The product labeling information includes all published material associated to a drug. Product labeling documents include information like generic names, active ingredients, ingredient strength dosage, routes of administration, appearance, usage, warnings, inactive ingredients, etc.
1 Indications And Usage
VONVENDI [von Willebrand factor (Recombinant)] is a recombinant von Willebrand factor indicated for on-demand treatment and control of bleeding episodes in adults (age 18 and older) diagnosed with von Willebrand disease.
2 Dosage And Administration
For intravenous use after reconstitution only.
- Physician supervision of the treatment regimen is required. Each vial of VONVENDI is labeled with the actual amount of recombinant von Willebrand factor (rVWF) activity in international units (IU), as measured with the Ristocetin cofactor assay (VWF:RCo).Hemostasis cannot be ensured until factor VIII coagulation activity (FVIII:C) has reached 0.4 international units per milliliter (40% of normal activity). If the patient's baseline plasma FVIII:C level is below 40%, or is unknown, it is necessary to administer an approved recombinant (non-von Willebrand factor containing) factor VIII with the first infusion of VONVENDI, in order to achieve a hemostatic plasma level of FVIII:C.However, if an immediate rise in FVIII:C is not necessary or if the baseline FVIII:C level is sufficient to ensure hemostasis, VONVENDI may be administered without recombinant factor VIII.Administer initial dose of 40 to 80 international units per kg body weight. Dosing guidelines for treatment of minor and major hemorrhages are provided in Table 1. Administer VONVENDI within the designated ranges based on clinical judgment, taking into account severity, site of bleeding, and medical history of the patient. Adjust the dose based on the extent and location of the bleeding episode. Administer subsequent doses as long as clinically required. Monitor appropriate clinical and laboratory measures [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2, 5.3)]. Table 1 Dosing Guidelines for Treatment of Minor and Major HemorrhagesHemorrhagic EventInitial DoseIf recombinant factor VIII is administered, see recombinant factor VIII package insert for reconstitution and administration instructions.Subsequent DoseMinor (e.g. readily managed epistaxis, oral bleeding, menorrhagia) 40 to 50 IU/kg40 to 50 IU/kg every 8 to 24 hours (as clinically required) MajorA bleed could be considered major if red blood cell transfusion is either required or potentially indicated or if bleeding occurs in a critical anatomical site (e.g., intracranial or gastrointestinal hemorrhage). (e.g. severe or refractory epistaxis, menorrhagia, GI bleeding, CNS trauma, hemarthrosis, or traumatic hemorrhage)50 to 80 IU/kg40 to 60 IU/kg every 8 to 24 hours for approximately 2–3 days (as clinically required)The initial dose of VONVENDI should achieve greater than 60% of von Willebrand factor (VWF) levels (based on VWF:RCo greater than 0.6 IU/mL) and an infusion of recombinant factor VIII should achieve factor VIII levels greater than 40% (FVIII:C greater than 0.4 IU/mL). In major bleeding episodes, maintain trough levels of VWF:RCo greater than 50% for as long as deemed necessary.Administer VONVENDI with recombinant factor VIII if required, to control bleeding. Dosing should be at a ratio of 1.3:1 (i.e., 30% more VONVENDI than recombinant factor VIII, based on the approximate mean recoveries to 1.5 and 2 IU/dL for VONVENDI and recombinant factor VIII, respectively). Administer the complete dose of VONVENDI followed by recombinant factor VIII within 10 minutes.
Calculating dose:VONVENDI dose [IU] = dose in [IU/kg] × weight [kg]Recombinant factor VIII dose [IU] = VONVENDI dose divided by 1.3
Example: a patient weighing 70 kg with a type 2 or 3 von Willebrand disease experiencing a major bleed and requiring 80 IU/kg of VONVENDI will be infused 5600 IU of VONVENDI and 4308 IU of recombinant factor VIII for the initial bleeding episode. If required, subsequent dose is 4200 IU of VONVENDI based on 60 IU/kg infused every 8 to 24 hours as per the dosing ranges in Table 1.If expected VWF activity plasma levels are not attained, or if bleeding episode is not controlled with an appropriate dose, perform an assay that measures the presence of von Willebrand factor or factor VIII inhibitors. [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)]
- ReconstitutionRemove the plastic caps from the VONVENDI and water for injection vials.Clean the rubber stoppers with a sterile alcohol swab.Peel back the cover of the Mix2Vial transfer set. To maintain sterility, leave the Mix2Vial device in the clear plastic packaging. While firmly holding the diluent vial on a level surface, take the Mix2Vial in its plastic package and invert it over the diluent vial. Push the blue plastic cannula of the Mix2Vial firmly straight down through the rubber stopper. Carefully remove the plastic package leaving the Mix2Vial attached firmly to the diluent vial. Hold the VONVENDI vial firmly on a level surface, quickly invert the diluent vial with the Mix2Vial attached and push the transparent plastic cannula end of the Mix2Vial firmly straight down through the stopper of the VONVENDI vial. The diluent will be drawn into the VONVENDI vial by the vacuum. Verify that diluent transfer is complete. Do not use if vacuum has been lost.With both vials still attached, gently swirl the vials or allow the reconstituted product to sit for 5 minutes then gently swirl to ensure the powder is completely dissolved. Do not shake. Shaking will adversely affect the integrity of the product. Once the content is completely dissolved, firmly hold both the transparent and blue parts of the Mix2Vial. Unscrew the Mix2Vial into two separate pieces and discard the empty diluent vial and the blue part of the Mix2Vial. Note: The Mix2Vial is intended for one-time use with a single vial of VONVENDI and diluent only. If the dose requires more than one vial of VONVENDI, reconstitute each vial separately. Do not refrigerate after reconstitution.
- AdministrationDraw air into an empty, sterile disposable plastic syringe. The amount of air should equal the amount of reconstituted VONVENDI to be withdrawn from the vial. With the VONVENDI vial still upright, attach the plastic disposable syringe to the Mix2Vial (transparent plastic part) and push the entire amount of air into the vial to ensure complete withdrawal of product. Invert the system and draw the reconstituted VONVENDI into the syringe. Do not push and pull solution back and forth between syringe and vial. Doing so may adversely affect the integrity of the product.When ready to infuse, firmly hold the barrel of the syringe (keeping the syringe plunger facing down) and detach the Mix2Vial from the syringe. Discard the Mix2Vial (transparent plastic part) and the empty VONVENDI vial. If a patient is to receive more than one vial of VONVENDI, draw the contents of each vial into individual syringes. Inspect VONVENDI after filtration/withdrawal into the syringe for discoloration and particulate matter prior to administration. The solution should be clear or slightly opalescent in appearance. Do not administer if particulate matter, discoloration, or cloudiness is observed and notify Baxalta Customer Service.Clean the intended injection site with a sterile alcohol swab. Attach a suitable infusion needle to the syringe. Infuse intravenously at a rate that ensures the comfort of the patient, up to a maximum of 4 mL per minute. If tachycardia occurs, the injection speed must be reduced or the administration must be interrupted.Dispose of any unused product or waste material in accordance with local requirements.
ImmunogenicityThe immunogenicity of VONVENDI was assessed in clinical trials by assessing the development of neutralizing antibodies against rVWF and rFVIII, as well as binding antibodies against rVWF, rFurin, Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) protein and mouse IgG. No treatment-related development of binding or neutralizing antibodies against VWF or of neutralizing antibodies against FVIII was observed. Moreover, binding antibodies against potential impurities such as rFurin, CHO-protein or mouse IgG did not develop after treatment with VONVENDI. The detection of antibody formation is highly dependent on the sensitivity and specificity of the assay. Additionally, the observed incidence of antibody (including neutralizing antibody) positivity in an assay may be influenced by several factors including assay methodology, sample handling, timing of sample collection, concomitant medications, and underlying disease. For these reasons, it may be misleading to compare the incidence of antibodies to VONVENDI in the studies described above with the incidence of antibodies in other studies or to other products.
Risk SummaryThere are no studies of VONVENDI use in pregnant women. The background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in the indicated population is unknown; however, the background risk of major birth defects in the U.S. general population is 2-4% and of miscarriage is 15-20% of clinically recognized pregnancies. Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted with VONVENDI. It is not known whether VONVENDI can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman or whether it can affect reproduction capacity. VONVENDI should be given to a pregnant woman only if clearly needed.
Risk SummaryThere is no information regarding the presence of VONVENDI in human milk, its effects on the breastfed infant, or its effects on milk production. The developmental and health benefits of breastfeeding should be considered along with the mother's clinical need for VONVENDI and any potential adverse effects on the breastfed infant from VONVENDI or from the underlying maternal condition.
BAXALTA® and VONVENDI® are trademarks of Baxalta Incorporated, a wholly-owned, indirect subsidiary of Shire plc. Mix2Vial is a registered trademark of Medimop Medical Projects Ltd.Patented: see www.shire.com/legal-notice/product-patentsBaxalta US Inc.Lexington, MA 02421U.S. License No. 202016J051-VON-US
2.2 Preparation And Reconstitution
- Allow VONVENDI and Sterile Water for Injection (diluent) to reach room temperature. If the patient requires more than one vial of VONVENDI per injection, reconstitute each vial according to the following instructions.
- For intravenous administration only.Administer VONVENDI immediately after reconstitution. If not, store at room temperature not to exceed 25°C (77°F) for up to three hours. Discard after three hours.If a patient is to receive more than one vial of VONVENDI, the contents of each vial must be drawn into individual syringes. Leave syringe attached to the vial until ready to infuse to reduce risk of contamination. Use plastic syringes with this product because proteins in the product tend to stick to the surface of glass syringes.Do not mix VONVENDI with other medicinal products.
3 Dosage Forms And Strengths
VONVENDI is available as a non-pyrogenic lyophilized powder for reconstitution in single-use vials containing nominally 650 or 1300 international units VWF:RCo per vial. Each VONVENDI vial is labeled with the number of units of VWF:RCo expressed in international units, which are based on the current World Health Organization (WHO) standard for von Willebrand factor concentrate.
VONVENDI is contraindicated in patients who have had life-threatening hypersensitivity reactions to VONVENDI or constituents of the product (tri-sodium citrate-dihydrate, glycine, mannitol, trehalose-dihydrate, polysorbate 80, and hamster or mouse proteins). [see Description (11)]
5.1 Embolism And Thrombosis
Thromboembolic reactions, including disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, myocardial infarction, and stroke, can occur, particularly in patients with known risk factors for thrombosis. Monitor for early signs and symptoms of thrombosis such as pain, swelling, discoloration, dyspnea, cough, hemoptysis, and syncope.In patients requiring frequent doses of VONVENDI with recombinant factor VIII, monitor plasma levels for FVIII:C activity because an excessive rise in factor VIII levels can increase the risk of thromboembolic complications.
5.2 Hypersensitivity Reactions
Hypersensitivity reactions, including anaphylaxis, may occur. Symptoms can include anaphylactic shock, generalized urticaria, angioedema, chest tightness, hypotension, shock, lethargy, nausea, vomiting, paresthesia, pruritus, restlessness, wheezing and/or acute respiratory distress. If signs and symptoms of severe allergic reactions occur, immediately discontinue administration of VONVENDI and provide appropriate supportive care.VONVENDI contains trace amounts of mouse immunoglobulin G (MuIgG) and hamster proteins less than or equal to 2 ng/IU VONVENDI. Patients treated with this product may develop hypersensitivity reactions to non-human mammalian proteins.
5.3 Neutralizing Antibodies
Neutralizing antibodies (inhibitors) to von Willebrand factor and/or factor VIII can occur. If the expected plasma levels of VWF activity (VWF:RCo) are not attained, perform an appropriate assay to determine if anti-VWF or anti-FVIII inhibitors are present. Consider other therapeutic options and direct the patient to a physician with experience in the care of either von Willebrand disease or hemophilia A. In patients with high levels of inhibitors to VWF or factor VIII, VONVENDI therapy may not be effective and infusion of this protein may lead to severe hypersensitivity reactions. Since inhibitor antibodies can occur concomitantly with anaphylactic reactions, evaluate patients experiencing an anaphylactic reaction for the presence of inhibitors.
5.4 Monitoring Laboratory Tests
- Monitor plasma levels of VWF:RCo and factor VIII activities in patients receiving VONVENDI to avoid sustained excessive von Willebrand factor and/or factor VIII activity levels, which may increase the risk of thrombotic events, particularly in patients with known clinical or laboratory risk factors.Monitor for development of von Willebrand factor and/or factor VIII inhibitors when suspected. Perform appropriate inhibitor assays to determine if von Willebrand factor and/or factor VIII inhibitors are present if bleeding is not controlled with the expected dose of VONVENDI.
6 Adverse Reactions
The most common adverse reaction observed in ≥2% of subjects in clinical trials (n=66) was generalized pruritus.
6.1 Clinical Trials Experience
Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in clinical practice.The safety profile of VONVENDI was evaluated in three prospective, multicenter trials; two were conducted in subjects with von Willebrand disease (n=66) and one was conducted in subjects with hemophilia A (n=12). The adverse reactions reported in the two von Willebrand disease trials are listed in Table 2. Table 2 Summary of Adverse Reactions in Patients with von Willebrand DiseaseThis trial was done using ADVATE [Antihemophilic factor (Recombinant)], a recombinant factor VIII. System Organ Class (SOC)Adverse ReactionNumber of Subjects(%)(n=66)Number of Infusions(%)(n=355) Cardiac DisordersTachycardia1 (1.52%)1 (0.28%)Gastrointestinal DisordersNausea1 (1.52%)1 (0.28%)General Disorders and Administration Site ConditionsInfusion site paresthesia1 (1.52%)1 (0.28%)Chest discomfort1 (1.52%)1 (0.28%)Skin and Subcutaneous Tissues DisordersGeneralized pruritus2 (3.03%)2 (0.56%)Vascular DisorderHot flush1 (1.52%)1 (0.28%)Hypertension1 (1.52%)2 (0.56%)Nervous System DisordersDizziness1 (1.52%)1 (0.28%)Dysgeusia1 (1.52%)1 (0.28%)Tremor1 (1.52%)1 (0.28%)InvestigationsHeart rate increase1 (1.52%)1 (0.28%)Electrocardiogram T wave inversions1 (1.52%)1 (0.28%)
8.4 Pediatric Use
Safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients below the age of 18 years have not been established.
8.5 Geriatric Use
Clinical trials of VONVENDI did not include subjects aged 65 and over to determine whether they respond differently compared to younger subjects.
VONVENDI is a purified recombinant von Willebrand factor (rVWF) expressed in Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cells. VONVENDI is produced and formulated without the addition of any exogenous raw materials of human or animal origin in the cell culture, purification, or formulation of the final product. The only proteins present in the final container product other than rVWF are trace quantities of mouse immunoglobulin (IgG, from the immunoaffinity purification), host cell (i.e., CHO) protein, rFurin (used to further process rVWF), and recombinant factor VIII (rFVIII).Von Willebrand factor is a large multimeric glycoprotein that is normally found in plasma, and stored as ultra-large multimers in alpha-granules of platelets and intracellular organelles known as Weibel-Palade bodies, prior to secretion into the blood.1 Once the VWF is released to the blood stream and in contact with ADAMTS13 a (proteolytic enzyme in blood), it is cleaved to smaller sizes that can be detected with SDS agarose gels as multimer bands, representing the various species of VWF within the circulation. VONVENDI is rVWF that contains ultra-large multimers in addition to all of the multimers found in plasma as it is not exposed to proteolysis by ADAMTS13 during the manufacturing process. VONVENDI is formulated as a sterile, non-pyrogenic, white to off-white powder for intravenous injection after reconstitution. VONVENDI in a single-use vial contains nominally 650 or 1300 International Units (IU) VWF Ristocetin Cofactor (VWF:RCo). The product contains the following stabilizers and excipients: tri-sodium citrate-dihydrate, glycine, mannitol, trehalose-dihydrate, and polysorbate 80. The product contains no preservative. When reconstituted with the provided sterile water for injection the final solution contains the following stabilizers and excipients in targeted amounts:Table 3 Concentration of Stabilizer and Excipient after ReconstitutionStabilizer and ExcipientTargeted Concentration for nominal strengths (650, 1300 IU)Tri-Sodium Citrate-dihydrate15 mMGlycine15 mMMannitol20 g/LTrehalose-dihydrate10 g/LPolysorbate 800.1 g/LEach vial of VONVENDI is labeled with the specific number of units of VWF: RCo expressed in international units (IU), which are based on the current World Health Organization (WHO) standard for VWF concentrate. After reconstitution of the lyophilized powder and filtration/withdrawal into a syringe, all dosage strengths yield a clear, colorless solution free of particles.
12.1 Mechanism Of Action
In VWD patients, VONVENDI acts 1) to promote hemostasis by mediating platelet adhesion to damaged vascular sub-endothelial matrix (e.g. collagen) and platelet aggregation, and 2) as a carrier protein for factor VIII, protecting it from rapid proteolysis. The adhesive activity of VWF depends on the size of its multimers, with large multimers being the most effective in supporting interactions with collagen and platelet receptors.1 The binding capacity and affinity of VONVENDI to factor VIII in plasma is comparable to that of endogenous VWF, allowing for VONVENDI to reduce factor VIII clearance.2
The pharmacokinetic profile of VONVENDI was determined in two clinical trials by assessment of VWF:RCo, VWF:Ag, and VWF:CB. Subjects were evaluated in the non-bleeding state. Sustained increase of FVIII:C was observed by six hours after a single infusion of VONVENDI. Table 4 below summarizes the pharmacokinetics of VONVENDI after infusions of 50 IU/kg (PK50) or 80 IU/kg VWF:RCo (PK80) VONVENDI. The mean duration of infusion was 16.5 minutes (± 3.51 minutes) for 50 IU/kg (PK50) and 11.8 minutes (±2.86 minutes) for 80 IU/kg VWF:RCo (PK80).Table 4 Pharmacokinetic Assessment of VWF:RCoFull analysis set,VWF:RCo assays with different sensitivity and working ranges were used: Phase 1: automated assay 0.08 – 1.50 IU/mL and sensitive manual assay 0.01 – 0.08 IU/mL; Phase 3: automated assay 0.08 – 1.50 IU/mL.Parameter [unit]Phase 1 PK50 VONVENDI withADVATEThis trial was done using ADVATE [Antihemophilic factor (Recombinant)], a recombinant factor VIII. Phase 3 PK50 VONVENDIPhase 3 PK80 VONVENDIMean (SD)Min;MaxMean (SD)Min;MaxMean (SD)Min;MaxT1/2 [hours]19.3 (10.99)10.8;51.222.6 (5.34)17.0;37.219.1 (4.32)11.8;28.0Cl [dL/kg/hour]0.04 (0.028)0.01;0.160.02 (0.005)0.02;0.040.03 (0.009)0.02;0.05IR [(U/dL)/(U VWF:RCo/kg)]1.7 (0.62)1.0;3.61.9 (0.41)1.2;2.72.0 (0.39)1.4;2.9AUC0-inf [(h*U/dL)]1541.4 (554.31)173.8;2862.02105.4 (427.51)1334.0;2813.32939.0 (732.72)1507.8;4121.1AUC0-inf/Dose [(h*U/dL)/(U VWF:RCo/kg)]33.4 (13.87)6.4;70.442.1 (8.31)27.8;54.836.8 (8.97)18.8;50.4
13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment Of Fertility
In vitro and in vivo genotoxicity studies indicated no mutagenic potential for VONVENDI. Long-term animal studies to assess the carcinogenic potential of VONVENDI have not been performed. Animal studies evaluating the reproductive and developmental toxicity of VONVENDI have not been conducted.
14 Clinical Studies
Hemostatic efficacy of VONVENDI was assessed in a multicenter, open label trial investigating different dosing strategies with and without recombinant factor VIII for on-demand treatment and control of bleeding episodes in adults (age 18 years and older) diagnosed with von Willebrand disease. In this trial, all subjects requiring recombinant factor VIII received ADVATE [Antihemophilic factor (Recombinant)].Bleeding episodes were treated initially with an infusion of VONVENDI and ADVATE at a ratio of 1.3:1 respectively (i.e., 30% more VONVENDI than ADVATE), and subsequently with VONVENDI with or without ADVATE, based on FVIII:C levels. The aim of the initial dose of VONVENDI with ADVATE was to achieve target plasma levels of greater than 0.6 IU/mL (60%) VWF:RCo and greater than 0.4 IU/mL (40%) of FVIII:C.A total of 193 bleeding episodes were reported in 22/37 subjects exposed to VONVENDI. Demographic and baseline characteristics are listed in Table 5.Table 5 Demographic and Baseline CharacteristicsParameterCategoryExposed subjectsn = 37 n (%)Treated Subjectsn = 22 n (%)GenderMale17 (45.9)10 (45.5)Female20 (54.1)12 (54.5)Agemedian (years)37.028.0RaceCaucasian32 (86.5)20 (90.9)Asian5 (13.5)2 (9.1)EthnicityHispanic or Latino2 (5.4)2 (9.1)Not Hispanic or Latino35 (94.6)20 (90.9)VWD type12 (5.4)0 (0.0)2A5 (13.5)4 (18.2)2B0 (0.0)0 (0.0)2M0 (0.0)0 (0.0)2N1 (2.7)1 (4.5)329 (78.4)17 (77.3)The primary efficacy endpoint was the number of subjects with treatment success for control of bleeding episodes. Treatment success was defined as a mean efficacy rating score of less than 2.5 for all bleeding episodes in a subject treated with VONVENDI (with or without ADVATE) during the trial period. The efficacy rating was assessed using a pre-specified 4 point rating scale comparing the prospectively estimated number of infusions needed to treat the bleeding episodes as assessed by the investigator to the actual number of infusions administered. The definitions for each of the 4 point rating scales are provided in Table 6. Table 6 Definitions of 4 Point Rating ScalesRatingMinor and Moderate Bleeding EventsMajor Bleeding EventsExcellent (= 1)Actual number of infusions ≤ estimated number of infusions required to treat that bleeding episode. No additional VWF coagulation factor containing product required. Actual number of infusions ≤ estimated number of infusions required to treat that bleeding episode. No additional VWF coagulation factor containing product required.Good (= 2)1-2 infusions greater than estimated required to control that bleeding episode. No additional VWF coagulation factor containing product required.<1.5× infusions greater than estimated required to control that bleeding episode.No additional VWF coagulation factor containing product required.Moderate (= 3)3 or more infusions greater than estimated used to control that bleeding event.No additional VWF coagulation factor containing product required.≥1.5× more infusions greater than estimated used to control that bleeding event.No additional VWF coagulation factor containing product required.None (= 4)Severe uncontrolled bleeding or intensity of bleeding not changed.Additional VWF coagulation factor containing product required.Severe uncontrolled bleeding or intensity of bleeding not changed.Additional VWF coagulation factor containing product required.Secondary efficacy measures were the number of treated bleeding episodes with an efficacy rating of 'excellent' or 'good,' the number of infusions and number of units of VONVENDI, administered with or without ADVATE, per bleeding episode.The primary efficacy assessment excluded subjects with GI bleeds (n=2), and subjects in whom the number of infusions to control a bleeding episode was estimated retrospectively (n=2). The rate of subjects (n=18) with treatment success was 100% (95% CI 81.5 to 100). Sensitivity analyses of treatment success for bleeding episodes including GI bleeds and those bleeding episodes for which the investigator had to make retrospective assessment of the number of infusions required (n=22: 17 with type 3 VWD, 4 with type 2A VWD and 1 with type 2N VWD) confirmed the primary analysis, with a 100% treatment success rate for each scenario.All bleeding episodes treated with VONVENDI and ADVATE or VONVENDI alone were controlled with an efficacy rating of excellent (96.9%) or good (3.1%). Control of bleeding episodes was consistent across all degrees of severity.For an overview of hemostatic efficacy by bleeding severity and number of infusions required to treat a bleeding episode refer to Table 7.Table 7 Number of Infusions by Severity of Bleeding EpisodesOne subject received plasma-derived VWF for one bleeding episode for the 3rd infusion and therefore was excluded from Table 7.Severity of Bleeding EpisodesNumber of Infusions per BleedMinorn (%)n=122Moderaten (%)n=61Major/Severen (%)n=7Unknownn (%)n=2Alln (%)n=1921113 (92.6%)41 (67.2%)1 (14.3%)2 (100%)157 (81.8%)28 (6.6%)13 (21.3%)4 (57.1%)0 (0.0)25 (13.0%)31 (0.8%)6 (9.8%)2 (28.6%)0 (0.0)9 (4.7%)40 (0.0)1 (1.6%)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)1 (0.5%)Median11211Range1-31-41-31-11-4The median cumulative dose of VONVENDI administered per bleeding episode (with or without ADVATE) was 48.2 IU/kg (90% CI, 43.9 to 50.2 IU/kg). In relation to bleeding severity, the median cumulative dose to treat a bleeding episode was 43.3 (range, 25.2 to 158.2) IU/kg for minor bleeding episodes (n=122), 52.7 (range, 23.8 to 184.9) IU/kg for moderate bleeding episodes (n=61), 100 (range, 57.5 to 135) IU/kg for major bleeding episodes (n=7).Table 8 summarizes data obtained for number of infusions and efficacy rating per bleeding episode by location.Table 8 Efficacy by Bleeding Episode LocationBleeding Episodes by Location (n)Median Number of Infusions(Range)Rating (%)Joint (n=59)1 (1 to 3)Excellent (96.6%)Good (3.4%)GI (n=6 )1 (1 to 2)Excellent (83.3%)Good (16.7%)Mucosal: Genital Tract Female(n=32)1 (1 to 2)Excellent (96.9%)Good (3.1%)Mucosal: Nasopharyngeal (n=42)1 (1 to 2)Excellent (97.6%)Good (2.4%)Mucosal: Mouth and Oral Cavity(n=26)1 (1 to 4)Excellent (100%)Good (0%)
- 1Stockschlaeder M, Schneppenheim R, Budde U, Update on von Willebrand factor multimers: focus on high-molecular-weight multimers and their role in hemostasis. Blood Coagul Fibrinolysis 2014, 25:206-216.2Turecek PL, Mitterer A, Matthiessen HP, Gritsch H, Varadi K, Siekmann J, Schnecker K, Plaimauer B, Kaliwoda M, Purtscher M, Woehrer W, Mundt W, Muchitsch EM, Suiter T, Ewenstein BM, Ehrlich HJ, Schwarz HP, Development of a plasma- and albumin-free recombinant von Willebrand factor. Haemastaseologie 2009; 29 (Suppl 1): 32-38.
16 How Supplied/Storage And Handling
How SuppliedVONVENDI is packaged with Sterile Water for Injection (sWFI), one Mix2Vial reconstitution device, one full prescribing physician insert, and one patient insert.VONVENDI is available in single-use vials that contain the following product strengths:Color CodeVWF:RCo Potency RangeCarton NDCsWFI fill sizeGreen450–850 IU per vial0944-7551-025 mLDark Red900–1700 IU per vial0944-7553-0210 mLThe actual von Willebrand factor activity in international units is printed on the label of each VONVENDI vial and carton. Components are not made with natural rubber latex.
Storage And Handling
- Storage and HandlingStore at refrigerated temperature 2°C to 8°C (36°F to 46°F) or room temperature not to exceed 30°C (86°F). Do not freeze.Store in the original box and protect from extreme exposure to light.Do not use beyond the expiration date printed on the VONVENDI vial label or carton.Use reconstituted product immediately or within 3 hours after reconstitution.Discard any unused reconstituted product after 3 hours.
17 Patient Counseling Information
- Advise the patient to read the FDA-approved patient labeling (Patient Information and Instructions for Use).Advise patients of the early signs of hypersensitivity reactions, including anaphylactic shock, generalized urticaria, angioedema, chest tightness, hypotension, shock, lethargy, nausea, vomiting, paresthesia, pruritus, restlessness, wheezing and/or acute respiratory distress. Advise patients to discontinue use of the product if these symptoms occur and seek immediate emergency treatment with resuscitative measures. Advise patients to contact their physician or treatment center for further treatment and/or assessment if they experience a lack of clinical response to von Willebrand factor therapy, as this may be a manifestation of an inhibitor.Advise patients to consult with their physicians or healthcare provider prior to travel. While traveling, advise patients to bring an adequate supply of VONVENDI based on their current regimen of treatment.
Fda-Approved Patient Labeling
- VONVENDI [von Willebrand factor (Recombinant)]This leaflet summarizes important information about VONVENDI. Please read it carefully before using this medicine. This information does not take the place of talking with your healthcare provider, and it does not include all of the important information about VONVENDI. If you have any questions after reading this, ask your healthcare provider.Do not attempt to do an infusion to yourself unless you have been taught how by your healthcare provider or hemophilia center.You must carefully follow your healthcare provider's instructions regarding the dose and schedule for infusing VONVENDI so that your treatment will work best for you.What is VONVENDI?VONVENDI is a medicine used to replace von Willebrand factor that is missing in people with von Willebrand disease. Von Willebrand disease is an inherited bleeding disorder in which blood does not clot normally.VONVENDI is used to treat and control bleeding episodes in adults (age 18 years and older) diagnosed with von Willebrand disease. Who should not use VONVENDI?You should not use VONVENDI if you: Are allergic to any ingredients in VONVENDI.Are allergic to mice or hamsters.Tell your healthcare provider if you are pregnant or breastfeeding because VONVENDI may not be right for you.How should I use VONVENDI?VONVENDI is given directly into the bloodstream. Your first dose of VONVENDI for each bleeding episode may be administered with a recombinant factor VIII (factor VIII not produced from plasma) as instructed by your healthcare provider. Your healthcare provider will instruct you whether additional doses of recombinant factor VIII are needed.You may infuse VONVENDI at a hemophilia treatment center, at your healthcare provider's office or in your home. You should be trained on how to do infusions by your healthcare provider or hemophilia treatment center. Many people with von Willebrand disease learn to infuse VONVENDI by themselves or with the help of a family member.Your healthcare provider will tell you how much VONVENDI to use based on your weight, the severity of your von Willebrand disease, and where you are bleeding.Call your healthcare provider right away if your bleeding does not stop after taking VONVENDI.Use the reconstituted product (after mixing dry product with the supplied sterile water) immediately. If not, store at room temperature not to exceed 25°C (77°F) for up to three hours. Discard after three hours.What should I tell my healthcare provider before I use VONVENDI?You should tell your healthcare provider if you:Have or have had any medical problems.Take any medicines, including prescription and non-prescription medicines, such as over-the-counter medicines, supplements or herbal remedies.Have any allergies, including allergies to mice or hamsters.Are breastfeeding. It is not known if VONVENDI passes into your milk and if it can harm your baby.Are pregnant or planning to become pregnant. It is not known if VONVENDI can harm your unborn baby.Have been told that you have inhibitors to von Willebrand factor (because VONVENDI may not work for you).Have been told that you have inhibitors to blood coagulation factor VIII.What are the possible side effects of VONVENDI?You can have an allergic reaction to VONVENDI.Call your healthcare provider right away and stop treatment if you get a rash or hives, itching, tightness of the throat, chest pain or tightness, difficulty breathing, lightheadedness, dizziness, nausea or fainting. Side effects that have been reported with VONVENDI include: nausea, tingling or burning at infusion site, chest discomfort, dizziness, hot flashes, itching, nausea, high blood pressure, muscle twitching, unusual taste, and increased heart rate.These are not all the possible side effects with VONVENDI. You can ask your healthcare provider for information that is written for healthcare professionals. Tell your healthcare provider about any side effects that bother you or do not go away.What are the VONVENDI dosage strengths?VONVENDI with Sterile Water for Injection and Mix2Vial reconstitution device comes in two different dosage strengths. Dosage strength of approximately 650 International Units (450–850 IU) ( reconstituted with 5 mL of sterile water)Dosage strength of approximately 1300 International Units (900–1700 IU) ( reconstituted with 10 mL of sterile water)The actual strength will be printed on the vial label and on the box. Always check the actual dosage strength printed on the label to make sure you are using the strength prescribed by your healthcare provider. Always check the expiration date printed on the box. Do not use the product after the expiration date printed on the box.How do I store VONVENDI?Store at refrigerated temperature 2°C to 8°C (36°F to 46°F) or room temperature not to exceed 30°C (86°F).Do not freeze.Store VONVENDI in the original box and protect from extreme exposure to light.Do not use beyond the expiration date.Use reconstituted product (after mixing dry product with supplied sterile water) immediately or within 3 hours of reconstitution.Store the reconstituted product at room temperature not to exceed 25°C (77°F) for up to three hours. Discard any unused reconstituted product after 3 hours.What else should I know about VONVENDI and von Willebrand Disease?Your body can form inhibitors to von Willebrand factor or factor VIII. An inhibitor is part of the body's normal defense system. If you form inhibitors, it may stop VONVENDI or FVIII from working properly. Consult with your healthcare provider to make sure you are carefully monitored with blood tests for the development of inhibitors to von Willebrand factor or factor VIII.Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed here. Do not use VONVENDI for a condition for which it is not prescribed. Do not share VONVENDI with other people, even if they have the same symptoms that you have.Resources at Baxalta available to the patients:For more product information on VONVENDI, please visit www.VONVENDI.com or call 1-888-423-8283. For information on additional Baxalta patient resources, please visit www.VONVENDI.com.Baxalta US Inc.Lexington, MA 02421U.S. License No. 2020Printed in USAIssued: 02/2018
Instructions For Use
- INSTRUCTIONS FOR USEVONVENDI[von Willebrand factor (Recombinant)](For intravenous use only)For first dose for each bleeding episode, use with recombinant factor VIII as instructed by your physician.Always follow the specific instructions given by your healthcare provider. The steps listed below are general guidelines for using VONVENDI. If you are unsure of the procedures, please call your healthcare provider before using. Call your healthcare provider right away if bleeding is not controlled after using VONVENDI. Your healthcare provider will prescribe the VONVENDI dose that you should take. If this is your first infusion to control a new bleeding episode, and if recombinant factor VIII in needed, be sure you also have the correct dose of recombinant factor VIII as instructed by your physician.Your healthcare provider may need to take blood tests from time to time. Talk to your healthcare provider before traveling. Plan to bring enough VONVENDI for your treatment during this time.Dispose of all materials, including any leftover reconstituted VONVENDI product, in an appropriate container. See below for step-by-step instructions for reconstituting and administrating VONVENDI:Reconstitution:Prepare a clean flat surface and gather all the materials you will need for the infusion. Check the expiration date, and let the VONVENDI warm up to room temperature. Wash your hands and put on clean exam gloves. If infusing yourself at home, the use of gloves is optional. Remove the caps from the VONVENDI concentrate and diluent vials to expose the center of the rubber stoppers.Disinfect each stopper with a separate sterile alcohol swab (or other suitable sterile solution suggested by your healthcare provider or hemophilia center) by rubbing the stopper for several seconds and allow it to dry prior to use. Place the vials on a flat surface.Open the Mix2Vial device package by completely peeling away the lid, without touching the inside of the package. Do not remove the Mix2Vial device from the package.Turn the package with the Mix2Vial device upside down and place it over the top of the diluent vial. Firmly insert the blue plastic spike of the device into the center of the diluent vial stopper by pushing straight down. Grip the package at its edge and lift it off the Mix2Vial device. Be careful not to touch the clear plastic spike. The diluent vial now has the Mix2Vial device connected to it and is ready to be connected to the VONVENDI vial.To connect the diluent vial to the VONVENDI vial, turn the diluent vial over and place it on top of the vial containing VONVENDI concentrate. Fully insert the clear plastic spike into the VONVENDI vial stopper by firmly pushing straight down. This should be done right away to keep the liquid free of germs. The diluent will flow into the VONVENDI vial by vacuum. Verify that diluent transfer is complete. Do not use if vacuum has been lost.Gently and continuously swirl the connected vials or allow the reconstituted product to sit for 5 minutes then gently swirl to ensure the powder is completely dissolved. Do not shake. Shaking will adversely affect the product. Do not refrigerate after reconstitution.Disconnect the two sides of the Mix2Vial from each other by holding the clear plastic side of the Mix2Vial device attached to the VONVENDI vial with one hand and the blue plastic side of the Mix2Vial device attached to the diluent vial with the other hand. Turn the blue plastic side counterclockwise and gently pull the two vials apart. Do not touch the end of the plastic connector attached to the VONVENDI vial containing the dissolved product. Place the VONVENDI vial on a flat work surface. Discard the empty diluent vial.Draw air into the empty, sterile disposable plastic syringe by pulling back on the plunger. The amount of air should equal the amount of reconstituted VONVENDI that you will withdraw from the vial. Leaving the VONVENDI vial (containing the dissolved product) on your flat work surface, connect the syringe to the clear plastic connector by attaching and turning the syringe clockwise (Figure A). Hold the vial with one hand and use the other hand to push the entire amount of air from the syringe into the vial (Figure B). The required amount of product will not be drawn into the syringe if all the air is not pushed into the vial. Figure AFigure BFlip connected syringe and VONVENDI vial so the vial is on top. Be sure to keep the syringe plunger pressed in. Draw the VONVENDI into the syringe by pulling plunger back slowly (Figure C). Do not push and pull solution back and forth between syringe and vial. Doing so may harm the integrity of the product. When ready to infuse, disconnect the syringe by turning it counterclockwise (Figure D). Inspect syringe visually for particulate matter; the solution should be clear and colorless in appearance. If flakes or particles are seen, do not use the solution and notify your healthcare provider. Figure CFigure DIf your dose requires more than one vial of VONVENDI, reconstitute each vial using a separate Mix2Vial device following the reconstitution steps above (2 to 8).Repeat steps 9 to 11 to draw reconstituted VONVENDI from each vial into a separate plastic syringe. Be sure to use a new plastic syringe for each vial of reconstituted product. Leave syringe attached to vial until ready to infuse to reduce risk of contamination. If you need to infuse recombinant factor VIII, reconstitute recombinant factor VIII as instructed in the package insert for that product. Do not administer your recombinant factor VIII until you have infused your complete dose of VONVENDI. Always follow your healthcare provider's specific directions. Administration:Attach the infusion needle to a syringe containing VONVENDI solution. For comfort, a winged (butterfly) infusion set is preferred. Point the needle up and remove any air bubbles by gently tapping the syringe with your finger and slowly and carefully pushing air out of the syringe and needle.Apply a tourniquet and get the injection site ready by wiping the skin well with a sterile alcohol swab (or other suitable sterile solution suggested by your healthcare provider or hemophilia center).Insert the needle into the vein and remove the tourniquet. Slowly infuse the VONVENDI. Do not infuse any faster than 4 mL per minute. Disconnect the empty syringe. If your dose requires multiple syringes, attach and administer each additional syringe of VONVENDI one at a time. Do not remove butterfly needle until all syringes have been infused and do not touch the Luer port that connects to the syringe.If your healthcare provider has prescribed recombinant factor VIII, administer recombinant factor VIII within 10 minutes after you have infused your complete dose of VONVENDI. Take the needle out of the vein and use sterile gauze to put pressure on the infusion site for several minutes. Do not recap the needle. Place the needle, syringe, and empty VONVENDI and diluent vial(s) in a hard-walled sharps container for proper disposal. Do not dispose of these supplies in ordinary household trash.Important: Contact your healthcare provider or local hemophilia treatment center if you experience any problems.BAXALTA® and VONVENDI® are trademarks of Baxalta Incorporated, a wholly-owned, indirect subsidiary of Shire plc. Mix2Vial is a registered trademark of Medimop Medical Projects Ltd.Patented: see www.shire.com/legal-notice/product-patentsBaxalta US Inc.Lexington, MA 02421U.S. License No. 2020Printed in USAIssued 02/2018
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