NDC 39822-2100 Dactinomycin

Dactinomycin

NDC Product Code 39822-2100

NDC Code: 39822-2100

Proprietary Name: Dactinomycin What is the Proprietary Name?
The proprietary name also known as the trade name is the name of the product chosen by the medication labeler for marketing purposes.

Non-Proprietary Name: Dactinomycin What is the Non-Proprietary Name?
The non-proprietary name is sometimes called the generic name. The generic name usually includes the active ingredient(s) of the product.

NDC Code Structure

  • 39822 - X-gen Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
    • 39822-2100 - Dactinomycin

NDC 39822-2100-2

Package Description: 1 VIAL, SINGLE-DOSE in 1 CARTON > 1 mL in 1 VIAL, SINGLE-DOSE (39822-2100-1)

NDC Product Information

Dactinomycin with NDC 39822-2100 is a a human prescription drug product labeled by X-gen Pharmaceuticals, Inc.. The generic name of Dactinomycin is dactinomycin. The product's dosage form is injection, powder, lyophilized, for solution and is administered via intravenous form.

Labeler Name: X-gen Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

Dosage Form: Injection, Powder, Lyophilized, For Solution - A dosage form intended for the solution prepared by lyophilization ("freeze drying"), a process which involves the removal of water from products in the frozen state at extremely low pressures; this is intended for subsequent addition of liquid to create a solution that conforms in all respects to the requirements for Injections.

Product Type: Human Prescription Drug What kind of product is this?
Indicates the type of product, such as Human Prescription Drug or Human Over the Counter Drug. This data element matches the “Document Type” field of the Structured Product Listing.

Dactinomycin Active Ingredient(s)

What is the Active Ingredient(s) List?
This is the active ingredient list. Each ingredient name is the preferred term of the UNII code submitted.

  • DACTINOMYCIN .5 mg/mL

Inactive Ingredient(s)

About the Inactive Ingredient(s)
The inactive ingredients are all the component of a medicinal product OTHER than the active ingredient(s). The acronym "UNII" stands for “Unique Ingredient Identifier” and is used to identify each inactive ingredient present in a product.

  • MANNITOL (UNII: 3OWL53L36A)

Administration Route(s)

What are the Administration Route(s)?
The translation of the route code submitted by the firm, indicating route of administration.

  • Intravenous - Administration within or into a vein or veins.

Pharmacological Class(es)

What is a Pharmacological Class?
These are the reported pharmacological class categories corresponding to the SubstanceNames listed above.

  • Actinomycin - [EPC] (Established Pharmacologic Class)
  • Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors - [MoA] (Mechanism of Action)
  • Protein Synthesis Inhibitors - [MoA] (Mechanism of Action)

Product Labeler Information

What is the Labeler Name?
Name of Company corresponding to the labeler code segment of the Product NDC.

Labeler Name: X-gen Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Labeler Code: 39822
FDA Application Number: ANDA203999 What is the FDA Application Number?
This corresponds to the NDA, ANDA, or BLA number reported by the labeler for products which have the corresponding Marketing Category designated. If the designated Marketing Category is OTC Monograph Final or OTC Monograph Not Final, then the Application number will be the CFR citation corresponding to the appropriate Monograph (e.g. “part 341”). For unapproved drugs, this field will be null.

Marketing Category: ANDA - A product marketed under an approved Abbreviated New Drug Application. What is the Marketing Category?
Product types are broken down into several potential Marketing Categories, such as NDA/ANDA/BLA, OTC Monograph, or Unapproved Drug. One and only one Marketing Category may be chosen for a product, not all marketing categories are available to all product types. Currently, only final marketed product categories are included. The complete list of codes and translations can be found at www.fda.gov/edrls under Structured Product Labeling Resources.

Start Marketing Date: 07-31-2019 What is the Start Marketing Date?
This is the date that the labeler indicates was the start of its marketing of the drug product.

Listing Expiration Date: 12-31-2020 What is the Listing Expiration Date?
This is the date when the listing record will expire if not updated or certified by the product labeler.

Exclude Flag: N What is the NDC Exclude Flag?
This field indicates whether the product has been removed/excluded from the NDC Directory for failure to respond to FDA’s requests for correction to deficient or non-compliant submissions. Values = ‘Y’ or ‘N’.

* Please review the disclaimer below.

Dactinomycin Product Labeling Information

The product labeling information includes all published material associated to a drug. Product labeling documents include information like generic names, active ingredients, ingredient strength dosage, routes of administration, appearance, usage, warnings, inactive ingredients, etc.

Product Labeling Index

1.1 Wilms Tumor

Dactinomycin for injection is indicated for the treatment of adult and pediatric patients with Wilms tumor, as part of a multi-phase, combination chemotherapy regimen.

1.2 Rhabdomyosarcoma

Dactinomycin for injection is indicated for the treatment of adult and pediatric patients with rhabdomyosarcoma, as part of a multi-phase, combination chemotherapy regimen.

1.3 Ewing Sarcoma

Dactinomycin for injection is indicated for the treatment of adult and pediatric patients with Ewing sarcoma, as part of a multi-phase, combination chemotherapy regimen.

1.4 Metastatic Nonseminomatous Testicular Cancer

Dactinomycin for injection is indicated for the treatment of adult and pediatric patients with metastatic, nonseminomatous testicular cancer, as part of a multi-phase, combination chemotherapy regimen.

1.5 Gestational Trophoblastic Neoplasia

Dactinomycin for injection is indicated for the treatment of post-menarchal patients with gestational trophoblastic neoplasia, as a single agent or as part of a combination chemotherapy regimen.

1.6 Regional Perfusion In Locally Recurrent And Locoregional Solid Malignancies

Dactinomycin for injection is indicated for the treatment of adult patients with locally recurrent or locoregional solid malignancies, as a component of palliative or adjunctive regional perfusion.

The recommended dose of Dactinomycin for injection, as part of a multi-agent combination chemotherapy regimen, is 45 mcg/kg intravenously once every 3 to 6 weeks for up to 26 weeks.

The recommended dose of Dactinomycin for injection, as part of a multi-agent combination chemotherapy regimen, is 15 mcg/kg intravenously once daily for 5 days every 3 to 9 weeks for up to 112 weeks.

The recommended dose of Dactinomycin for injection, as part of a multi-agent combination chemotherapy regimen, is 1250 mcg/m2 intravenously once every 3 weeks for 51 weeks.

The recommended dose of Dactinomycin for injection, as part of a cisplatin-based, multi-agent combination chemotherapy regimen, is 1000 mcg/m2 intravenously once every 3 weeks for 12 weeks.

The recommended dose of Dactinomycin for injection for nonmetastatic and low-risk metastatic disease is 12 mcg/kg intravenously daily for five days as a single agent.The recommended dose of Dactinomycin for injection, as part of a multi-agent combination chemotherapy regimen, for high-risk metastatic disease is 500 mcg intravenously on Days 1 and 2 every 2 weeks for up to 8 weeks.

The recommended dose of Dactinomycin for injection, in combination with melphalan, is 50 mcg/kg once for lower extremity or pelvis.The recommended dose of Dactinomycin for injection, in combination with melphalan, is 35 mcg/kg once for upper extremity.Calculate the dose for obese or edematous patients based on ideal body weight.

2.7 Preparation And Administration

  • Dactinomycin for injection is a cytotoxic drug. Follow applicable special handling and disposal procedures. 1Visually inspect the vials for particulate matter and discoloration, whenever solution and container permit.

Preparation

  • Reconstitute each vial by adding 1.1 mL of Sterile Water for Injection without preservative using aseptic techniques.The reconstituted product should be a clear, gold-colored solution at a concentration of 500 mcg/mL.Further dilute the reconstituted product with 5% Dextrose Injection or 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection to yield concentrations greater than 10 mcg/mL.Store at room temperature for no more than 4 hours from reconstitution to completion of injection or infusion. Discard after 4 hours.Dactinomycin for injection does not contain a preservative. Discard any unused portions.

Administration

  • Administer the diluted reconstituted product intravenously over 10 to 15 minutes. Do not use in-line filters with a cellulose ester membrane.

Management Of Extravasation

  • Discontinue Dactinomycin for injection for burning or stinging sensation or other evidence indicating perivenous infiltration or extravasation.Manage confirmed or suspected extravasation as follows:Terminate the injection or infusion immediately and restart in another vein.Intermittent application of ice to the site for 15 minutes 4 times daily for 3 days [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)].

3 Dosage Forms And Strengths

For injection: 500 mcg as a sterile, amorphous yellow to orange, lyophilized powder in a single-dose vial.

4 Contraindications

None.

5.1 Secondary Malignancy Or Leukemia

The risk of developing secondary malignancies, including leukemia, is increased following treatment with Dactinomycin for injection.

5.2 Veno-Occlusive Disease

Severe and fatal hepatic veno-occlusive disease (VOD) can occur with Dactinomycin for injection. Risk factors for the development of VOD include age younger than 4 years or concomitant radiotherapy. After treatment with Dactinomycin for injection, monitor frequently for signs and symptoms of VOD; these include elevations in AST, ALT, total bilirubin, hepatomegaly, weight gain, or ascites. If patients develop VOD, considering delaying next dose of Dactinomycin for injection. Resume reduce dose or permanently discontinue based on severity of reaction and disease being treated.

5.3 Extravasation

Extravasation of Dactinomycin for injection can result in severe local tissue injury manifesting as blistering, ulcerations and persistent pain requiring wide excision surgery followed by split-thickness skin grafting. If any signs or symptoms of extravasation occur, immediately interrupt the injection or infusion. Apply ice to the site intermittently for 15 minutes, 4 times a day for 3 days [see Dosage and Administration (2.7)]. Observe closely and consult plastic surgery if necessary based on severity of reaction.

5.4 Myelosuppression

Severe and fatal myelosuppression, which may include neutropenia, thrombocytopenia and anemia, can occur with Dactinomycin for injection. The nadir in neutrophil counts generally occurs 14 to 21 days after administration. Obtain complete blood counts prior to each treatment cycle. Delay next dose of Dactinomycin for injection if severe myelosuppression has not improved. Consider dose reduction for patients with prolonged myelosuppression based on severity of reaction and disease being treated.

5.5 Immunizations

The safety with live viral vaccines following Dactinomycin for injection has not been studied and vaccination with live virus vaccines is not recommended before or during treatment.

5.6 Severe Mucocutaneous Reactions

Severe mucocutaneous reactions, such as Steven-Johnson syndrome and Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis (TEN), can occur with Dactinomycin for injection. Permanently discontinue Dactinomycin for injection in patients who experience a severe mucocutaneous reaction.

5.7 Renal Toxicity

Abnormalities of renal function can occur with Dactinomycin for injection. Monitor creatinine and electrolytes frequently during Dactinomycin for injection therapy.

5.8 Hepatotoxicity

Hepatotoxicity can occur with Dactinomycin for injection. Monitor AST, ALT, alkaline phosphatase, and bilirubin prior to and during Dactinomycin for injection therapy.

5.9 Potentiation Of Radiation Toxicity And Radiation Recall

Dactinomycin for injection can increase radiation-induced gastrointestinal toxicity, myelosuppression, or erythema and vesiculation of the skin or buccal and pharyngeal mucosa. Reduce the dose of Dactinomycin for injection by 50% during concomitant radiation.Radiation recall, affecting previously treated radiation fields, can occur in patients who receive Dactinomycin for injection after prior radiation therapy. Although the risk can occur with distant radiation exposure, the risk appears highest when Dactinomycin for injection is administered within two months of prior radiation.

5.10 Embryo-Fetal Toxicity

Based on findings from animal studies and its mechanism of action, Dactinomycin for injection can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. In animal reproduction studies, administration of dactinomycin to pregnant animals during the period of organogenesis was teratogenic, resulting in malformations at doses lower than the recommended human dose.Advise pregnant women of the potential risk to the fetus. Advise females of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with Dactinomycin for injection and for at least 6 months after the final dose. Advise males with female partners of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with Dactinomycin for injection and for 3 months after the final dose [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1, 8.3)].

6 Adverse Reactions

  • The following serious adverse reactions are described elsewhere in the labeling:Secondary Malignancy and Leukemia [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)]Veno-occlusive Disease [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)]Extravasation [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)]Myelosuppression [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)] Immunizations [see Warning and Precautions (5.5)]Severe Mucocutaneous Reactions [see Warnings and Precautions (5.6)]Renal Toxicity [see Warnings and Precautions (5.7)]Hepatotoxicity [see Warnings and Precautions (5.8)]Potentiation of Radiation Toxicity and Radiation Recall [see Warnings and Precautions (5.9)]Common adverse reactions are: infection, alopecia, rash, dysphagia, fatigue, fever, nausea, vomiting, anemia, neutropenia, thrombocytopenia, mucositis, and hepatotoxicity.The following adverse reactions have been identified in clinical studies or postmarketing reports. Because some of these reactions were reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.Infections: infections including sepsis with fatal outcomeHematologic: anemia, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, pancytopenia, reticulocytopenia, neutropenia, febrile neutropenia, disseminated intravascular coagulationImmune system: hypersensitivityMetabolism and nutrition: anorexia, hypocalcemia, tumor lysis syndromeNervous system: peripheral neuropathyOcular: optic neuropathyVascular: thrombophlebitis, hemorrhageRespiratory, thoracic and mediastinal: pneumonitis, pneumothoraxGastrointestinal: nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, constipation, gastrointestinal ulceration, cheilitis, dysphagia, esophagitis, ulcerative stomatitis, ascites, proctitis, mucositisHepatobiliary: liver function test abnormalities, hepatomegaly, hepatitis, hepatic failure with reports of death, hepatic veno-occlusive diseaseDermatologic: alopecia, rash, dermatitis, acne, erythema multiforme, Stevens Johnson Syndrome, radiation recall, toxic epidermal necrolysisMusculoskeletal and connective tissue: myalgia, growth retardationRenal and urinary: renal impairment, renal failureGeneral: fatigue, fever, malaise

8.1 Pregnancy

Risk Summary Based on findings from animal studies and its mechanism of action, Dactinomycin for injection can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.1)]. In animal reproduction studies, administration of dactinomycin to pregnant animals during the period of organogenesis was teratogenic, resulting in malformations at doses lower than the recommended human dose (see Data). Advise pregnant women of the potential risk to a fetus [see Use in Special Populations (8.3)].In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2% to 4% and 15% to 20%, respectively.DataAnimal DataDactinomycin was teratogenic in animals. Administration of dactinomycin to pregnant rats, rabbits, and hamsters during the period of organogenesis, increased the incidence of fetal malformations and caused embryotoxicity at doses (based on body surface area) as low as 0.2 times the clinical dose of 1250 mcg/m2.

8.2 Lactation

Risk SummaryThere are no data on the presence of dactinomycin or its metabolites in human milk or their effects on the breastfed infant or on milk production. Because of the potential for serious adverse reactions in breastfed infants from Dactinomycin for injection, advise women not to breastfeed during treatment with Dactinomycin for injection and, based on limited published data regarding the dactinomycin half-life, for 14 days after the final dose.

8.3 Females And Males Of Reproductive Potential

Pregnancy TestingVerify the pregnancy status of females of reproductive potential prior to initiating Dactinomycin for injection [see Use in Specific Population (8.1)].ContraceptionDactinomycin for injection can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1)].FemalesAdvise females of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with Dactinomycin for injection and for at least 6 months after the final dose.MalesBecause of the potential for genotoxicity, advise males with female partners of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with Dactinomycin for injection and for 3 months after the final dose [see Nonclinical Toxicology (13.1)].

8.4 Pediatric Use

The safety and effectiveness of dactinomycin have been established in pediatric patients with Wilms tumor, rhabdomyosarcoma, Ewing sarcoma, and metastatic nonseminomatous testicular cancer.The safety and effectiveness of dactinomycin have been established in post-menarchal pediatric patients with gestational trophoblastic neoplasia.The safety and effectiveness of Dactinomycin for injection have not been established in pediatric patients undergoing regional perfusion for locally recurrent or locoregional solid malignancies.

8.5 Geriatric Use

Clinical studies of Dactinomycin for injection did not include sufficient numbers of subjects aged 65 and over to determine whether they respond differently from younger subjects.

11 Description

Dactinomycin is an actinomycin. Dactinomycin is produced by Streptomyces parvullus. The chemical name is 8-amino-N-(2-amino-4,6-dimethyl-3-oxo-phenoxazin-1-yl)carbonyl-N'-[8-amino-4,6-dimethyl- 7-oxo-9-[[3,6,10-trimethyl-7,14-bis(1-methylethyl)-2,5,8,12,15-pentaoxo-9-oxa-3,6,13,16- tetrazabicyclo[14.3.0]nonadec-11-yl]carbamoyl]phenoxazin-1-yl]carbonyl-4,6-dimethyl-7-oxo-N,N'- bis[3,6,10-trimethyl-7,14-bis(1-methylethyl)-2,5,8,12,15-pentaoxo-9-oxa-3,6,13,16 tetrazabicyclo[14.3.0]nonadec-11-yl]-1,9-bis[[3,6,10-trimethyl-7,14-bis(1-methylethyl)-2,5,8,12,15- pentaoxo-9-oxa-3,6,13,16-tetrazabicyclo[14.3.0] nonadec-11-yl]carbamoyl]phenoxazine-1,9- dicarboxamide. The molecular formula is C62H86N12O16 and the molecular weight is 1255.42 daltons. The structural formula of dactinomycin is shown below:  Dactinomycin for injection for intravenous use is a sterile, amorphous yellow to orange, lyophilized powder in a single-dose vial. Each vial contains 500 mcg of dactinomycin and 20 mg of mannitol.

12.1 Mechanism Of Action

Dactinomycin for injection is a cytotoxic actinomycin that binds DNA and inhibits RNA synthesis. The cytotoxic activity of dactinomycin has been demonstrated in animal models of different human cancers.

12.2 Pharmacodynamics

Dactinomycin exposure-response relationships and the time course of pharmacodynamics response are unknown.

12.3 Pharmacokinetics

The distribution and excretion of radioloabeled dactinomycin (3H actinomycin D) were assessed in three adult patients with malignant melanoma.Distribution3H actinomycin D is concentrated in nucleated cells and does not penetrate the blood-brain barrier. EliminationExcretionFollowing administration of radiolabeled dactinomycin, approximately 30% was recovered in urine and feces in one week.Specific PopulationsPediatric PatientsPublished studies and population analyses in patients ≤ 21 years of age with cancer report a trend of increasing systemic dactinomycin clearance with increasing body weight.Drug Interaction StudiesPublished in vitro studies report that dactinomycin may be a substrate of the P-glycoprotein and OATP1B3 transporter systems.

13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment Of Fertility

Dactinomycin is a carcinogen in animals. Local sarcomas were produced in mice and rats after repeated subcutaneous or intraperitoneal injections. Mesenchymal tumors occurred in male rats given intraperitoneal injections of 50 mcg/kg, 2 to 5 times per week, for 18 weeks, at doses (based on body surface area) 0.5 times the clinical dose of 1250 mcg/m2.Dactinomycin was mutagenic in several in vitro and in vivo test systems including human fibroblasts and leukocytes, and HeLa cells. DNA damage and cytogenetic effects have been demonstrated in the mouse and the rat.

15 References

1. “OSHA Hazardous Drugs.” OSHA. http://www.osha.gov/SLTC/hazardousdrugs/index.html

16 How Supplied/Storage And Handling

Dactinomycin for injection for intravenous use is supplied as a sterile, amorphous yellow to orange, lyophilized powder in a single-dose vial. Each Dactinomycin for injection vial (NDC 39822-2100-2) contains 0.5 mg of dactinomycin and 20 mg of mannitol.Store at 20 to 25ºC (68 to 77ºF); excursions permitted between 15 to 30ºC (59 to 86ºF) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature].Protect Dactinomycin for injection from light and humidity.Store the reconstituted Dactinomycin for injection at room temperature for no more than 4 hours from reconstitution to completion of administration [see Dosage and Administration (2.7)].Dactinomycin for injection is a cytotoxic drug. Follow applicable special handling and disposal procedures. 1NDCSingle Vial Cartons NDC 39822-2100-2

17 Patient Counseling Information

Secondary Malignancy or LeukemiaAdvise patients of the increased risk of secondary malignancies [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)]. Veno-occlusive DiseaseAdvise patients about the symptoms of VOD and to seek medical attention if they develop new onset jaundice, abdominal distention, or right upper quadrant pain [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)].MyelosuppressionAdvise patients to contact their healthcare provider for any signs or symptoms of myelosuppression or infection [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)].Severe Mucocutaneous ReactionsAdvise patients of the risk of severe mucocutaneous reactions and to contact their health care provided for new skin lesions, mouth sores or oropharyngeal lesions [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)].Renal Toxicity or HepatotoxicityAdvise patients of the need for periodic laboratory testing to monitor for renal toxicity and hepatotoxicity [see Warnings and Precautions (5.7, 5.8)].Potentiation of Radiation Toxicity and Radiation RecallAdvise patients of the risk of increased radiation-induced gastrointestinal, myelosuppression and skin toxicity [see Warnings and Precautions (5.9)]. Embryo-Fetal Toxicity Advise females of reproductive potential of the potential risk to a fetus. Advise females to inform their healthcare provider of a known or suspected pregnancy [see Warnings and Precautions (5.10), Use in Specific Populations (8.1)].Advise females of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with Dactinomycin for injection and for 6 months after final dose [see Use in Specific Populations (8.3)].Advise male patients with female partners of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with Dactinomycin for injection and for 3 months after final dose [see Use in Specific Populations (8.3)].Lactation Advise females not to breastfeed during treatment with Dactinomycin for injection and for 14 days after the final dose[see Use in Specific Populations (8.2)].

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