The product labeling information includes all published material associated to a drug. Product labeling documents include information like generic names, active ingredients, ingredient strength dosage, routes of administration, appearance, usage, warnings, inactive ingredients, etc.
GaviLyte-G is indicated for bowel cleansing prior to colonoscopy and barium enema X-ray examination in adults.
For oral solution: One 4 liter jug with powder for reconstitution with water.Each 4 liter jug contains: polyethylene glycol 3350 236 g, sodium sulfate (anhydrous) 22.74 g, sodium bicarbonate 6.74 g, sodium chloride 5.86 g, potassium chloride 2.97 g. When made up to 4 liters volume with water, the solution contains PEG-3350 17.6 mmol/L, sodium 125 mmol/L, sulfate 40 mmol/L, chloride 35 mmol/L, bicarbonate 20 mmol/L and potassium 10 mmol/L.
- GaviLyte-G is contraindicated in the following conditions:Gastrointestinal (GI) obstruction, ileus, or gastric retentionBowel perforationToxic colitis or toxic megacolonKnown allergy or hypersensitivity to any component of GaviLyte-G [see How Supplied/Storage and Handling (16) ]
The following adverse reactions have been identified during post-approval use of GaviLyte-G. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.Nausea, abdominal fullness and bloating are the most common adverse reactions (occurred in up to 50% of patients) to administration of GaviLyte-G. Abdominal cramps, vomiting and anal irritation occur less frequently. These adverse reactions are transient and usually subside rapidly. Isolated cases of urticaria, rhinorrhea, dermatitis and (rarely) anaphylactic reaction have been reported which may represent allergic reactions.Published literature contains isolated reports of serious adverse reactions following the administration of PEG-electrolyte solution products in patients over 60 years of age. These adverse events include upper GI bleeding from Mallory-Weiss Tear, esophageal perforation, asystole, sudden dyspnea with pulmonary edema, and "butterfly-like" infiltrates on chest X-ray after vomiting and aspirating PEG.
GaviLyte™-G (GAV-ee-LITE-G) (PEG-3350 (236 g) and Electrolytes for Oral Solution, USP)Read this Medication Guide before you start taking GaviLyte-G. This information does not take the place of talking with your healthcare provider about your medical condition or your treatment.
- What is the most important information I should know about GaviLyte-G?GaviLyte-G and other osmotic bowel preparations can cause serious side effects, including:Serious loss of body fluid (dehydration) and changes in blood salts (electrolytes) in your blood.These changes can cause:abnormal heartbeats that can cause deathseizures. This can happen even if you have never had a seizure.kidney problemsYour chance of having fluid loss and changes in body salts with GaviLyte-G is higher if you:have heart problemshave kidney problemstake water pills or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS)Tell your healthcare provider right away if you have any of these symptoms of a loss of too much body fluid (dehydration) while taking GaviLyte-G:vomiting that prevents you from keeping down the solutiondizzinessurinating less often than normalheadacheSee Section "what are the possible side effects of GaviLyte-G?" for more information about side effects.
- What is GaviLyte-G?GaviLyte-G is a prescription medicine used by adults to clean the colon before a colonoscopy or barium enema X-ray examination. GaviLyte-G cleans your colon by causing you to have diarrhea. Cleaning your colon helps your healthcare provider see the inside of your colon more clearly during your colonoscopy. It is not known if GaviLyte-G is safe and effective in children.Who should not take GaviLyte-G?Do not take GaviLyte-G if your heathcare provider has told you that you have:a blockage in your bowel (obstruction)an opening in the wall of your stomach or intestine (bowel perforation)problems with food and fluid emptying from your stomach (gastric retention)a very dilated intestine (toxic megacolon)an allergy to any of the ingredients in GaviLyte-G. See the end of this leaflet for a complete list of ingredients in GaviLyte-G.What should I tell my healthcare provider before taking GaviLyte-G?Before you take GaviLyte-G, tell your healthcare provider if you:have heart problemshave stomach or bowel problemshave ulcerative colitishave problems with swallowing or gastric refluxhave a history of seizuresare withdrawing from drinking alcoholhave a low blood salt (sodium) levelhave kidney problemsany other medical conditionsare pregnant. It is not known if GaviLyte-G will harm your unborn baby. Talk to your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant.are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. It is not known if GaviLyte-G passes into your breast milk. You and your healthcare provider should decide if you will take GaviLyte-G while breastfeeding.Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take, including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. GaviLyte-G may affect how other medicines work. Medicines taken by mouth may not be absorbed properly when taken within 1 hour before the start of GaviLyte-G.Especially tell your healthcare provider if you take:medicines for blood pressure or heart problemsmedicines for kidney problemsmedicines for seizureswater pills (diuretics)non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines (NSAID) pain medicineslaxativesAsk your healthcare provider or pharmacist for a list of these medicines if you are not sure if you are taking any of the medicines listed above.Know the medicines you take. Keep a list of them to show your healthcare provider and pharmacist when you get a new medicine.
- How should I take GaviLyte-G?You must read, understand, and follow these instructions to take GaviLyte-G the right way.Take GaviLyte-G exactly as your healthcare provider tells you to take it.Drink 240 mL (8 oz.) every 10 minutes. Rapid drinking of each portion is better than drinking small amounts.The first bowel movement should occur approximately one hour after you start drinking the solution.You may experience some abdominal bloating and distention before the bowels start to move. If severe discomfort or distention occur, stop drinking temporarily or drink each portion at longer intervals until the discomfort goes away.Continue drinking until the watery stool is clear and free of solid matter. This usually requires 3 liters and it is best to drink all of the solution.Do not take undissolved GaviLyte-G powder that has not been mixed with water (diluted), it may increase your risk of nausea, vomiting and fluid loss (dehydration).Each jug of GaviLyte-G must be reconstituted with water (diluted) to 4 liters total volume before drinking.Do not take other laxatives while taking GaviLyte-G.Do not eat solid foods on the day before your colonoscopy and until after your colonoscopy. Drink only clear liquids:the day before your colonoscopywhile taking GaviLyte-Gafter taking GaviLyte-G until 2 hours before your colonoscopyDo not eat or drink anything 2 hours before your colonoscopy.Drink clear liquids before, during, and after you take GaviLyte-G to avoid fluid loss (dehydrated). Examples of clear liquids are:waterclear fruit juices without pulp including apple, white grape, or white cranberrystrained limeade or lemonadecoffee or tea (Do not use any dairy or non-dairy creamer)clear brothclear sodagelatin (without added fruit or topping)popsicles without pieces of fruit or fruit pulpDo not eat or drink anything colored red or purple.
- What are the possible side effects of GaviLyte-G?GaviLyte-G can cause serious side effects, including:See Section "what is the most important information i should know about GaviLyte-G?"changes in certain blood tests. Your healthcare provider may do blood tests after you take GaviLyte-G to check your blood for changes. Tell your healthcare provider if you have any symptoms of too much fluid loss, including:vomitingnauseabloatingdizzinessstomach (abdominal) crampingheadacheurinate less than usualtrouble drinking clear liquidheart problems. GaviLyte-G may cause irregular heartbeats.seizuresulcers of the bowel or bowel problems (ischemic colitis). Tell your healthcare provider right away if you have severe stomach-area (abdomen) pain or rectal bleeding.The most common side effects of GaviLyte-G include:nauseastomach (abdominal) fullnessbloatingstomach (abdominal) crampsvomitinganal irritationTell your healthcare provider if you have any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away.These are not all the possible side effects of GaviLyte-G. For more information, ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist.Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
- How should I store GaviLyte-G?Store GaviLyte-G at room temperature, between 59°F to 86°F (15°C to 30°C).Keep GaviLyte-G and all medicines out of the reach of children.General information about the safe and effective use of GaviLyte-G.Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in a Medication Guide. Do not use GaviLyte-G for a condition for which it was not prescribed. Do not give GaviLyte-G to other people, even if they are going to have the same procedure you are. It may harm them.This Medication Guide summarizes important information about GaviLyte-G. If you would like more information, talk with your healthcare provider. You can ask your pharmacist or healthcare provider for information that is written for healthcare professionals.For more information call 1-866-403-7592.
What are the ingredients in GaviLyte-G?Active ingredients: polyethylene glycol 3350, sodium sulfate, sodium bicarbonate, sodium chloride, and potassium chloride.Inactive ingredients: Lemon Flavored GaviLyte-G only (natural lemon flavor, maltodextrin, sodium saccharin)This Medication Guide has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.Manufactured by:Novel Laboratories, Inc.Somerset, NJ 08873Manufactured for:Lupin Pharmaceuticals, Inc.Somerset, NJ 08873LA0901900204Rev: 08/2017
2.1 Dosage Overview
GaviLyte-G, supplied as a powder, must be reconstituted with water before its use; it is not for direct ingestion [see Dosage and Administration (2.2), Warnings and Precautions (5.8)]. The 4 liter reconstituted GaviLyte-G solution contains: 236 grams of polyethylene glycol (PEG) 3350, 22.74 grams sodium sulfate (anhydrous), 6.74 grams of sodium bicarbonate, 5.86 grams of sodium chloride, and 2.97 grams of potassium chloride. GaviLyte-G is supplied with lemon flavor pack.
2.2 Administration Instructions Prior To Dosage
- On the day prior to the colonoscopy, instruct patients to:Take only clear liquids, but avoid red and purple liquids. Patients may consume a light breakfast.Early in the evening prior to colonoscopy, fill the supplied container containing the GaviLyte-G powder with lukewarm water (to facilitate dissolution) to the 4 liter fill line. The solution is clear and colorless when reconstituted to a final volume of 4 liters.After capping the container, shake vigorously several times to ensure that the ingredients are dissolved. When reconstituted use within 48 hours.
- The following is the recommended dose of reconstituted GaviLyte-G solution for adults. Instruct patients they may consume water or clear liquids during the bowel preparation and after completion of the bowel preparation up until 2 hours before the time of the colonoscopy. The solution is more palatable if chilled prior to administration.Adults: Instruct patients to drink a total of 4 liters at a rate of 240 mL (8 oz.) every 10 minutes, until 4 liters are consumed or the rectal effluent is clear. Rapid drinking of each portion is preferred to drinking small amounts continuously. For NGT, rate is 20-30 mL per minute (1.2 – 1.8 liters per hour).The first bowel movements should occur approximately one hour after the start of GaviLyte-G administration. Continue drinking until the watery stool is clear and free of solid matter.
5.1 Serious Fluid And Serum Chemistry Abnormalities
Advise patients to hydrate adequately before, during, and after the use of GaviLyte-G. Use caution in patients with congestive heart failure when replacing fluids. If a patient develops significant vomiting or signs of dehydration including signs of orthostatic hypotension after taking GaviLyte-G, consider performing post-colonoscopy lab tests (electrolytes, creatinine, and BUN) and treat accordingly. Fluid and electrolyte disturbances can lead to serious adverse events including cardiac arrhythmias, seizures and renal impairment. Fluid and electrolyte abnormalities should be corrected before treatment with GaviLyte-G.In addition, use caution when prescribing GaviLyte-G for patients who have conditions, or who are using medications, that increase the risk for fluid and electrolyte disturbances or may increase the risk of adverse events of seizure, arrhythmias, and renal impairment [see Drug Interactions (7.1)]
5.2 Cardiac Arrhythmias
There have been rare reports of serious arrhythmias associated with the use of ionic osmotic laxative products for bowel preparation. Use caution when prescribing GaviLyte-G for patients at increased risk of arrhythmias (e.g., patients with a history of prolonged QT, uncontrolled arrhythmias, recent myocardial infarction, unstable angina, congestive heart failure, or cardiomyopathy). Pre-dose and post-colonoscopy ECGs should be considered in patients at increased risk of serious cardiac arrhythmias.
There have been reports of generalized tonic-clonic seizures and/or loss of consciousness associated with use of bowel preparation products in patients with no prior history of seizures. The seizure cases were associated with electrolyte abnormalities (e.g., hyponatremia, hypokalemia, hypocalcemia, and hypomagnesemia) and low serum osmolality. The neurologic abnormalities resolved with correction of fluid and electrolyte abnormalities.Use caution when prescribing GaviLyte-G for patients with a history of seizures and in patients at increased risk of seizure, such as patients taking medications that lower the seizure threshold (e.g., tricyclic antidepressants), patients withdrawing from alcohol or benzodiazepines, or patients with known or suspected hyponatremia.
5.4 Renal Impairment
Use caution when prescribing GaviLyte-G for patients with impaired renal function or patients taking concomitant medications that may affect renal function (such as diuretics, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers, or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs). Advise these patients of the importance of adequate hydration, and consider performing baseline and post-colonoscopy laboratory tests (electrolytes, creatinine, and BUN) in these patients.
5.5 Colonic Mucosal Ulcerations And Ischemic Colitis
Administration of osmotic laxative products may produce colonic mucosal aphthous ulcerations, and there have been reports of more serious cases of ischemic colitis requiring hospitalization. Concurrent use of stimulant laxatives and GaviLyte-G may increase this risk. The potential for mucosal ulcerations resulting from the bowel preparation should be considered when interpreting colonoscopy findings in patients with known or suspect inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).
5.6 Use In Patients With Significant Gastrointestinal Disease
If gastrointestinal obstruction or perforation is suspected, perform appropriate diagnostic studies to rule out these conditions before administering GaviLyte-G. If a patient experiences severe bloating, distention or abdominal pain, administration should be slowed or temporarily discontinued until the symptoms abate. If gastrointestinal obstruction or perforation is suspected, appropriate studies should be performed to rule out these conditions before administration of GaviLyte-G. Use with caution in patients with severe active ulcerative colitis.
Use with caution in patients with impaired gag reflex, unconscious, or semiconscious patients, and patients prone to regurgitation or aspiration. Such patients should be observed during administration of PEG-3350 and electrolytes for oral solution, especially if it administered via nasogastric tube.
5.8 Not For Direct Ingestion
The contents of each jug must be diluted with water to a final volume of 4 liters (4L) and ingestion of additional water is important to patient tolerance. Direct ingestion of the undissolved powder may increase the risk of nausea, vomiting, dehydration, and electrolyte disturbances.
7.1 Drugs That May Lead To Fluid And Electrolyte Abnormalities
Use caution when prescribing GaviLyte-G for patients who are using medications that increase the risk for fluid and electrolyte disturbances or may increase the risk of adverse events of seizure, arrhythmias, and prolonged QT in the setting of fluid and electrolyte abnormalities. Consider additional patient evaluations as appropriate [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1, 5.2, 5.3, and 5.4)] in patients taking these concomitant medications.
7.2 Potential For Altered Drug Absorption
Oral medication administered within one hour of the start of administration of GaviLyte-G may be flushed from the gastrointestinal tract and the medication may not be absorbed properly.
7.3 Stimulant Laxatives
Concurrent use of stimulant laxatives and GaviLyte-G may increase the risk of mucosal ulceration or ischemic colitis. Avoid use of stimulant laxatives (e.g., bisacodyl, sodium picosulfate) while taking GaviLyte-G.
Pregnancy Category C.Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted with GaviLyte-G. It is also not known whether GaviLyte-G can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman or can affect reproductive capacity. GaviLyte-G should be given to a pregnant woman only if clearly needed.
8.3 Nursing Mothers
It is not known whether this drug is excreted in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when GaviLyte-G is administered to a nursing woman.
8.4 Pediatric Use
Safety and effectiveness of GaviLyte-G in pediatric patients have not been established.
8.5 Geriatric Use
Clinical studies of GaviLyte-G did not include sufficient numbers of subjects aged 65 and over to determine whether they respond differently from younger subjects. Other reported clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger patients.
For oral solution: Each 4 liter (4L) GaviLyte-G jug contains a white powder for reconstitution. GaviLyte-G is a combination of polyethylene glycol 3350, an osmotic laxative, and electrolytes (sodium sulfate, sodium chloride, sodium bicarbonate and potassium chloride) for oral solution.Each 4 liter jug contains: polyethylene glycol 3350 236 g, sodium sulfate (anhydrous) 22.74 g, sodium bicarbonate 6.74 g, sodium chloride 5.86 g, potassium chloride 2.97 g. The solution is clear and colorless when reconstituted to a final volume of 4 liters with water.Polyethylene Glycol 3350, NFSodium Sulfate, USPThe chemical name is Na2SO4. The average Molecular Weight is 142.04. The structural formula is:Sodium Bicarbonate, USPThe chemical name is NaHCO3. The average Molecular Weight is 84.01. The structural formula is:Sodium Chloride, USPThe chemical name is NaCl. The average Molecular Weight: 58.44. The structural formula is:Na+ Cl-Potassium Chloride, USPThe chemical name is KCl. The average Molecular Weight: 74.55. The structural formula is:K-Cl
12.1 Mechanism Of Action
The primary mode of action is thought to be through the osmotic effect of polyethylene glycol 3350 which causes water to be retained in the colon and produces a watery stool.
GaviLyte-G induces as diarrhea which rapidly cleanses the bowel, usually within four hours.
The pharmacokinetics of PEG3350 following administration of GaviLyte-G were not assessed. Available pharmacokinetic information for oral PEG3350 suggests that it is poorly absorbed.
13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment Of Fertility
Long term studies in animals have not been performed to evaluate carcinogenic potential of GaviLyte-G. Studies to evaluate the possible impairment of fertility or mutagenic potential of GaviLyte-G have not been performed.
16 How Supplied/Storage And Handling
In powdered form, for oral administration as a solution following reconstitution. GaviLyte-G is available in a disposable jug in powdered form containing:Disposable Jug: polyethylene glycol 3350 236 g, sodium sulfate (anhydrous) 22.74 g, sodium bicarbonate 6.74 g, sodium chloride 5.86 g, potassium chloride 2.97 g. When made up to 4 liters volume with water, the solution contains PEG-3350 17.6 mmol/L, sodium 125 mmol/L, sulfate 40 mmol/L, chloride 35 mmol/L, bicarbonate 20 mmol/L and potassium 10 mmol/L.Storage:Store in sealed container at 59º to 86°F (15ºC to 30°C). When reconstituted, keep solution refrigerated. Use within 48 hours, Discard unused portion. Keep out of reach of children.GaviLyte-G NDC 43386-090-19
17 Patient Counseling Information
- See FDA-Approved Patient Labeling (Medication Guide). Instruct patients:To let you know if they have trouble swallowing or are prone to regurgitation or aspiration.Not to take other laxatives while they are taking GaviLyte-G.To consume water or clear liquids during the bowel preparation and after completion of the bowel preparation up until 2 hours before the time of the colonoscopy.That if they experience severe bloating, distention or abdominal pain, the administration of the solution should be slowed or temporarily discontinued until the symptoms abate. Advise patients to report these events to their health care provider.That if they have hives, rashes, or any allergic reaction, they should discontinue the medication and contact their health care provider. Medication should be discontinued until they speak to their physician.To contact their healthcare provider if they develop signs and symptoms of dehydration. [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)] .That oral medication administered within one hour of the start of administration of GaviLyte-G solution may be flushed from the GI tract and the medication may not be absorbed completely.Manufactured by:Novel Laboratories, Inc.Somerset, NJ 08873Manufactured for:Lupin Pharmaceuticals, Inc.Somerset, NJ 08873LA0901900204Rev: 08/2017
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