NDC 43598-458 Sorafenib
Tablet, Film Coated Oral

Product Information

What is NDC 43598-458?

The NDC code 43598-458 is assigned by the FDA to the product Sorafenib which is a human prescription drug product labeled by Dr.reddys Laboratories Inc. The product's dosage form is tablet, film coated and is administered via oral form. The product is distributed in 2 packages with assigned NDC codes 43598-458-04 120 tablet, film coated in 1 bottle , 43598-458-36 360 tablet, film coated in 1 bottle . This page includes all the important details about this product, including active and inactive ingredients, pharmagologic classes, product uses and characteristics, UNII information, RxNorm crosswalk and the complete product label.

NDC Product Code43598-458
Proprietary Name What is the Proprietary Name?
The proprietary name also known as the trade name is the name of the product chosen by the medication labeler for marketing purposes.
Sorafenib
Non-Proprietary Name What is the Non-Proprietary Name?
The non-proprietary name is sometimes called the generic name. The generic name usually includes the active ingredient(s) of the product.
Sorafenib
Product Type What kind of product is this?
Indicates the type of product, such as Human Prescription Drug or Human Over the Counter Drug. This data element matches the “Document Type” field of the Structured Product Listing.
Human Prescription Drug
Dosage FormTablet, Film Coated - A solid dosage form that contains medicinal substances with or without suitable diluents and is coated with a thin layer of a water-insoluble or water-soluble polymer.
Administration Route(s) What are the Administration Route(s)?
The translation of the route code submitted by the firm, indicating route of administration.
  • Oral - Administration to or by way of the mouth.
Product Labeler Information What is the Labeler Name?
Name of Company corresponding to the labeler code segment of the Product NDC.
Dr.reddys Laboratories Inc
Labeler Code43598
FDA Application Number What is the FDA Application Number?
This corresponds to the NDA, ANDA, or BLA number reported by the labeler for products which have the corresponding Marketing Category designated. If the designated Marketing Category is OTC Monograph Final or OTC Monograph Not Final, then the Application number will be the CFR citation corresponding to the appropriate Monograph (e.g. “part 341”). For unapproved drugs, this field will be null.
ANDA216073
Marketing Category What is the Marketing Category?
Product types are broken down into several potential Marketing Categories, such as NDA/ANDA/BLA, OTC Monograph, or Unapproved Drug. One and only one Marketing Category may be chosen for a product, not all marketing categories are available to all product types. Currently, only final marketed product categories are included. The complete list of codes and translations can be found at www.fda.gov/edrls under Structured Product Labeling Resources.
ANDA - A product marketed under an approved Abbreviated New Drug Application.
Start Marketing Date What is the Start Marketing Date?
This is the date that the labeler indicates was the start of its marketing of the drug product.
06-08-2022
Listing Expiration Date What is the Listing Expiration Date?
This is the date when the listing record will expire if not updated or certified by the product labeler.
12-31-2023
Exclude Flag What is the NDC Exclude Flag?
This field indicates whether the product has been removed/excluded from the NDC Directory for failure to respond to FDA"s requests for correction to deficient or non-compliant submissions ("Y"), or because the listing certification is expired ("E"), or because the listing data was inactivated by FDA ("I"). Values = "Y", "N", "E", or "I".
N
NDC Code Structure

What are the uses for Sorafenib?


Product Characteristics

Color(s)YELLOW (C48330 - LIGHT YELLOW TO YELLOW COLOUR)
ShapeROUND (C48348)
Size(s)10 MM
Imprint(s)I
Score1

Product Packages

NDC Code 43598-458-04

Package Description: 120 TABLET, FILM COATED in 1 BOTTLE

NDC Code 43598-458-36

Package Description: 360 TABLET, FILM COATED in 1 BOTTLE

Product Details

What are Sorafenib Active Ingredients?

An active ingredient is the substance responsible for the medicinal effects of a product specified by the substance's molecular structure or if the molecular structure is not known, defined by an unambiguous definition that identifies the substance. Each active ingredient name is the preferred term of the UNII code submitted.
  • SORAFENIB TOSYLATE 200 mg/1 - A niacinamide and phenylurea derivative that inhibits multiple intracellular and cell surface kinases thought to be involved in ANGIOGENESIS, including RAF KINASES and VEGF RECEPTORS. It is used in the treatment of advanced RENAL CELL CARCINOMA and HEPATOCELLULAR CARCINOMA, and for treatment of THYROID CARCINOMA refractory to radioactive iodine therapy.

Sorafenib Active Ingredients UNII Codes

NDC to RxNorm Crosswalk

What is RxNorm? RxNorm is a normalized naming system for generic and branded drugs that assigns unique concept identifier(s) known as RxCUIs to NDC products.The NDC to RxNorm Crosswalk for this produdct indicates multiple concept unique identifiers (RXCUIs) are associated with this product:

Sorafenib Inactive Ingredients UNII Codes

The inactive ingredients are all the component of a medicinal product OTHER than the active ingredient(s). The acronym "UNII" stands for “Unique Ingredient Identifier” and is used to identify each inactive ingredient present in a product.

Pharmacologic Class(es)

A pharmacologic class is a group of drugs that share the same scientifically documented properties. The following is a list of the reported pharmacologic class(es) corresponding to the active ingredients of this product.

* Please review the disclaimer below.

Sorafenib Product Label

FDA filings in the form of structured product labels are documents that include all published material associated whith this product. Product label information includes data like indications and usage generic names, contraindications, active ingredients, strength dosage, routes of administration, appearance, usage, warnings, inactive ingredients, etc.

Product Label Table of Contents



1 Indications And Usage




1.1 Hepatocellular Carcinoma



Sorafenib tablets are indicated for the treatment of patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).


1.3 Differentiated Thyroid Carcinoma



Sorafenib tablets are indicated for the treatment of patients with locally recurrent or metastatic, progressive, differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) that is refractory to radioactive iodine treatment.


2 Dosage And Administration






The recommended dosage of sorafenib tablets is 400 mg orally twice daily without food (at least 1 hour before or 2 hours after a meal) until the patient is no longer clinically benefiting from therapy or until unacceptable toxicity.


2.2 Dosage Modifications For Adverse Reactions



Recommended Dosage Modifications

The recommended dosage modifications for adverse reactions are provided in Tables 1, 2, and 3.

Table 1: Recommended Dose Reductions for Adverse Reactions

Dose Reduction Hepatocellular Carcinoma Differentiated Thyroid Carcinoma
First Dose Reduction 400 mg orally once daily 400 mg orally in the morning and 200 mg orally in the evening about 12 hours apart
OR
200 mg orally in the morning and 400 mg orally in the evening about 12 hours apart
Second Dose Reduction 200 mg orally once daily
OR
400 every other day
200 mg orally twice daily
Third Dose Reduction None 200 mg orally once daily

Table 2: Recommended Dosage Modifications of Sorafenib Tablets for Adverse Reactions

Adverse Reaction Severity1Sorafenib Tablets Dosage Modification
Cardiovascular Events [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)]
Cardiac Ischemia and/or Infarction Grade 2 and above Permanently discontinue.
Congestive Heart FailureGrade 3 Interrupt2 until Grade 1 or less, resume at reduced dose by 1 dose level.3 
Grade 4Permanently discontinue.
Hemorrhage [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)]Grade 2 and above requiring medical interventionPermanently discontinue.
Hypertension [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)]Grade 2 (symptomatic/persistent)

OR

Grade 2 symptomatic increase by greater than 20 mm Hg (diastolic) or greater than 140/90 mm Hg if previously within normal limits

OR

Grade 3
Interrupt until symptoms resolve and diastolic blood pressure less than 90 mm Hg, then resume at reduced dose by 1 dose level.3  If needed, reduce another dose level.3
Grade 4Permanently discontinue.
Gastrointestinal Perforation [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)]Any gradePermanently discontinue.
QT Interval Prolongation [see Warnings and Precautions (5.9)]Greater than 500 milliseconds OR Increase from baseline of 60 milliseconds or greaterInterrupt and correct electrolyte abnormalities (magnesium, potassium, calcium). Use medical judgement before restarting.
Drug-Induced Liver Injury [see Warnings and Precautions (5.10)]Grade 3 ALT or higher in the absence of another cause4 

OR

AST/ALT greater than 3 × upper limit normal (ULN) with bilirubin greater than 2 × ULN in the absence of another cause4
Permanently discontinue.
Non-hematological toxicities [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)]Grade 2 Continue treatment at reduced dose by 1 dose level.
Grade 3
1st occurrenceInterrupt until Grade 2 or less, then resume at reduced dose by 1 dose level.
No improvement within 7 days

OR

2nd or 3rd occurrence
Interrupt until Grade 2 or less, then resume at reduced dose by 2 dose levels.
4th occurrenceInterrupt until Grade 2 or less, then resume at reduced dose by 2 dose levels for HCC or 3 dose levels for DTC.
Grade 4Permanently discontinue.

1 Adverse reactions graded according to National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 3.0 (NCI CTCAE v3.0).

2 If no recovery after 30 day interruption, discontinue treatment unless the patient is deriving clinical benefit.

3 If more than 2 dose reductions are required, permanently discontinue treatment.

4 In addition, any grade increased alkaline phosphatase in the absence of known bone pathology and Grade 2 or worse increased bilirubin; any 1 of the following: INR of 1.5 or greater, ascites and/or encephalopathy in the absence of underlying cirrhosis or other organ failure considered to be due to drug-induced liver injury.

Table 3: Recommended Dosage Modifications for Dermatologic Toxicities

Dermatologic Toxicity Grade Occurrence Sorafenib Tablets Dosage Modification
Hepatocellular CarcinomaDifferentiated Thyroid Carcinoma
Grade 2: Painful erythema and swelling of the hands or feet and/or discomfort affecting the patient’s normal activities 1st occurrence Continue sorafenib tablets and consider topical therapy for symptomatic relief. If no improvement within 7 days, see below. Decrease sorafenib tablets to 600 mg daily. If no improvement within 7 days, see below.
No improvement within 7 days at reduced dose

OR

2nd and 3rd occurrence
Interrupt sorafenib tablets until resolved or improved to Grade 0 to 1. Interrupt sorafenib tablets until completely resolved or improved to Grade1.
When resuming treatment, decrease dose by 1 dose level. When resuming treatment, decrease dose by 1 dose level for 2nd occurrence and 2 doses levels for 3rd occurrence.
4th occurrenceDiscontinue sorafenib tablets treatment.
Grade 3: Moist desquamation, ulceration, blistering, or severe pain of the hands or feet, resulting in inability to work or perform activities of daily living 1st occurrence Interrupt sorafenib tablets until resolved or improved to Grade 0 to 1 Interrupt sorafenib tablets until completely resolved or improved to Grade 1.
When resuming treatment, decrease dose by 1 dose level. When resuming treatment, decrease dose by 1 dose level.
2nd occurrence Interrupt sorafenib tablets until resolved or improved to Grade 0 to 1 Interrupt sorafenib tablets until completely resolved or improved to Grade 1.
When resuming treatment, decrease dose by 1 dose level. When resuming treatment, decrease dose by 2 dose levels.
3rd occurrenceDiscontinue sorafenib tablets treatment

Following improvement of Grade 2 or 3 dermatologic toxicity to Grade 0 or 1 for at least 28 days on a reduced dose of sorafenib tablets, the dose of sorafenib tablets may be increased 1 dose level from the reduced dose. Approximately 50% of patients requiring a dose reduction for dermatologic toxicity are expected to meet these criteria for resumption of the higher dose and roughly 50% of patients resuming the previous dose are expected to tolerate the higher dose (that is, maintain the higher dose level without recurrent Grade 2 or higher dermatologic toxicity).


3 Dosage Forms And Strengths



Sorafenib tablets USP, 200 mg are light yellow to yellow colour, round, biconvex, film-coated tablets debossed with ‘I’ on one side and plain on the other side and free from physical defects. 


4 Contraindications



• Sorafenib tablets are contraindicated in patients with known severe hypersensitivity to sorafenib or any other component of sorafenib tablets.

• Sorafenib tablets in combination with carboplatin and paclitaxel is contraindicated in patients with squamous cell lung cancer [see Warnings and Precautions (5.8)].


5 Warnings And Precautions




5.1 Cardiovascular Events



In the SHARP (HCC) study, the incidence of cardiac ischemia/infarction was 2.7% in sorafenib-treated patients compared with 1.3% in those receiving placebo; in another study, the incidence of cardiac ischemia/infarction was higher in the sorafenib-treated group (2.9%) compared with patients receiving placebo (0.4%), and in the DECISION (DTC) study, the incidence of cardiac ischemia/infarction was 1.9% in the sorafenib-treated group compared with 0% in patients receiving placebo. Patients with unstable coronary artery disease or recent myocardial infarction were excluded from this study. In multiple clinical trials, congestive heart failure has been reported in 1.9% of sorafenib-treated patients (N=2276) [see Adverse Reactions (6.2)].

Consider temporary or permanent discontinuation of sorafenib tablets in patients who develop cardiovascular events [see Dosage and Administration (2.2)].


5.2 Hemorrhage



An increased risk of bleeding may occur following sorafenib tablets administration. In the SHARP (HCC) study, the rates of bleeding from esophageal varices (2.4% and 4%) and of bleeding with a fatal outcome from any site (2.4% and 4%) were similar in sorafenib-treated patients and those receiving placebo, respectively. In another study, bleeding was reported in 15.3% of patients in the sorafenib-treated group and 8.2% of patients receiving placebo. The incidence of Grade 3 and 4 bleeding was 2% and 0%, respectively, in sorafenib-treated patients, and 1.3% and 0.2%, respectively, in those receiving placebo. There was one fatal hemorrhage in each treatment group in this study. In the DECISION (DTC) study, bleeding was reported in 17.4% of sorafenib-treated patients and 9.6% of those receiving placebo; however, the incidence of Grade 3 bleeding was similar (1% and 1.4%) in sorafenib-treated patients and in those receiving placebo.

If any bleeding necessitates medical intervention, consider permanent discontinuation of sorafenib tablets [see Dosage and Administration (2.2)]. Due to the potential risk of bleeding, treat tracheal, bronchial, and esophageal infiltration with local therapy prior to administering sorafenib tablets in patients with DTC.


5.3 Hypertension



In the SHARP (HCC) study, hypertension was reported in 9.4% of sorafenib-treated patients and 4.3% of patients receiving placebo. In another study, hypertension was reported in 16.9% of sorafenib-treated patients and 1.8% of patients receiving placebo. In the DECISION (DTC) study, hypertension was reported in 40.6% of sorafenib-treated patients and 12.4% of patients receiving placebo. Hypertension was usually mild to moderate, occurred early in the course of treatment, and was managed with standard antihypertensive therapy. Permanent discontinuation due to hypertension occurred in 1 of 297 sorafenib-treated patients in the SHARP (HCC) study, 1 of 451 sorafenib-treated patients in the other study and 1 of 207 sorafenib-treated patients in the DECISION (DTC) study.

Monitor blood pressure weekly during the first 6 weeks of sorafenib tablets. Thereafter, monitor blood pressure and treat hypertension, if required, in accordance with standard medical practice. In cases of severe or persistent hypertension despite institution of antihypertensive therapy, consider temporary or permanent discontinuation of sorafenib tablets [see Dosage and Administration (2.2)].


5.4 Dermatologic Toxicities



Hand-foot skin reaction and rash represent the most common adverse reactions attributed to sorafenib tablets. Rash and hand-foot skin reaction are usually Grade 1 and 2 and generally appear during the first six weeks of treatment with sorafenib tablets. Permanent discontinuation of therapy due to hand-foot skin reaction occurred in 4 (1.3%) of 297 sorafenib-treated patients with HCC, 3 (0.7%) of 451 sorafenib-treated patients in the other study and 11 (5.3%) of 207 sorafenib-treated patients with DTC.

Management of dermatologic toxicities may include topical therapies for symptomatic relief, temporary treatment interruption and/or dose reduction of sorafenib tablets, or in severe or persistent cases, permanent discontinuation of sorafenib tablets [see Dosage and Administration (2.2)].

There have been reports of severe dermatologic toxicities, including Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN). These cases may be life-threatening. Discontinue sorafenib tablets if SJS or TEN are suspected.


5.5 Gastrointestinal Perforation



Gastrointestinal perforation has been reported in less than 1% of patients taking sorafenib tablets. In some cases this was not associated with apparent intra-abdominal tumor. In the event of a gastrointestinal perforation, permanently discontinue sorafenib tablets.


5.6 Increased Risk Of Bleeding With Concomitant Use Of Warfarin



Infrequent bleeding or elevations in the International Normalized Ratio (INR) have been reported in some patients taking warfarin while on sorafenib tablets. Monitor patients taking concomitant warfarin regularly for changes in prothrombin time (PT), INR or clinical bleeding episodes.


5.7 Risk Of Impaired Wound Healing



Impaired wound healing can occur in patients who receive drugs that inhibit the VEGF signaling pathway. Therefore, sorafenib tablets has the potential to adversely affect wound healing.

Withhold sorafenib tablets for at least 10 days prior to elective surgery. Do not administer for at least 2 weeks following major surgery and until adequate wound healing. The safety of resumption of sorafenib tablets after resolution of wound healing complications has not been established.


5.8 Increased Mortality Observed With Sorafenib Administered In Combination With Carboplatin/Paclitaxel And Gemcitabine/Cisplatin In Squamous Cell Lung Cancer



In a subset analysis of two randomized controlled trials in chemo-naive patients with Stage IIIB to IV non-small cell lung cancer, patients with squamous cell carcinoma experienced higher mortality with the addition of sorafenib compared to those treated with carboplatin/paclitaxel alone (HR 1.81; 95% CI 1.19, 2.74) and gemcitabine/cisplatin alone (HR 1.22; 95% CI 0.82, 1.80). The use of sorafenib tablets in combination with carboplatin/paclitaxel is contraindicated in patients with squamous cell lung cancer. Sorafenib tablets in combination with gemcitabine/cisplatin is not recommended in patients with squamous cell lung cancer. The safety and effectiveness of sorafenib has not been established in patients with non-small cell lung cancer.


5.9 Qt Interval Prolongation



Sorafenib can prolong the QT/QTc interval. QT/QTc interval prolongation increases the risk for ventricular arrhythmias.

Avoid sorafenib tablets in patients with congenital long QT syndrome. Monitor electrolytes and electrocardiograms in patients with congestive heart failure, bradyarrhythmias, drugs known to prolong the QT interval, including Class Ia and III antiarrhythmics. Correct electrolyte abnormalities (magnesium, potassium, calcium). Interrupt sorafenib tablets if QTc interval is greater than 500 milliseconds or for an increase from baseline of 60 milliseconds or greater [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.2)].


5.10 Drug-Induced Liver Injury



Sorafenib-induced hepatitis is characterized by a hepatocellular pattern of liver damage with significant increases of transaminases which may result in hepatic failure and death. Increases in bilirubin and INR may also occur. The incidence of severe drug-induced liver injury, defined as elevated transaminase levels above 20 times the upper limit of normal or transaminase elevations with significant clinical sequelae (for example, elevated INR, ascites, fatal, or transplantation), was two of 3,357 patients (0.06%) in a global monotherapy database.

Monitor liver function tests regularly. In case of significantly increased transaminases without alternative explanation, such as viral hepatitis or progressing underlying malignancy, discontinue sorafenib tablets [see Dosage and Administration (2.2)].


5.11 Embryo-Fetal Toxicity



Based on its mechanism of action and findings in animals, sorafenib may cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. Sorafenib caused embryo-fetal toxicities in animals at maternal exposures that were significantly lower than the human exposures at the recommended dose of 400 mg twice daily. Advise pregnant women and females of reproductive potential of the potential risk to a fetus. Advise females of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment and for 6 months following the last dose of sorafenib tablets. Advise male patients with female partners of reproductive potential and pregnant partners to use effective contraception during treatment and for 3 months following the last dose of sorafenib tablets [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1, 8.3)].


5.12 Impairment Of Thyroid Stimulating Hormone Suppression In Differentiated Thyroid Carcinoma



Sorafenib impairs exogenous thyroid suppression. In the DECISION (DTC) study, 99% of patients had a baseline thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) level less than 0.5 mU/L. Elevation of TSH level above 0.5 mU/L was observed in 41% of sorafenib-treated patients as compared with 16% of those receiving placebo patients. For patients with impaired TSH suppression while receiving sorafenib tablets, the median maximal TSH was 1.6 mU/L and 25% had TSH levels greater than 4.4 mU/L.

Monitor TSH levels monthly and adjust thyroid replacement medication as needed in patients with DTC.


6 Adverse Reactions



The following clinically significant adverse reactions are discussed elsewhere in the labeling:

• Cardiovascular events [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)]

• Hemorrhage [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)]

• Hypertension [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)]

• Dermatologic toxicities [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)]

• Gastrointestinal perforation [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)]

• QT interval prolongation [see Warnings and Precautions (5.9) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.2)]

• Drug-induced liver injury [see Warnings and Precautions (5.10)]

• Impairment of TSH suppression in DTC [see Warnings and Precautions (5.12)]


6.1 Clinical Trials Experience



Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.

The data described reflect exposure to sorafenib in 955 patients who participated in placebo-controlled studies in hepatocellular carcinoma (N=297), or differentiated thyroid carcinoma (N=207). The most common adverse reactions (≥20%), which were considered to be related to sorafenib, in patients with HCC or DTC are diarrhea, fatigue, infection, alopecia, hand-foot skin reaction, rash, weight loss, decreased appetite, nausea, gastrointestinal and abdominal pains, hypertension, and hemorrhage.

Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Table 4 shows the percentage of patients in the SHARP (HCC) study experiencing adverse reactions that were reported in at least 10% of patients and at a higher rate in the sorafenib-treated group than in those receiving placebo.

Table 4: Adverse Reactions Reported in at Least 10% of Patients and at a Higher Rate in Sorafenib Arm than the Placebo Arm – SHARP (HCC)

SorafenibN=297PlaceboN=302
Adverse Reaction1All Grades %Grade 3 %Grade 4 %All Grades %Grade 3 %Grade 4 %
Any Adverse Reaction 9839696248
Gastrointestinal
Diarrhea 5510<12520
Anorexia 2930183<1
Nausea 24102030
Vomiting 15201120
Constipation 14001000
Constitutional symptoms
Fatigue469145122
Weight loss30201010
Pain
Pain, abdomen 31902651
Dermatology/skin
Hand-foot skin reaction 21803<10
Rash/desquamation 19101400
Alopecia 1400200
Pruritus 14<1011<10
Dry skin 1000600
Hepatobiliary/pancreas
Liver dysfunction 1121821

1 Adverse reactions graded according to National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 3.0 (NCI CTCAE v3.0).

Hypertension was reported in 9% of patients treated with sorafenib and 4% of those receiving placebo. Grade 3 hypertension was reported in 4% of sorafenib-treated patients and 1% of those receiving placebo.

Hemorrhage/bleeding was reported in 18% of those receiving sorafenib and 20% of patients receiving placebo. The rates of Grade 3 and 4 bleeding were also higher in patients receiving placebo (Grade 3 – 3% sorafenib and 5% placebo and Grade 4 – 2% sorafenib and 4% placebo). Bleeding from esophageal varices was reported in 2.4% in sorafenib-treated patients and 4% of patients receiving placebo.

Renal failure was reported in <1% of patients treated with sorafenib and 3% of patients receiving placebo. Clinical pancreatitis was reported in 1 of 297 sorafenib-treated patients (Grade 2).

The rate of adverse reactions (including those associated with progressive disease) resulting in permanent discontinuation was similar in both the sorafenib-treated patients and those receiving placebo (32% of sorafenib-treated patients and 35% of patients receiving placebo).

Laboratory test abnormalities reported in SHARP are presented in Table 5.

Table 5: Laboratory Test Abnormalities Reported in SHARP (HCC)

Laboratory Parameter1 Sorafenib N=297 Placebo N=302
All Grades (%)Grade 3 or 4 (%)All Grades (%)Grade 3 or 4 (%)
Hypoalbuminemia 59 0 47 0
Elevated Lipase 40 9 37 9
Lymphopenia 47 NR 42 NR
Thrombocytopenia 46 4 41 <1
Elevated INR 42 4 34 2
Hypophosphatemia 35 11 11 2
Elevated Amylase 34 2 29 2
Hypocalcemia 27 2.4 15 1
Hypokalemia 10 <1 6 <1

1-Laboratory parameters graded according to National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 3.0 (NCI CTCAE v3.0).

NR = not reported

Differentiated Thyroid Carcinoma

The safety of sorafenib was evaluated in DECISION in 416 patients with locally recurrent or metastatic, progressive differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) refractory to radioactive iodine (RAI) treatment randomized to receive 400 mg twice daily sorafenib (n=207) or matching placebo (n=209) until disease progression or intolerable toxicity in a double-blind trial [see Clinical Studies (14.3)]. The data described below reflect a median exposure to sorafenib for 46 weeks (range 0.3 to 135). The population exposed to sorafenib was 50% male, and had a median age of 63 years.

Dose interruptions for adverse reactions were required in 66% of patients receiving sorafenib and dose reductions were required in 64% of patients. Adverse reactions that resulted in treatment discontinuation were reported in 14% of sorafenib-treated patients compared to 1.4% of patients receiving placebo.

Table 8 shows the percentage of DTC patients experiencing adverse reactions at a higher rate in sorafenib-treated patients than in patients receiving placebo in the double-blind phase of the DECISION study. Grade 3 adverse reactions occurred in 53% of sorafenib-treated patients compared to 23% of patients receiving placebo. Grade 4 adverse reactions occurred in 12% of sorafenib-treated patients compared to 7% of patients receiving placebo.

Table 8: Selected Adverse Reactions Occurring at a Higher Incidence in Sorafenib-Treated Patients [Between Arm Difference of ≥ 5% (All Grades)or ≥ 2% (Grades 3 and 4)]

Adverse Reaction Sorafenib
N = 207
Placebo
N = 209
All Grades
(%)
Grades 3 and 4
(%)
All Grades
(%)
Grades 3 and 4
(%)
Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders
PPES569 19 8 0
Alopecia 67 0 8 0
Rash 35 5 7 0
Pruritus 20 0.5 11 0
Dry skin 13 0.5 5 0
Erythema 10 0 0.5 0
Hyperkeratosis 7 0 0 0
Gastrointestinal disorders
Diarrhea 68 6 15 1
Stomatitis3 24 2 3 0
Nausea 21 0 12 0
Abdominal pain2 20 1 7 1
Constipation 16 0 8 0.5
Oral pain4 14 0.5 6 0
Vomiting 11 0 3 0
Investigations
Weight loss 49 6 14 1
General disorders and administration site conditions
Fatigue 41 5 20 1
Asthenia 12 0 7 0
Pyrexia 11 1 5 0
Vascular disorders
Hypertension641 10 12 2
Metabolism and nutrition disorders
Decreased appetite 30 2 5 0
Nervous system disorders
Headache 17 0 6 0
Dysgeusia 6 0 0 0
Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders
Pain in extremity 15 1 7 0
Muscle spasms 10 0 3 0
Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders
Dysphonia130.530
Epistaxis7010
Neoplasms benign, malignant and unspecified
Squamous cell carcinoma of skin3300

1 National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events Version 3.0

2 Includes the following terms: abdominal pain, abdominal discomfort, hepatic pain, esophageal pain, esophageal discomfort, abdominal pain lower, abdominal pain upper, abdominal tenderness, abdominal rigidity

3 Includes the following terms: stomatitis, aphthous stomatitis, mouth ulceration, mucosal inflammation

4 Includes the following terms: oral pain, oropharyngeal discomfort, glossitis, burning mouth syndrome, glossodynia

5 Palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia syndrome (Hand-foot skin reaction)

6 Includes the following terms: hypertension, blood pressure increased, blood pressure systolic increased

The relative increase for the following laboratory abnormalities observed in sorafenib-treated patients as compared to patients receiving placebo in the DECISION study is similar to that observed in the HCC studies: lipase, amylase, hypokalemia, hypophosphatemia, neutropenia, lymphopenia, anemia, and thrombocytopenia. Hypocalcemia was more frequent and more severe in patients with DTC, especially those with a history of hypoparathyroidism, compared to patients with HCC. Other laboratory test abnormalities reported in DECISION are presented in Table 9.

Table 9: Laboratory Test Abnormalities Reported in DECISION (DTC)

Laboratory Parameter1Sorafenib
N=207
Placebo
N=209
All Grades (%)Grade 3 or 4 (%)All Grades (%)Grade 3 or 4 (%)
Elevated ALT 59 4 24 0
Elevated AST 54 2 15 0
Hypocalcemia 36 10 11 3

1 Laboratory parameters graded according to National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 3.0 (NCI CTCAE v3.0).

Additional Data from Multiple Clinical Trials

The following additional drug-related adverse reactions and laboratory abnormalities were reported from clinical trials of sorafenib (very common 10% or greater, common 1 to less than 10%, uncommon 0.1% to less than 1%, rare less than 0.1 %):

Cardiovascular: Common: congestive heart failure*†, myocardial ischemia and/or infarction Uncommon: hypertensive crisis* Rare: QT prolongation* 

Dermatologic: Very common: erythema Common: exfoliative dermatitis, acne, flushing, folliculitis, hyperkeratosis Uncommon: eczema, erythema multiforme

Digestive: Very common: increased lipase, increased amylase Common: mucositis, stomatitis (including dry mouth and glossodynia), dyspepsia, dysphagia, gastrointestinal reflux Uncommon: pancreatitis, gastritis, gastrointestinal perforations*, cholecystitis, cholangitis

Note that elevations in lipase are very common (41%, see below); a diagnosis of pancreatitis should not be made solely on the basis of abnormal laboratory values

General Disorders: Very common: infection, hemorrhage (including gastrointestinal* and respiratory tract* and uncommon cases of cerebral hemorrhage*), asthenia, pain (including mouth, bone, and tumor pain), pyrexia, decreased appetite Common: influenza-like illness

Hematologic: Very common: leukopenia, lymphopenia Common: anemia, neutropenia, thrombocytopenia Uncommon: INR abnormal Hepatobiliary disorders: Rare: drug-induced liver injury (including hepatic failure and death)

Hypersensitivity: Uncommon: hypersensitivity reactions (including skin reactions and urticaria), anaphylactic reaction

Metabolic and Nutritional: Very common: hypophosphatemia Common: transient increases in transaminases, hypocalcemia, hypokalemia, hyponatremia, hypothyroidism Uncommon: dehydration, transient increases in alkaline phosphatase, increased bilirubin (including jaundice), hyperthyroidism

Musculoskeletal: Very common: arthralgia Common: myalgia, muscle spasms

Nervous System and Psychiatric: Common: depression, dysgeusia Uncommon: tinnitus, reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy* 

Renal and Genitourinary: Common: renal failure, proteinuria Rare: nephrotic syndrome

Reproductive: Common: erectile dysfunction Uncommon: gynecomastia

Respiratory: Common: rhinorrhea Uncommon: interstitial lung disease-like events (includes reports of pneumonitis, radiation pneumonitis, acute respiratory distress, interstitial pneumonia, pulmonitis and lung inflammation)

In addition, the following medically significant adverse reactions were uncommon during clinical trials of sorafenib: transient ischemic attack, arrhythmia, and thromboembolism. For these adverse reactions, the causal relationship to sorafenib has not been established.

* adverse reactions may have a life-threatening or fatal outcome.

reported in 1.9% of patients treated with sorafenib (N= 2276).


6.2 Postmarketing Experience



The following adverse reactions have been identified during postapproval use of sorafenib. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.

Blood and lymphatic disorders: Thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA)

Dermatologic: Stevens-Johnson syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN)

Hypersensitivity: Angioedema

Musculoskeletal: Rhabdomyolysis, osteonecrosis of the jaw

Respiratory: Interstitial lung disease-like events (which may have a life-threatening or fatal outcome)

Vascular: Arterial (including aortic) aneurysms, dissections, and rupture


7 Drug Interactions




7.1 Effect Of Other Drugs On Sorafenib



Strong CYP3A4 Inducers

The concomitant use of sorafenib with rifampin, a strong CYP3A4 inducer decreased the mean AUC of sorafenib, which may decrease the antitumor activity [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. Avoid concomitant use of sorafenib with strong CYP3A4 inducers, when possible, because these drugs can decrease the systemic exposure to sorafenib.

Neomycin

The concomitant use of sorafenib with neomycin decreased the mean AUC of sorafenib, which may decrease the antitumor activity. Avoid concomitant use of sorafenib with neomycin. The effects of other antibiotics on the pharmacokinetics of sorafenib have not been studied [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].


7.2 Concomitant Use Of Warfarin



The concomitant use of sorafenib and warfarin may increase the risk of bleeding or increased the INR. Monitor INR and for clinical bleeding episodes in patients taking warfarin while receiving sorafenib tablets [see Warnings and Precautions (5.6)].


7.3 Drugs That Prolong The Qt Interval



Sorafenib is associated with QTc interval prolongation. Avoid coadministration of sorafenib tablets with medicinal products with a known potential to prolong QT/QTc interval [see Warnings and Precautions (5.9), Clinical Pharmacology (12.2 )].


8 Use In Specific Populations




8.1 Pregnancy



Risk Summary

Based on findings from animal studies and its mechanism of action [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.1)], sorafenib may cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. There are no available data in pregnant women to inform a drug-associated risk. In animal reproduction studies, oral administration of sorafenib to pregnant rats and rabbits during the period of organogenesis resulted in embryo-fetal toxicities at maternal exposures that were significantly lower than human exposures at the recommended dose of 400 mg twice daily (see Data). Advise pregnant women and females of reproductive potential of the potential risk to a fetus.

The background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage for the indicated population is unknown. In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2% to 4% and 15% to 20%, respectively.

Data

Animal Data

In animal reproduction studies, sorafenib was teratogenic and induced embryo-fetal toxicity (including increased post-implantation loss, resorptions, skeletal retardations, and retarded fetal weight) when administered orally to pregnant rats and rabbits during the period of organogenesis. The effects occurred at doses considerably below the recommended human dose of 400 mg twice daily (approximately 500 mg/m2/day on a body surface area basis). Adverse intrauterine development effects were seen at doses >0.2 mg/kg/day (1.2 mg/m2/day) in rats and ≥0.3 mg/kg/day (≥3.6 mg/m2/day) in rabbits. These doses result in exposures (AUC) that are approximately 0.008 times the AUC in patients at the recommended dose.


8.2 Lactation



Risk Summary

There are no data on the presence of sorafenib or its metabolites in human milk, or its effects on the breast-fed child or on milk production. Sorafenib was present in milk of lactating rats (see Data). Because of the potential for serious adverse reactions in a breastfed child from sorafenib, advise women not to breastfeed during treatment with sorafenib tablets and for 2 weeks after the last dose.

Data

Animal Data

Following administration of radiolabeled sorafenib to lactating Wistar rats, approximately 27% of the radioactivity was secreted into milk. The milk to plasma AUC ratio was approximately 5:1.


8.3 Females And Males Of Reproductive Potential



Sorafenib may cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1)].

Pregnancy Testing

Verify the pregnancy status of females of reproductive potential prior to the initiation of sorafenib.

Contraception

Females

Advise females of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment and for 6 months following the last dose of sorafenib tablets.

Males

Based on genotoxicity and findings in animal reproduction studies, advise males with female partners of reproductive potential and pregnant partners to use effective contraception during treatment with sorafenib tablets and for 3 months following the last dose of sorafenib tablets [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1), Nonclinical Toxicology (13.1)].

Infertility

Males

Based on findings in animal studies, sorafenib may impair fertility in males of reproductive potential [see Nonclinical Toxicology (13.1)].


8.4 Pediatric Use



The safety and effectiveness of sorafenib have not been established in pediatric patients.

Juvenile Animal Toxicity Data

Repeat dosing of sorafenib to young and growing dogs resulted in irregular thickening of the femoral growth plate at daily sorafenib doses ≥600 mg/m(approximately 0.3 times the AUC at the recommended human dose), hypocellularity of the bone marrow adjoining the growth plate at 200 mg/m2/day (approximately 0.1 times the AUC at the recommended human dose), and alterations of the dentin composition at 600 mg/m2/day. Similar effects were not observed in adult dogs when dosed for 4 weeks or less.


8.5 Geriatric Use



In total, 59% of HCC patients treated with sorafenib were age 65 years or older and 19% were 75 and older. No differences in safety or efficacy were observed between older and younger patients, and other reported clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger patients, but greater sensitivity of some older individuals cannot be ruled out.


8.6 Renal Impairment



No dose adjustment is necessary for patients with mild, moderate or severe renal impairment who are not on dialysis. The pharmacokinetics of sorafenib have not been studied in patients who are on dialysis [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].


8.7 Hepatic Impairment



No dose adjustment is necessary for patients with mild or moderate hepatic impairment. The pharmacokinetics of sorafenib have not been studied in patients with severe (Child-Pugh C) hepatic impairment [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].


10 Overdosage



The adverse reactions observed at a dose of 800 mg twice daily (2 times the recommended dose) were primarily diarrhea and dermatologic. No information is available on symptoms of acute overdose in animals because of the saturation of absorption in oral acute toxicity studies conducted in animals.

In cases of suspected overdose, withhold sorafenib tablets and institute supportive care.


11 Description



Sorafenib, a kinase inhibitor, is the tosylate salt of sorafenib. Sorafenib tosylate, USP has the chemical name 4-(4-{3-[4-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]ureido}phenoxy)-N2-methylpyridine-2-carboxamide 4-methylbenzenesulfonate. The molecular formula of sorafenib tosylate, USP is C21H16ClF3N4O3.C7H8O3S and the molecular weight of sorafenib tosylate, USP is 637.03 grams/mole. Its structural formula is:

Sorafenib tosylate, USP is a white or slightly yellowish or brownish powder. Sorafenib tosylate, USP is soluble in polyethylene glycol 400, slightly soluble in ethanol, and practically insoluble in aqueous media (i.e. water) and in heptane.

Sorafenib tablets, USP for oral use are supplied as film-coated tablets containing 200 mg of sorafenib equivalent to 274 mg sorafenib tosylate, USP and the following inactive ingredients: croscarmellose sodium, hypromellose, iron oxide yellow, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, polyethylene glycol, sodium lauryl sulphate, talc and titanium dioxide. 

FDA approved dissolution test specifications differ from USP.


12 Clinical Pharmacology




12.1 Mechanism Of Action



Sorafenib is a kinase inhibitor that decreases tumor cell proliferation in vitro. Sorafenib was shown to inhibit multiple intracellular (c-CRAF, BRAF and mutant BRAF) and cell surface kinases (KIT, FLT-3, RET, RET/PTC, VEGFR-1, VEGFR-2, VEGFR-3, and PDGFR-ß). Several of these kinases are thought to be involved in tumor cell signaling, angiogenesis and apoptosis. Sorafenib inhibited tumor growth of HCC and DTC human tumor xenografts in immunocompromised mice. Reductions in tumor angiogenesis were seen in models of HCC upon sorafenib treatment, and increases in tumor apoptosis were observed in models of HCC and DTC.


12.2 Pharmacodynamics



Cardiac Electrophysiology

The effect of sorafenib 400 mg twice daily on the QTc interval was evaluated in a multi-center, open-label, non-randomized trial in 53 patients with advanced cancer. No large changes in the mean QTc intervals (that is, >20 ms) from baseline were detected in the trial. After one 28-day treatment cycle, the largest mean QTc interval change of 8.5 ms (upper bound of two-sided 90% confidence interval, 13.3 ms) was observed at 6 hours post-dose on day 1 of cycle 2 [see Warnings and Precautions (5.9), Drug Interactions (7.3)].


12.3 Pharmacokinetics



Multiple doses of sorafenib for 7 days resulted in a 2.5- to 7-fold accumulation compared to a single dose. Steady-state plasma sorafenib concentrations were achieved within 7 days, with a peak-to-trough ratio of mean concentrations of less than 2.

The steady-state concentrations of sorafenib following administration of sorafenib 400 mg twice daily were evaluated in DTC, and HCC patients. Patients with DTC have mean steady-state concentrations that are 1.8-fold higher than patients with HCC. The reason for increased sorafenib concentrations in DTC patients is unknown.

Mean Cmax and AUC increased less than proportionally beyond oral doses of 400 mg administered twice daily.

Absorption

After administration of sorafenib tablets, the mean relative bioavailability was 38 to 49% when compared to an oral solution. Following oral administration, sorafenib reached peak plasma levels in approximately 3 hours.

Effects of Food

With a moderate-fat meal (30% fat; 700 calories), bioavailability was similar to that in the fasted state. With a high-fat meal (50% fat; 900 calories), bioavailability was reduced by 29% compared to that in the fasted state.

Distribution

In vitro binding of sorafenib to human plasma proteins was 99.5%.

Elimination

The mean elimination half-life of sorafenib was approximately 25 to 48 hours.

Metabolism

Sorafenib undergoes oxidative metabolism by hepatic CYP3A4, as well as glucuronidation by UGT1A9.

Excretion

Sorafenib accounted for approximately 70 to 85% of the circulating analytes in plasma at steady-state. Eight metabolites of sorafenib have been identified, of which 5 have been detected in plasma. The main circulating metabolite of sorafenib, the pyridine N-oxide that comprises approximately 9 to 16% of circulating analytes at steady-state, showed in vitro potency similar to that of sorafenib.

Following oral administration of a 100 mg dose of a solution formulation of sorafenib, 96% of the dose was recovered within 14 days, with 77% of the dose excreted in feces and 19% of the dose excreted in urine as glucuronidated metabolites. Unchanged sorafenib, accounting for 51% of the dose, was found in feces but not in urine.

Specific Populations

A study of the pharmacokinetics of sorafenib indicated that the mean AUC of sorafenib in Asians (N=78) was 30% lower than in Whites (N=40). Sex and age do not have a clinically meaningful effect on the pharmacokinetics of sorafenib.

Patients with Renal Impairment

Mild (CLcr 50 to 80 mL/min), moderate (CLcr 30 to <50 mL/min), and severe (CLcr <30 mL/min) renal impairment do not affect the pharmacokinetics of sorafenib [see Use in Specific Populations (8.6)].

Patients with Hepatic Impairment

Mild (Child-Pugh A) and moderate (Child-Pugh B) hepatic impairment do not affect the pharmacokinetics of sorafenib [see Use in Specific Populations (8.7)].

Drug Interactions Studies

Effect of Strong CYP3A4 Inhibitors on Sorafenib:Ketoconazole, a strong inhibitor of CYP3A4 and P-glycoprotein, administered at a dose of 400 mg once daily for 7 days did not alter the mean AUC of a single oral dose of sorafenib 50 mg in healthy subjects.

Effect of Strong CYP3A4 Inducers on Sorafenib: Concomitant use of sorafenib with rifampin administered at a dose of 600 mg once daily for 5 days with a single oral dose of sorafenib 400 mg in healthy volunteers resulted in a 37% decrease in the mean AUC of sorafenib.

Effect of Neomycin on Sorafenib: Neomycin administered as an oral dose of 1 gram three times daily for 5 days decreased the mean AUC of sorafenib by 54% in healthy subjects administered a single oral dose of sorafenib 400 mg.

Effect of Sorafenib on Other Drugs: Sorafenib 400 mg twice daily for 28 days did not increase the systemic exposure of concomitantly administered midazolam (CYP3A4 substrate), dextromethorphan (CYP2D6 substrate), and omeprazole (CYP2C19 substrate) [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

Drugs that Increase Gastric pH: The aqueous solubility of sorafenib is pH dependent, with higher pH resulting in lower solubility. However, omeprazole, a proton pump inhibitor, administered at a dose of 40 mg once daily for 5 days, did not result in a clinically meaningful change in sorafenib single dose exposure.

In VitroStudies

Sorafenib competitively inhibited CYP2B6, CYP2C8, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP2D6, and CYP3A4 in vitro. However, sorafenib 400 mg twice daily for 28 days with substrates of CYP3A4, CYP2D6 and CYP2C19 did not increase the systemic exposure of these substrates [see Drug Interactions (7.3)].

Sorafenib did not increase CYP1A2 and CYP3A4 activities, suggesting that sorafenib is unlikely to induce CYP1A2 or CYP3A4 in humans.

Sorafenib inhibits glucuronidation by UGT1A1 and UGT1A9 in vitro. Sorafenib could increase the systemic exposure of concomitantly administered drugs that are UGT1A1 or UGT1A9 substrates.

Sorafenib inhibited P-glycoprotein in vitro. Sorafenib could increase the concentrations of concomitantly administered drugs that are P-glycoprotein substrates.


13 Nonclinical Toxicology




13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment Of Fertility



Carcinogenicity studies have not been performed with sorafenib. Sorafenib was clastogenic when tested in an in vitro mammalian cell assay (Chinese hamster ovary) in the presence of metabolic activation. Sorafenib was not mutagenic in the in vitro Ames bacterial cell assay or clastogenic in an in vivo mouse micronucleus assay. One intermediate in the manufacturing process, which is also present in the final drug substance (<0.15%), was positive for mutagenesis in an in vitro bacterial cell assay (Ames test) when tested independently.

No specific studies with sorafenib have been conducted in animals to evaluate the effect on fertility. However, results from the repeat-dose toxicity studies suggest there is a potential for sorafenib to impair reproductive function and fertility. Multiple adverse effects were observed in male and female reproductive organs, with the rat being more susceptible than mice or dogs. Typical changes in rats consisted of testicular atrophy or degeneration, degeneration of epididymis, prostate, and seminal vesicles, central necrosis of the corpora lutea and arrested follicular development. Sorafenib-related effects on the reproductive organs of rats were manifested at daily oral doses ≥5 mg/kg (30 mg/m2). This dose results in an exposure (AUC) that is approximately 0.5 times the AUC in patients at the recommended human dose. Dogs showed tubular degeneration in the testes at 30 mg/kg/day (600 mg/m2/day). This dose results in an exposure that is approximately 0.3 times the AUC at the recommended human dose. Oligospermia was observed in dogs at 60 mg/kg/day (1,200 mg/m2/day) of sorafenib.


14 Clinical Studies




14.1 Hepatocellular Carcinoma



The SHARP (HCC) study (NCT00105443) was an international, multicenter, randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled trial in patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma. Overall survival was the primary endpoint. A total of 602 patients were randomized; 299 to sorafenib 400 mg twice daily and 303 to matching placebo. All 602 randomized subjects were included in the ITT population for the efficacy analyses.

Demographics and baseline disease characteristics were similar between the sorafenib and placebo arms with regard to age, gender, race, performance status, etiology (including hepatitis B, hepatitis C and alcoholic liver disease), TNM stage (stage I: <1% vs. <1%; stage II: 10.4% vs. 8.3%; stage III: 37.8% vs. 43.6%; stage IV: 50.8% vs. 46.9%), absence of both macroscopic vascular invasion and extrahepatic tumor spread (30.1% vs. 30.0%), and Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer stage (stage B: 18.1% vs. 16.8%; stage C: 81.6% vs. 83.2%; stage D: <1% vs. 0%). Liver impairment by Child-Pugh score was comparable between the sorafenib and placebo arms (Class A: 95% vs. 98%; B: 5% vs. 2%). Only one patient with Child-Pugh class C was entered. Prior treatments included surgical resection procedures (19.1% vs. 20.5%), locoregional therapies (including radiofrequency ablation, percutaneous ethanol injection and transarterial chemoembolization; 38.8% vs. 40.6%), radiotherapy (4.3% vs. 5%) and systemic therapy (3% vs. 5%).

The trial was stopped for efficacy following a pre-specified second interim analysis for survival showing a statistically significant advantage for sorafenib over placebo for overall survival (HR: 0.69, p= 0.00058) (see Table 10 and Figure 1). This advantage was consistent across all subsets analyzed.

Final analysis of time to tumor progression (TTP) based on data from an earlier time point (by independent radiologic review) also was significantly longer in the sorafenib arm (HR: 0.58, p=0.000007) (see Table 10).

Table 10: Efficacy Results from SHARP (HCC)

Efficacy Parameter Sorafenib
(N=299)
Placebo
(N=303)
Overall Survival
Number of Events 143 178
Median, months 10.7 7.9
(95% CI) (9.4, 13.3) (6.8, 9.1)
Hazard Ratio1 (95% CI) 0.69 (0.55, 0.87)
P-value (log-rank test2) 0.00058
Time to Progression3
Number of Events 107 156
Median, months 5.5 2.8
(95% CI) (4.1, 6.9) (2.7, 3.9)
Hazard Ratio1 (95% CI) 0.58
(0.45, 0.74)
P-value (log-rank test2) 0.000007

CI=Confidence interval

1 Hazard ratio, sorafenib/placebo, stratified Cox model

2 Stratified log rank (for the interim analysis of survival, the stopping boundary one-sided alpha = 0.0077)

3 The time-to-progression (TTP) analysis, based on independent radiologic review, was based on data from an earlier time point than the survival analysis

Figure 1: Kaplan-Meier Curve of Overall Survival in SHARP (HCC) (Intent-to-Treat Population)


14.3 Differentiated Thyroid Carcinoma



The safety and effectiveness of sorafenib was evaluated in a multicenter, randomized (1:1), double-blind, placebo-controlled trial (DECISION; NCT00984282) conducted in 417 patients with locally recurrent or metastatic, progressive differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) refractory to radioactive iodine (RAI) treatment. Randomization was stratified by age (< 60 years versus ≥ 60 years) and geographical region (North America, Europe, and Asia). All 417 subjects were included in the ITT population for the efficacy analyses.

All patients were required to have actively progressing disease defined as progression within 14 months of enrollment. RAI-refractory disease was defined based on four criteria that were not mutually exclusive. All RAI treatments and diagnostic scans were to be performed under conditions of a low iodine diet and adequate TSH stimulation. Following are the RAI-refractory criteria and the proportion of patients in the study that met each one: a target lesion with no iodine uptake on RAI scan (68%); tumors with iodine uptake and progression after RAI treatment within 16 months of enrollment (12%); tumors with iodine uptake and multiple RAI treatments with the last treatment greater than 16 months prior to enrollment, and disease progression after each of two RAI treatments administered within 16 months of each other (7%); cumulative RAI dose ≥ 600 mCi administered (34%). The major efficacy outcome measure was progression-free survival (PFS) as determined by a blinded, independent radiological review using a modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors v. 1.0 (RECIST). RECIST was modified by inclusion of clinical progression of bone lesions based on the need for external beam radiation (4.4% of progression events). Additional efficacy outcomes measures included overall survival (OS), tumor response rate, and duration of response.

Patients were randomized to receive sorafenib 400 mg twice daily (n=207) or placebo (n=210). Of the 417 patients randomized, 48% were male, the median age was 63 years, 61% were 60 years or older, 60% were white, 62% had an ECOG performance status of 0, and 99% had undergone thyroidectomy. The histological diagnoses were papillary carcinoma in 57%, follicular carcinoma (including Hürthle cell) in 25%, and poorly differentiated carcinoma in 10%, and other in 8% of the study population. Metastases were present in 96% of the patients: lungs in 86%, lymph nodes in 51%, and bone in 27%. The median cumulative RAI activity administered prior to study entry was 400 mCi.

A statistically significant prolongation of PFS was demonstrated for sorafenib-treated patients compared to those receiving placebo (Figure 3); no statistically significant difference was seen in the final overall survival (OS) analysis (Table 12). Crossover to open label sorafenib occurred in 161 (77%) patients randomized to placebo after investigator-determined disease progression.

Table 12: Efficacy Results from DECISION in Differentiated Thyroid Carcinoma

Sorafenib
N=207
Placebo
N=210
Progression-free Survival1
Number of Deaths or Progression 113 (55%) 136 (65%)
Median PFS in Months (95% CI) 10.8 (9.1, 12.9) 5.8 ( 5.3, 7.8)
Hazard Ratio (95% CI) 0.59 (0.46, 0.76)
P-value 2 <0.001
Overall Survival3
Number of Deaths 103 (49.8%) 109 (51.9%)
Median OS in Months (95% CI) 42.8 (34.6, 52.6) 39.4 (32.7, 51.4)
Hazard Ratio (95% CI) 0.92 (0.71, 1.21)
P-value20.570
Objective Response
Number of Objective Responders 4 24 (12%) 1 (0.5%)
(95% CI) (7.6%, 16.8%) (0.01%, 2.7%)
Median Duration of Response in Months (95% CI) 10.2 (7.4, 16.6) NE

1 Independent radiological review

2 Two-sided log-rank test stratified by age (< 60 years, ≥ 60 years) and geographic region (North America, Europe, Asia)

3 Conducted after 212 events, which occurred 36 months after the primary PFS analysis.

4 All objective responses Se partial responses NR = Not Reached, CI = Confidence interval, NE = Not Estimable

Figure 3: Kaplan-Meier Curve of Progression-Free Survival in DECISION (DTC)


16 How Supplied/Storage And Handling



Sorafenib tablets, USP are supplied as light yellow to yellow colour, round, biconvex, film-coated tablets debossed with ‘I’ on one side and plain on the other side and free from physical defects.

Bottles of 120 tablets NDC 43598-458-04

Bottles of 360 tablets NDC 43598-458-36

Store at 20°C to 25°C (68°F to 77°F); excursions permitted to 15°C to 30°C (59°F to 86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature]. Store in a dry place. 


17 Patient Counseling Information



Advise the patient to read FDA-approved patient labeling (Patient Information).

Cardiovascular Events

Discuss with patients that cardiac ischemia and/or infarction and congestive heart failure, have been reported during sorafenib treatment, and that they should immediately report any episodes of chest pain or other symptoms of cardiac ischemia or congestive heart failure [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].

Bleeding

nform patients that sorafenib tablets can increase the risk of bleeding and that they should promptly report any episodes of bleeding [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)].

Inform patients that bleeding or elevations in the International Normalized Ratio (INR) have been reported in some patients taking warfarin while on sorafenib tablets and that their INR should be monitored regularly [see Warnings and Precautions (5.6)].

Hypertension

Inform patients that hypertension can develop during sorafenib tablets treatment, especially during the first six weeks of therapy, and that blood pressure should be monitored regularly during treatment [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)].

Skin Reactions

Advise patients of the possible occurrence of hand-foot skin reaction and rash during sorafenib tablets treatment and appropriate counter measures [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)].

Gastrointestinal Perforation

Advise patients that cases of gastrointestinal perforation have been reported in patients taking sorafenib tablets [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)].

Risk of Impaired Wound Healing

Advise patients that sorafenib tablets may impair wound healing. Advise patients to inform their healthcare provider of any planned surgical procedure [see Warnings and Precautions (5.7)].

QT Interval Prolongation

Inform patients with a history of prolonged QT interval that sorafenib tablets can worsen the condition [see Warnings and Precautions (5.9) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.2)].

Drug-Induced Liver Injury

Inform patients that sorafenib tablets can cause hepatitis which may result in hepatic failure and death. Advise patients that liver function tests should be monitored regularly during treatment and to report signs and symptoms of hepatitis [see Warnings and Precautions (5.10)].

Embryo-Fetal Toxicity

Advise females to inform their healthcare provider if they are pregnant or become pregnant. Inform female patients of the risk to a fetus and potential loss of pregnancy [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1)]. Advise females of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with sorafenib tablets and for 6 months after the last dose. Advise male patients with female partners of reproductive potential or who are pregnant to use effective contraception during treatment with sorafenib tablets and for 3 months after receiving the last dose of sorafenib tablets [see Warnings and Precautions (5.11), Use in Specific Populations (8.1,8.3)].

Lactation

Advise patients not to breastfeed while taking sorafenib tablets and for 2 weeks after receiving the last dose of sorafenib tablets [see Use in Specific Populations (8.2)].

Missed Doses

Instruct patients that if a dose of sorafenib tablets is missed, the next dose should be taken at the regularly scheduled time, and not double the dose. Instruct patients to contact their healthcare provider immediately if they take too much sorafenib tablets.

Rx only

Distributor:

Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories Inc.,

Princeton, NJ 08540

Made in India

Issued: 04/2022


Package Label Principal Display Panel Section



Sorafenib Tablets, 200 mg - 120's Count Container Label


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