The product labeling information includes all published material associated to a drug. Product labeling documents include information like generic names, active ingredients, ingredient strength dosage, routes of administration, appearance, usage, warnings, inactive ingredients, etc.
1 Indications And Usage
- Icosapent ethyl capsules are indicated:as an adjunct to diet to reduce triglyceride (TG) levels in adult patients with severe (≥500 mg/dL) hypertriglyceridemia.Limitations of Use:The effect of icosapent ethyl capsules on the risk for pancreatitis in patients with severe hypertriglyceridemia has not been determined.
2.1 Prior To Initiation Of Icosapent Ethyl Capsules
- Assess lipid levels before initiating therapy. Identify other causes (e.g., diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism, or medications) of high triglyceride levels and manage as appropriate. Patients should engage in appropriate nutritional intake and physical activity before receiving icosapent ethyl capsules, which should continue during treatment with icosapent ethyl capsules.
2.2 Dosage And Administration
- The daily dose of icosapent ethyl capsules is 4 grams per day taken as:two 1 gram capsules twice daily with food. Advise patients to swallow icosapent ethyl capsules whole. Do not break open, crush, dissolve, or chew icosapent ethyl capsules.
3 Dosage Forms And Strengths
- Icosapent ethyl capsules are supplied as: 1 gram oblong, natural colored transparent soft gelatin capsules with the logo “A1000” printed in white ink.
Icosapent ethyl capsules are contraindicated in patients with known hypersensitivity (e.g., anaphylactic reaction) to icosapent ethyl or any of its components.
5.1 Atrial Fibrillation/Flutter
Icosapent ethyl capsules are associated with an increased risk of atrial fibrillation or atrial flutter requiring hospitalization. In a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of 8,179 subjects, adjudicated atrial fibrillation or atrial flutter requiring hospitalization for 24 or more hours occurred in 127 (3%) patients treated with icosapent ethyl capsules compared to 84 (2%) patients receiving placebo [HR=1.5 (95% CI 1.14, 1.98)]. The incidence of atrial fibrillation was greater in patients with a previous history of atrial fibrillation or atrial flutter.
5.2 Potential For Allergic Reactions In Patients With Fish Allergy
Icosapent ethyl capsules contain ethyl esters of the omega-3 fatty acid, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), obtained from the oil of fish. It is not known whether patients with allergies to fish and/or shellfish are at increased risk of an allergic reaction to icosapent ethyl capsules. Inform patients with known hypersensitivity to fish and/or shellfish about the potential for allergic reactions to icosapent ethyl capsules and advise them to discontinue icosapent ethyl capsules and seek medical attention if any reactions occur.
Icosapent ethyl capsules are associated with an increased risk of bleeding. In a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of 8,179 patients, 482 (12%) patients receiving icosapent ethyl capsules experienced a bleeding event compared to 404 (10%) patients receiving placebo. Serious bleeding events occurred in 111 (3%) of patients on icosapent ethyl capsules vs. 85 (2%) of patients receiving placebo. The incidence of bleeding was greater in patients receiving concomitant antithrombotic medications, such as aspirin, clopidogrel, or warfarin.
6 Adverse Reactions
- The following important adverse reactions are described below and elsewhere in the labeling: Atrial Fibrillation or Atrial Flutter [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)]Potential for Allergic Reactions in Patients with Fish Allergy [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)] Bleeding [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)]
6.1 Clinical Trials Experience
Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice. Common adverse reactions (incidence ≥3% on icosapent ethyl capsules and ≥1% more frequent than placebo) included musculoskeletal pain, peripheral edema, constipation, gout, and atrial fibrillation. Hypertriglyceridemia Trials In two randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials in patients with triglyceride levels between 200 and 2000 mg/dL treated for 12 weeks, adverse reactions reported with icosapent ethyl capsules at an incidence ≥1% more frequent than placebo based on pooled data included arthralgia and oropharyngeal pain.
6.2 Postmarketing Experience
- Additional adverse reactions have been identified during post-approval use of icosapent ethyl capsules. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is generally not possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure. Diarrhea Blood triglycerides increased Abdominal discomfort Pain in the extremities
7.1 Increased Bleeding Risk With Anticoagulants And Antiplatelet Agents
Some published studies with omega-3 fatty acids have demonstrated prolongation of bleeding time. The prolongation of bleeding time reported in those studies has not exceeded normal limits and did not produce clinically significant bleeding episodes. Monitor patients receiving icosapent ethyl capsules and concomitant anticoagulants and/or antiplatelet agents for bleeding.
Risk Summary The available data from published case reports and the pharmacovigilance database on the use of icosapent ethyl capsules in pregnant women are insufficient to identify a drug-associated risk for major birth defects, miscarriage or adverse maternal or fetal outcomes. In animal reproduction studies in pregnant rats, non-dose-related imbalances for some minor developmental findings were observed with oral administration of icosapent ethyl during organogenesis at exposures that were equivalent to the clinical exposure at the human dose of 4 g/day, based on body surface area comparisons. In a study in pregnant rabbits orally administered icosapent ethyl during organogenesis, there were no clinically relevant adverse developmental effects at exposures that were 5 times the clinical exposure, based on body surface area comparisons (see Data). The estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage for the indicated population is unknown. All pregnancies have a background risk of birth defect, loss, or other adverse outcomes. In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2-4% and 15-20%, respectively. Data Animal DataIn pregnant rats given oral gavage doses of 0.3, 1 and 2 g/kg/day icosapent ethyl from gestation through organogenesis all drug treated groups had non-dose-related imbalances in visceral and skeletal findings, including 13th reduced ribs, additional liver lobes, testes medially displaced and/or not descended at human systemic exposures following a maximum oral dose of 4 g/day based on body surface comparisons. In a multigenerational developmental study in pregnant rats given doses of 0.3, 1, 3 g/kg/day icosapent ethyl by oral gavage from gestation day 7-17, icosapent ethyl did not affect viability in fetuses (F1 or F2). Non-dose-related imbalances in findings of absent optic nerves and unilateral testes atrophy at human exposures based on the maximum dose of 4 g/day and on body surface area comparisons. Additional variations consisting of early incisor eruption and increased percent cervical ribs were observed at the same exposures. Pups from high dose treated dams exhibited decreased copulation rates, delayed estrus, decreased implantations and decreased surviving fetuses (F2) suggesting potential multigenerational effects of icosapent ethyl at 7 times human systemic exposure following 4 g/day dose based on body surface area comparisons across species. In pregnant rabbits given oral gavage doses of 0.1, 0.3, and 1 g/kg/day icosapent ethyl from gestation through organogenesis, a decrease in body weight and food consumption was observed at the high dose of 1 g/kg/day (5 times the human exposure at the maximum dose of 4 g/day, based on body surface area comparisons). Slight increases in resorbed and dead fetuses were noted in the 1 g/kg/day group, but these were not significantly different from the control group. There were no differences between the icosapent ethyl groups and control group as to the number of corpora lutea, number of implantations, number of surviving fetuses, sex ratio, body weight of female fetuses or placental weight. There were no treatment-related malformations or skeletal anomalies. In pregnant rats given icosapent ethyl from gestation day 17 through lactation day 20 at 0.3, 1, 3 g/kg/day no adverse maternal or developmental effects were observed. However, complete litter loss (not dose-related) was noted in 2/23 litters at the low dose and 1/23 mid-dose dams by post-natal day 4 at human exposures at a maximum dose of 4 g/day, based on body surface area comparisons.
Risk Summary Published studies have detected omega-3 fatty acids, including EPA, in human milk. Lactating women receiving oral omega-3 fatty acids for supplementation have resulted in higher levels of omega-3 fatty acids in human milk. There are no data on the effects of omega-3 fatty acid ethyl esters on the breastfed infant or on milk production. The developmental and health benefits of breastfeeding should be considered along with the mother’s clinical need for icosapent ethyl capsules and any potential adverse effects on the breastfed child from icosapent ethyl or from the underlying maternal condition.
8.4 Pediatric Use
Safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients have not been established.
8.5 Geriatric Use
Of the total number of patients in well-controlled clinical studies of icosapent ethyl, 45% were 65 years of age and over. No overall differences in safety or effectiveness were observed between these patients and younger groups. Other reported clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger patients.
8.7 Hepatic Impairment
In patients with hepatic impairment, alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) levels should be monitored periodically during therapy with icosapent ethyl capsules.
Icosapent ethyl, a lipid-regulating agent, is supplied as a 1 gram oblong, natural colored transparent soft gelatin capsule for oral administration.Each icosapent ethyl capsule contains 1 gram of icosapent ethyl. Icosapent ethyl is an ethyl ester of the omega-3 fatty acid eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA). The molecular formula of icosapent ethyl is C22H34O2 and the molecular weight is 330.5 g/mol. The chemical name for icosapent ethyl is ethyl (5Z,8Z,11Z,14Z,17Z)-icosa-5,8,11,14,17-pentaenoate with the following chemical structure:Icosapent ethyl capsules (1 gram capsules) also contain the following inactive ingredients: gelatin, glycerine, purified water and tocopherol. The capsule imprinting ink contains ammonium hydroxide, propylene glycol, shellac, simethicone, and titanium dioxide.
12.1 Mechanism Of Action
Studies suggest that EPA reduces hepatic very low-density lipoprotein triglycerides (VLDL-TG) synthesis and/or secretion and enhances TG clearance from circulating VLDL particles. Potential mechanisms of action include increased β-oxidation; inhibition of acyl-CoA:1,2-diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT); decreased lipogenesis in the liver; and increased plasma lipoprotein lipase activity.
In a 12-week, dose-ranging study in patients with severe hypertriglyceridemia, icosapent ethyl capsules 4 grams per day reduced median TG from baseline relative to placebo [see Clinical Studies (14)].
AbsorptionAfter oral administration, icosapent ethyl is de-esterified during the absorption process and the active metabolite EPA is absorbed in the small intestine and enters the systemic circulation mainly via the thoracic duct lymphatic system. Peak plasma concentrations of EPA were reached approximately 5 hours following oral doses of icosapent ethyl.Icosapent ethyl was administered with or following a meal in all clinical studies; no food effect studies were performed. Take icosapent ethyl capsules with or following a meal.
DistributionThe mean volume of distribution at steady-state of EPA is approximately 88 liters. The majority of EPA circulating in plasma is incorporated in phospholipids, triglycerides and cholesteryl esters, and <1% is present as the unesterified fatty acid. Greater than 99% of unesterified EPA is bound to plasma proteins.
EliminationMetabolism EPA is mainly metabolized by the liver via beta-oxidation similar to dietary fatty acids. Beta oxidation splits the long carbon chain of EPA into acetyl Coenzyme A, which is converted into energy via the Krebs cycle. Cytochrome P450-mediated metabolism is a minor pathway of elimination of EPA.
Gender When administered icosapent ethyl in clinical trials, plasma total EPA concentrations did not differ significantly between men and women.
Pediatric The pharmacokinetics of icosapent ethyl have not been studied in pediatric patients.
Hepatic or Renal Impairment Icosapent ethyl has not been studied in patients with renal or hepatic impairment.
Drug Interaction Studies
Omeprazole: In a drug-drug interaction study with 28 healthy adult subjects, icosapent ethyl 4 g/day at steady-state did not significantly change the steady-state AUCτ or Cmax of omeprazole when co-administered at 40 mg/day to steady-state.
Rosiglitazone: In a drug-drug interaction study with 28 healthy adult subjects, icosapent ethyl 4 g/day at steady-state did not significantly change the single dose AUC or Cmax of rosiglitazone at 8 mg.
Warfarin: In a drug-drug interaction study with 25 healthy adult subjects, icosapent ethyl 4 g/day at steady-state did not significantly change the single dose AUC or Cmax of R- and S- warfarin or the anti-coagulation pharmacodynamics of warfarin when co-administered as racemic warfarin at 25 mg.
13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment Of Fertility
In a 2-year rat carcinogenicity study with oral gavage doses of 0.09, 0.27, and 0.91 g/kg/day icosapent ethyl, respectively, males did not exhibit drug-related neoplasms. Hemangiomas and hemangiosarcomas of the mesenteric lymph node, the site of drug absorption, were observed in females at clinically relevant exposures based on body surface area comparisons across species relative to the maximum clinical dose of 4 g/day. Overall incidence of hemangiomas and hemangiosarcomas in all vascular tissues did not increase with treatment.In a 6-month carcinogenicity study in Tg.rasH2 transgenic mice with oral gavage doses of 0.5, 1, 2, and 4.6 g/kg/day icosapent ethyl, drug-related incidences of benign squamous cell papilloma in the skin and subcutis of the tail was observed in high dose male mice. The papillomas were considered to develop secondary to chronic irritation of the proximal tail associated with fecal excretion of oil and therefore not clinically relevant. Drug-related neoplasms were not observed in female mice.Icosapent ethyl was not mutagenic with or without metabolic activation in the bacterial mutagenesis (Ames) assay or in the in vivo mouse micronucleus assay. A chromosomal aberration assay in Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cells was positive for clastogenicity with and without metabolic activation.In an oral gavage rat fertility study, ethyl-EPA, administered at doses of 0.3, 1, and 3 g/kg/day to male rats for 9 weeks before mating and to female rats for 14 days before mating through day 7 of gestation, increased anogenital distance in female pups and increased cervical ribs were observed at 3 g/kg/day (7 times human systemic exposure with 4 g/day clinical dose based on a body surface area comparison).
14.2 Severe Hypertriglyceridemia
The effects of icosapent ethyl 4 grams per day were assessed in a randomized, placebo- controlled, double-blind, parallel-group study of adult patients (76 on icosapent ethyl, 75 on placebo) with severe hypertriglyceridemia. Patients whose baseline TG levels were between 500 and 2,000 mg/dL were enrolled in this study for 12 weeks. The median baseline TG and LDL-C levels in these patients were 684 mg/dL and 86 mg/dL, respectively. Median baseline HDL-C level was 27 mg/dL. The randomized population in this study was mostly Caucasian (88%) and male (76%). The mean age was 53 years and the mean body mass index was 31 kg/m2. Twenty-five percent of patients were on concomitant statin therapy, 28% were diabetics, and 39% of the patients had TG levels >750 mg/dL. The changes in the major lipoprotein lipid parameters for the groups receiving icosapent ethyl or placebo are shown in Table 2.Table 2. Median Baseline and Percent Change from Baseline in Lipid Parameters in Patients with Severe Hypertriglyceridemia (≥500 mg/dL) ParameterIcosapent Ethyl4 g/dayN=76Placebo N=75Difference (95% Confidence Interval)Baseline% ChangeBaseline% ChangeTG (mg/dL)680-27703+10-33* (-47, -22)LDL-C (mg/dL)91-586-3-2 (-13, +8)Non-HDL-C (mg/dL)225-8229+8-18 (-25, -11)TC (mg/dL)254-7256+8-16 (-22, -11)HDL-C (mg/dL)27-4270-4 (-9, +2)VLDL-C (mg/dL)123-20124+14-29** (-43, -14)Apo B (mg/dL)121-4118+4-9**(-14, -3)% Change= Median Percent Change from Baseline Difference= Median of [icosapent ethyl % Change – Placebo % Change] (Hodges-Lehmann Estimate) p-values from Wilcoxon rank-sum test *p-value < 0.001 (primary efficacy endpoint) **p-value < 0.05 (key secondary efficacy endpoints determined to be statistically significant according to the pre-specified multiple comparison procedure) Icosapent ethyl 4 grams per day reduced median TG, VLDL-C, and Apo B levels from baseline relative to placebo. The reduction in TG observed with icosapent ethyl was not associated with elevations in LDL-C levels relative to placebo.
16 How Supplied/Storage And Handling
Icosapent ethyl capsules are supplied as 1 gram oblong, natural colored transparent soft gelatin capsules with the logo “A1000” printed in white ink.Bottles of 30: NDC 60505-4033-3.Bottles of 120: NDC 60505-4033-1.
Storage And Handling
Store at 20°C to 25° C (68°F to 77°F); excursions permitted from 15°C to 30° C (59°F to 86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature].
- Icosapent Ethyl Capsules(eye koe’ sa pent eth’ il)What are icosapent ethyl capsules?Icosapent ethyl capsules are a prescription medicine used:along with a low-fat and low-cholesterol diet to lower high levels of triglycerides (fats) in adults.It is not known if icosapent ethyl capsules change your risk of having inflammation of your pancreas (pancreatitis).It is not known if icosapent ethyl capsules are safe and effective in children.Do not take icosapent ethyl capsules if you are allergic to icosapent ethyl or any of the ingredients in icosapent ethyl capsules. See the end of this leaflet for a complete list of ingredients in icosapent ethyl capsules.Before taking icosapent ethyl capsules, tell your doctor about all of your medical conditions, including if you:have diabetes.have a low thyroid problem (hypothyroidism).have a liver problem.have a pancreas problem.are allergic to fish or shellfish. It is not known if people who are allergic to fish or shellfish are also allergic to icosapent ethyl capsules.are pregnant, or planning to become pregnant. It is not known if icosapent ethyl capsules will harm your unborn baby.are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. Icosapent ethyl can pass into your breastmilk, and may harm your baby. Talk to your doctor about the best way to feed your baby if you take icosapent ethyl capsules.Tell your doctor about all the medicines you take, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and dietary or herbal supplements.Icosapent ethyl capsules can interact with certain other medicines that you are taking.Especially tell your doctor if you take medicines that affect your blood clotting (anticoagulants or blood thinners).How should I take icosapent ethyl capsules?Take icosapent ethyl capsules exactly as your doctor tells you to take it.Do not change your dose or stop taking icosapent ethyl capsules without talking to your doctor. Do not take more capsules than what is prescribed by your doctor.If you are prescribed the 1 gram capsules, you should not take more than 4 capsules each day with food.Take icosapent ethyl capsules whole. Do not break, crush, dissolve, or chew icosapent ethyl capsules before swallowing.If you miss a dose of icosapent ethyl capsules, take it as soon as you remember. However, if you miss one day of icosapent ethyl capsules, do not double your dose when you take it.Your doctor may start you on a diet that is low in saturated fat, cholesterol, carbohydrates, and low in added sugars before giving you icosapent ethyl capsules. Stay on this diet while taking icosapent ethyl capsules.Your doctor may do blood tests to check your triglyceride and other lipid levels while you take icosapent ethyl capsules.What are the possible side effects of icosapent ethyl capsules?Icosapent ethyl capsules may cause serious side effects, including:Heart rhythm problems (atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter). Heart rhythm problems which can be serious and cause hospitalization have happened in people who take icosapent ethyl capsules, especially in people who have heart (cardiovascular) disease or diabetes with a risk factor for heart (cardiovascular) disease, or who have had heart rhythm problems in the past. Tell your doctor if you get any symptoms of heart rhythm problems such as feeling as if your heart is beating fast and irregular, lightheadedness, dizziness, shortness of breath, chest discomfort, or you faint. Possible allergic reactions if you are allergic to fish or shellfish. Stop taking icosapent ethyl capsules and tell your doctor right away or get emergency medical help if you have any signs or symptoms of an allergic reaction. Bleeding. Serious bleeding can happen in people who take icosapent ethyl capsules. Your risk of bleeding may increase if you are also taking a blood thinner medicine.If you have liver problems and are taking icosapent ethyl capsules, your doctor should do blood tests during treatment. The most common side effect of icosapent ethyl capsules include:Muscle and joint pain. Swelling of the hands, legs, or feet. Constipation Gout Heart rhythm problems (atrial fibrillation). These are not all the possible side effects of icosapent ethyl capsules. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1- 800-FDA-1088.How should I store icosapent ethyl capsules?Store icosapent ethyl capsules at 68°F to 77° F (20°C to 25°C).Safely throw away medicine that is out of date or no longer needed.Keep icosapent ethyl capsules and all medicine out of the reach of children.General information about the safe and effective use of icosapent ethyl capsules.Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in a Patient Information leaflet. Do not use icosapent ethyl capsules for a condition for which it was not prescribed. Do not give icosapent ethyl capsules to other people, even if they have the same symptoms that you have. It may harm them. You can ask your pharmacist or healthcare provider for information about icosapent ethyl capsules that is written for health professionals.For more information, go to www.apotex.com or call 1-800-706-5575.What are the ingredients in icosapent ethyl capsules?Active Ingredient: icosapent ethylInactive Ingredients: gelatin, glycerine, purified water and tocopherol. The capsule imprinting ink contains ammonium hydroxide, propylene glycol, shellac, simethicone, and titanium dioxide.This patient information has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.APOTEX INC. ICOSAPENT ETHYL CAPSULES 1 gramManufactured in Canada for:Apotex Corp.Weston, FL 33326 USARevised: May 2021Rev.: 5
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