NDC 0074-7098 Vuity

Pilocarpine Hydrochloride

NDC Product Code 0074-7098

NDC 0074-7098-01

Package Description: 1 BOTTLE in 1 BOX > 5 mL in 1 BOTTLE

NDC 0074-7098-03

Package Description: 3 BOTTLE in 1 BOX > 5 mL in 1 BOTTLE

NDC 0074-7098-04

Package Description: 1 BOTTLE in 1 CARTON > 5 mL in 1 BOTTLE

NDC Product Information

Vuity with NDC 0074-7098 is a a human prescription drug product labeled by Abbvie Inc.. The generic name of Vuity is pilocarpine hydrochloride. The product's dosage form is solution/ drops and is administered via ophthalmic form.

Dosage Form: Solution/ Drops - A solution which is usually administered in a drop-wise fashion.

Product Type: Human Prescription Drug What kind of product is this?
Indicates the type of product, such as Human Prescription Drug or Human Over the Counter Drug. This data element matches the “Document Type” field of the Structured Product Listing.

Vuity Active Ingredient(s)

What is the Active Ingredient(s) List?
This is the active ingredient list. Each ingredient name is the preferred term of the UNII code submitted.


Inactive Ingredient(s)

About the Inactive Ingredient(s)
The inactive ingredients are all the component of a medicinal product OTHER than the active ingredient(s). The acronym "UNII" stands for “Unique Ingredient Identifier” and is used to identify each inactive ingredient present in a product.

  • BORIC ACID (UNII: R57ZHV85D4)
  • TRISODIUM CITRATE DIHYDRATE (UNII: B22547B95K)
  • SODIUM CHLORIDE (UNII: 451W47IQ8X)
  • HYDROCHLORIC ACID (UNII: QTT17582CB)
  • SODIUM HYDROXIDE (UNII: 55X04QC32I)
  • WATER (UNII: 059QF0KO0R)

Administration Route(s)

What are the Administration Route(s)?
The translation of the route code submitted by the firm, indicating route of administration.

  • Ophthalmic - Administration to the external eye.

Pharmacological Class(es)

What is a Pharmacological Class?
These are the reported pharmacological class categories corresponding to the SubstanceNames listed above.

  • Cholinergic Agonists - [MoA] (Mechanism of Action)
  • Cholinergic Muscarinic Agonists - [MoA] (Mechanism of Action)
  • Cholinergic Receptor Agonist - [EPC] (Established Pharmacologic Class)

Product Labeler Information

What is the Labeler Name?
Name of Company corresponding to the labeler code segment of the Product NDC.

Labeler Name: Abbvie Inc.
Labeler Code: 0074
FDA Application Number: NDA214028 What is the FDA Application Number?
This corresponds to the NDA, ANDA, or BLA number reported by the labeler for products which have the corresponding Marketing Category designated. If the designated Marketing Category is OTC Monograph Final or OTC Monograph Not Final, then the Application number will be the CFR citation corresponding to the appropriate Monograph (e.g. “part 341”). For unapproved drugs, this field will be null.

Marketing Category: NDA - A product marketed under an approved New Drug Application. What is the Marketing Category?
Product types are broken down into several potential Marketing Categories, such as NDA/ANDA/BLA, OTC Monograph, or Unapproved Drug. One and only one Marketing Category may be chosen for a product, not all marketing categories are available to all product types. Currently, only final marketed product categories are included. The complete list of codes and translations can be found at www.fda.gov/edrls under Structured Product Labeling Resources.

Start Marketing Date: 10-28-2021 What is the Start Marketing Date?
This is the date that the labeler indicates was the start of its marketing of the drug product.

Listing Expiration Date: 12-31-2022 What is the Listing Expiration Date?
This is the date when the listing record will expire if not updated or certified by the product labeler.

Exclude Flag: N - NO What is the NDC Exclude Flag?
This field indicates whether the product has been removed/excluded from the NDC Directory for failure to respond to FDA"s requests for correction to deficient or non-compliant submissions ("Y"), or because the listing certification is expired ("E"), or because the listing data was inactivated by FDA ("I"). Values = "Y", "N", "E", or "I".

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Vuity Product Labeling Information

The product labeling information includes all published material associated to a drug. Product labeling documents include information like generic names, active ingredients, ingredient strength dosage, routes of administration, appearance, usage, warnings, inactive ingredients, etc.

Product Labeling Index

1  Indications And Usage

VUITY is indicated for the treatment of presbyopia in adults.

2  Dosage And Administration

The recommended dosage of VUITY is one drop in each eye once daily.If more than one topical ophthalmic product is being used, the products should be administered at least 5 minutes apart.

3  Dosage Forms And Strengths

VUITY (pilocarpine hydrochloride ophthalmic solution) is provided as a 1.25% solution (12.5 mg/mL).

4  Contraindications

VUITY is contraindicated in patients with known hypersensitivity to the active ingredient or to any of the excipients.

5.1  Poor Illumination

Patients should be advised to exercise caution in night driving and other hazardous occupations in poor illumination. In addition, miotics may cause accommodative spasm. Patients should be advised not to drive or use machinery if vision is not clear.

5.2  Risk Of Retinal Detachment

Rare cases of retinal detachment have been reported with other miotics when used in susceptible individuals and those with pre-existing retinal disease. Patients should be advised to seek immediate medical care with sudden onset of vision loss.

5.3  Iritis

VUITY is not recommended to be used when iritis is present because adhesions (synechiae) may form between the iris and the lens.

5.4  Use With Contact Lenses

Contact lens wearers should be advised to remove their lenses prior to the instillation of VUITY and to wait 10 minutes after dosing before reinserting their contact lenses.

5.5  Potential For Eye Injury Or Contamination

To prevent eye injury or contamination, care should be taken to avoid touching the dispensing bottle to the eye or to any other surface.

6  Adverse Reactions

  • The following clinically significant adverse reactions are described elsewhere in labeling:Hypersensitivity [see Contraindications (4)]

6.1  Clinical Trials Experience

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.VUITY was evaluated in 375 patients with presbyopia in two randomized, double-masked, vehicle-controlled studies (GEMINI 1 and GEMINI 2) of 30 days duration. The most common adverse reactions reported in >5% of patients were headache and conjunctival hyperemia. Ocular adverse reactions reported in 1-5% of patients were blurred vision, eye pain, visual impairment, eye irritation, and increased lacrimation.

8.1  Pregnancy

Risk SummaryThere are no adequate and well-controlled studies of VUITY administration in pregnant women to inform a drug-associated risk. Oral administration of pilocarpine to pregnant rats throughout organogenesis and lactation did not produce adverse effects at clinically relevant doses.  DataHuman DataNo adequate and well-controlled trials of VUITY have been conducted in pregnant women. In a retrospective case series of 15 women with glaucoma, 4 patients used ophthalmic pilocarpine either pre-pregnancy, during pregnancy or postpartum. There were no adverse effects observed in patients or in their infants. Animal DataIn embryofetal development studies, oral administration of pilocarpine to pregnant rats throughout organogenesis produced maternal toxicity, skeletal anomalies and reduction in fetal body weight at 90 mg/kg/day (approximately 970-fold higher than the maximum recommended human ophthalmic dose [MRHOD] of 0.015 mg/kg/day, on a mg/m2 basis). In a peri-/postnatal study in rats, oral administration of pilocarpine during late gestation through lactation increased stillbirths at a dose of 36 mg/kg/day (approximately 390-fold higher than the MRHOD). Decreased neonatal survival and reduced mean body weight of pups were observed at ≥18 mg/kg/day (approximately 200 times the recommended human daily dose of VUITY).

8.2  Lactation

Risk SummaryThere is no information regarding the presence of pilocarpine in human milk, the effects on the breastfed infants, or the effects on milk production to inform risk of VUITY to an infant during lactation. Pilocarpine and/or its metabolites are excreted in the milk of lactating rats. Systemic levels of pilocarpine following topical ocular administration are low [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)], and it is not known whether measurable levels of pilocarpine would be present in maternal milk following topical ocular administration. The developmental and health benefits of breastfeeding should be considered along with the mother’s clinical need for VUITY and any potential adverse effects on the breastfed child from VUITY.DataAnimal DataFollowing a single oral administration of 14C-pilocarpine to lactating rats, the radioactivity concentrations in milk were similar to those in plasma.

8.4  Pediatric Use

Presbyopia does not occur in the pediatric population.

8.5  Geriatric Use

Clinical studies of VUITY did not include subjects aged 65 and over to determine whether they respond differently from younger subjects. Other reported clinical experience with ophthalmic pilocarpine solutions have not identified overall differences in safety between elderly and younger patients.

10  Overdosage

Systemic toxicity following topical ocular administration of pilocarpine is rare, but occasionally patients who are sensitive may develop sweating and gastrointestinal overactivity. Accidental ingestion can produce sweating, salivation, nausea, tremors and slowing of the pulse and a decrease in blood pressure. In moderate overdosage, spontaneous recovery is to be expected and is aided by intravenous fluids to compensate for dehydration. For patients demonstrating severe poisoning, atropine, the pharmacologic antagonist to pilocarpine, should be used.

11  Description

VUITY (pilocarpine hydrochloride ophthalmic solution) 1.25%  is a cholinergic muscarinic receptor agonist prepared as an isotonic, colorless, sterile ophthalmic solution containing 1.25% of pilocarpine hydrochloride. The chemical name for pilocarpine hydrochloride is (3S,4R)-3-ethyl-4-[(1-methyl-1H-imidazol-5-yl)methyl]oxolan-2-one hydrochloride. Its molecular weight is 244.72 and its molecular formula is C11H16N2O2 · HCl. Its structural formula is:Each mL of VUITY contains pilocarpine hydrochloride 1.25% (12.5 mg) as the active ingredient, equivalent to 1.06% (10.6 mg) pilocarpine free-base. Preservative is: benzalkonium chloride 0.0075%. Inactive ingredients in the ophthalmic solution are: boric acid, sodium citrate dihydrate, sodium chloride, purified water, and may also include hydrochloric acid and/or sodium hydroxide for pH adjustment to between 3.5 and 5.5, if necessary.

12.1  Mechanism Of Action

Pilocarpine hydrochloride is a cholinergic muscarinic agonist which activates muscarinic receptors located at smooth muscles such as the iris sphincter muscle and ciliary muscle. VUITY contracts the iris sphincter muscle, constricting the pupil to improve near and intermediate visual acuity while maintaining some pupillary response to light. VUITY also contracts the ciliary muscle and may shift the eye to a more myopic state.

12.3  Pharmacokinetics

Systemic exposure to pilocarpine was evaluated in 22 participants with presbyopia who were administered 1 drop of VUITY in each eye once daily for 30 days. The mean Cmax and AUC0-t,ss values on Day 30 were 1.95 ng/mL and 4.14 ng·hr/mL, respectively. The median Tmax value on Day 30 was 0.3 hours postdose with a range from 0.2 to 0.5 hours postdose.

13.1  Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment Of Fertility

CarcinogenesisPilocarpine did not induce tumors in mice at any dosage level studied (up to 30 mg/kg/day; approximately 160-times the MRHOD). In rats, an oral dose of 18 mg/kg/day (approximately 200 times the MRHOD), resulted in a statistically significant increase in the incidence of benign pheochromocytomas in both male and female rats, and a statistically significant increase in the incidence of hepatocellular adenomas in female rats. MutagenesisPilocarpine did not show any potential to cause genetic toxicity in a series of studies that included: 1) bacterial assays (Salmonella and E. coli) for reverse gene mutations; 2) an in vitro chromosome aberration assay in a Chinese hamster ovary cell line; 3) an in vivo chromosome aberration assay (micronucleus test) in mice; and 4) a primary DNA damage assay (unscheduled DNA synthesis) in rat hepatocyte primary cultures.Impairment of FertilityPilocarpine oral administration to male and female rats at a dosage of 18 mg/kg/day (200 times the recommended human daily dose) resulted in impaired reproductive function, including reduced fertility, decreased sperm motility, and morphologic evidence of abnormal sperm. It is unclear whether the reduction in fertility was due to effects on males, females, or both. In dogs, exposure to pilocarpine at a dosage of 3 mg/kg/day for 6 months resulted in evidence of impaired spermatogenesis (approximately 110 times the recommended human daily dose).

14  Clinical Studies

The efficacy of VUITY for the treatment of presbyopia was demonstrated in two 30‐Day Phase 3, randomized, double‐masked, vehicle‐controlled studies, namely GEMINI 1 (NCT03804268) and GEMINI 2 (NCT03857542). A total of 750 participants aged 40 to 55 years old with presbyopia were randomized (375 to VUITY group) in two studies and participants were instructed to administer one drop of VUITY or vehicle once daily in each eye. In both studies, the proportion of participants gaining 3 lines or more in mesopic, high contrast, binocular distance corrected near visual acuity (DCNVA), without losing more than 1 line (5 letters) of corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA) with the same refractive correction was statistically significantly greater in the VUITY group compared to the vehicle group at Day 30, Hour 3 (see Table 1). Table 1: Primary Efficacy Results from GEMINI 1 and GEMINI 2 Studies (Intent-to-Treat Population)GEMINI 1GEMINI 2VUITY N=163Vehicle N=160p-valueVUITYN=212Vehicle N=215p-valueProportion of participants gaining 3-lines or more in mesopic DCNVA, without losing more than 1 line (5 letters) of CDVA at Day 30, Hour 3 31%8%p<0.0126%11%p<0.01Figures 1 and 2 present the proportion of participants who gained 3-lines or more in mesopic DCNVA at Day 30. Figure 1: Proportion of Participants Achieving 3-Lines or More Improvement in Mesopic, High Contrast, Binocular DCNVA at Day 30 in GEMINI 1 (Intent-to-Treat Population)Figure 2: Proportion of Participants Achieving 3-lines or More Improvement in Mesopic, High Contrast, Binocular DCNVA at Day 30 in GEMINI 2 (Intent-to-Treat population)

16 How Supplied/Storage And Handling

VUITY is supplied as a sterile ophthalmic solution in colorless low density polyethylene (LDPE) ophthalmic dispenser bottles and tips, with dark green high impact polystyrene caps as follows:2.5 mL fill in 5 mL bottle (Box containing 1 bottle)NDC 0074-7098-012.5 mL fill in 5 mL bottle (Box containing 3 bottles)NDC 0074-7098-032.5 mL fill in 5 mL bottle (Carton)NDC 0074-7098-04StorageStore at 15°C to 25°C (59°F to 77°F). After opening, VUITY can be used until the expiration date on the bottle.

17  Patient Counseling Information

Night DrivingCaution is advised with night driving and when hazardous activities are undertaken in poor illumination. [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)]Accommodative Spasm Temporary problems when changing focus between near objects and distant objects may occur. Advise patients not to drive or use machinery if vision is not clear. [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)]When to Seek Physician Advice Advise patients to seek immediate medical care with sudden onset of vision loss. [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)]Contact Lens WearContact lens should be removed prior to the instillation of VUITY. Wait 10 minutes after dosing before reinserting contact lenses. [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)]Avoiding Contamination of the ProductDo not touch dropper tip to any surface, as this may contaminate the contents. [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)]Concomitant Topical Ocular TherapyIf more than one topical ophthalmic medication is being used, the medicines must be administered at least 5 minutes apart.Distributed by: Allergan, an AbbVie Company Manufactured for:AbbVie Inc. North Chicago, IL 60064 USA Allergan is an affiliate of AbbVie Inc. © 2021 Allergan, an AbbVie Company. North Chicago, IL, 60064, USA Patented. v1.0USPI7098

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