NDC 0121-0676 Potassium Citrate And Citric Acid

Potassium Citrate And Citric Acid Monohydrate

NDC Product Code 0121-0676

NDC CODE: 0121-0676

Proprietary Name: Potassium Citrate And Citric Acid What is the Proprietary Name?
The proprietary name also known as the trade name is the name of the product chosen by the medication labeler for marketing purposes.

Non-Proprietary Name: Potassium Citrate And Citric Acid Monohydrate What is the Non-Proprietary Name?
The non-proprietary name is sometimes called the generic name. The generic name usually includes the active ingredient(s) of the product.

Drug Use Information

Drug Use Information
The drug use information is a summary and does NOT have all possible information about this product. This information does not assure that this product is safe, effective, or appropriate. This information is not individual medical advice and does not substitute for the advice of a health care professional. Always ask a health care professional for complete information about this product and your specific health needs.

  • This medication is used to make the urine less acidic. This effect helps the kidneys get rid of uric acid, thereby helping to prevent gout and kidney stones. This medication can also prevent and treat certain metabolic problems (acidosis) caused by kidney disease. Citric acid and citrate salts (which contain potassium and sodium) belong to a class of drugs known as urinary alkalinizers. If you have a condition that requires you to limit your intake of potassium and sodium, your doctor may direct you to take a product that is lower in potassium and sodium.

NDC Code Structure

  • 0121 - Pharmaceutical Associates, Inc.
    • 0121-0676 - Potassium Citrate And Citric Acid

NDC 0121-0676-16

Package Description: 473 mL in 1 BOTTLE

NDC Product Information

Potassium Citrate And Citric Acid with NDC 0121-0676 is a a human prescription drug product labeled by Pharmaceutical Associates, Inc.. The generic name of Potassium Citrate And Citric Acid is potassium citrate and citric acid monohydrate. The product's dosage form is solution and is administered via oral form.

Labeler Name: Pharmaceutical Associates, Inc.

Dosage Form: Solution - A clear, homogeneous liquid1 dosage form that contains one or more chemical substances dissolved in a solvent or mixture of mutually miscible solvents.

Product Type: Human Prescription Drug What kind of product is this?
Indicates the type of product, such as Human Prescription Drug or Human Over the Counter Drug. This data element matches the “Document Type” field of the Structured Product Listing.

Potassium Citrate And Citric Acid Active Ingredient(s)

What is the Active Ingredient(s) List?
This is the active ingredient list. Each ingredient name is the preferred term of the UNII code submitted.

  • POTASSIUM CITRATE 1100 mg/5mL
  • CITRIC ACID MONOHYDRATE 334 mg/5mL

Inactive Ingredient(s)

About the Inactive Ingredient(s)
The inactive ingredients are all the component of a medicinal product OTHER than the active ingredient(s). The acronym "UNII" stands for “Unique Ingredient Identifier” and is used to identify each inactive ingredient present in a product.

  • SORBITOL (UNII: 506T60A25R)
  • PROPYLENE GLYCOL (UNII: 6DC9Q167V3)
  • SODIUM BENZOATE (UNII: OJ245FE5EU)
  • POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL 400 (UNII: B697894SGQ)
  • FD&C RED NO. 40 (UNII: WZB9127XOA)
  • WATER (UNII: 059QF0KO0R)

Administration Route(s)

What are the Administration Route(s)?
The translation of the route code submitted by the firm, indicating route of administration.

  • Oral - Administration to or by way of the mouth.
  • Oral - Administration to or by way of the mouth.

Pharmacological Class(es)

What is a Pharmacological Class?
These are the reported pharmacological class categories corresponding to the SubstanceNames listed above.

  • Acidifying Activity - [MoA] (Mechanism of Action)
  • Calculi Dissolution Agent - [EPC] (Established Pharmacologic Class)
  • Anti-coagulant - [EPC] (Established Pharmacologic Class)
  • Decreased Coagulation Factor Activity - [PE] (Physiologic Effect)
  • Calcium Chelating Activity - [MoA] (Mechanism of Action)
  • Acidifying Activity - [MoA] (Mechanism of Action)
  • Calculi Dissolution Agent - [EPC] (Established Pharmacologic Class)
  • Anti-coagulant - [EPC] (Established Pharmacologic Class)
  • Decreased Coagulation Factor Activity - [PE] (Physiologic Effect)
  • Calcium Chelating Activity - [MoA] (Mechanism of Action)

Product Labeler Information

What is the Labeler Name?
Name of Company corresponding to the labeler code segment of the Product NDC.

Labeler Name: Pharmaceutical Associates, Inc.
Labeler Code: 0121
Marketing Category: UNAPPROVED DRUG OTHER - What is the Marketing Category?
Product types are broken down into several potential Marketing Categories, such as NDA/ANDA/BLA, OTC Monograph, or Unapproved Drug. One and only one Marketing Category may be chosen for a product, not all marketing categories are available to all product types. Currently, only final marketed product categories are included. The complete list of codes and translations can be found at www.fda.gov/edrls under Structured Product Labeling Resources.

Start Marketing Date: 10-07-1997 What is the Start Marketing Date?
This is the date that the labeler indicates was the start of its marketing of the drug product.

Listing Expiration Date: 12-31-2020 What is the Listing Expiration Date?
This is the date when the listing record will expire if not updated or certified by the product labeler.

Exclude Flag: N What is the NDC Exclude Flag?
This field indicates whether the product has been removed/excluded from the NDC Directory for failure to respond to FDA’s requests for correction to deficient or non-compliant submissions. Values = ‘Y’ or ‘N’.

* Please review the disclaimer below.

Potassium Citrate And Citric Acid Product Label Images

Potassium Citrate And Citric Acid Product Labeling Information

The product labeling information includes all published material associated to a drug. Product labeling documents include information like generic names, active ingredients, ingredient strength dosage, routes of administration, appearance, usage, warnings, inactive ingredients, etc.

Product Labeling Index

Other

Rx ONLY

Description

Potassium Citrate and Citric Acid Oral Solution USP is a stable and pleasant-tasting oral systemic alkalizer containing potassium citrate and citric acid in a sugar-free, non-alcoholic base.Potassium Citrate and Citric Acid Oral Solution USP contains in each teaspoonful (5 mL):POTASSIUM CITRATE          
Monohydrate  1100 mgCITRIC ACID          
Monohydrate  334 mgEach mL contains 2 mEq potassium ion and is equivalent to 2 mEq bicarbonate (HCO


3).


Inactive Ingredients: FD&C Red No. 40, flavoring, polyethylene glycol, propylene glycol, purified water, sodium benzoate, and sorbitol solution.

Actions

Potassium citrate is absorbed and metabolized to potassium bicarbonate, thus acting as a systemic alkalizer. The effects are essentially those of chlorides before absorption and those of bicarbonates subsequently. Oxidation is virtually complete so that less than 5% of the potassium citrate is excreted in the urine unchanged.

Indications And Usage

Potassium Citrate and Citric Acid Oral Solution USP is an effective alkalinizing agent useful in those conditions where long-term maintenance of an alkaline urine is desirable, such as in patients with uric acid and cystine calculi of the urinary tract, especially when the administration of sodium salts is undesirable or contraindicated. In addition, it is a valuable adjuvant when administered with uricosuric agents in gout therapy, since urates tend to crystallize out of an acid urine. It is also effective in correcting the acidosis of certain renal tubular disorders where the administration of potassium citrate may be preferable. This product is highly concentrated, and when administered after meals and before bedtime, allows one to maintain an alkaline urinary pH around the clock, usually without the necessity of a 2 A.M. dose. This product alkalinizes the urine without producing a systemic alkalosis in recommended dosage. It is highly palatable, pleasant tasting and tolerable, even when administered for long periods. Potassium citrate does not neutralize the gastric juice or disturb digestion.

Contraindications

Severe renal impairment with oliguria or azotemia, untreated Addison's disease, adynamia episodica hereditaria, acute dehydration, heat cramps, anuria, severe myocardial damage, and hyperkalemia from any cause.

Warnings

Large doses may cause hyperkalemia and alkalosis, especially in the presence of renal disease. Concurrent administration of potassium-containing medication, potassium-sparing diuretics, angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, or cardiac glycosides may lead to toxicity.

Precautions

Should be used with caution by patients with low urinary output unless under the supervision of a physician. As with all liquids containing a high concentration of potassium, patients should be directed to dilute adequately with water to minimize the possibility of gastrointestinal injury associated with the oral ingestion of concentrated potassium salt preparations; and preferably, to take each dose after meals to avoid saline laxative effect.

Adverse Reactions

Potassium Citrate and Citric Acid Oral Solution USP is generally well tolerated without any unpleasant side effects when given in recommended doses to patients with normal renal function and urinary output. However, as with any alkalinizing agent, caution must be used in certain patients with abnormal renal mechanisms to avoid development of hyperkalemia or alkalosis. Potassium intoxication causes listlessness, weakness, mental confusion, tingling of extremities, and other symptoms associated with a high concentration of potassium in the serum. Periodic determinations of serum electrolytes should be carried out in those patients with renal disease in order to avoid these complications. Hyperkalemia may exhibit the following electrocardiographic abnormalities: Disappearance of the P wave, widening and slurring of QRS complex, changes of the S-T segment, tall peaked T waves, etc.

Overdosage

The administration of oral potassium salts to persons with normal excretory mechanisms for potassium rarely causes serious hyperkalemia. However, if excretory mechanisms are impaired, hyperkalemia can result (see


Contraindications and


Warnings). Hyperkalemia, when detected, must be treated immediately because lethal levels can be reached in a few hours.

Treatment Of Hyperkalemia

Should hyperkalemia occur, treatment measures include the following: (1) Elimination of foods or medications containing potassium. (2) The intravenous administration of 300 to 500 mL/hr of dextrose solution (10 to 25%), containing 10 units of insulin/20 gm dextrose. (3) The use of exchange resins, hemodialysis, or peritoneal dialysis. In treating hyperkalemia, it should be recalled that in patients who have been stabilized on digitalis, too rapid a lowering of the plasma potassium concentration can produce digitalis toxicity.

Dosage And Administration

Potassium Citrate and Citric Acid Oral Solution USP should be taken diluted in water according to directions, followed by additional water, if desired. Palatability is enhanced if chilled before taking.

Usual Adult Dose

3 to 6 teaspoonfuls (15 to 30 mL), diluted with 1 glass of water, after meals and at bedtime, or as directed by a physician.

Usual Pediatric Dose

1 to 3 teaspoonfuls (5 to 15 mL), diluted with 1/2 glass of water, after meals and at bedtime, or as directed by a physician.

Usual Dosage Range

2 to 3 teaspoonfuls (10 to 15 mL), diluted with a glassful of water, taken four times a day. Potassium Citrate and Citric Acid Oral Solution USP, diluted with a glassful of water, taken four times a day will usually maintain a urinary pH of 7.0-7.6 throughout most of the 24 hours without unpleasant side effects. To check urinary pH, HYDRION Paper (pH 6.0-8.0) or NITRAZINE Paper (pH 4.5-7.5) are available and easy to use.

How Supplied

Potassium Citrate and Citric Acid Oral Solution USP (clear pink to red colored; berry-citrus flavored) is supplied in the following oral dosage form: NDC 0121-0676-16: 16 fl oz (473 mL) bottle

Storage

Keep tightly closed. Store at controlled room temperature, 20°-25°C (68°-77°F). Protect from excessive heat and freezing.

Manufactured By

Pharmaceutical


Associates, Inc.


Greenville, SC 29605


www.paipharma.com


R03/17

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