SD) from Baseline in Maximum Urinary Flow Rate (mL/sec) in Two Randomized, Controlled, Double-Blind StudiesMean Maximum Flow Rate (mL/sec) Study 1Study 2Silodosin Capsules 8 mg (n = 233)Placebo (n = 228)p-valueSilodosin Capsules 8 mg (n = 233)Placebo (n = 229)p-valueBaseline9.0 (2.60)9.0 (2.85) 8.4 (2.48)8.7 (2.67) Week 12 / LOCF Change from Baseline2.2 (4.31)1.2 (3.81)0.00602.9 (4.53)1.9 (4.82)0.0431 LOCF – Last observation carried forward for those not completing 12 weeks of treatment.Figure 4   Mean Change from Baseline in Qmax (mL/sec) by Treatment Group and  Visit in Study 1 B – Baseline determination taken Day 1 of the study before the initial dose. Subsequent values are observed cases except for LOCF values. LOCF – Last observation carried forward for those not completing 12 weeks of treatment. Note – The first Qmax assessments at Day 1 were taken 2 to 6 hours after patients received the first dose of double-blind medication. Note – Measurements at each visit were scheduled 2 to 6 hours after dosing (approximate peak plasma silodosin concentration).Figure 5  Mean Change from Baseline in Qmax (mL/sec) by Treatment Group and Visit in Study 2 B – Baseline determination taken Day 1 of the study before the initial dose. Subsequent values are observed cases except for LOCF values. LOCF – Last observation carried forward for those not completing 12 weeks of treatment. Note – The first Qmax assessments at Day 1 were taken 2 to 6 hours after patients received the first dose of double-blind medication. Note – Measurements at each visit were scheduled 2 to 6 hours after dosing (approximate peak plasma silodosin concentration).

16 How Supplied/Storage And Handling

Silodosin Capsules, 4 mg are White cap / White body size ‘3’ hard gelatin capsules imprinted with ‘H’ on cap and ‘S1’ on body, filled with white to off white powder. They are supplied as follows: White Colored Bottles of 30 Capsules                                          NDC 31722-635-30 Amber Colored Bottles of 30 Capsules                                         NDC 31722-635-31 White Colored Bottles of 90 Capsules                                          NDC 31722-635-90 Amber Colored Bottles of 90 Capsules                                         NDC 31722-635-91 Bottles of 30 and 90 capsules are supplied with child-resistant closures. Silodosin Capsules, 8 mg are White cap / White body size ‘1’ hard gelatin capsules imprinted with ‘H’ on cap and ‘S2’ on body, filled with white to off white powder. They are supplied as follows: White Colored Bottles of 30 Capsules                                         NDC 31722-636-30 Amber Colored Bottles of 30 Capsules                                        NDC 31722-636-31 White Colored Bottles of 90 Capsules                                         NDC 31722-636-90 Amber Colored Bottles of 90 Capsules                                        NDC 31722-636-91 Bottles of 30 and 90 capsules are supplied with child-resistant closures. Storage Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature]. Protect from light and moisture.Keep out of reach of children.

17 Patient Counseling Information

Patients should be instructed to take silodosin capsules once daily with a meal. Patients should be instructed about the possible occurrence of symptoms related to postural hypotension (such as dizziness), and should be cautioned about driving, operating machinery, or performing hazardous tasks until they know how silodosin capsules will affect them. This is especially important for those with low blood pressure or who are taking antihypertensive medications. The most common side effect seen with silodosin capsules is an orgasm with reduced or no semen. This side effect does not pose a safety concern and is reversible with discontinuation of the product. The patient should be instructed to tell his ophthalmologist about the use of silodosin capsules before cataract surgery or other procedures involving the eyes, even if the patient is no longer taking silodosin capsules. Manufactured for: Camber Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Piscataway, NJ 08854 By: HETEROTM Hetero Labs Limited Jeedimetla, Hyderabad - 500 055, India                              For additional information, call 1-866-495-1995. Revised: December 2019

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