NDC 70518-2006 Suprax

Cefixime

NDC Product Code 70518-2006

NDC Code: 70518-2006

Proprietary Name: Suprax What is the Proprietary Name?
The proprietary name also known as the trade name is the name of the product chosen by the medication labeler for marketing purposes.

Non-Proprietary Name: Cefixime What is the Non-Proprietary Name?
The non-proprietary name is sometimes called the generic name. The generic name usually includes the active ingredient(s) of the product.


Product Characteristics
Color(s):
PINK (C48328 - PINK OPAQUE CAP)
PINK (C48328 - PINK OPAQUE BODY)
Shape: CAPSULE (C48336)
Size(s):
26 MM
Imprint(s):
LU;U43
Score: 1

Code Structure
  • 70518 - Remedyrepack Inc.
    • 70518-2006 - Suprax

NDC 70518-2006-0

Package Description: 1 CAPSULE in 1 BOTTLE, PLASTIC

NDC Product Information

Suprax with NDC 70518-2006 is a a human prescription drug product labeled by Remedyrepack Inc.. The generic name of Suprax is cefixime. The product's dosage form is capsule and is administered via oral form.

Labeler Name: Remedyrepack Inc.

Dosage Form: Capsule - A solid oral dosage form consisting of a shell and a filling. The shell is composed of a single sealed enclosure, or two halves that fit together and which are sometimes sealed with a band. Capsule shells may be made from gelatin, starch, or cellulose, or other suitable materials, may be soft or hard, and are filled with solid or liquid ingredients that can be poured or squeezed.

Product Type: Human Prescription Drug What kind of product is this?
Indicates the type of product, such as Human Prescription Drug or Human Over the Counter Drug. This data element matches the “Document Type” field of the Structured Product Listing.


Suprax Active Ingredient(s)

What is the Active Ingredient(s) List?
This is the active ingredient list. Each ingredient name is the preferred term of the UNII code submitted.

  • CEFIXIME 400 mg/1

Inactive Ingredient(s)

About the Inactive Ingredient(s)
The inactive ingredients are all the component of a medicinal product OTHER than the active ingredient(s). The acronym "UNII" stands for “Unique Ingredient Identifier” and is used to identify each inactive ingredient present in a product.

  • CROSPOVIDONE (UNII: 2S7830E561)
  • FERRIC OXIDE RED (UNII: 1K09F3G675)
  • FERROSOFERRIC OXIDE (UNII: XM0M87F357)
  • GELATIN (UNII: 2G86QN327L)
  • HYDROXYPROPYL CELLULOSE, LOW SUBSTITUTED (UNII: 2165RE0K14)
  • MAGNESIUM STEARATE (UNII: 70097M6I30)
  • MANNITOL (UNII: 3OWL53L36A)
  • POTASSIUM HYDROXIDE (UNII: WZH3C48M4T)
  • PROPYLENE GLYCOL (UNII: 6DC9Q167V3)
  • SHELLAC (UNII: 46N107B71O)
  • SILICON DIOXIDE (UNII: ETJ7Z6XBU4)
  • SODIUM LAURYL SULFATE (UNII: 368GB5141J)
  • TITANIUM DIOXIDE (UNII: 15FIX9V2JP)

Administration Route(s)

What are the Administration Route(s)?
The translation of the route code submitted by the firm, indicating route of administration.

  • Oral - Administration to or by way of the mouth.

Pharmacological Class(es)

What is a Pharmacological Class?
These are the reported pharmacological class categories corresponding to the SubstanceNames listed above.

  • Cephalosporin Antibacterial - [EPC] (Established Pharmacologic Class)
  • Cephalosporins - [CS]

Product Labeler Information

What is the Labeler Name?
Name of Company corresponding to the labeler code segment of the Product NDC.

Labeler Name: Remedyrepack Inc.
Labeler Code: 70518
FDA Application Number: NDA203195 What is the FDA Application Number?
This corresponds to the NDA, ANDA, or BLA number reported by the labeler for products which have the corresponding Marketing Category designated. If the designated Marketing Category is OTC Monograph Final or OTC Monograph Not Final, then the Application number will be the CFR citation corresponding to the appropriate Monograph (e.g. “part 341”). For unapproved drugs, this field will be null.

Marketing Category: NDA - A product marketed under an approved New Drug Application. What is the Marketing Category?
Product types are broken down into several potential Marketing Categories, such as NDA/ANDA/BLA, OTC Monograph, or Unapproved Drug. One and only one Marketing Category may be chosen for a product, not all marketing categories are available to all product types. Currently, only final marketed product categories are included. The complete list of codes and translations can be found at www.fda.gov/edrls under Structured Product Labeling Resources.

Start Marketing Date: 04-09-2019 What is the Start Marketing Date?
This is the date that the labeler indicates was the start of its marketing of the drug product.

Listing Expiration Date: 12-31-2020 What is the Listing Expiration Date?
This is the date when the listing record will expire if not updated or certified by the product labeler.

Exclude Flag: N What is the NDC Exclude Flag?
This field indicates whether the product has been removed/excluded from the NDC Directory for failure to respond to FDA’s requests for correction to deficient or non-compliant submissions. Values = ‘Y’ or ‘N’.

* Please review the disclaimer below.

Suprax Product Label Images

Suprax Product Labeling Information

The product labeling information includes all published material associated to a drug. Product labeling documents include information like generic names, active ingredients, ingredient strength dosage, routes of administration, appearance, usage, warnings, inactive ingredients, etc.

Product Labeling Index

1.1 Uncomplicated Urinary Tract Infections

SUPRAX is indicated in the treatment of adults and pediatric patients six months of age or older with uncomplicated urinary tract infections caused by susceptible isolates of


Escherichia coli and


Proteus mirabilis.

1.2 Otitis Media

SUPRAX is indicated in the treatment of adults and pediatric patients six months of age or older with otitis media caused by susceptible isolates of


Haemophilus influenzae,


Moraxella catarrhalis, and


Streptococcus pyogenes. (Efficacy for


Streptococcus pyogenes in this organ system was studied in fewer than 10 infections.)


Note: For patients with otitis media caused by


Streptococcus pneumoniae, overall response was approximately 10% lower for cefixime than for the comparator


[see Clinical Studies (


14)].

1.3 Pharyngitis And Tonsillitis

SUPRAX is indicated in the treatment of adults and pediatric patients six months of age or older with pharyngitis and tonsillitis caused by susceptible isolates of


Streptococcus pyogenes. (Note: Penicillin is the usual drug of choice in the treatment of


Streptococcus pyogenes infections. SUPRAX is generally effective in the eradication of


Streptococcus pyogenes from the nasopharynx; however, data establishing the efficacy of SUPRAX in the subsequent prevention of rheumatic fever is not available.)

1.4 Acute Exacerbations Of Chronic Bronchitis

SUPRAX is indicated in the treatment of adults and pediatric patients six months of age or older with acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis caused by susceptible isolates of


Streptococcus pneumoniae and


Haemophilus influenzae.

1.5 Uncomplicated Gonorrhea (Cervical/Urethral)

SUPRAX is indicated in the treatment of adults and pediatric patients six months of age or older with uncomplicated gonorrhea (cervical/urethral) caused by susceptible isolates of


Neisseria gonorrhoeae (penicillinase-and non-penicillinase-producing isolates).

1.6 Usage

To reduce the development of drug resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of SUPRAX and other antibacterial drugs, SUPRAX should be used only to treat infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by susceptible bacteria. When culture and susceptibility information are available, they should be considered in selecting or modifying antimicrobial therapy. In the absence of such data, local epidemiology and susceptibility patterns may contribute to the empiric selection of therapy.

2.1 Adults

The recommended dose of cefixime is 400 mg daily. This may be given as a 400 mg tablet or capsule daily or the 400 mg tablet may be split and given as one half tablet every 12 hours. For the treatment of uncomplicated cervical/urethral gonococcal infections, a single oral dose of 400 mg is recommended. The capsule and tablet may be administered without regard to food. In the treatment of infections due to


Streptococcus pyogenes, a therapeutic dosage of cefixime should be administered for at least 10 days.

2.2 Pediatric Patients (6 Months Or Older)

The recommended dose is 8 mg/kg/day of the suspension. This may be administered as a single daily dose or may be given in two divided doses, as 4 mg/kg every 12 hours. Note: A suggested dose has been determined for each pediatric weight range. Refer to Table 1. Ensure all orders that specify a dose in milliliters include a concentration, because SUPRAX for oral suspension is available in three different concentrations (100 mg/5 mL, 200 mg/5 mL, and 500 mg/5 mL).Table 1. Suggested doses for pediatric patientsPEDIATRIC DOSAGE CHARTDoses are suggested for each weight range and rounded for ease of administration


SUPRAX (cefixime) for oral suspensionSUPRAX (cefixime) chewable tablet100 mg/5 mL200 mg/5 mL500 mg/5 mLPatient Weight(kg)Dose/Day (mg)Dose/Day (mL)Dose/Day (mL)Dose/Day (mL)Dose5 to 7.5


The preferred concentrations of oral suspension to use are 100 mg/5 mL or 200 mg/5 mL for pediatric patients in these weight ranges.50


2.5


--


--


--


7.6 to 10


80


4


2


--


--


10.1 to 12.5


100


5


2.5


1


1 tablet of 100 mg


12.6 to 20.5


150


7.5


4


1.5


1 tablet of 150 mg


20.6 to 28


200


10


5


2


1 tablet of 200 mg


28.1 to 33


250


12.5


6


2.5


1 tablet of 100 mg and 


1 tablet of 150 mg


33.1 to 40


300


15


7.5


3


2 tablets of 150 mg


40.1 to 45


350


17.5


9


3.5


1 tablet of 150 mg and 


1 tablet of 200 mg


45.1 or greater


400


20


10


4


2 tablets of 200 mg


Children weighing more than 45 kg or older than 12 years should be treated with the recommended adult dose. SUPRAX (cefixime) chewable tablets must be chewed or crushed before swallowing.Otitis media should be treated with the chewable tablets or suspension. Clinical trials of otitis media were conducted with the chewable tablets or suspension, and the chewable tablets or suspension results in higher peak blood levels than the tablet when administered at the same dose. Therefore, the tablet or capsule should not be substituted for the chewable tablets or suspension in the treatment of otitis media


[see Clinical Pharmacology (


12.3)]


.


In the treatment of infections due to


Streptococcus pyogenes, a therapeutic dosage of cefixime should be administered for at least 10 days.

2.3 Renal Impairment

SUPRAX may be administered in the presence of impaired renal function. Normal dose and schedule may be employed in patients with creatinine clearances of 60 mL/min or greater. Refer to Table 2 for dose adjustments for adults with renal impairment. Neither hemodialysis nor peritoneal dialysis removes significant amounts of drug from the body.Table 2. Doses for Adults with Renal ImpairmentRenal Dysfunction SUPRAX (cefixime) for oral suspensionTabletChewable TabletCreatinine Clearance (mL/min)


100 mg/5 mL200 mg/5 mL500 mg/5 mL400 mg200 mgDose/Day (mL)


Dose/Day (mL)


Dose/Day (mL)


Dose/Day


Dose/Day


60 or greater


Normal dose


Normal dose


Normal dose


Normal dose


Normal dose


21 to 59


The preferred concentrations of oral suspension to use are 200 mg/5 mL or 500 mg/5 mL for patients with this renal dysfunctionOR renal hemodialysis


13


6.5


2.6


Not Appropriate


Not Appropriate


20 or less 


OR continuous peritoneal dialysis 


8.6


4.4


1.8


0.5 tablet


1 tablet

2.4 Reconstitution Directions For Oral Suspension

StrengthBottle SizeReconstitution Directions100 mg/5 mL and 


200 mg/5 mL


100 mL


To reconstitute, suspend with 


68 mL water. 


Method: Tap the bottle several times to loosen powder contents prior to reconstitution. 


Add approximately half the total amount of water for reconstitution and shake well. 


Add the remainder of water and shake well.


100 mg/5 mL and 


200 mg/5 mL


75 mL


To reconstitute, suspend with 


51 mL water. 


Method: Tap the bottle several times to loosen powder contents prior to reconstitution. 


Add approximately half the total amount of water for reconstitution and shake well. 


Add the remainder of water and shake well.


100 mg/5 mL and 


200 mg/5 mL


50 mL


To reconstitute, suspend with 


34 mL water. 


Method: Tap the bottle several times to loosen powder contents prior to reconstitution. 


Add approximately half the total amount of water for reconstitution and shake well. 


Add the remainder of water and shake well.


200 mg/5 mL


37.5 mL


To reconstitute, suspend with 


26 mL water. 


Method: Tap the bottle several times to loosen powder contents prior to reconstitution. 


Add approximately half the total amount of water for reconstitution and shake well. 


Add the remainder of water and shake well.


200 mg/5 mL


25 mL


To reconstitute, suspend with 


17 mL water. 


Method: Tap the bottle several times to loosen powder contents prior to reconstitution. 


Add approximately half the total amount of water for reconstitution and shake well. 


Add the remainder of water and shake well.


500 mg/5 mL


20 mL


To reconstitute, suspend with 


14 mL water. 


Method: Tap the bottle several times to loosen powder contents prior to reconstitution. 


Add approximately half the total amount of water for reconstitution and shake well. 


Add the remainder of water and shake well.


500 mg/5 mL


10 mL


To reconstitute, suspend with 


8 mL water. 


Method: Tap the bottle several times to loosen powder contents prior to reconstitution. 


Add approximately half the total amount of water for reconstitution and shake well. 


Add the remainder of water and shake well.


After reconstitution, the suspension may be kept for 14 days either at room temperature, or under refrigeration, without significant loss of potency. Keep tightly closed. Shake well before using. Discard unused portion after 14 days.

Other

  • SUPRAX is available for oral administration in the following dosage forms and strengths:Film-coated tablets provide 400 mg of cefixime as trihydrate. These are white to off-white, film-coated, capsule shaped tablets with beveled edges and a divided score line on each side. The tablet is debossed with "SUPRAX" across one side and "LUPIN" across the other side.Capsules provide 400 mg of cefixime as trihydrate. These are size "00EL" capsules with pink opaque cap and pink opaque body with "LU" on the cap and "U43" on the body in black ink. Capsules contain white to yellowish white granular powder.Chewable tablets provide either 100 mg or 150 mg or 200 mg of cefixime as trihydrate. The 100 mg tablet is pink, round tablet, debossed with "SUPRAX 100" on one side and "LUPIN" on other side. The 150 mg tablet is pink, round tablet, debossed with "SUPRAX 150" on one side and "LUPIN" on other side. The 200 mg tablet is pink, round tablet, debossed with "SUPRAX 200" on one side and "LUPIN" on other side.Powder for oral suspension, when reconstituted, provides either 100 mg/5 mL or 200 mg/5 mL or 500 mg/5 mL of cefixime as trihydrate. For 100 mg/5 mL and 200 mg/5 mL, the powder has an off white to pale yellow color and is strawberry flavored. For 500 mg/5 mL, the powder has an off white to cream color and is strawberry flavored.

SUPRAX


 (cefixime) is contraindicated in patients with known allergy to cefixime or other cephalosporins.

ProductsManufactured for:Manufactured by:SUPRAX


® (cefixime) tablets, 400 mg 


SUPRAX


® (cefixime) capsules, 400 mg 


Lupin PharmaSUPRAX


® (cefixime) chewable tablets, 100 mg, 150 mg and 200 mg


Baltimore, Maryland 21202


Lupin LimitedSUPRAX


® (cefixime) for oral suspension, 200 mg/5 mL


United States.


Mandideep 462 046


SUPRAX


® (cefixime) for oral suspension, 500 mg/5 mL


India.


SUPRAX


® (cefixime) for oral suspension, 100 mg/5 mL


Lupin Pharmaceuticals, Inc.Baltimore, Maryland 21202


United States.


ID#: 254614

5.1 Hypersensitivity Reactions

Anaphylactic/anaphylactoid reactions (including shock and fatalities) have been reported with the use of cefixime. Before therapy with SUPRAX is instituted, careful inquiry should be made to determine whether the patient has had previous hypersensitivity reactions to cephalosporins, penicillins, or other drugs. If this product is to be given to penicillin-sensitive patients, caution should be exercised because cross hypersensitivity among beta-lactam antibacterial drugs has been clearly documented and may occur in up to 10% of patients with a history of penicillin allergy. If an allergic reaction to SUPRAX occurs, discontinue the drug.

5.2 Clostridium Difficile-Associated Diarrhea

Clostridium difficile associated diarrhea (CDAD) has been reported with use of nearly all antibacterial agents, including SUPRAX, and may range in severity from mild diarrhea to fatal colitis. Treatment with antibacterial agents alters the normal flora of the colon leading to overgrowth of


C. difficile.C. difficile produces toxins A and B which contribute to the development of CDAD. Hypertoxin producing isolates of


C. 


difficile cause increased morbidity and mortality, as these infections can be refractory to antimicrobial therapy and may require colectomy. CDAD must be considered in all patients who present with diarrhea following antibacterial drug use. Careful medical history is necessary since CDAD has been reported to occur over two months after the administration of antibacterial agents.


If CDAD is suspected or confirmed, ongoing antibacterial drug use not directed against


C. difficile may need to be discontinued. Appropriate fluid and electrolyte management, protein supplementation, antibacterial drug treatment of


C. difficile, and surgical evaluation should be instituted as clinically indicated.

5.3 Dose Adjustment In Renal Impairment

The dose of SUPRAX should be adjusted in patients with renal impairment as well as those undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) and hemodialysis (HD). Patients on dialysis should be monitored carefully


[see Dosage and Administration (


2)]


.

5.4 Coagulation Effects

Cephalosporins, including SUPRAX, may be associated with a fall in prothrombin activity. Those at risk include patients with renal or hepatic impairment, or poor nutritional state, as well as patients receiving a protracted course of antimicrobial therapy, and patients previously stabilized on anticoagulant therapy. Prothrombin time should be monitored in patients at risk and exogenous vitamin K administered as indicated.

5.5 Development Of Drug-Resistant Bacteria

Prescribing Suprax (cefixime) in the absence of a proven or strongly suspected bacterial infection is unlikely to provide benefit to the patient and increases the risk of the development of drug-resistant bacteria.

5.6 Risk In Patients With Phenylketonuria

Phenylalanine can be harmful to patients with phenylketonuria (PKU). SUPRAX chewable tablets contain aspartame, a source of phenylalanine. Each 100 mg, 150 mg and 200 mg strength contains 3.3 mg, 5 mg and 6.7 mg of phenylalanine, respectively. Before prescribing SUPRAX chewable tablets in a patient with PKU, consider the combined daily amount of phenylalanine from all sources, including SUPRAX chewable tablets.

6.1 Clinical Trials Experience

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.The most commonly seen adverse reactions in U.S. trials of the tablet formulation were gastrointestinal events, which were reported in 30% of adult patients on either the twice daily or the once daily regimen. Five percent (5%) of patients in the U.S. clinical trials discontinued therapy because of drug-related adverse reactions. Individual adverse reactions included diarrhea 16%, loose or frequent stools 6%, abdominal pain 3%, nausea 7%, dyspepsia 3%, and flatulence 4%. The incidence of gastrointestinal adverse reactions, including diarrhea and loose stools, in pediatric patients receiving the suspension was comparable to the incidence seen in adult patients receiving tablets.

6.2 Post-Marketing Experience

The following adverse reactions have been reported following the post-approval use of cefixime. Incidence rates were less than 1 in 50 (less than 2%).GastrointestinalSeveral cases of documented pseudomembranous colitis were identified in clinical trials. The onset of pseudomembranous colitis symptoms may occur during or after therapy.Hypersensitivity ReactionsAnaphylactic/anaphylactoid reactions (including shock and fatalities), skin rashes, urticaria, drug fever, pruritus, angioedema, and facial edema. Erythema multiforme, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, and serum sickness-like reactions have been reported.HepaticTransient elevations in SGPT, SGOT, alkaline phosphatase, hepatitis, jaundice.RenalTransient elevations in BUN or creatinine, acute renal failure.Central Nervous SystemHeadaches, dizziness, seizures.Hemic and Lymphatic SystemTransient thrombocytopenia, leukopenia, neutropenia, prolongation in prothrombin time, elevated LDH, pancytopenia, agranulocytosis, and eosinophilia.Abnormal Laboratory TestsHyperbilirubinemia.Other Adverse ReactionsGenital pruritus, vaginitis, candidiasis, toxic epidermal necrolysis.Adverse Reactions Reported for Cephalosporin-class DrugsAllergic reactions, superinfection, renal dysfunction, toxic nephropathy, hepatic dysfunction including cholestasis, aplastic anemia, hemolytic anemia, hemorrhage, and colitis.Several cephalosporins have been implicated in triggering seizures, particularly in patients with renal impairment when the dosage was not reduced


[see Dosage and Administration (


2) and Overdosage (


10)]


. If seizures associated with drug therapy occur, the drug should be discontinued. Anticonvulsant therapy can be given if clinically indicated.

7.1 Carbamazepine

Elevated carbamazepine levels have been reported in postmarketing experience when cefixime is administered concomitantly. Drug monitoring may be of assistance in detecting alterations in carbamazepine plasma concentrations.

7.2 Warfarin And Anticoagulants

Increased prothrombin time, with or without clinical bleeding, has been reported when cefixime is administered concomitantly.

7.3 Drug/Laboratory Test Interactions

A false-positive reaction for ketones in the urine may occur with tests using nitroprusside but not with those using nitroferricyanide.The administration of cefixime may result in a false-positive reaction for glucose in the urine using Clinitest


®**, Benedict's solution, or Fehling's solution. It is recommended that glucose tests based on enzymatic glucose oxidase reactions (such as Clinistix


®** or TesTape


®**) be used. A false-positive direct Coombs test has been reported during treatment with other cephalosporins; therefore, it should be recognized that a positive Coombs test may be due to the drug.


**Clinitest


® and Clinistix


® are registered trademarks of Ames Division, Miles Laboratories, Inc. Tes-Tape


® is a registered trademark of Eli Lilly and Company.

8.1 Pregnancy

Pregnancy Category BReproduction studies have been performed in mice and rats at doses up to 40 times the human dose and have revealed no evidence of harm to the fetus due to cefixime. There are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women. Because animal reproduction studies are not always predictive of human response, this drug should be used during pregnancy only if clearly needed.

8.2 Labor And Delivery

Cefixime has not been studied for use during labor and delivery. Treatment should only be given if clearly needed.

8.3 Nursing Mothers

It is not known whether cefixime is excreted in human milk. Consideration should be given to discontinuing nursing temporarily during treatment with this drug.

8.4 Pediatric Use

Safety and effectiveness of cefixime in children aged less than six months old have not been established. The incidence of gastrointestinal adverse reactions, including diarrhea and loose stools, in the pediatric patients receiving the suspension, was comparable to the incidence seen in adult patients receiving tablets.

8.5 Geriatric Use

Clinical studies did not include sufficient numbers of subjects aged 65 and older to determine whether they respond differently than younger subjects. Other reported clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger patients. A pharmacokinetic study in the elderly detected differences in pharmacokinetic parameters


[see Clinical Pharmacology (


12.3)]


. These differences were small and do not indicate a need for dosage adjustment of the drug in the elderly.

8.6 Renal Impairment

The dose of cefixime should be adjusted in patients with renal impairment as well as those undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) and hemodialysis (HD). Patients on dialysis should be monitored carefully


[see Dosage and Administration (


2.3)]


.

10 Overdosage

Gastric lavage may be indicated; otherwise, no specific antidote exists. Cefixime is not removed in significant quantities from the circulation by hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis. Adverse reactions in small numbers of healthy adult volunteers receiving single doses up to 2 g of cefixime did not differ from the profile seen in patients treated at the recommended doses.

11 Description

  • Cefixime is a semisynthetic, cephalosporin antibacterial for oral administration. Chemically, it is (
  • 6R,7R)-7-[2-(2-Amino-4-thiazolyl)glyoxylamido]-8-oxo-3-vinyl-5-thia-1-azabicyclo [4.2.0] oct-2-ene-2-carboxylic acid, 7
  • 2-(
  • Z)-[
  • O-(carboxy methyl) oxime] trihydrate.
  • Molecular weight = 507.50 as the trihydrate. Chemical Formula is C
  • 16H
  • 15N
  • 5O
  • 7S
  • 2.3H
  • 2O
  • The structural formula for cefixime is:Inactive ingredients contained in SUPRAX
  • ® (cefixime) 400 mg tablets USP are: dibasic calcium phosphate, hypromellose, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, polyethylene glycol, pregelatinized starch, titanium dioxide, and triacetin.
  • Inactive ingredients contained in SUPRAX
  • ® (cefixime) 400 mg capsules are: colloidal silicon dioxide, crospovidone, low substituted hydroxy propyl cellulose, magnesium stearate, and mannitol. The capsule shell contains the following inactive ingredients: ferric oxide black, ferric oxide red, gelatin, potassium hydroxide, propylene glycol, shellac, sodium lauryl sulfate, and titanium dioxide.
  • Inactive ingredients contained in SUPRAX
  • ® (cefixime) 100 mg or 150 mg or 200 mg chewable tablets are: aspartame, colloidal silicon dioxide, crospovidone, FD&C Red # 40 Aluminium Lake, low substituted hydroxypropyl cellulose, magnesium stearate, mannitol, fantasy flavor permaseal, and tutti frutti flavor.
  • Inactive ingredients contained in SUPRAX
  • ® (cefixime) powder for oral suspension USP are: colloidal silicon dioxide, sodium benzoate, strawberry flavor, sucralose (only in 500 mg/5 mL strength), sucrose, and xanthan gum.

12.1 Mechanism Of Action

Cefixime is a semisynthetic cephalosporin antibacterial drug


[see Microbiology (


12.4)]


.

12.3 Pharmacokinetics

SUPRAX chewable tablets are bioequivalent to oral suspension. SUPRAX tablets and suspension, given orally, are about 40% to 50% absorbed whether administered with or without food; however, time to maximal absorption is increased approximately 0.8 hours when administered with food. A single 200 mg tablet of cefixime produces an average peak serum concentration of approximately 2 mcg/mL (range 1 to 4 mcg/mL); a single 400 mg tablet produces an average peak concentration of approximately 3.7 mcg/mL (range 1.3 to 7.7 mcg/mL). The oral suspension produces average peak concentrations approximately 25% to 50% higher than the tablets, when tested in normal


adult volunteers. Two hundred and 400 mg doses of oral suspension produce average peak concentrations of 3 mcg/mL (range 1 to 4.5 mcg/mL) and 4.6 mcg/mL (range 1.9 to 7.7 mcg/mL), respectively, when tested in normal


adult volunteers. The area under the time versus concentration curve (AUC) is greater by approximately 10% to 25% with the oral suspension than with the tablet after doses of 100 to 400 mg, when tested in normal


adult volunteers. This increased absorption should be taken into consideration if the oral suspension is to be substituted for the tablet. Because of the lack of bioequivalence, tablets should not be substituted for oral suspension in the treatment of otitis media


[see Dosage and Administration (


2)]


. Cross-over studies of tablet versus suspension have not been performed in children.


The 400 mg capsule is bioequivalent to the 400 mg tablet under fasting conditions. However, food reduces the absorption following administration of the capsule by approximately 15% based on AUC and 25% based on C


max.


Peak serum concentrations occur between 2 and 6 hours following oral administration of a single 200 mg tablet, a single 400 mg tablet or 400 mg of cefixime suspension. Peak serum concentrations occur between 2 and 5 hours following a single administration of 200 mg of suspension. Peak serum concentrations occur between 3 and 8 hours following oral administration of a single 400 mg capsule.DistributionSerum protein binding is concentration independent with a bound fraction of approximately 65%. In a multiple dose study conducted with a research formulation which is less bioavailable than the tablet or suspension, there was little accumulation of drug in serum or urine after dosing for 14 days. Adequate data on CSF levels of cefixime are not available.Metabolism and ExcretionThere is no evidence of metabolism of cefixime


in vivo. Approximately 50% of the absorbed dose is excreted unchanged in the urine in 24 hours. In animal studies, it was noted that cefixime is also excreted in the bile in excess of 10% of the administered dose. The serum half-life of cefixime in healthy subjects is independent of dosage form and averages 3 to 4 hours but may range up to 9 hours in some normal volunteers.


Special PopulationsGeriatrics: Average AUCs at steady state in elderly patients are approximately 40% higher than average AUCs in other healthy adults. Differences in the pharmacokinetic parameters between 12 young and 12 elderly subjects who received 400 mg of cefixime once daily for 5 days are summarized as follows:


Pharmacokinetic Parameters (mean ± SD) for Cefixime in Both Young & Elderly SubjectsPharmacokinetic parameterYoungElderlyC


max (mg/L)


4.74 ± 1.43


5.68 ± 1.83


T


max (h)


Difference between age groups was significant. (p<0.05)3.9 ± 0.3


4.3 ± 0.6


AUC (mg.h/L)


34.9 ± 12.2


49.5 ± 19.1


T


½ (h)


3.5 ± 0.6


4.2 ± 0.4


C


ave (mg/L)


1.42 ±0.50


1.99 ± 0.75


However, these increases were not clinically significant


[see Dosage and Administration (


2)]





Renal Impairment: In subjects with moderate impairment of renal function (20 to 40 mL/min creatinine clearance), the average serum half-life of cefixime is prolonged to 6.4 hours. In severe renal impairment (5 to 20 mL/min creatinine clearance), the half-life increased to an average of 11.5 hours. The drug is not cleared significantly from the blood by hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis. However, a study indicated that with doses of 400 mg, patients undergoing hemodialysis have similar blood profiles as subjects with creatinine clearances of 21 to 60 mL/min.

12.4 Microbiology

Mechanism of ActionAs with other cephalosporins, the bactericidal action of cefixime results from inhibition of cell wall synthesis. Cefixime is stable in the presence of certain beta-lactamase enzymes. As a result, certain organisms resistant to penicillins and some cephalosporins due to the presence of beta-lactamases may be susceptible to cefixime.ResistanceResistance to cefixime in isolates of


Haemophilus influenzae and


Neisseria gonorrhoeae is most often associated with alterations in penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs). Cefixime may have limited activity against Enterobacteriaceae producing extended spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs).


Pseudomonas species,


Enterococcus species, strains of Group D streptococci,


Listeria monocytogenes, most strains of staphylococci (including methicillin-resistant strains), most strains of


Enterobacter species, most strains of


Bacteroides fragilis, and most strains of


Clostridium species are resistant to cefixime.


Antimicrobial ActivityCefixime has been shown to be active against most isolates of the following microorganisms, both


in vitro and in clinical infections


[see Indications and Usage (


1)].


Gram-positive BacteriaStreptococcus pneumoniaeStreptococcus pyogenesGram-negative BacteriaEscherichia coliHaemophilus influenzaeMoraxella catarrhalisNeisseria gonorrhoeaeProteus mirabilisThe following


in vitro data are available, but their clinical significance is unknown. At least 90 percent of the following bacteria exhibit an


in vitro minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) less than or equal to the susceptible breakpoint for cefixime against isolates of similar genus or organism group. However, the efficacy of cefixime in treating clinical infections caused by these bacteria has not been established in adequate and well-controlled clinical trials.


Gram-positive BacteriaStreptococcus agalactiaeGram-negative BacteriaCitrobacter amalonaticusCitrobacter diversusHaemophilus parainfluenzaeKlebsiella oxytocaKlebsiella pneumoniaePasteurella multocidaProteus vulgarisProvidencia species


Salmonella species


Serratia marcescensShigella species


Susceptibility TestingFor specific information regarding susceptibility test interpretive criteria and associated test methods and quality control standards recognized by FDA for this drug, please see: https://www.fda.gov/STIC.

13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment Of Fertility

Lifetime studies in animals to evaluate carcinogenic potential have not been conducted. Cefixime did not cause point mutations in bacteria or mammalian cells, DNA damage, or chromosome damage


in vitro and did not exhibit clastogenic potential


in vivo in the mouse micronucleus test. In rats, fertility and reproductive performance were not affected by cefixime at doses up to 25 times the adult therapeutic dose.

14 Clinical Studies

Comparative clinical trials of otitis media were conducted in nearly 400 children between the ages of 6 months to 10 years.


Streptococcus pneumoniae was isolated from 47% of the patients,


Haemophilus influenzae from 34%,


Moraxella catarrhalis from 15% and


S. pyogenes from 4%.


The overall response rate of


Streptococcus pneumoniae to cefixime was approximately 10% lower and that of


Haemophilus influenzae or


Moraxella catarrhalis approximately 7% higher (12% when beta-lactamase positive isolates of


H. influenzae are included) than the response rates of these organisms to the active control drugs.


In these studies, patients were randomized and treated with either cefixime at dose regimens of 4 mg/kg twice a day or 8 mg/kg once a day, or with a comparator. Sixty-nine to 70% of the patients in each group had resolution of signs and symptoms of otitis media when evaluated 2 to 4 weeks post-treatment, but persistent effusion was found in 15% of the patients. When evaluated at the completion of therapy, 17% of patients receiving cefixime and 14% of patients receiving effective comparative drugs (18% including those patients who had


Haemophilus influenzae resistant to the control drug and who received the control antibacterial drug) were considered to be treatment failures. By the 2 to 4 week follow-up, a total of 30%-31% of patients had evidence of either treatment failure or recurrent disease.


(a)Number eradicated/number isolated.


(b)An additional 20 beta-lactamase positive isolates of


Haemophilus influenzae were isolated, but were excluded from this analysis because they were resistant to the control antibacterial drug. In nineteen of these, the clinical course could be assessed and a favorable outcome occurred in 10. When these cases are included in the overall bacteriological evaluation of therapy with the control drugs, 140/185 (76%) of pathogens were considered to be eradicated.


Bacteriological Outcome of Otitis Media at Two to Four Weeks Post-Therapy Based on Repeat Middle Ear Fluid Culture or Extrapolation from Clinical OutcomeOrganismCefixime(a)4 mg/kg BIDCefixime(a)8 mg/kg QDControl(a)drugsStreptococcus pneumoniae48/70 (69%)


18/22 (82%)


82/100 (82%)


Haemophilus influenzaebeta-lactamase negative


24/34 (71%)


13/17 (76%)


23/34 (68%)


Haemophilus influenzaebeta-lactamase positive


17/22 (77%)


9/12 (75%)


1/1 (b)


Moraxella catarrhalis26/31 (84%)


5/5


18/24 (75%)


S. pyogenes5/5


3/3


6/7


All Isolates


120/162 (74%)


48/59 (81%)


130/166 (78%)

16 How Supplied/Storage And Handling

SUPRAX


® is available for oral administration in following dosage forms, strengths and packages listed in the table below:


Dosage FormStrengthDescriptionPackage SizeNDC CodeStorageWhite to off-white, 


film-coated, capsule 


shaped tablets with 


beveled edges and 


Bottles of 


10 tablets


27437-201-10


SUPRAX® 


(cefixime) tablets USP400 mg


a divided score 


line on each side, 


debossed with “SUPRAX” 


across one side 


Bottle of 


50 tablets


27437-201-08


Store at 20 to 25°C 


(68 to 77°F) 


[See USP Controlled 


Room Temperature].


and “LUPIN” across 


other side, containing 


400 mg of cefixime


 as the trihydrate.


Bottle of 


100 tablets


27437-201-01


SUPRAX® 


(cefixime) capsules400 mg


Size “00EL” capsules with 


pink opaque cap and pink 


opaque body, imprinted 


with “LU” on cap and 


“U43” on body in black 


Bottle of 


50 capsules


27437-208-08


Store at 20 to 25°C 


(68 to 77°F) 


[See USP Controlled 


Room Temperature].


ink, containing white to 


yellowish white granular 


powder containing 


400 mg of cefixime as the 


trihydrate.


Unit Dose 


Package of 10


(1 blister of 


10 capsules)


27437-208-11


Bottles of 


10 tablets


27437-203-10


100 mg


Pink, round tablet, 


debossed with “SUPRAX 100” 


on one side and “LUPIN” 


on other side.


Bottle of 


50 tablets


27437-203-08


Unit Dose 


Package of 10


(1 blister of 


10 tablets)


27437-203-11


Bottles of 


10 tablets


27437-204-10


SUPRAX® 


(cefixime) chewable tablets150 mg


Pink, round tablet, 


debossed with “SUPRAX 150” 


on one side and “LUPIN” 


on other side.


Bottle of 


50 tablets


27437-204-08


Store at 20 to 25°C 


(68 to 77°F) 


[See USP Controlled 


Room Temperature].


Unit Dose 


Package of 10


(1 blister of 


10 tablets)


27437-204-11


Bottles of 


10 tablets


27437-205-10


200 mg


Pink, round tablet, 


debossed with “SUPRAX 200” 


on one side and “LUPIN” 


on other side.


Bottle of 


50 tablets


27437-205-08


Unit Dose 


Package of 10


(1 blister of 


10 tablets)


27437-205-11


Off-white to pale 


yellow colored powder. 


After reconstituted as 


Bottle of 


50 mL


68180-202-03


 


100 mg/5 mL


directed, each 5 mL of 


reconstituted suspension 


contains 100 mg of 


Bottle of 


75 mL


68180-202-02


 


cefixime as the trihydrate.


Bottle of 


100 mL


68180-202-01


Bottle of 


25 mL


27437-206-05


Bottle of 


37.5 mL


27437-206-06


Prior to reconstitution: 


Store drug powder at


SUPRAX® 


(cefixime) for oral suspension USP200 mg/5 mL


Off-white to pale 


yellow colored powder. 


After reconstituted as 


directed, each 5 mL of


Bottle of 


50 mL


27437-206-03


20 to 25°C (68 to 77°F) 


[See USP Controlled 


Room Temperature].


reconstituted suspension 


contains 200 mg of 


cefixime as the trihydrate.


Bottle of 


75 mL


27437-206-02


After reconstitution: 


Store at room temperature 


or under refrigeration.


Keep tightly closed.


Bottle of 


100 mL


27437-206-01


500 mg/5 mL


Off white to cream 


colored powder forming 


off-white to pale yellow 


suspension with 


characteristic fruity odor 


Bottle of 


10 mL


27437-207-02


on constitution. After 


reconstituted as directed,


each mL of reconstituted 


suspension contains 


100 mg of cefixime 


as the trihydrate.


Bottle of 


20 mL


27437-207-03

17.1 Information For Patients

Counsel patients that antibacterial drugs, including cefixime, should only be used to treat bacterial infections. They do not treat viral infections (e.g., the common cold). When cefixime is prescribed to treat a bacterial infection, patients should be told that although it is common to feel better early in the course of therapy, the medication should be taken exactly as directed. Skipping doses or not completing the full course of therapy may: (1) decrease the effectiveness of the immediate treatment and (2) increase the likelihood that bacteria will develop resistance and will not be treatable by cefixime for oral suspension or cefixime chewable tablets or other antibacterial drugs in the future.Counsel patients with phenylketonuria that SUPRAX chewable tablets contain aspartame, a source of phenylalanine as follows: Each SUPRAX chewable tablet contains 3.3 mg, 5 mg and 6.7 mg of phenylalanine per 100 mg, 150 mg and 200 mg strength, respectively.Advise patients that diarrhea is a common problem caused by antibacterial drugs which usually ends when the antibacterial drug is discontinued. Sometimes after starting treatment with antibacterial drugs, patients can develop watery and bloody stools (with or without stomach cramps and fever) even as late as two or more months after having taken the last dose of the antibacterial drug. If this occurs, patients should contact their physician as soon as possible.

* Please review the disclaimer below.

Previous Code
70518-2005
Next Code
70518-2007