NDC 63323-596 Glucagon
Injection, Powder, Lyophilized, For Solution Intramuscular; Intravenous

Product Information

Product Code63323-596
Proprietary Name What is the Proprietary Name?
The proprietary name also known as the trade name is the name of the product chosen by the medication labeler for marketing purposes.
Glucagon
Non-Proprietary Name What is the Non-Proprietary Name?
The non-proprietary name is sometimes called the generic name. The generic name usually includes the active ingredient(s) of the product.
Glucagon
Product Type What kind of product is this?
Indicates the type of product, such as Human Prescription Drug or Human Over the Counter Drug. This data element matches the “Document Type” field of the Structured Product Listing.
Human Prescription Drug
Dosage FormInjection, Powder, Lyophilized, For Solution - A dosage form intended for the solution prepared by lyophilization ("freeze drying"), a process which involves the removal of water from products in the frozen state at extremely low pressures; this is intended for subsequent addition of liquid to create a solution that conforms in all respects to the requirements for Injections.
Administration Route(s) What are the Administration Route(s)?
The translation of the route code submitted by the firm, indicating route of administration.
  • Intramuscular - Administration within a muscle.
  • Intravenous - Administration within or into a vein or veins.
  • Intramuscular - Administration within a muscle.
  • Intravenous - Administration within or into a vein or veins.
Product Labeler Information What is the Labeler Name?
Name of Company corresponding to the labeler code segment of the Product NDC.
Fresenius Kabi Usa, Llc
Labeler Code63323
FDA Application Number What is the FDA Application Number?
This corresponds to the NDA, ANDA, or BLA number reported by the labeler for products which have the corresponding Marketing Category designated. If the designated Marketing Category is OTC Monograph Final or OTC Monograph Not Final, then the Application number will be the CFR citation corresponding to the appropriate Monograph (e.g. “part 341”). For unapproved drugs, this field will be null.
NDA201849
Marketing Category What is the Marketing Category?
Product types are broken down into several potential Marketing Categories, such as NDA/ANDA/BLA, OTC Monograph, or Unapproved Drug. One and only one Marketing Category may be chosen for a product, not all marketing categories are available to all product types. Currently, only final marketed product categories are included. The complete list of codes and translations can be found at www.fda.gov/edrls under Structured Product Labeling Resources.
NDA - A product marketed under an approved New Drug Application.
Start Marketing Date What is the Start Marketing Date?
This is the date that the labeler indicates was the start of its marketing of the drug product.
05-08-2015
Listing Expiration Date What is the Listing Expiration Date?
This is the date when the listing record will expire if not updated or certified by the product labeler.
12-31-2023
Exclude Flag What is the NDC Exclude Flag?
This field indicates whether the product has been removed/excluded from the NDC Directory for failure to respond to FDA"s requests for correction to deficient or non-compliant submissions ("Y"), or because the listing certification is expired ("E"), or because the listing data was inactivated by FDA ("I"). Values = "Y", "N", "E", or "I".
N
NDC Code Structure

Usage Information


Product Packages

NDC 63323-596-13

Package Description: 10 VIAL, SINGLE-DOSE in 1 TRAY > 1 mL in 1 VIAL, SINGLE-DOSE (63323-596-11)

NDC 63323-596-16

Package Description: 10 VIAL, SINGLE-DOSE in 1 TRAY > 1 mL in 1 VIAL, SINGLE-DOSE (63323-596-08)

Product Details

Glucagon is a human prescription drug product labeled by Fresenius Kabi Usa, Llc. The product's dosage form is injection, powder, lyophilized, for solution and is administered via intramuscular; intravenous form.


What are Glucagon Active Ingredients?

The following is the list of active ingredients in this product. An active ingredient is the substance responsible for the medicinal effects of a product specified by the substance's molecular structure or if the molecular structure is not known, defined by an unambiguous definition that identifies the substance. Each active ingredient name is the preferred term of the UNII code submitted.


NDC to RxNorm Crosswalk

What is RxNorm? RxNorm is a normalized naming system for generic and branded drugs that assigns unique concept identifier(s) known as RxCUIs to NDC products.The NDC to RxNorm Crosswalk for this produdct code indicates a single concept unique identifier (RXCUI) is associated with this product:


Inactive Ingredient(s)

The inactive ingredients are all the component of a medicinal product OTHER than the active ingredient(s). The acronym "UNII" stands for “Unique Ingredient Identifier” and is used to identify each inactive ingredient present in a product.

  • LACTOSE MONOHYDRATE (UNII: EWQ57Q8I5X)
  • HYDROCHLORIC ACID (UNII: QTT17582CB)
  • SODIUM HYDROXIDE (UNII: 55X04QC32I)


Pharmacologic Class(es)

A pharmacologic class is a group of drugs that share the same scientifically documented properties. The following is a list of the reported pharmacologic class(es) corresponding to the active ingredients of this product.


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Patient Education

Glucagon

Glucagon is pronounced as (gloo' ka gon)

Why is glucagon medication prescribed?
Glucagon is a hormone produced in the pancreas. Glucagon is used to raise very low blood sugar. Glucagon is also used in diagnostic testing of the stomach and other diges...
[Read More]

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Glucagon Labeling and Warnings

FDA filings in the form of structured product labels are documents that include all published material associated whith this product. Product label information includes data like indications and usage generic names, contraindications, active ingredients, strength dosage, routes of administration, appearance, usage, warnings, inactive ingredients, etc.

Table of Contents



1 Indications And Usage



Glucagon for Injection is indicated for use as a diagnostic aid during radiologic examinations to temporarily inhibit movement of the gastrointestinal tract. 

     

Limitations of Use:

Glucagon for Injection is not indicated for the emergency treatment of hypoglycemia because it is not packaged with a syringe and diluent necessary for rapid preparation and administration during an emergency outside of a healthcare facility.




Determine the dose based on the type of diagnostic procedure, the route of administration and expected procedure duration [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.2)]


The usual dose to inhibit movement of the:


  • Stomach and small bowel is 0.2 mg to 0.5 mg given intravenously or 1 mg given intramuscularly.
  • Colon is 0.5 mg to 0.75 mg given intravenously or 1 mg to 2 mg given intramuscularly.  

  • Bolus doses above 1 mg administered intravenously have caused nausea and vomiting and are not recommended [see Adverse Reactions (6)].


2.2 Reconstitution Of The Lyophilized Powder



Glucagon for Injection is a lyophilized powder, which requires reconstitution with Sterile Water for Injection prior to intravenous or intramuscular use.


  • Using a syringe, withdraw 1 mL of Sterile Water for Injection and inject into the vial containing Glucagon for Injection lyophilized powder.
  • Shake the vial gently until the powder is completely dissolved and no particles remain in the reconstituted solution. 
  • Visually inspect the reconstituted solution for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration.  The reconstituted solution should be clear and of water-like consistency.  Discard the reconstituted solution if there are signs of gel formation or particles.
  • The reconstituted solution has a concentration of approximately 1 mg of glucagon per mL.
  • Use the reconstituted glucagon immediately after reconstitution. 

2.3 Important Administration Instructions



  • Glucagon for Injection must be administered by medical personnel.
  • The timing of administration of Glucagon for Injection depends upon the organ under examination and route of administration [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.2)].
  • If given intravenously, administer Glucagon for Injection as a bolus over a time period of 1 minute.
  • Discard any unused portion.
  • After the end of the diagnostic procedure, give oral carbohydrates to patients who have been fasting, if this is compatible with the diagnostic procedure.


3 Dosage Forms And Strengths



For injection: 1 mg of lyophilized powder in single dose vial for reconstitution.


4 Contraindications



Glucagon for Injection is contraindicated in patients with:


  • Pheochromocytoma [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)] because of the risk of increased blood pressure
  • Insulinoma [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)] because of the risk of hypoglycemia
  • Glucagonoma [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)] because of the risk of hypoglycemia

5.1 Hypertension In Patients With Pheochromocytoma



Glucagon for Injection is contraindicated in patients with pheochromocytoma because glucagon may stimulate the release of catecholamines from the tumor, which may result in a sudden and marked increase in blood pressure.


5.2 Hypoglycemia In Patients With Insulinoma Or Glucagonoma



Glucagon for Injection is contraindicated in patients with insulinoma or glucagonoma as it may cause secondary hypoglycemia.  Test patients suspected of having glucagonoma for blood levels of glucagon prior to treatment, and monitor for changes in blood glucose levels during treatment.  If a patient develops symptoms of hypoglycemia after a dose of Glucagon for Injection, administer glucose orally or intravenously.


5.3 Hyperglycemia In Patients With Diabetes Mellitus



Treatment with Glucagon for Injection in patients with diabetes mellitus may cause hyperglycemia. Monitor diabetic patients for changes in blood glucose levels during treatment. If patients develop symptoms of hyperglycemia after a dose of Glucagon for Injection, administer insulin.


5.4 Blood Pressure And Heart Rate Increase In Patients With Cardiac Disease



Glucagon for Injection may increase myocardial oxygen demand, blood pressure, and pulse rate which may be life-threatening in patients with cardiac disease. Cardiac monitoring is recommended in patients with cardiac disease during glucagon treatment, and an increase in blood pressure and pulse rate may require therapy.


5.5 Hypersensitivity And Allergic Reactions



Generalized allergic reactions and hypersensitivity, including generalized rash, and anaphylactic shock with breathing difficulties, and hypotension, have been reported with glucagon treatment or lactose.  Discontinue Glucagon for Injection and administer standard treatment for anaphylaxis if needed.


6 Adverse Reactions



The following serious adverse reactions are described below and elsewhere in the labeling:


  • Hypertension in patients with Pheochromocytoma [see Contraindications (4) and Warnings and Precautions (5.1)]
  • Hypoglycemia in Patients with Insulinoma and Glucagonoma [see Contraindications (4) and Warnings and Precautions (5.2)]
  • Hyperglycemia in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)]
  • Hypersensitivity and Allergic Reactions; generalized allergic reactions including generalized rash, and in some cases anaphylactic shock with breathing difficulties, and hypotension [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)]

  • Adverse Reactions from Clinical Trials

    Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to the rates in clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.


    In an open-label clinical study of Glucagon for Injection, 29 healthy volunteers received a single dose of 1 mg Glucagon for Injection intramuscularly. Table 1 shows the most common adverse reactions that were not present at baseline and occurred in at least 5% of patients.


    Table 1: Adverse Reactions in Healthy Volunteers Who Received Glucagon for Injection, 1 mg Administered Intramuscularly



     
    (N=29)
    % of Patients
    Vomiting
    17
    Nausea
    7

    Adverse Reactions from the Literature and Other Clinical Studies

    The following adverse reactions have been identified from the literature and clinical studies with the use of glucagon. Therefore, it is not possible to reliably estimate their frequency.


    • Nausea and vomiting occurred with doses above 1 mg administered by rapid intravenous injection (within 1 to 2 seconds).  Doses above 1 mg are not recommended for intravenous use [see Dosage and Administration (2.1)].
    • Hypotension was reported up to 2 hours after administration in patients receiving glucagon as premedication for upper GI endoscopy procedures.
    • A temporary increase in both blood pressure and pulse rate occurred following the administration of glucagon.  Patients taking beta-blockers experienced a temporary increase in both pulse and blood pressure that was greater than normal [see Drug Interactions (7)].
    • Other adverse reactions included hypoglycemia and hypoglycemic coma, as described in postmarketing reports.  Patients taking indomethacin may be more likely to experience hypoglycemia following glucagon administration [see Drug Interactions (7)].

7 Drug Interactions



Table 2 includes clinically significant drug interactions with Glucagon for Injection.

Table 2:  Clinically Significant Drug Interactions with Glucagon for Injection

Beta-Blockers
Clinical Impact:
The concomitant use of beta-blockers and Glucagon for Injection may increase the risk of a temporary increase in heart rate and blood pressure. 
Intervention:
The increase in blood pressure and heart rate may require therapy in patients with coronary artery disease.
Insulin
Clinical Impact:
Insulin reacts antagonistically towards glucagon. 
Intervention:
Monitor blood glucose when Glucagon for Injection is used as a diagnostic aid in diabetes patients.
Indomethacin
Clinical Impact:
The concomitant use of indomethacin and Glucagon for Injection may lead to hypoglycemia.
Intervention:
Monitor blood glucose levels during glucagon treatment of patients taking indomethacin.
Anticholinergic Drugs
Clinical Impact:
The concomitant use of anticholinergic drugs and Glucagon for Injection increase the risk of gastrointestinal adverse reactions due to additive effects on inhibition of gastrointestinal motility.
Intervention:
Concomitant use is not recommended.
Warfarin
Clinical Impact:
Glucagon may increase the anticoagulant effect of warfarin.
Intervention:
Monitor patients for unusual bruising or bleeding, as adjustments in warfarin dosage may be required.


8.1 Pregnancy



Pregnancy Category B. 

Reproduction studies were performed in rats and rabbits with another glucagon product at doses of 0.4, 2, and 10 mg per kg.  These doses represent exposures of up to 100 and 200 times the human dose based on mg/m2 for rats and rabbits, respectively, and revealed no evidence of harm to the fetus.  There are, however, no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women.  Glucagon does not cross the human placental barrier.


8.3 Nursing Mothers



It is not known whether glucagon is excreted in human milk.  Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when glucagon is administered to a nursing woman.  No clinical studies have been performed in nursing mothers, however, glucagon is a peptide and intact glucagon is not absorbed from the GI tract.  Therefore, even if the infant ingested glucagon it would be unlikely to have any effect on the infant.  Additionally, glucagon has a short plasma half-life thus limiting amounts available to the child. 


8.4 Pediatric Use



Safety and effectiveness of Glucagon for Injection have not been established in pediatric patients for use as a diagnostic aid during radiologic examinations to temporarily inhibit movement of the gastrointestinal tract.


10 Overdosage



If overdosage occurs, the patient may experience nausea, vomiting, inhibition of GI tract motility, increase in blood pressure and heart rate, and decrease in serum potassium.  In case of suspected overdosage, monitor and correct hypokalemia.  If the patient develops a severe increase in blood pressure, phentolamine mesylate may be effective in lowering blood pressure for the short time that control would be needed.


11 Description



Glucagon for Injection, for intravenous or intramuscular use, is a gastrointestinal motility inhibitor that is produced by solid phase peptide synthesis.  Glucagon is a single-chain polypeptide containing 29 amino acid residues. The chemical structure of the glucagon polypeptide is identical to human glucagon and to glucagon extracted from beef and pork pancreas.  The structure of glucagon is:



C153H225N43O49S                                 Molecular Weight = 3483


Glucagon for Injection is a sterile, lyophilized white powder in a 3 mL vial.  The reconstituted solution contains 1 mg of glucagon as hydrochloride per mL and lactose monohydrate (107 mg).  Glucagon for Injection is supplied at pH 2.5 to 3.5 and is soluble in water.



12.1 Mechanism Of Action



Extra hepatic effects of glucagon include relaxation of the smooth muscle of the stomach, small bowel, and colon.



12.2 Pharmacodynamics




Table 3 displays the pharmacodynamics properties of Glucagon for Injection as a diagnostic aid during radiologic examination.

Table 3: Pharmacodynamic Properties of Glucagon for Injection as a Diagnostic Aid


Route of Administration
Dosea
Time of Onset of Action for GI Smooth Muscle Relaxation
Duration of Smooth Muscle Relaxation
Intravenous
0.25 to 0.5 mg
45 seconds
9 to 17 minutes
Intramuscular
1 mg
8 to 10 minutes
12 to 27 minutes
2 mg
4 to 7 minutes
21 to 32 minutes

a Select from these doses based on type of diagnostic procedure, route of administration and procedure duration.


12.3 Pharmacokinetics



Absorption

Following intramuscular administration of 1 mg dose, the maximum plasma glucagon concentrations of 3391 pg/mL were attained approximately 10 minutes after dosing.


Metabolism

The mean apparent half-life of glucagon was 26 minutes after intramuscular administration.


Glucagon is degraded in the liver, kidney, and plasma.


13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment Of Fertility



Carcinogenesis

Long term studies in animals to evaluate carcinogenic potential have not been performed. 


Mutagenesis

Synthetic glucagon was negative in the bacterial reverse mutation assay (Ames test).  The clastogenic potential of synthetic glucagon in the Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) assay was positive in the absence of metabolic activation.  Doses of 100 and 200 mg/kg of glucagon of both pancreatic and recombinant origins gave slightly higher incidences of micronucleus formation in male mice but there was no effect in females.  The weight of evidence indicates that synthetic and recombinant glucagon are not different and do not pose a genotoxic risk to humans.


Impairment of Fertility

Glucagon (rDNA and synthetic origin) was not tested in animal fertility studies.  Studies in rats have shown that pancreatic glucagon does not cause impaired fertility.



16.1 How Supplied



Glucagon for Injection is supplied as a sterile, lyophilized white powder in a vial.


Product #
NDC #
 
NP509613
63323-596-16
Glucagon for Injection, 1 mg per vial,
in packages of 10.

Glucagon for Injection is also available as a Diagnostic Kit, it is supplied as follows:


 Product #      
NDC #
 
NP509603  
63323-594-03
One carton containing one 1 mg of Glucagon for Injection, and one 1 mL of Sterile Water for Injection, USP (NDC 63323-185-03) for reconstitution.

   

The container closure is not made with natural rubber latex.




Before Reconstitution

The package containing Glucagon for Injection vials may be stored up to 24 months at 20° to 25° C (68°  to 77°  F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature] prior to reconstitution.  Do not freeze.  Keep in the original package to protect from light. 

After Reconstitution

The Glucagon for Injection must be reconstituted with Sterile Water for Injection prior to use.  Use reconstituted glucagon solution immediately.  Discard any unused portion [see Dosage and Administration (2.3)].


17 Patient Counseling Information



  • Inform patients that generalized allergic reactions have been reported with glucagon treatment including generalized rash, and in some cases anaphylactic shock with breathing difficulties, and hypotension.  Advise patients to monitor and report any signs or symptoms of a hypersensitivity reaction [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)].
  • Inform patients that hypoglycemia has occurred with treatment with glucagon.  Inform patients of the symptoms of hypoglycemia and how to treat it.  Advise patients to avoid driving or operating machinery until ingesting a meal. Advise patients to inform their health care provider if hypoglycemia occurs so that treatment may be given if necessary [see Adverse Reactions (6)].
  • Inform patients with diabetes mellitus that treatment with Glucagon for Injection may increase their risk of hyperglycemia [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)].  
  • Inform patients with cardiac disease that treatment with Glucagon for Injection may increase their risk of a transient increase in blood pressure and heart rate [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)]. 

Other



NOVAPLUS is a registered trademark of Vizient, Inc.


Manufactured by:
Fresenius Kabi
Lake Zurich, IL 60047


www.fresenius-kabi.us

451462A


Package Label.Principal Display Panel



PACKAGE LABEL - PRINCIPAL DISPLAY - Glucagon Kit 1 mg Vial Label
NP509603
Glucagon for Injection
1 mg per vial
For intramuscular or intravenous injection.
For diagnostic use only.
Reconstitute with Sterile Water for Injection, USP          Rx only







PACKAGE LABEL - PRINCIPAL DISPLAY - Glucagon Kit 1 mL Diluent Vial Label
NDC
63323-185-03
95127
Sterile Water for Injection, USP
1 mL per vial
FOR DRUG DILUENT USE ONLY

Contains no antimicrobial or other added substance.
Do not give intravenously unless rendered nearly Isotonic.
Discard unused portion.
1 mL Single Dose Vial                                        Rx only


PACKAGE LABEL - PRINCIPAL DISPLAY - Glucagon Kit 1 mg Vial Carton Panel
Glucagon for Injection
For intramuscular or intravenous injection only.
1 mg per vial
FOR DIAGNOSTIC USE ONLY.
Reconstitute with Sterile Water for Injection, USP immediately
before use.

Each Kit contains:

  • One single use vial with 1 mg of Glucagon for Injection
  • One single use vial with 1 mL of Sterile Water for Injection, USP
  • Single Use Vials                                       
    Rx only




    PACKAGE LABEL - PRINCIPAL DISPLAY - Glucagon 1 mg Vial Label
    Glucagon for Injection
    1 mg per vial
    For intramuscular or intravenous injection.
    For diagnostic use only.
    Reconstitute with Sterile Water for Injection, USP          Rx only






    PACKAGE LABEL - PRINCIPAL DISPLAY - Glucagon 1 mg Vial Tray Label
    Glucagon for Injection
    For intramuscular or intravenous injection only.
    1 mg per vial
    For diagnostic use only.
    10 Single Use Vials                                        Rx only





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