NDC 0006-4121 Gardasil 9

Human Papillomavirus 9-valent Vaccine, Recombinant

NDC Product Code 0006-4121

NDC Code: 0006-4121

Proprietary Name: Gardasil 9 Additional informationCallout TooltipWhat is the Proprietary Name?
The proprietary name also known as the trade name is the name of the product chosen by the medication labeler for marketing purposes.

Non-Proprietary Name: Human Papillomavirus 9-valent Vaccine, Recombinant Additional informationCallout TooltipWhat is the Non-Proprietary Name?
The non-proprietary name is sometimes called the generic name. The generic name usually includes the active ingredient(s) of the product.


Code Structure
  • 0006 - Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
    • 0006-4121 - Gardasil 9

NDC 0006-4121-02

Package Description: 10 SYRINGE, GLASS in 1 CARTON > .5 mL in 1 SYRINGE, GLASS (0006-4121-01)

NDC Product Information

Gardasil 9 with NDC 0006-4121 is a a vaccine lable product labeled by Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.. The generic name of Gardasil 9 is human papillomavirus 9-valent vaccine, recombinant. The product's dosage form is injection, suspension and is administered via intramuscular form.

Labeler Name: Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.

Dosage Form: Injection, Suspension - A liquid preparation, suitable for injection, which consists of solid particles dispersed throughout a liquid phase in which the particles are not soluble. It can also consist of an oil phase dispersed throughout an aqueous phase, or vice-versa.

Product Type: Vaccine Additional informationCallout TooltipWhat kind of product is this?
Indicates the type of product, such as Human Prescription Drug or Human Over the Counter Drug. This data element matches the “Document Type” field of the Structured Product Listing.


Gardasil 9 Active Ingredient(s)

Additional informationCallout TooltipWhat is the Active Ingredient(s) List?
This is the active ingredient list. Each ingredient name is the preferred term of the UNII code submitted.

  • HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS TYPE 6 L1 CAPSID PROTEIN ANTIGEN 30 ug/.5mL
  • HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS TYPE 11 L1 CAPSID PROTEIN ANTIGEN 40 ug/.5mL
  • HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS TYPE 16 L1 CAPSID PROTEIN ANTIGEN 60 ug/.5mL
  • HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS TYPE 18 L1 CAPSID PROTEIN ANTIGEN 40 ug/.5mL
  • HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS TYPE 31 L1 CAPSID PROTEIN ANTIGEN 20 ug/.5mL
  • HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS TYPE 33 L1 CAPSID PROTEIN ANTIGEN 20 ug/.5mL
  • HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS TYPE 45 L1 CAPSID PROTEIN ANTIGEN 20 ug/.5mL
  • HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS TYPE 52 L1 CAPSID PROTEIN ANTIGEN 20 ug/.5mL
  • HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS TYPE 58 L1 CAPSID PROTEIN ANTIGEN 20 ug/.5mL

Administration Route(s)

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The translation of the route code submitted by the firm, indicating route of administration.

  • Intramuscular - Administration within a muscle.

Pharmacological Class(es)

Additional informationCallout TooltipWhat is a Pharmacological Class?
These are the reported pharmacological class categories corresponding to the SubstanceNames listed above.

  • Inactivated Human Papillomavirus Vaccine - [EPC] (Established Pharmacologic Class)
  • Actively Acquired Immunity - [PE] (Physiologic Effect)
  • Papillomavirus Vaccines - [Chemical/Ingredient]
  • Vaccines -
  • Inactivated - [Chemical/Ingredient]
  • Inactivated Human Papillomavirus Vaccine - [EPC] (Established Pharmacologic Class)
  • Actively Acquired Immunity - [PE] (Physiologic Effect)
  • Papillomavirus Vaccines - [Chemical/Ingredient]
  • Vaccines -
  • Inactivated - [Chemical/Ingredient]
  • Inactivated Human Papillomavirus Vaccine - [EPC] (Established Pharmacologic Class)
  • Actively Acquired Immunity - [PE] (Physiologic Effect)
  • Papillomavirus Vaccines - [Chemical/Ingredient]
  • Vaccines -
  • Inactivated - [Chemical/Ingredient]
  • Inactivated Human Papillomavirus Vaccine - [EPC] (Established Pharmacologic Class)
  • Actively Acquired Immunity - [PE] (Physiologic Effect)
  • Papillomavirus Vaccines - [Chemical/Ingredient]
  • Vaccines -
  • Inactivated - [Chemical/Ingredient]

Product Labeler Information

Additional informationCallout TooltipWhat is the Labeler Name?
Name of Company corresponding to the labeler code segment of the Product NDC.

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Information for Patients

Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Vaccine (Gardasil)

Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Vaccine (Gardasil) is


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Gardasil 9 Product Label Images

Gardasil 9 Product Labeling Information

The product labeling information includes all published material associated to a drug. Product labeling documents include information like generic names, active ingredients, ingredient strength dosage, routes of administration, appearance, usage, warnings, inactive ingredients, etc.

Product Labeling Index

1.1 Girls And Women

  • GARDASIL®9 is a vaccine indicated in girls and women 9 through 26 years of age for the prevention of the following diseases: Cervical, vulvar, vaginal, and anal cancer caused by Human Papillomavirus (HPV) types 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58 Genital warts (condyloma acuminata) caused by HPV types 6 and 11And the following precancerous or dysplastic lesions caused by HPV types 6, 11, 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58: Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) grade 2/3 and cervical adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS) Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) grade 1 Vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN) grade 2 and grade 3 Vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia (VaIN) grade 2 and grade 3 Anal intraepithelial neoplasia (AIN) grades 1, 2, and 3

1.2 Boys And Men

  • GARDASIL 9 is indicated in boys and men 9 through 26 years of age for the prevention of the following diseases: Anal cancer caused by HPV types 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58 Genital warts (condyloma acuminata) caused by HPV types 6 and 11And the following precancerous or dysplastic lesions caused by HPV types 6, 11, 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58:Anal intraepithelial neoplasia (AIN) grades 1, 2, and 3

1.3 Limitations Of Use And Effectiveness

The health care provider should inform the patient, parent, or guardian that vaccination does not eliminate the necessity for women to continue to undergo recommended cervical cancer screening. Women who receive GARDASIL 9 should continue to undergo cervical cancer screening per standard of care. [See Patient Counseling Information (17).]Recipients of GARDASIL 9 should not discontinue anal cancer screening if it has been recommended by a health care provider [see Patient Counseling Information (17)].GARDASIL 9 has not been demonstrated to provide protection against disease from vaccine HPV types to which a person has previously been exposed through sexual activity.GARDASIL 9 has not been demonstrated to protect against diseases due to HPV types other than 6, 11, 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58.GARDASIL 9 is not a treatment for external genital lesions; cervical, vulvar, vaginal, and anal cancers; CIN; VIN; VaIN; or AIN.Not all vulvar, vaginal, and anal cancers are caused by HPV, and GARDASIL 9 protects only against those vulvar, vaginal, and anal cancers caused by HPV 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58.GARDASIL 9 does not protect against genital diseases not caused by HPV.Vaccination with GARDASIL 9 may not result in protection in all vaccine recipients.Safety and effectiveness of GARDASIL 9 have not been assessed in individuals older than 26 years of age.

2.1 Dosage

Each dose of GARDASIL 9 is 0.5-mL.Administer GARDASIL 9 as follows:AgeRegimenSchedule9 through 14 years2-dose0, 6 to 12 monthsIf the second dose is administered earlier than 5 months after the first dose, administer a third dose at least 4 months after the second dose. [See Clinical Studies (14.2 and 14.5).]3-dose0, 2, 6 months15 through 26 years3-dose0, 2, 6 months

2.2 Method Of Administration

For intramuscular use only.Shake well before use. Thorough agitation immediately before administration is necessary to maintain suspension of the vaccine. GARDASIL 9 should not be diluted or mixed with other vaccines. After thorough agitation, GARDASIL 9 is a white, cloudy liquid. Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration, whenever solution and container permit. Do not use the product if particulates are present or if it appears discolored.Administer GARDASIL 9 intramuscularly in the deltoid region of the upper arm or in the higher anterolateral area of the thigh.Observe patients for 15 minutes after administration [see Warnings and Precautions (5)].

Other

Single-Dose Vial UseWithdraw the 0.5-mL dose of vaccine from the single-dose vial using a sterile needle and syringe and use promptly.

Prefilled Syringe UseThis package does not contain a needle. Shake well before use. Attach a needle by twisting in a clockwise direction until the needle fits securely on the syringe. Administer the entire dose as per standard protocol.

Injection-Site and Systemic Adverse ReactionsInjection-site reactions (pain, swelling, and erythema) and oral temperature were solicited using VRC-aided surveillance for five days after each injection of GARDASIL 9 during the clinical studies. The rates and severity of these solicited adverse reactions that occurred within five days following each dose of GARDASIL 9 compared with GARDASIL in Study 1 (girls and women 16 through 26 years of age) and Study 3 (girls 9 through 15 years of age) are presented in Table 1. Among subjects who received GARDASIL 9, the rates of injection-site pain were approximately equal across the three reporting time periods. Rates of injection-site swelling and injection-site erythema increased following each successive dose of GARDASIL 9. Recipients of GARDASIL 9 had numerically higher rates of injection-site reactions compared with recipients of GARDASIL.Table 1: Rates (%) and Severity of Solicited Injection-Site and Systemic Adverse Reactions Occurring within Five Days of Each Vaccination with GARDASIL 9 Compared with GARDASIL (Studies 1 and 3)GARDASIL 9GARDASILPost-dose 1Post-dose 2Post-dose 3Post any dosePost-dose 1 Post-dose 2Post-dose 3Post any doseThe data for girls and women 16 through 26 years of age are from Study 1 (NCT00543543), and the data for girls 9 through 15 years of age are from Study 3 (NCT01304498).N=number of subjects vaccinated with safety follow-upn=number of subjects with temperature dataPain, Any=mild, moderate, severe or unknown intensityPain, Severe=incapacitating with inability to work or do usual activitySwelling, Any=any size or size unknownSwelling, Severe=maximum size greater than 2 inchesErythema, Any=any size or size unknownErythema, Severe=maximum size greater than 2 inchesGirls and Women 16 through 26 Years of AgeInjection-Site Adverse ReactionsN=7069N=6997N=6909N=7071N=7076N=6992N=6909N=7078Pain, Any70.773.571.689.958.262.262.683.5Pain, Severe0.71.72.64.30.41.01.72.6Swelling, Any12.523.328.340.09.314.618.728.8Swelling, Severe0.61.52.53.80.30.51.01.5Erythema, Any10.618.022.634.08.112.915.625.6Erythema, Severe0.20.51.11.60.20.20.40.8Systemic Adverse Reactionsn=6995n=6913n=6743n=7022n=7003n=6914n=6725n=7024Temperature ≥100°F1.72.62.76.01.72.42.55.9Temperature ≥102°F0.30.30.41.00.20.30.30.8Girls 9 through 15 Years of AgeInjection-Site Adverse ReactionsN=300N=297N=296N=299N=299N=299N=294N=300Pain, Any71.771.074.389.366.266.269.488.3Pain, Severe0.72.03.05.70.71.31.73.3Swelling, Any14.023.936.147.810.417.725.236.0Swelling, Severe0.32.43.76.00.72.74.16.3Erythema, Any7.015.521.334.19.714.418.429.3Erythema, Severe00.31.41.700.31.72.0Systemic Adverse Reactionsn=300n=294n=295n=299n=299n=297n=291n=300Temperature ≥100°F2.31.73.06.71.71.703.3Temperature ≥102°F00.31.01.30.30.300.7Unsolicited injection-site and systemic adverse reactions (assessed as vaccine-related by the investigator) observed among recipients of either GARDASIL 9 or GARDASIL in Studies 1 and 3 at a frequency of at least 1% are shown in Table 2. Few individuals discontinued study participation due to adverse experiences after receiving either vaccine (GARDASIL 9 = 0.1% vs. GARDASIL <0.1%).Table 2: Rates (%) of Unsolicited Injection-Site and Systemic Adverse Reactions Occurring among ≥1.0% of Individuals after Any Vaccination with GARDASIL 9 Compared with GARDASIL (Studies 1 and 3)Girls and Women 16 through 26 Years of AgeGirls 9 through 15 Years of AgeGARDASIL 9N=7071GARDASILN=7078GARDASIL 9N=299GARDASILN=300The data for girls and women 16 through 26 years of age are from Study 1 (NCT00543543), and the data for girls 9 through 15 years of age are from Study 3 (NCT01304498).N=number of subjects vaccinated with safety follow-upInjection-Site Adverse Reactions (1 to 5 Days Post-Vaccination, Any Dose)Pruritus5.54.04.02.7Bruising1.91.900Hematoma0.90.63.74.7Mass1.30.600Hemorrhage1.00.71.02.0Induration0.80.22.01.0Warmth0.80.50.71.7Reaction0.60.60.31.0Systemic Adverse Reactions (1 to 15 Days Post-Vaccination, Any Dose)Headache14.613.711.411.3Pyrexia5.04.35.02.7Nausea4.43.73.03.7Dizziness3.02.80.70.7Fatigue2.32.102.7Diarrhea1.21.00.30Oropharyngeal pain1.00.62.70.7Myalgia1.00.70.70.7Abdominal pain, upper0.70.81.71.3Upper respiratory tract infection0.10.10.31.0In an uncontrolled clinical trial with 639 boys and 1,878 girls 9 through 15 years of age (Study 2), the rates and severity of solicited adverse reactions following each dose of GARDASIL 9 were similar between boys and girls. Rates of solicited and unsolicited injection-site and systemic adverse reactions in boys 9 through 15 years of age were similar to those among girls 9 through 15 years of age. Solicited and unsolicited adverse reactions reported by boys in this study are shown in Table 3.In another uncontrolled clinical trial with 1,394 boys and men and 1,075 girls and women 16 through 26 years of age (Study 7), the rates of solicited and unsolicited adverse reactions following each dose of GARDASIL 9 among girls and women 16 through 26 years of age were similar to those reported in Study 1. Rates of solicited and unsolicited adverse reactions reported by boys and men 16 through 26 years of age in this study are shown in Table 3.Table 3: Rates (%) of Solicited and UnsolicitedUnsolicited adverse reactions reported by ≥1% of individuals Injection-Site and Systemic Adverse Reactions among Boys 9 through 15 Years of Age and among Boys and Men 16 through 26 Years of Age Who Received GARDASIL 9 (Studies 2 and 7)GARDASIL 9The data for GARDASIL 9 boys 9 through 15 years of age are from Study 2 (NCT00943722). The data for boys and men 16 through 26 years of age for GARDASIL 9 are from Study 7 (NCT01651949).N=number of subjects vaccinated with safety follow-upPain, Any=mild, moderate, severe or unknown intensityPain, Severe=incapacitating with inability to work or do usual activitySwelling, Any=any size or size unknownSwelling, Severe=maximum size greater than 2 inchesErythema, Any=any size or size unknownErythema, Severe=maximum size greater than 2 inchesBoys and Men 16 through 26 Years of AgeN=1394Solicited Adverse Reactions (1-5 Days Post-Vaccination, Any Dose)Injection-Site Pain, Any63.4Injection-Site Pain, Severe0.6Injection-Site Erythema, Any20.7Injection-Site Erythema, Severe0.4Injection-Site Swelling, Any20.2Injection-Site Swelling, Severe1.1Oral Temperature ≥100.0°FFor oral temperature: number of subjects with temperature data for boys 9 through 15 years of age N=637; for boys and men 16 through 26 years of age N=1,3864.4Oral Temperature ≥102°F0.6Unsolicited Injection-Site Adverse Reactions (1-5 Days Post-Vaccination, Any Dose)Injection-Site Hypersensitivity1.0Injection-Site Pruritus1.0Unsolicited Systemic Adverse Reactions (1-15 Days Post-Vaccination, Any Dose)Headache7.3Pyrexia2.4Fatigue1.4Dizziness1.1Nausea1.0Boys 9 through 15 Years of AgeN=639Solicited Adverse Reactions (1-5 Days Post-Vaccination, Any Dose)Injection-Site Pain, Any71.5Injection-Site Pain, Severe0.5Injection-Site Erythema, Any24.9Injection-Site Erythema, Severe1.9Injection-Site Swelling, Any26.9Injection-Site Swelling, Severe5.2Oral Temperature ≥100.0°F10.4Oral Temperature ≥102°F1.4Unsolicited Injection-Site Adverse Reactions (1-5 Days Post-Vaccination, Any Dose)Injection-Site Hematoma1.3Injection-Site Induration1.1Unsolicited Systemic Adverse Reactions (1-15 Days Post-Vaccination, Any Dose)Headache9.4Pyrexia8.9Nausea1.3

Serious Adverse Events in Clinical StudiesSerious adverse events were collected throughout the entire study period (range one month to 48 months post-last dose) for the seven clinical studies for GARDASIL 9. Out of the 15,705 individuals who were administered GARDASIL 9 and had safety follow-up, 354 reported a serious adverse event; representing 2.3% of the population. As a comparison, of the 7,378 individuals who were administered GARDASIL and had safety follow-up, 185 reported a serious adverse event; representing 2.5% of the population. Four GARDASIL 9 recipients each reported at least one serious adverse event that was determined to be vaccine-related. The vaccine-related serious adverse reactions were pyrexia, allergy to vaccine, asthmatic crisis, and headache.

Deaths in the Entire Study PopulationAcross the clinical studies, ten deaths occurred (five each in the GARDASIL 9 and GARDASIL groups); none were assessed as vaccine-related. Causes of death in the GARDASIL 9 group included one automobile accident, one suicide, one case of acute lymphocytic leukemia, one case of hypovolemic septic shock, and one unexplained sudden death 678 days following the last dose of GARDASIL 9. Causes of death in the GARDASIL control group included one automobile accident, one airplane crash, one cerebral hemorrhage, one gunshot wound, and one stomach adenocarcinoma.

Systemic Autoimmune DisordersIn all of the clinical trials with GARDASIL 9 subjects were evaluated for new medical conditions potentially indicative of a systemic autoimmune disorder. In total, 2.2% (351/15,703) of GARDASIL 9 recipients and 3.3% (240/7,378) of GARDASIL recipients reported new medical conditions potentially indicative of systemic autoimmune disorders, which were similar to rates reported following GARDASIL, AAHS control, or saline placebo in historical clinical trials.

Clinical Trials Experience for GARDASIL 9 in Individuals Who Have Been Previously Vaccinated with GARDASILA clinical study (Study 4) evaluated the safety of GARDASIL 9 in 12- through 26-year-old girls and women who had previously been vaccinated with three doses of GARDASIL. The time interval between the last injection of GARDASIL and the first injection of GARDASIL 9 ranged from approximately 12 to 36 months. Individuals were administered GARDASIL 9 or saline placebo and safety was evaluated using VRC-aided surveillance for 14 days after each injection of GARDASIL 9 or saline placebo in these individuals. The individuals who were monitored included 608 individuals who received GARDASIL 9 and 305 individuals who received saline placebo. Few (0.5%) individuals who received GARDASIL 9 discontinued due to adverse reactions. The vaccine-related adverse experiences that were observed among recipients of GARDASIL 9 at a frequency of at least 1.0% and also at a greater frequency than that observed among saline placebo recipients are shown in Table 4. Overall the safety profile was similar between individuals vaccinated with GARDASIL 9 who were previously vaccinated with GARDASIL and those who were naïve to HPV vaccination with the exception of numerically higher rates of injection-site swelling and erythema among individuals who were previously vaccinated with GARDASIL (Tables 1 and 4).Table 4: Rates (%) of Solicited and UnsolicitedUnsolicited adverse reactions reported by ≥1% of individuals Injection-Site and Systemic Adverse Reactions among Individuals Previously Vaccinated with GARDASIL Who Received GARDASIL 9 or Saline Placebo (Girls and Women 12 through 26 Years of Age) (Study 4)GARDASIL 9 N=608Saline PlaceboN=305The data for GARDASIL 9 and saline placebo are from Study 4 (NCT01047345).N=number of subjects vaccinated with safety follow-upSolicited Adverse Reactions (1-5 Days Post-Vaccination, Any Dose)Injection-Site Pain90.338.0Injection-Site Erythema42.38.5Injection-Site Swelling49.05.9Oral Temperature ≥100.0°FFor oral temperature: number of subjects with temperature data GARDASIL 9 N=604; Saline Placebo N=3046.53.0Unsolicited Injection-Site Adverse Reactions (1-5 Days Post-Vaccination, Any Dose)Injection-Site Pruritus7.71.3Injection-Site Hematoma4.82.3Injection-Site Reaction1.30.3Injection-Site Mass1.20.7Unsolicited Systemic Adverse Reactions (1-15 Days Post-Vaccination, Any Dose)Headache19.618.0Pyrexia5.11.6Nausea3.92.0Dizziness3.01.6Abdominal pain, upper1.50.7Influenza1.21.0

Safety in Concomitant Use with Menactra and AdacelIn Study 5, the safety of GARDASIL 9 when administered concomitantly with Menactra [Meningococcal (Groups A, C, Y and W-135) Polysaccharide Diphtheria Toxoid Conjugate Vaccine] and Adacel [Tetanus Toxoid, Reduced Diphtheria Toxoid and Acellular Pertussis Vaccine Adsorbed (Tdap)] was evaluated in a randomized study of 1,241 boys (n = 620) and girls (n = 621) with a mean age of 12.2 years [see Clinical Studies (14.6)].Of the 1,237 boys and girls vaccinated, 1,220 had safety follow-up for injection-site adverse reactions. The rates of injection-site adverse reactions were similar between the concomitant group and non-concomitant group (vaccination with GARDASIL 9 separated from vaccination with Menactra and Adacel by 1 month) with the exception of an increased rate of swelling reported at the injection site for GARDASIL 9 in the concomitant group (14.4%) compared to the non-concomitant group (9.4%). The majority of injection-site swelling adverse reactions were reported as being mild to moderate in intensity.

Pregnancy Exposure RegistryThere is a pregnancy exposure registry to monitor pregnancy outcomes in women exposed to GARDASIL 9 during pregnancy. To enroll in or obtain information about the registry, call Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp., a subsidiary of Merck & Co., Inc., at 1-800-986-8999.

Risk SummaryAll pregnancies have a risk of birth defect, loss, or other adverse outcomes. In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2% to 4% and 15% to 20%, respectively. There are no adequate and well-controlled studies of GARDASIL 9 in pregnant women. Available human data do not demonstrate vaccine-associated increase in risk of major birth defects and miscarriages when GARDASIL 9 is administered during pregnancy.In one developmental toxicity study, 0.5 mL of a vaccine formulation containing between 1 and 1.5 –fold of each of the 9 HPV antigen types was administered to female rats prior to mating and during gestation. In another study, animals were administered a single human dose (0.5 mL) of GARDASIL 9 prior to mating, during gestation and during lactation. These animal studies revealed no evidence of harm to the fetus due to GARDASIL 9 [see Data].

Data

Human DataIn pre-licensure clinical studies of GARDASIL 9, women underwent pregnancy testing immediately prior to administration of each dose of GARDASIL 9 or control vaccine (GARDASIL). (Data from GARDASIL are relevant to GARDASIL 9 because both vaccines are manufactured using the same process and have overlapping compositions.) Subjects who were determined to be pregnant were instructed to defer vaccination until the end of their pregnancy. Despite this pregnancy screening regimen, some subjects were vaccinated very early in pregnancy before human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) was detectable. An analysis was conducted to evaluate pregnancy outcomes for pregnancies with onset within 30 days before or after vaccination with GARDASIL 9 or GARDASIL. Among such pregnancies, there were 62 and 55 with known outcomes (excluding ectopic pregnancies and elective terminations) for GARDASIL 9 and GARDASIL, respectively, including 44 and 48 live births, respectively. The rates of pregnancies that resulted in a miscarriage were 27.4% (17/62) and 12.7% (7/55) in subjects who received GARDASIL 9 or GARDASIL, respectively. The rates of live births with major birth defects were 0% (0/44) and 2.1% (1/48) in subjects who received GARDASIL 9 or GARDASIL, respectively.A five-year pregnancy registry enrolled 2,942 women who were inadvertently exposed to GARDASIL within one month prior to the last menstrual period (LMP) or at any time during pregnancy, 2,566 of whom were prospectively followed. After excluding elective terminations (n=107), ectopic pregnancies (n=5) and those lost to follow-up (n=814), there were 1,640 pregnancies with known outcomes. Rates of miscarriage and major birth defects were 6.8% of pregnancies (111/1,640) and 2.4% of live born infants (37/1,527), respectively. These rates of assessed outcomes in the prospective population were consistent with estimated background rates.In two post-marketing studies of GARDASIL (one conducted in the U.S., and the other in Nordic countries), pregnancy outcomes among subjects who received GARDASIL during pregnancy were evaluated retrospectively. Among the 1,740 pregnancies included in the U.S. study database, outcomes were available to assess the rates of major birth defects and miscarriage. Among the 499 pregnancies included in the Nordic study database, outcomes were available to assess the rates of major birth defects. In both studies, rates of assessed outcomes did not suggest an increased risk with the administration of GARDASIL during pregnancy.

Animal DataDevelopmental toxicity studies were conducted in female rats. In one study, animals were administered 0.5 mL of a vaccine formulation containing between 1 and 1.5 –fold of each of the 9 HPV antigen types 5 and 2 weeks prior to mating, and on gestation day 6. In a second study, animals were administered a single human dose (0.5 mL of GARDASIL 9) 5 and 2 weeks prior to mating, on gestation day 6, and on lactation day 7. No adverse effects on pre- and post-weaning development were observed. There were no vaccine-related fetal malformations or variations.

Risk SummaryAvailable data are not sufficient to assess the effects of GARDASIL 9 on the breastfed infant or on milk production/excretion. The developmental and health benefits of breastfeeding should be considered along with the mother's clinical need for GARDASIL 9 and any potential adverse effects on the breastfed child from GARDASIL 9 or from the underlying maternal condition. For preventive vaccines, the underlying maternal condition is susceptibility to disease prevented by the vaccine.

Individuals 16 through 26 Years of AgeEfficacy of GARDASIL was assessed in five AAHS-controlled, double-blind, randomized clinical trials evaluating 24,596 individuals 16 through 26 years of age (20,541 girls and women and 4,055 boys and men). The results of these trials are shown in Table 6 below.Table 6: Analysis of Efficacy of GARDASIL in the PPEThe PPE population consisted of individuals who received all three vaccinations within one year of enrollment, did not have major deviations from the study protocol, were naïve (PCR negative and seronegative) to the relevant HPV type(s) (Types 6, 11, 16, and 18) prior to dose 1 and who remained PCR negative to the relevant HPV type(s) through one month post-dose 3 (Month 7). Population for Vaccine HPV Types Disease Endpoints GARDASILAAHS Control % Efficacy (95% CI) NNumber of casesNNumber of casesN=Number of individuals with at least one follow-up visit after Month 7CI=Confidence IntervalNote 1: Point estimates and confidence intervals are adjusted for person-time of follow-up.Note 2: Table 6 does not include cases due to HPV types not covered by the vaccine.AAHS = Amorphous Aluminum Hydroxyphosphate Sulfate, CIN = Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia, VIN = Vulvar Intraepithelial Neoplasia, VaIN=Vaginal Intraepithelial Neoplasia, PIN=Penile Intraepithelial Neoplasia, AIN=Anal Intraepithelial Neoplasia, AIS=Adenocarcinoma In Situ16- through 26-Year-Old Girls and WomenAnalyses of the combined trials were prospectively planned and included the use of similar study entry criteria.HPV 16- or 18-related CIN 2/3 or AIS 84932846411298.2 (93.5, 99.8)HPV 16- or 18-related VIN 2/3 77720774410100.0 (55.5, 100.0)HPV 16- or 18-related VaIN 2/3 7772077449100.0 (49.5, 100.0)HPV 6-, 11-, 16-, or 18-related CIN (CIN 1, CIN 2/3) or AIS 78649786522596.0 (92.3, 98.2)HPV 6-, 11-, 16-, or 18-related Genital Warts 79002790219399.0 (96.2, 99.9)HPV 6- and 11-related Genital Warts 69322685618999.0 (96.2, 99.9)16- through 26-Year-Old Boys and MenExternal Genital Lesions HPV 6-, 11-, 16-, or 18-relatedExternal Genital Lesions1394314043290.6 (70.1, 98.2)Condyloma 1394314042889.3 (65.3, 97.9)PIN 1/2/31394014044100.0 (-52.1, 100.0)HPV 6-, 11-, 16-, or 18-related EndpointAIN 1/2/319452082477.5 (39.6, 93.3)AIN 2/319432081374.9 (8.8, 95.4)AIN 1Condyloma AcuminatumNon-acuminate1941941944042082082081661173.0 (16.3, 93.4)100.0 (8.2, 100.0)60.4 (-33.5, 90.8)In an extension study in females 16 through 26 years of age at enrollment, prophylactic efficacy of GARDASIL through Month 60 against overall cervical and genital disease related to HPV 6, 11, 16, and 18 was 100% (95% CI: 12.3%, 100%) compared to AAHS control.An extension study in girls and women 16 through 23 years of age used national healthcare registries in Denmark, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden to monitor endpoint cases of HPV 6-, 11-, 16-, or 18-related CIN (any grade), AIS, cervical cancer, vulvar cancer, or vaginal cancer among 2,650 girls and women 16 through 23 years of age at enrollment who were randomized to vaccination with GARDASIL. An interim analysis of the per-protocol effectiveness population included 1,902 subjects who completed the GARDASIL vaccination series within one year, were naïve to the relevant HPV type through 1 month post-dose 3, had no protocol violations, and had follow-up data available. The median follow-up from the first dose of vaccine was 6.7 years with a range of 2.8 to 8.4 years. At the time of interim analysis, no cases of HPV 6-, 11-, 16-, or 18-related CIN (any grade), AIS, cervical cancer, vulvar cancer, or vaginal cancer were observed over a total of 5,765 person-years at risk.

Girls and Boys 9 through 15 Years of AgeAn extension study of 614 girls and 565 boys 9 through 15 years of age at enrollment who were randomized to vaccination with GARDASIL actively followed subjects for endpoint cases of HPV 6-, 11-, 16-, or 18-related persistent infection, CIN (any grade), AIS, VIN, VaIN, cervical cancer, vulvar cancer, vaginal cancer, and external genital lesions from the initiation of sexual activity or age 16 onwards. An interim analysis of the per-protocol effectiveness population included 246 girls and 168 boys who completed the GARDASIL vaccination series within one year, were seronegative to the relevant HPV type at initiation of the vaccination series, and had not initiated sexual activity prior to receiving the third dose of GARDASIL. The median follow-up from the first dose of vaccine was 7.2 years with a range of 0.5 to 8.5 years. At the time of interim analysis, no cases of persistent infection of at least 12 months' duration and no cases of HPV 6-, 11-, 16-, or 18-related CIN (any grade), AIS, VIN, VaIN, cervical cancer, vulvar cancer, vaginal cancer, or external genital lesions were observed over a total 1,105 person-years at risk. There were 4 cases of HPV 6-, 11-, 16-, or 18-related persistent infection of at least 6 months' duration, including 3 cases related to HPV 16 and 1 case related to HPV 6, none of which persisted to 12 months' duration.

Women 27 through 45 Years of AgeA clinical trial evaluated efficacy of GARDASIL in 3,253 women 27 through 45 years of age, based on a combined endpoint of HPV 6-, 11-, 16- or 18-related persistent infection, genital warts, vulvar and vaginal dysplastic lesions of any grade, CIN of any grade, AIS, and cervical cancer. These women were randomized 1:1 to receive either GARDASIL or AAHS control. The efficacy estimate for the combined endpoint was driven primarily by prevention of persistent infection. No statistically significant efficacy was demonstrated for GARDASIL in prevention of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grades 2 and 3 (CIN 2/3), adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS) or cervical cancer related to HPV types 16 and 18.

Studies Supporting the Efficacy of GARDASIL 9 against HPV Types 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58The efficacy of GARDASIL 9 in 16- through 26-year-old girls and women was assessed in an active comparator-controlled, double-blind, randomized clinical trial (Study 1) that included a total of 14,204 women (GARDASIL 9 = 7,099; GARDASIL = 7,105) who were enrolled and vaccinated without pre-screening for the presence of HPV infection. Subjects were followed up with a median duration of 40 months (range 0 to 64 months) after the last vaccination.The primary efficacy evaluation was conducted in the PPE population based on a composite clinical endpoint of HPV 31-, 33-, 45-, 52-, and 58-related cervical cancer, vulvar cancer, vaginal cancer, CIN 2/3 or AIS, VIN 2/3, and VaIN 2/3. Efficacy was further evaluated with the clinical endpoints of HPV 31-, 33-, 45-, 52-, and 58-related CIN 1, vulvar and vaginal disease of any grade, and persistent infection. In addition, the study also evaluated the impact of GARDASIL 9 on the rates of HPV 31-, 33-, 45-, 52-, and 58-related abnormal Papanicolaou (Pap) tests, cervical and external genital biopsy, and definitive therapy [including loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) and conization]. Efficacy for all endpoints was measured starting after the Month 7 visit.GARDASIL 9 prevented HPV 31-, 33-, 45-, 52-, and 58-related persistent infection and disease and also reduced the incidence of HPV 31-, 33-, 45-, 52-, and 58-related Pap test abnormalities, cervical and external genital biopsy, and definitive therapy (Table 7).Table 7: Analysis of Efficacy of GARDASIL 9 against HPV Types 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58 in the PPEThe PPE population consisted of individuals who received all three vaccinations within one year of enrollment, did not have major deviations from the study protocol, were naïve (PCR negative and seronegative) to the relevant HPV type(s) (Types 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58) prior to dose 1, and who remained PCR negative to the relevant HPV type(s) through one month post-dose 3 (Month 7); data from Study 1 (NCT00543543). Population of 16- through 26-Year-old Girls and Women (Study 1)Disease EndpointGARDASIL 9NN=Number of individuals randomized to the respective vaccination group who received at least one injection=7099GARDASILN=7105GARDASIL 9 Efficacy%(95% CI)nn=Number of individuals contributing to the analysisNumber of casesnNumber of casesCI=Confidence IntervalCIN=Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia, VIN=Vulvar Intraepithelial Neoplasia, VaIN=Vaginal Intraepithelial Neoplasia, AIS=Adenocarcinoma In Situ, ASC-US=Atypical squamous cells of undetermined significanceHR=High RiskHPV 31-, 33-, 45-, 52-, 58-related CIN 2/3, AIS, Cervical Cancer, VIN 2/3, VaIN 2/3, Vulvar Cancer, and Vaginal Cancer 6016160173096.7(80.9, 99.8)HPV 31-, 33-, 45-, 52-, 58-related CIN 15948159436998.6(92.4, 99.9)HPV 31-, 33-, 45-, 52-, 58-related CIN 2/3 or AIS5948159432796.3(79.5, 99.8)HPV 31-, 33-, 45-, 52-, 58-related Vulvar or Vaginal Disease6009160121693.8(61.5, 99.7)HPV 31-, 33-, 45-, 52-, 58-related Persistent Infection ≥6 MonthsPersistent infection detected in samples from two or more consecutive visits at least six months apart593926595364296.2(94.4, 97.5)HPV 31-, 33-, 45-, 52-, 58-related Persistent Infection ≥12 MonthsPersistent infection detected in samples from two or more consecutive visits over 12 months or longer593915595337596.1(93.7, 97.9)HPV 31-, 33-, 45-, 52-, 58-related ASC-US HR-HPV Positive or Worse PapPapanicolaou test Abnormality588135588246292.6(89.7, 94.8)HPV 31-, 33-, 45-, 52-, 58-related Biopsy60167601722296.9(93.6, 98.6)HPV 31-, 33-, 45-, 52-, 58-related Definitive TherapyIncluding loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) and conization6012460143287.5(65.7, 96.0)

Studies Supporting the Effectiveness of GARDASIL 9 against HPV Types 6, 11, 16, and 18Effectiveness of GARDASIL 9 against persistent infection and disease related to HPV Types 6, 11, 16, or 18 was inferred from non-inferiority comparisons in Study 1 (16- through 26-year-old girls and women) and Study 3 (9- through 15-year-old girls) of GMTs following vaccination with GARDASIL 9 with those following vaccination with GARDASIL. A low number of efficacy endpoint cases related to HPV types 6, 11, 16 and 18 in both vaccination groups precluded a meaningful assessment of efficacy using disease endpoints associated with these HPV types. The primary analyses were conducted in the per-protocol population, which included subjects who received all three vaccinations within one year of enrollment, did not have major deviations from the study protocol, and were HPV-naïve. HPV-naïve individuals were defined as seronegative to the relevant HPV type(s) prior to dose 1 and among female subjects 16 through 26 years of age in Study 1 PCR negative to the relevant HPV type(s) in cervicovaginal specimens prior to dose 1 through Month 7.Anti-HPV 6, 11, 16 and 18 GMTs at Month 7 for GARDASIL 9 among girls 9 through 15 years of age and young women 16 through 26 years of age were non-inferior to those among the corresponding populations for GARDASIL (Table 8). At least 99.7% of individuals included in the analyses for each HPV type became seropositive by Month 7.Table 8: Comparison of Immune Responses (Based on cLIA) Between GARDASIL 9 and GARDASIL for HPV Types 6, 11, 16, and 18 in the PPIThe PPI population consisted of individuals who received all three vaccinations within pre-defined day ranges, did not have major deviations from the study protocol, met predefined criteria for the interval between the Month 6 and Month 7 visit, were naïve (PCR negative [among 16- through 26-year old girls and women] and seronegative) to the relevant HPV type(s) (types 6, 11, 16, and 18) prior to dose 1, and among 16- through 26-year-old girls and women remained PCR negative to the relevant HPV type(s) through one month post-dose 3 (Month 7). The data for 16- through 26-year-old girls and women are from Study 1 (NCT00543543), and the data for 9- through 15-year-old girls are from Study 3 (NCT01304498). Population of 9- through 26-Year-Old Girls and Women (Studies 1 and 3)PopulationGARDASIL 9GARDASILGARDASIL 9/GARDASILNN=Number of individuals randomized to the respective vaccination group who received at least one injection(nn=Number of individuals contributing to the analysis)GMTmMUmMU=milli-Merck Units/mLN(n)GMTmMU/mLGMTRatio(95% CI)Demonstration of non-inferiority required that the lower bound of the 95% CI of the GMT ratio be greater than 0.67CI=Confidence IntervalGMT=Geometric Mean TitercLIA=competitive Luminex ImmunoassayAnti-HPV 69- through 15-year-old girls300(273)1679.4300(261)1565.91.07(0.93, 1.23)16- through 26-year-old girls and women6792(3993)893.16795(3975)875.21.02(0.99, 1.06)Anti-HPV 119- through 15-year-old girls300(273)1315.6300(261)1417.30.93(0.80, 1.08)16- through 26-year-old girls and women6792(3995)666.36795(3982)830.00.80(0.77, 0.83)Anti-HPV 169- through 15-year-old girls300(276)6739.5300(270)6887.40.97(0.85, 1.11)16- through 26-year-old girls and women6792(4032)3131.16795(4062)3156.60.99(0.96, 1.03)Anti-HPV 189- through 15-year-old girls300(276)1956.6300(269)1795.61.08(0.91, 1.29)16- through 26-year-old girls and women6792(4539)804.66795(4541)678.71.19(1.14, 1.23)

Study Supporting the Effectiveness of GARDASIL 9 against Vaccine HPV Types in 9- through 15-Year-Old Girls and BoysEffectiveness of GARDASIL 9 against persistent infection and disease related to vaccine HPV types in 9- through 15-year-old girls and boys was inferred from non-inferiority comparison conducted in the PPI population in Study 2 of GMTs following vaccination with GARDASIL 9 among 9- through 15-year-old girls and boys with those among 16- through 26-year-old girls and women. Anti-HPV GMTs at Month 7 among 9- through 15-year-old girls and boys were non-inferior to anti-HPV GMTs among 16- through 26-year-old girls and women (Table 9).Table 9: Comparison of Immune Responses (Based on cLIA) between the PPIThe PPI population consisted of individuals who received all three vaccinations within pre-defined day ranges, did not have major deviations from the study protocol, met predefined criteria for the interval between the Month 6 and Month 7 visit, were naïve (PCR negative [among 16- through 26-year old girls and women] and seronegative) to the relevant HPV type(s) prior to dose 1 and among 16- through 26-year-old girls and women remained PCR negative to the relevant HPV types through one month post-dose 3 (Month 7). The data are from Study 2 (NCT00943722). Populations of 16- through 26-Year-Old Girls and Women, 9- through 15-Year-Old Girls, and 9- through 15-Year-Old Boys for All GARDASIL 9 Vaccine HPV Types (Study 2)PopulationNN=Number of individuals randomized to the respective vaccination group who received at least one injectionnn=Number of individuals contributing to the analysisGMTmMUmMU=milli-Merck Units/mLGMT Ratio relative to 16-through 26-year-old girls and women(95% CI)Demonstration of non-inferiority required that the lower bound of the 95% CI of the GMT ratio be greater than 0.67cLIA=competitive Luminex ImmunoassayCI=Confidence Interval GMT=Geometric Mean TiterAnti-HPV 69- through 15-year-old girls6305031703.11.89 (1.68, 2.12)9- through 15-year-old boys6415372083.42.31 (2.06, 2.60)16- through 26-year-old girls and women463328900.81Anti-HPV 119- through 15-year-old girls6305031291.51.83 (1.63, 2.05)9- through 15-year-old boys6415371486.32.10 (1.88, 2.36)16- through 26-year-old girls and women463332706.61Anti-HPV 169- through 15-year-old girls6305136933.91.97 (1.75, 2.21)9- through 15-year-old boys6415468683.02.46 (2.20, 2.76)16- through 26-year-old girls and women4633293522.61Anti-HPV 189- through 15-year-old girls6305162148.32.43 (2.12, 2.79)9- through 15-year-old boys6415442855.43.23 (2.83, 3.70)16- through 26-year-old girls and women463345882.71Anti-HPV 319- through 15-year-old girls6305061894.72.51 (2.21, 2.86)9- through 15-year-old boys6415432255.32.99 (2.63, 3.40)16- through 26-year-old girls and women463340753.91Anti-HPV 339- through 15-year-old girls630518985.82.11 (1.88, 2.37)9- through 15-year-old boys6415441207.42.59 (2.31, 2.90)16- through 26-year-old girls and women463354466.81Anti-HPV 459- through 15-year-old girls630518707.72.60 (2.25, 3.00)9- through 15-year-old boys641547912.13.35 (2.90, 3.87)16- through 26-year-old girls and women463368272.21Anti-HPV 529- through 15-year-old girls630517962.22.21 (1.96, 2.49)9- through 15-year-old boys6415451055.52.52 (2.22, 2.84)16- through 26-year-old girls and women463337419.61Anti-HPV 589- through 15-year-old girls6305161288.02.18 (1.94, 2.46)9- through 15-year-old boys6415441593.32.70 (2.40, 3.03)16- through 26-year-old girls and women463332590.51

Study Supporting the Effectiveness of GARDASIL 9 against Vaccine HPV Types in 16- through 26-Year-Old Boys and MenEffectiveness of GARDASIL 9 against persistent infection and disease related to vaccine HPV types in 16- through 26-year-old boys and men was inferred from non-inferiority comparison conducted in the PPI population in Study 7 of GMTs following vaccination with GARDASIL 9 among 16- through 26-year-old HM with those among 16- through 26-year-old girls and women. Anti-HPV GMTs at Month 7 among 16- through 26-year-old HM were non-inferior to anti-HPV GMTs among 16- through 26-year-old girls and women (Table 10). Study 7 also enrolled 313 16- through 26-year-old HIV-negative MSM. At Month 7, anti-HPV GMT ratios for MSM relative to HM ranged from 0.6 to 0.8, depending on HPV type. The GMT ratios for MSM relative to HM were generally similar to those previously observed in clinical trials with GARDASIL.Table 10: Comparison of Immune Responses (Based on cLIA) between the PPIThe PPI population consisted of individuals who received all three vaccinations within pre-defined day ranges, did not have major deviations from the study protocol, met predefined criteria for the interval between the Month 6 and Month 7 visit, and were seronegative to the relevant HPV type(s) (types 6, 11, 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58) prior to dose 1. The data are from Study 7 (NCT01651949). Populations of 16- through 26-Year-Old Girls and Women and 16- through 26-Year-Old Boys and Men Self-Identified as Heterosexual (HM) for All GARDASIL 9 Vaccine HPV Types (Study 7)PopulationNNumber of individuals randomized to the respective vaccination group who received at least one injectionnNumber of individuals contributing to the analysisGMTmMUmMU=milli-Merck Units/mLGMT Ratio relative to 16- through 26-year-old girls and women(95% CI)Demonstration of non-inferiority required that the lower bound of the 95% CI of the GMT ratio be greater than 0.67cLIA=competitive Luminex ImmunoassayCI=Confidence IntervalGMT=Geometric Mean TiterAnti-HPV 616- through 26-year-old HM1103847782.01.11 (1.02, 1.21)16- through 26-year-old girls and women1099708703.91Anti-HPV 1116- through 26-year-old HM1103851616.71.09 (1.00, 1.19)16- through 26-year-old girls and women1099712564.91Anti-HPV 1616- through 26-year-old HM11038993346.01.20 (1.10, 1.30)16- through 26-year-old girls and women10997812788.31Anti-HPV 1816- through 26-year-old HM1103906808.21.19 (1.08, 1.31)16- through 26-year-old girls and women1099831679.81Anti-HPV 3116- through 26-year-old HM1103908708.51.24 (1.13, 1.37)16- through 26-year-old girls and women1099826570.11Anti-HPV 3316- through 26-year-old HM1103901384.81.19 (1.10, 1.30)16- through 26-year-old girls and women1099853322.01Anti-HPV 4516- through 26-year-old HM1103909235.61.27 (1.14, 1.41)16- through 26-year-old girls and women1099871185.71Anti-HPV 5216- through 26-year-old HM1103907386.81.15 (1.05, 1.26)16- through 26-year-old girls and women1099849335.21Anti-HPV 5816- through 26-year-old HM1103897509.81.25 (1.14, 1.36)16- through 26-year-old girls and women1099839409.31

Immune Response to GARDASIL 9 across All Clinical TrialsAcross all clinical trials, at least 99.5% of individuals included in the analyses for each of the nine vaccine HPV types became seropositive by Month 7. Anti-HPV GMTs at Month 7 among 9- through 15-year-old girls and boys and 16- through 26-year-old boys and men were comparable to anti-HPV responses among 16- through 26-year-old girls and women in the combined database of immunogenicity studies for GARDASIL 9.

Persistence of Immune Response to GARDASIL 9 The duration of immunity following a 3-dose schedule of vaccination with GARDASIL 9 has not been established. The peak anti-HPV GMTs for each vaccine HPV type occurred at Month 7. Proportions of individuals who remained seropositive to each vaccine HPV type at Month 24 were similar to the corresponding seropositive proportions at Month 7.

Administration of GARDASIL 9 to Individuals Previously Vaccinated with GARDASILStudy 4 evaluated the immunogenicity of 3 doses of GARDASIL 9 in 921 girls and women (12 through 26 years of age) who had previously been vaccinated with 3 doses of GARDASIL. Prior to enrollment in the study, over 99% of subjects had received three injections of GARDASIL within a one year period. The time interval between the last injection of GARDASIL and the first injection of GARDASIL 9 ranged from approximately 12 to 36 months.Seropositivity to HPV Types 6, 11, 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58 in the per protocol population ranged from 98.3 to 100% by Month 7 in individuals who received GARDASIL 9. The anti-HPV 31, 33, 45, 52 and 58 GMTs for the population previously vaccinated with GARDASIL were 25-63% of the GMTs in the combined populations from Studies 1, 2, 3, and 5, who had not previously received GARDASIL, although the clinical relevance of these differences is unknown. Efficacy of GARDASIL 9 in preventing infection and disease related to HPV Types 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58 in individuals previously vaccinated with GARDASIL has not been assessed.

Concomitant Use of Hormonal ContraceptivesAmong 7,269 female recipients of GARDASIL 9 (16 through 26 years of age), 60.2% used hormonal contraceptives during the vaccination period of clinical studies 1 and 2. Use of hormonal contraceptives did not appear to affect the type specific immune responses to GARDASIL 9.

Manuf. and Dist. by: Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp., a subsidiary ofMERCK & CO., INC., Whitehouse Station, NJ 08889, USAFor patent information: www.merck.com/product/patent/home.htmlThe trademarks depicted herein are owned by their respective companies.Copyright © 2006-2018 Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp., a subsidiary of Merck & Co., Inc.All rights reserved.uspi-v503-i-1802r007

Manuf. and Dist. by: Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp., a subsidiary ofMERCK & CO., INC., Whitehouse Station, NJ 08889, USAFor patent information: www.merck.com/product/patent/home.htmlThe trademarks depicted herein are owned by their respective companies.Copyright © 2006-2016 Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp., a subsidiary of Merck & Co., Inc.All rights reserved.Revised: 10/2016usppi-v503-i-1610r002

2.3 Administration Of Gardasil 9 In Individuals Who Have Been Previously Vaccinated With Gardasil®

Safety and immunogenicity were assessed in individuals who completed a three-dose vaccination series with GARDASIL 9 and had previously completed a three-dose vaccination series with GARDASIL [see Adverse Reactions (6.1) and Clinical Studies (14.4)]. Studies using a mixed regimen of HPV vaccines to assess interchangeability were not performed for GARDASIL 9.

3 Dosage Forms And Strengths

GARDASIL 9 is a suspension for intramuscular administration available in 0.5-mL single-dose vials and prefilled syringes. See Description (11) for the complete listing of ingredients.

4 Contraindications

Hypersensitivity, including severe allergic reactions to yeast (a vaccine component), or after a previous dose of GARDASIL 9 or GARDASIL [see Description (11)].

5.1 Syncope

Because vaccinees may develop syncope, sometimes resulting in falling with injury, observation for 15 minutes after administration is recommended. Syncope, sometimes associated with tonic-clonic movements and other seizure-like activity, has been reported following HPV vaccination. When syncope is associated with tonic-clonic movements, the activity is usually transient and typically responds to restoring cerebral perfusion by maintaining a supine or Trendelenburg position.

5.2 Managing Allergic Reactions

Appropriate medical treatment and supervision must be readily available in case of anaphylactic reactions following the administration of GARDASIL 9.

6.1 Clinical Trials Experience

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a vaccine cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another vaccine and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.The safety of GARDASIL 9 was evaluated in seven clinical studies that included 15,703 individuals who received at least one dose of GARDASIL 9 and had safety follow-up. Study 1 and Study 3 also included 7,378 individuals who received at least one dose of GARDASIL as a control and had safety follow-up. The vaccines were administered on the day of enrollment and the subsequent doses administered approximately two and six months thereafter. Safety was evaluated using vaccination report card (VRC)-aided surveillance for 14 days after each injection of GARDASIL 9 or GARDASIL.The individuals who were monitored using VRC-aided surveillance included 9,097 girls and women 16 through 26 years of age, 1,394 boys and men 16 through 26 years of age, and 5,212 girls and boys 9 through 15 years of age (3,436 girls and 1,776 boys) at enrollment who received GARDASIL 9; and 7,078 girls and women 16 through 26 years of age and 300 girls 9 through 15 years of age at enrollment who received GARDASIL. The race distribution of the integrated safety population for GARDASIL 9 was similar between girls and women 16 through 26 years of age (56.8% White; 25.2% Other Races or Multiracial; 14.1% Asian; 3.9% Black), girls and boys 9 through 15 years of age (62.0% White; 19.2% Other Races or Multiracial; 13.5% Asian; 5.4% Black), and boys and men 16 through 26 years of age (62.1% White; 22.6% Other Races or Multiracial; 9.8% Asian; 5.5% Black). The safety of GARDASIL 9 was compared directly to the safety of GARDASIL in two studies (Study 1 and Study 3) for which the overall race distribution of the GARDASIL cohorts (57.0% White; 26.3% Other Races or Multiracial; 13.6% Asian; 3.2% Black) was similar to that of the GARDASIL 9 cohorts.

6.2 Post-Marketing Experience

There is limited post-marketing experience following administration of GARDASIL 9. However, the post-marketing safety experience with GARDASIL is relevant to GARDASIL 9 since the vaccines are manufactured similarly and contain the same antigens from HPV types 6, 11, 16, and 18. Because these events were reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not possible to reliably estimate their frequency or to establish a causal relationship to vaccine exposure. The following adverse experiences have been spontaneously reported during post-approval use of GARDASIL and may also be seen in post-marketing experience with GARDASIL 9:Blood and lymphatic system disorders: Autoimmune hemolytic anemia, idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, lymphadenopathy.Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders: Pulmonary embolus.Gastrointestinal disorders: Nausea, pancreatitis, vomiting.General disorders and administration site conditions: Asthenia, chills, death, fatigue, malaise.Immune system disorders: Autoimmune diseases, hypersensitivity reactions including anaphylactic/anaphylactoid reactions, bronchospasm, and urticaria.Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders: Arthralgia, myalgia.Nervous system disorders: Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, dizziness, Guillain-Barré syndrome, headache, motor neuron disease, paralysis, seizures, syncope (including syncope associated with tonic-clonic movements and other seizure-like activity) sometimes resulting in falling with injury, transverse myelitis.Infections and infestations: Cellulitis.Vascular disorders: Deep venous thrombosis.

7.1 Use With Systemic Immunosuppressive Medications

Immunosuppressive therapies, including irradiation, antimetabolites, alkylating agents, cytotoxic drugs, and corticosteroids (used in greater than physiologic doses), may reduce the immune responses to vaccines [see Use in Specific Populations (8.6)].

8.4 Pediatric Use

Safety and effectiveness have not been established in pediatric patients below 9 years of age.

8.5 Geriatric Use

The safety and effectiveness of GARDASIL 9 have not been evaluated in a geriatric population, defined as individuals aged 65 years and over.

8.6 Immunocompromised Individuals

The immunologic response to GARDASIL 9 may be diminished in immunocompromised individuals [see Drug Interactions (7.1)].

11 Description

GARDASIL 9, Human Papillomavirus 9-valent Vaccine, Recombinant, is a non-infectious recombinant 9-valent vaccine prepared from the purified virus-like particles (VLPs) of the major capsid (L1) protein of HPV Types 6, 11, 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58. The L1 proteins are produced by separate fermentations using recombinant Saccharomyces cerevisiae and self-assembled into VLPs. The fermentation process involves growth of S. cerevisiae on chemically-defined fermentation media which include vitamins, amino acids, mineral salts, and carbohydrates. The VLPs are released from the yeast cells by cell disruption and purified by a series of chemical and physical methods. The purified VLPs are adsorbed on preformed aluminum-containing adjuvant (Amorphous Aluminum Hydroxyphosphate Sulfate or AAHS). The 9-valent HPV VLP vaccine is a sterile liquid suspension that is prepared by combining the adsorbed VLPs of each HPV type and additional amounts of the aluminum-containing adjuvant and the final purification buffer.GARDASIL 9 is a sterile suspension for intramuscular administration. Each 0.5-mL dose contains approximately 30 mcg of HPV Type 6 L1 protein, 40 mcg of HPV Type 11 L1 protein, 60 mcg of HPV Type 16 L1 protein, 40 mcg of HPV Type 18 L1 protein, 20 mcg of HPV Type 31 L1 protein, 20 mcg of HPV Type 33 L1 protein, 20 mcg of HPV Type 45 L1 protein, 20 mcg of HPV Type 52 L1 protein, and 20 mcg of HPV Type 58 L1 protein.Each 0.5-mL dose of the vaccine also contains approximately 500 mcg of aluminum (provided as AAHS), 9.56 mg of sodium chloride, 0.78 mg of L-histidine, 50 mcg of polysorbate 80, 35 mcg of sodium borate, <7 mcg yeast protein, and water for injection. The product does not contain a preservative or antibiotics.After thorough agitation, GARDASIL 9 is a white, cloudy liquid.

12.1 Mechanism Of Action

HPV only infects human beings. Animal studies with analogous animal papillomaviruses suggest that the efficacy of L1 VLP vaccines may involve the development of humoral immune responses. Efficacy of GARDASIL 9 against anogenital diseases related to the vaccine HPV types in human beings is thought to be mediated by humoral immune responses induced by the vaccine, although the exact mechanism of protection is unknown.

13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment Of Fertility

GARDASIL 9 has not been evaluated for the potential to cause carcinogenicity, genotoxicity or impairment of male fertility. GARDASIL 9 administered to female rats had no effects on fertility [see Pregnancy (8.1)].

14 Clinical Studies

In these studies, seropositive is defined as anti-HPV titer greater than or equal to the pre-specified serostatus cutoff for a given HPV type. Seronegative is defined as anti-HPV titer less than the pre-specified serostatus cutoff for a given HPV type. The serostatus cutoff is the antibody titer level above the assay's lower limit of quantification that reliably distinguishes sera samples classified by clinical likelihood of HPV infection and positive or negative status by previous versions of competitive Luminex Immunoassay (cLIA). The lower limits of quantification and serostatus cutoffs for each of the 9 vaccine HPV types are shown in Table 5 below. PCR positive is defined as DNA detected for a given HPV type. PCR negative is defined as DNA not detected for a given HPV type. The lower limit of detection for the multiplexed HPV PCR assays ranged from 5 to 34 copies per test across the 9 vaccine HPV types.Table 5: Competitive Luminex Immunoassay (cLIA) Limits of Quantification and Serostatus Cutoffs for GARDASIL 9 HPV TypesHPV TypecLIA Lower Limit of Quantification (mMUmMU=milli-Merck Units/mL)cLIA Serostatus Cutoff(mMU/mL)HPV 61630HPV 11616HPV 161220HPV 18824HPV 31410HPV 3348HPV 4538HPV 5238HPV 5848

14.1 Efficacy And Effectiveness Data For Gardasil

Efficacy and effectiveness of GARDASIL are relevant to GARDASIL 9 since the vaccines are manufactured similarly and contain four of the same HPV L1 VLPs.

14.2 Clinical Trials For Gardasil 9

Efficacy and/or immunogenicity of the 3-dose regimen of GARDASIL 9 were assessed in six clinical trials. Study 1 evaluated the efficacy of GARDASIL 9 to prevent HPV-related cervical, vulvar, and vaginal disease using GARDASIL as a comparator.The analysis of efficacy for GARDASIL 9 was evaluated in the per-protocol efficacy (PPE) population of 16- through 26-year-old girls and women, who received all three vaccinations within one year of enrollment, did not have major deviations from the study protocol, and were naïve to the relevant HPV type(s) by serology and PCR of cervicovaginal specimens prior to dose one and who remained PCR negative for the relevant HPV type(s) through one month post-dose 3 (Month 7). Overall, approximately 52% of subjects were negative to all vaccine HPV types by both PCR and serology at Day 1.The primary analysis of efficacy against HPV Types 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58 is based on a combined endpoint of Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia (CIN) 2, CIN 3, Adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS), invasive cervical carcinoma, Vulvar Intraepithelial Neoplasia (VIN) 2/3, Vaginal Intraepithelial Neoplasia (VaIN) 2/3, vulvar cancer, or vaginal cancer. Other endpoints evaluated include cervical, vulvar and vaginal disease of any grade, persistent infection, cytological abnormalities and invasive procedures. For all endpoints, the efficacy against the HPV Types 31, 33, 45, 52 and 58 in GARDASIL 9 was evaluated compared with GARDASIL. Efficacy of GARDASIL 9 against anal lesions caused by HPV Types 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58 was not assessed due to low incidence. Effectiveness of GARDASIL 9 against anal lesions was inferred from the efficacy of GARDASIL against anal lesions caused by HPV types 6, 11, 16 and 18 in men and antibody responses elicited by GARDASIL 9 against the HPV types covered by the vaccine.Effectiveness against disease caused by HPV Types 6, 11, 16, and 18 was assessed by comparison of geometric mean titers (GMTs) of type-specific antibodies following vaccination with GARDASIL 9 with those following vaccination with GARDASIL (Study 1 and Study 3). The effectiveness of GARDASIL 9 in girls and boys 9 through 15 years old and in boys and men 16 through 26 years old was inferred based on a comparison of type-specific antibody GMTs to those of 16 through 26-year-old girls and women following vaccination with GARDASIL 9. Immunogenicity analyses were performed in the per-protocol immunogenicity (PPI) population consisting of individuals who received all three vaccinations within pre-defined day ranges, did not have major deviations from the study protocol, met pre-defined day range for serum collection for assessment of antibody response and were naïve [PCR negative (in girls and women 16 through 26 years of age; Studies 1 and 2) and seronegative (Studies 1, 2, 3, 5, 7 and 8)] to the relevant HPV type(s) prior to dose 1 and among 16- through 26-year-old girls and women (Studies 1 and 2) remained PCR negative to the relevant HPV type(s) through Month 7. Pre-defined day ranges for vaccinations were relative to Day 1 (dose 1). For the 3-dose schedule, dose 2 was at 2 months (± 3 weeks) and dose 3 was at 6 months (± 4 weeks). For the 2-dose schedule, dose 2 was at 6 or 12 months (± 4 weeks). Pre-defined day range for serum collection for assessment of antibody response was 21 to 49 days after the last dose.Study 1 evaluated immunogenicity of GARDASIL 9 and efficacy to prevent infection and disease caused by HPV types 6, 11, 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58 in 16- through 26-year-old girls and women. Study 2 evaluated immunogenicity of GARDASIL 9 in girls and boys 9 through 15 years of age and women 16 through 26 years of age. Study 3 evaluated immunogenicity of GARDASIL 9 compared with GARDASIL in girls 9 through 15 years of age. Study 4 evaluated administration of GARDASIL 9 to girls and women 12 through 26 years of age previously vaccinated with GARDASIL. Study 5 evaluated GARDASIL 9 concomitantly administered with Menactra and Adacel in girls and boys 11 through 15 years of age. Together, these five clinical trials evaluated 12,233 individuals who received GARDASIL 9 (8,048 girls and women 16 through 26 years of age at enrollment with a mean age of 21.8 years; 2,927 girls 9 through 15 years of age at enrollment with a mean age of 11.9 years; and 1,258 boys 9 through 15 years of age at enrollment with a mean age of 11.9 years. Study 7 evaluated immunogenicity of GARDASIL 9 in boys and men, including 1,106 self-identified as heterosexual men (HM) and 313 self-identified as men having sex with men (MSM), 16 through 26 years of age at enrollment (mean ages 20.8 years and 22.2 years, respectively) and 1,101 girls and women 16 through 26 years of age at enrollment (mean age 21.3 years).The race distribution of the 16- through 26-year-old girls and women in the clinical trials was as follows: 56.8% White; 25.2% Other; 14.1% Asian; and 3.9% Black. The race distribution of the 9- through 15-year-old girls in the clinical trials was as follows: 60.3% White; 19.3% Other; 13.5% Asian; and 7.0% Black. The race distribution of the 9- through 15-year-old boys in the clinical trials was as follows: 46.6% White; 34.3% Other; 13.3% Asian; and 5.9% Black. The race distribution of the 16- through 26-year-old boys and men in the clinical trials was as follows: 62.1% White; 22.6% Other; 9.8% Asian; and 5.5% Black.One clinical trial (Study 8) assessed the 2-dose regimen of GARDASIL 9. Study 8 evaluated the immunogenicity of 2 doses of GARDASIL 9 in girls and boys 9 through 14 years of age and 3 doses of GARDASIL 9 in girls 9 through 14 years of age and women 16 through 26 years of age; (N=1,518; 753 girls; 451 boys and 314 women). The mean age for the girls and boys 9 through 14 years of age was 11.5 years; the mean age for girls and women 16 through 26 years of age was 21.0 years. In Study 8, the race distribution was as follows: 61.1% White; 16.3% Asian; 13.3% Other; and 8.9% Black.

14.4 Immunogenicity Of A 3-Dose Regimen

The minimum anti-HPV titer that confers protective efficacy has not been determined.Type-specific immunoassays (i.e., cLIA) with type-specific standards were used to assess immunogenicity to each vaccine HPV type. These assays measured antibodies against neutralizing epitopes for each HPV type. The scales for these assays are unique to each HPV type; thus, comparisons across types and to other assays are not appropriate. Immunogenicity was measured by (1) the percentage of individuals who were seropositive for antibodies against the relevant vaccine HPV type, and (2) the Geometric Mean Titer (GMT).

14.5 Immune Responses To Gardasil 9 Using A 2-Dose Regimen In Individuals 9 Through 14 Years Of Age

Effectiveness of GARDASIL 9 against persistent infection and disease related to vaccine HPV types in 9- through 14-year-old girls and boys who received a 2-dose regimen was inferred from non-inferiority comparison conducted in the PPI population in Study 8 of GMTs following vaccination with GARDASIL 9 among 9- through 14-year-old girls and boys who received a 2-dose regimen (at 0, 6 months or 0, 12 months) with those among 16- through 26-year-old girls and women who received a 3-dose regimen (at 0, 2, 6 months). Anti-HPV GMTs at one month after the last dose among 9- through 14-year-old girls and boys who received 2 doses of GARDASIL 9 were non-inferior to anti-HPV GMTs among 16- through 26-year-old girls and women who received 3 doses of GARDASIL 9 (Table 11).One month following the last dose of the assigned regimen, between 97.9% and 100% of subjects across all groups became seropositive for antibodies against the 9 vaccine HPV types (Table 11).In the same study, in girls and boys 9 through 14 years old, GMTs at one month after the last vaccine dose were numerically lower for some vaccine types after a 2-dose schedule than in girls 9 through 14 years old after a 3-dose schedule (HPV types 18, 31, 45, and 52 after 0, 6 months and HPV type 45 after 0, 12 months; Table 11). The clinical relevance of these findings is unknown.Duration of immunity of a 2-dose schedule of GARDASIL 9 has not been established.Table 11: Summary of Anti-HPV cLIA Geometric Mean Titers in the PPIThe PPI population consisted of individuals who received all assigned vaccinations within pre-defined day ranges, did not have major deviations from the study protocol, met predefined criteria for the interval between the last vaccination dose and blood collection for immunogenicity assessment, and were seronegative to the relevant HPV type(s) (types 6, 11, 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58) prior to dose 1. Population at One Month After the Last Vaccine Dose Among Subjects Who Received 2 Doses2-dose regimen (0, 6): vaccination at Day 1 and Month 6; 2-dose regimen (0, 12): vaccination at Day 1 and Month 12; 3-dose regimen (0, 2, 6): vaccination at Day 1, Month 2, and Month 6. The data are from Study 8 (NCT01984697). or 3 Doses of GARDASIL 9 (Study 8)Population (Regimen)NnGMTmMUmMU=milli-Merck Units/mLGMT Ratio relative to 3-dose regimen in 16- through 26-year-old girls and women(95% CI)N = Number of individuals randomized to the respective vaccination group who received at least 1 injectionn = Number of individuals contributing to the analysisCI=Confidence IntervalcLIA=competitive Luminex ImmunoassayGMT=Geometric Mean TiterAnti-HPV 69- to 14-year-old girls (0, 6)3012581657.92.15 (1.83, 2.53)Demonstration of non-inferiority required that the lower bound of the 95% CI of the GMT ratio be greater than 0.679- to 14-year-old boys (0, 6)3012631557.42.02 (1.73, 2.36)9- to 14-year-old girls and boys (0, 12)3002572678.83.47 (2.93, 4.11)9- to 14-year-old girls (0, 2, 6)3002541496.11.94 (1.65, 2.29)Exploratory analysis; criterion for non-inferiority was not pre-specified16- to 26-year-old women (0, 2, 6)314238770.91Anti-HPV 119- to 14-year-old girls (0, 6)3012581388.92.39 (2.03, 2.82)9- to 14-year-old boys (0, 6)3012641423.92.45 (2.09, 2.88)9- to 14-year-old girls and boys (0, 12)3002572941.85.07 (4.32, 5.94)9- to 14-year-old girls (0, 2, 6)3002541306.32.25 (1.90, 2.66)16- to 26-year-old women (0, 2, 6)314238580.51Anti-HPV 169- to 14-year-old girls (0, 6)3012728004.92.54 (2.14, 3.00)9- to 14-year-old boys (0, 6)3012738474.82.69 (2.29, 3.15)9- to 14-year-old girls and boys (0, 12)30026414329.34.54 (3.84, 5.37)9- to 14-year-old girls (0, 2, 6)3002696996.02.22 (1.89, 2.61)16- to 26-year-old women (0, 2, 6)3142493154.01Anti-HPV 189- to 14-year-old girls (0, 6)3012721872.82.46 (2.05, 2.96)9- to 14-year-old boys (0, 6)3012721860.92.44 (2.04, 2.92)9- to 14-year-old girls and boys (0, 12)3002662810.43.69 (3.06, 4.45)9- to 14-year-old girls (0, 2, 6)3002702049.32.69 (2.24, 3.24)16- to 26-year-old women (0, 2, 6)314267761.51Anti-HPV 319- to 14-year-old girls (0, 6)3012721436.32.51 (2.10, 3.00)9- to 14-year-old boys (0, 6)3012711498.22.62 (2.20, 3.12)9- to 14-year-old girls and boys (0, 12)3002682117.53.70 (3.08, 4.45)9- to 14-year-old girls (0, 2, 6)3002711748.33.06 (2.54, 3.67)16- to 26-year-old women (0, 2, 6)314264572.11Anti-HPV 339- to 14-year-old girls (0, 6)3012731030.02.96 (2.50, 3.50)9- to 14-year-old boys (0, 6)3012711040.02.99 (2.55, 3.50)9- to 14-year-old girls and boys (0, 12)3002692197.56.31 (5.36, 7.43)9- to 14-year-old girls (0, 2, 6)300275796.42.29 (1.95, 2.68) 16- to 26-year-old women (0, 2, 6)314279348.11Anti-HPV 459- to 14-year-old girls (0, 6)301274357.61.67 (1.38, 2.03)9- to 14-year-old boys (0, 6)301273352.31.65 (1.37, 1.99)9- to 14-year-old girls and boys (0, 12)300268417.71.96 (1.61, 2.37)9- to 14-year-old girls (0, 2, 6)300275661.73.10 (2.54, 3.77)16- to 26-year-old women (0, 2, 6)314280213.61Anti-HPV 529- to 14-year-old girls (0, 6)301272581.11.60 (1.36, 1.87)9- to 14-year-old boys (0, 6)301273640.41.76 (1.51, 2.05)9- to 14-year-old girls and boys (0, 12)3002681123.43.08 (2.64, 3.61)9- to 14-year-old girls (0, 2, 6)300275909.92.50 (2.12, 2.95)16- to 26-year-old women (0, 2, 6)314271364.21Anti-HPV 589- to 14-year-old girls (0, 6)3012701251.22.55 (2.15, 3.01)9- to 14-year-old boys (0, 6)3012701325.72.70 (2.30, 3.16)9- to 14-year-old girls and boys (0, 12)3002652444.64.98 (4.23, 5.86)9- to 14-year-old girls (0, 2, 6)3002731229.32.50 (2.11, 2.97)16- to 26-year-old women (0, 2, 6)314261491.11

14.6 Studies With Menactra And Adacel

In Study 5, the safety and immunogenicity of co-administration of GARDASIL 9 with Menactra [Meningococcal (Groups A, C, Y and W-135) Polysaccharide Diphtheria Toxoid Conjugate Vaccine] and Adacel [Tetanus Toxoid, Reduced Diphtheria Toxoid and Acellular Pertussis Vaccine Adsorbed (Tdap)] (same visit, injections at separate sites) were evaluated in 1,237 boys and girls 11 through 15 years of age at enrollment.One group received GARDASIL 9 in one limb and both Menactra and Adacel, as separate injections, in the opposite limb concomitantly on Day 1 (n = 619). The second group received the first dose of GARDASIL 9 on Day 1 in one limb then Menactra and Adacel, as separate injections, at Month 1 in the opposite limb (n = 618). Subjects in both vaccination groups received the second dose of GARDASIL 9 at Month 2 and the third dose at Month 6. Immunogenicity was assessed for all vaccines one month post vaccination (one dose for Menactra and Adacel and three doses for GARDASIL 9).Assessments of post-vaccination immune responses included type-specific antibody GMTs for each of the vaccine HPV types at four weeks following the last dose of GARDASIL 9; GMTs for anti-filamentous hemagglutinin, anti-pertactin, and anti-fimbrial antibodies at four weeks following Adacel; percentage of subjects with anti-tetanus toxin and anti-diphtheria toxin antibody concentrations ≥0.1 IU/mL at four weeks following Adacel; and percentage of subjects with ≥4-fold rise from pre-vaccination baseline in antibody titers against N. meningitidis serogroups A, C, Y, and W-135 at four weeks following Menactra. Based on these measures, concomitant administration of GARDASIL 9 with Menactra and Adacel did not interfere with the antibody responses to any of the vaccines when compared with non-concomitant administration of GARDASIL 9 with Menactra and Adacel.

15 References

  • Study 1 NCT00543543Study 2 NCT00943722Study 3 NCT01304498Study 4 NCT01047345Study 5 NCT00988884Study 6 NCT01073293Study 7 NCT01651949Study 8 NCT01984697

16 How Supplied/Storage And Handling

GARDASIL 9 is supplied in vials and syringes.Carton of ten 0.5-mL single-dose vials. NDC 0006-4119-03Carton of ten 0.5-mL single-dose prefilled Luer Lock syringes with tip caps. NDC 0006-4121-02

Storage And Handling

Store refrigerated at 2 to 8°C (36 to 46°F). Do not freeze. Protect from light.GARDASIL 9 should be administered as soon as possible after being removed from refrigeration. GARDASIL 9 can be administered provided total (cumulative multiple excursion) time out of refrigeration (at temperatures between 8°C and 25°C) does not exceed 72 hours. Cumulative multiple excursions between 0°C and 2°C are also permitted as long as the total time between 0°C and 2°C does not exceed 72 hours. These are not, however, recommendations for storage.

17 Patient Counseling Information

  • Advise the patient to read the FDA-approved patient labeling (Patient Information).Inform the patient, parent, or guardian: Vaccination does not eliminate the necessity for women to continue to undergo recommended cervical cancer screening. Women who receive GARDASIL 9 should continue to undergo cervical cancer screening per standard of care. Recipients of GARDASIL 9 should not discontinue anal cancer screening if it has been recommended by a health care provider. GARDASIL 9 has not been demonstrated to provide protection against disease from vaccine and non-vaccine HPV types to which a person has previously been exposed through sexual activity. Since syncope has been reported following HPV vaccination sometimes resulting in falling with injury, observation for 15 minutes after administration is recommended. Vaccine information is required to be given with each vaccination to the patient, parent, or guardian. Provide information regarding benefits and risks associated with vaccination. Safety and effectiveness of GARDASIL 9 have not been established in pregnant women. A pregnancy registry is available. Women exposed to GARDASIL 9 around the time of conception or during pregnancy are encouraged to register by calling 1-800-986-8999. [See Use in Specific Populations (8.1).] It is important to complete the full vaccination series unless contraindicated. Report any adverse reactions to their health care provider.

Patient Information About Gardasil®9 (Pronounced "Gard-Ah-Sill Nīn") (Human Papillomavirus 9-Valent Vaccine, Recombinant)

  • Read this information with care before getting GARDASIL®9. You or your child (the person getting GARDASIL 9) will need 2 or 3 doses of the vaccine, depending on how old you are. It is important to read this information before getting each dose. This information does not take the place of talking with your health care professional about GARDASIL 9.What is GARDASIL 9?GARDASIL 9 is a vaccine (injection/shot) given to individuals 9 through 26 years of age to help protect against diseases caused by some types of Human Papillomavirus (HPV).What diseases can GARDASIL 9 help protect against?In girls and women 9 through 26 years of age, GARDASIL 9 helps protect against:Cervical cancerVulvar and vaginal cancersAnal cancerPrecancerous cervical, vulvar, vaginal and anal lesionsGenital wartsIn boys and men 9 through 26 years of age, GARDASIL 9 helps protect against:Anal cancerPrecancerous anal lesionsGenital wartsThese diseases have many causes. Most of the time, these diseases are caused by nine types of HPV: HPV Types 6, 11, 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58. GARDASIL 9 only protects against diseases caused by these nine types of HPV.People cannot get HPV or any of these diseases from GARDASIL 9.What important information about GARDASIL 9 should I know?GARDASIL 9:Does not remove the need for cervical cancer screening; women should still get routine cervical cancer screening.Does not protect the person getting GARDASIL 9 from a disease that is caused by other types of HPV, other viruses or bacteria.Does not treat HPV infection.Does not protect the person getting GARDASIL 9 from HPV types that he/she may already have.GARDASIL 9 may not fully protect each person who gets it.Who should not get GARDASIL 9?Anyone with an allergic reaction to:A previous dose of GARDASIL 9A previous dose of GARDASIL®Yeast (severe allergic reaction)Amorphous aluminum hydroxyphosphate sulfatePolysorbate 80What should I tell the health care professional before getting GARDASIL 9?Tell the health care professional if you or your child (the person getting GARDASIL 9):Are pregnant or planning to get pregnant.Have immune problems, like HIV or cancer.Take medicines that affect the immune system.Have a fever over 100°F (37.8°C).Might have had an allergic reaction to a previous dose of GARDASIL 9 or GARDASIL.Take any medicines, even those you can buy over the counter.The health care professional will help decide if you or your child should get the vaccine.How is GARDASIL 9 given?GARDASIL 9 is a shot that is usually given in the arm muscle. GARDASIL 9 may be given as 2 or 3 shots.For persons who areYou will needGiven as 9 through 14 years old2-shotsIf the second shot is given earlier than 5 months after the first shot, you will need to get a third shot at least 4 months after the second shot was given.Dose 1: first shotDose 2: second shot given between 6 and 12 months after the first shotor 3-shotsThe need to use a 3-dose schedule instead of a 2-dose schedule will be determined by your health care professional.Dose 1: first shotDose 2: second shot given 2 months after the first shotDose 3: third shot given 6 months after the first shot15 through 26 years old3-shotsDose 1: first shotDose 2: second shot given 2 months after the first shotDose 3: third shot given 6 months after the first shotMake sure that you or your child gets all doses recommended by your health care professional so that you or your child gets the best protection. If the person getting GARDASIL 9 misses a dose, tell the health care professional and they will decide when to give the missed dose. It is important that you follow the instructions of your health care professional regarding return visits for the follow-up doses.Fainting can happen after getting an HPV vaccine. Sometimes people who faint can fall and hurt themselves. For this reason, the health care professional may ask the person getting GARDASIL 9 to sit or lie down for 15 minutes after getting the vaccine. Some people who faint might shake or become stiff. The health care professional may need to treat the person getting GARDASIL 9.Can I get GARDASIL 9 if I have already gotten GARDASIL?If you have already gotten GARDASIL, talk to your health care professional to see if GARDASIL 9 is right for you.Can I get GARDASIL 9 with other vaccines?GARDASIL 9 can be given at the same time as:Menactra [Meningococcal (Groups A, C, Y and W-135) Polysaccharide Diphtheria Toxoid Conjugate Vaccine]Adacel [Tetanus Toxoid, Reduced Diphtheria Toxoid and Acellular Pertussis Vaccine Adsorbed (Tdap)]What are the possible side effects of GARDASIL 9?The most common side effects seen with GARDASIL 9 are:pain, swelling, redness, itching, bruising, bleeding, and a lump where you got the shotheadachefevernauseadizzinesstirednessdiarrheaabdominal painsore throatStudies show that there was more swelling where the shot was given when GARDASIL 9 was given at the same time as Menactra and Adacel.Tell the health care professional if you have any of these problems because these may be signs of an allergic reaction:difficulty breathingwheezing (bronchospasm)hivesrashThese side effects have been seen with GARDASIL. Because GARDASIL 9 is related to GARDASIL, they may also be seen after getting GARDASIL 9:swollen glands (neck, armpit, or groin)joint painunusual tiredness, weakness, or confusionchillsgenerally feeling unwellleg painshortness of breathchest painaching musclesmuscle weaknessseizurebad stomach achebleeding or bruising more easily than normalskin infectionfaintingYou should contact your health care professional right away if you get any symptoms that bother you.For a more complete list of side effects, ask the health care professional.Call your health care professional for medical advice about side effects. You may also report any side effects to your doctor or directly to Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS). The VAERS toll-free number is 1-800-822-7967 or report online to www.vaers.hhs.gov.GARDASIL 9 was not studied in women who knew they were pregnant. A pregnancy registry is available. You are encouraged to contact the registry as soon as you become aware of your pregnancy by calling 1-800-986-8999, or ask your health care professional to contact the registry for you.What is in GARDASIL 9?GARDASIL 9 contains:Proteins of HPV Types 6, 11, 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58Amorphous aluminum hydroxyphosphate sulfateYeast proteinSodium chlorideL-histidinePolysorbate 80Sodium borateWaterThis document is a summary of information about GARDASIL 9.To learn more about GARDASIL 9, please talk to the health care professional or visit www.GARDASIL9.com.

* Please review the disclaimer below.

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