NDC 0065-9240 Durezol

Durezol

NDC Product Code 0065-9240

NDC 0065-9240-07

Package Description: 1 BOTTLE in 1 CARTON > 5 mL in 1 BOTTLE

NDC 0065-9240-08

Package Description: 1 BOTTLE in 1 CARTON > 1 mL in 1 BOTTLE

NDC Product Information

Durezol with NDC 0065-9240 is a a human prescription drug product labeled by Alcon Laboratories, Inc.. The generic name of Durezol is durezol. The product's dosage form is emulsion and is administered via ophthalmic form.

Labeler Name: Alcon Laboratories, Inc.

Dosage Form: Emulsion - A dosage form consisting of a two-phase system comprised of at least two immiscible liquids1, one of which is dispersed as droplets (internal or dispersed phase) within the other liquid (external or continuous phase), generally stabilized with one or more emulsifying agents. (Note: Emulsion is used as a dosage form term unless a more specific term is applicable, e.g. cream, lotion, ointment.)

Product Type: Human Prescription Drug What kind of product is this?
Indicates the type of product, such as Human Prescription Drug or Human Over the Counter Drug. This data element matches the “Document Type” field of the Structured Product Listing.

Durezol Active Ingredient(s)

What is the Active Ingredient(s) List?
This is the active ingredient list. Each ingredient name is the preferred term of the UNII code submitted.

  • DIFLUPREDNATE .5 mg/mL

Inactive Ingredient(s)

About the Inactive Ingredient(s)
The inactive ingredients are all the component of a medicinal product OTHER than the active ingredient(s). The acronym "UNII" stands for “Unique Ingredient Identifier” and is used to identify each inactive ingredient present in a product.

  • BORIC ACID (UNII: R57ZHV85D4)
  • CASTOR OIL (UNII: D5340Y2I9G)
  • GLYCERIN (UNII: PDC6A3C0OX)
  • POLYSORBATE 80 (UNII: 6OZP39ZG8H)
  • WATER (UNII: 059QF0KO0R)
  • SODIUM ACETATE (UNII: 4550K0SC9B)
  • SODIUM HYDROXIDE (UNII: 55X04QC32I)
  • EDETATE DISODIUM (UNII: 7FLD91C86K)
  • SORBIC ACID (UNII: X045WJ989B)

Administration Route(s)

What are the Administration Route(s)?
The translation of the route code submitted by the firm, indicating route of administration.

  • Ophthalmic - Administration to the external eye.
  • Ophthalmic - Administration to the external eye.

Product Labeler Information

What is the Labeler Name?
Name of Company corresponding to the labeler code segment of the Product NDC.

Labeler Name: Alcon Laboratories, Inc.
Labeler Code: 0065
FDA Application Number: NDA022212 What is the FDA Application Number?
This corresponds to the NDA, ANDA, or BLA number reported by the labeler for products which have the corresponding Marketing Category designated. If the designated Marketing Category is OTC Monograph Final or OTC Monograph Not Final, then the Application number will be the CFR citation corresponding to the appropriate Monograph (e.g. “part 341”). For unapproved drugs, this field will be null.

Marketing Category: NDA - A product marketed under an approved New Drug Application. What is the Marketing Category?
Product types are broken down into several potential Marketing Categories, such as NDA/ANDA/BLA, OTC Monograph, or Unapproved Drug. One and only one Marketing Category may be chosen for a product, not all marketing categories are available to all product types. Currently, only final marketed product categories are included. The complete list of codes and translations can be found at www.fda.gov/edrls under Structured Product Labeling Resources.

Start Marketing Date: 01-25-2011 What is the Start Marketing Date?
This is the date that the labeler indicates was the start of its marketing of the drug product.

Listing Expiration Date: 12-31-2021 What is the Listing Expiration Date?
This is the date when the listing record will expire if not updated or certified by the product labeler.

Exclude Flag: N What is the NDC Exclude Flag?
This field indicates whether the product has been removed/excluded from the NDC Directory for failure to respond to FDA’s requests for correction to deficient or non-compliant submissions. Values = ‘Y’ or ‘N’.

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Information for Patients

Difluprednate Ophthalmic

Difluprednate Ophthalmic is pronounced as (dye'' floo pred' nate)

Why is difluprednate ophthalmic medication prescribed?
Difluprednate ophthalmic is used to treat eye swelling and pain after eye surgery. Difluprednate ophthalmic is in a class of medications called corticosteroids. It works ...
[Read More]

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Durezol Product Labeling Information

The product labeling information includes all published material associated to a drug. Product labeling documents include information like generic names, active ingredients, ingredient strength dosage, routes of administration, appearance, usage, warnings, inactive ingredients, etc.

Product Labeling Index

1.1 Ocular Surgery

DUREZOL® (difluprednate ophthalmic emulsion) 0.05%, a topical corticosteroid, is indicated for the treatment of inflammation and pain associated with ocular surgery.

1.2 Endogenous Anterior Uveitis

DUREZOL is also indicated for the treatment of endogenous anterior uveitis.

2.1 Ocular Surgery

Instill one drop into the conjunctival sac of the affected eye 4 times daily beginning 24 hours after surgery and continuing throughout the first 2 weeks of the postoperative period, followed by 2 times daily for a week and then a taper based on the response.

2.2 Endogenous Anterior Uveitis

Instill one drop into the conjunctival sac of the affected eye 4 times daily for 14 days followed by tapering as clinically indicated.

3 Dosage Forms And Strengths

DUREZOL contains 0.05% difluprednate as a sterile preserved emulsion for topical ophthalmic administration.

4 Contraindications

The use of DUREZOL, as with other ophthalmic corticosteroids, is contraindicated in most active viral diseases of the cornea and conjunctiva including epithelial herpes simplex keratitis (dendritic keratitis), vaccinia, and varicella, and also in mycobacterial infection of the eye and fungal disease of ocular structures.

5.1 Intraocular Pressure (Iop) Increase

Prolonged use of corticosteroids may result in glaucoma with damage to the optic nerve, defects in visual acuity and fields of vision. Steroids should be used with caution in the presence of glaucoma. If this product is used for 10 days or longer, IOP should be monitored.

5.2 Cataracts

Use of corticosteroids may result in posterior subcapsular cataract formation.

5.3 Delayed Healing

The use of steroids after cataract surgery may delay healing and increase the incidence of bleb formation. In those diseases causing thinning of the cornea or sclera, perforations have been known to occur with the use of topical steroids. The initial prescription and renewal of the medication order beyond 28 days should be made by a physician only after examination of the patient with the aid of magnification such as slit lamp biomicroscopy and, where appropriate, fluorescein staining.

5.4 Bacterial Infections

Prolonged use of corticosteroids may suppress the host response and thus increase the hazard of secondary ocular infections. In acute purulent conditions, steroids may mask infection or enhance existing infection. If signs and symptoms fail to improve after 2 days, the patient should be reevaluated.

5.5 Viral Infections

Employment of a corticosteroid medication in the treatment of patients with a history of herpes simplex requires great caution. Use of ocular steroids may prolong the course and may exacerbate the severity of many viral infections of the eye (including herpes simplex).

5.6 Fungal Infections

Fungal infections of the cornea are particularly prone to develop coincidentally with long-term local steroid application. Fungus invasion must be considered in any persistent corneal ulceration where a steroid has been used or is in use. Fungal culture should be taken when appropriate.

5.7 Topical Ophthalmic Use Only

DUREZOL is not indicated for intraocular administration.

5.8 Contact Lens Wear

DUREZOL should not be instilled while wearing contact lenses. Remove contact lenses prior to instillation of DUREZOL. The preservative in DUREZOL may be absorbed by soft contact lenses.  Lenses may be reinserted after 10 minutes following administration of DUREZOL.

6 Adverse Reactions

  • The following serious reactions are found elsewhere in the labeling:Elevated IOP [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)]Posterior subcapsular cataract formation [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)]Secondary ocular infection [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)]Perforation of the globe [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)]

6.1 Ocular Surgery

Ocular adverse reactions occurring in 5% to 15% of subjects in clinical studies with DUREZOL included corneal edema, ciliary and conjunctival hyperemia, eye pain, photophobia, posterior capsule opacification, anterior chamber cells, anterior chamber flare, conjunctival edema, and blepharitis.  Other ocular adverse reactions occurring in 1% to 5% of subjects included reduced visual acuity, punctate keratitis, eye inflammation, and iritis.  Ocular adverse reactions occurring in less than 1% of subjects included application site discomfort or irritation, corneal pigmentation and striae, episcleritis, eye pruritis, eyelid irritation and crusting, foreign body sensation, increased lacrimation, macular edema, sclera hyperemia, and uveitis.  Most of these reactions may have been the consequence of the surgical procedure.

6.2 Endogenous Anterior Uveitis

A total of 200 subjects participated in the clinical trials for endogenous anterior uveitis, of which 106 were exposed to DUREZOL.  The most common adverse reactions of those exposed to DUREZOL occurring in 5% to 10% of subjects included blurred vision, eye irritation, eye pain, headache, increased IOP, iritis, limbal and conjunctival hyperemia, punctate keratitis, and uveitis.  Adverse reactions occurring in 2% to 5% of subjects included anterior chamber flare, corneal edema, dry eye, iridocyclitis, photophobia, and reduced visual acuity.

8.1 Pregnancy Teratogenic Effects

Pregnancy Category C Difluprednate has been shown to be embryotoxic (decrease in embryonic body weight and a delay in embryonic ossification) and teratogenic (cleft palate and skeletal anomalies) when administered subcutaneously to rabbits during organogenesis at a dose of 1-10 mcg/kg/day. The no-observed-effect-level (NOEL) for these effects was 1 mcg/kg/day, and 10 mcg/kg/day was considered to be a teratogenic dose that was concurrently found in the toxic dose range for fetuses and pregnant females. Treatment of rats with 10 mcg/kg/day subcutaneously during organogenesis did not result in any reproductive toxicity, nor was it maternally toxic. At 100 mcg/kg/day after subcutaneous administration in rats, there was a decrease in fetal weights and delay in ossification, and effects on weight gain in the pregnant females. It is difficult to extrapolate these doses of difluprednate to maximum daily human doses of DUREZOL, since DUREZOL is administered topically with minimal systemic absorption, and difluprednate blood levels were not measured in the reproductive animal studies. However, since use of difluprednate during human pregnancy has not been evaluated and cannot rule out the possibility of harm, DUREZOL should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the embryo or fetus.

8.3 Nursing Mothers

It is not known whether topical ophthalmic administration of corticosteroids could result in sufficient systemic absorption to produce detectable quantities in breast milk. Systemically administered corticosteroids appear in human milk and could suppress growth, interfere with endogenous corticosteroid production, or cause other untoward effects. Caution should be exercised when DUREZOL is administered to a nursing woman.

8.4 Pediatric Use

DUREZOL was evaluated in a 3-month, multicenter, double-masked trial in 79 pediatric patients (39 DUREZOL; 40 prednisolone acetate) 0 to 3 years of age for the treatment of inflammation following cataract surgery.  A similar safety profile was observed in pediatric patients comparing DUREZOL to prednisolone acetate ophthalmic suspension, 1%.

8.5 Geriatric Use

No overall differences in safety or effectiveness have been observed between elderly and younger patients.

11 Description

DUREZOL (difluprednate ophthalmic emulsion) 0.05% is a sterile, topical anti-inflammatory corticosteroid for ophthalmic use. The chemical name is 6α,9difluoro-11β,17,21-trihydroxypregna-1,4- diene-3,20-dione 21-acetate 17-butyrate (CAS number 23674-86-4). Difluprednate is represented by the following structural formula:Difluprednate has a molecular weight of 508.56, and the empirical formula is C27H34F2O7.Each mL of DUREZOL contains: ACTIVE: difluprednate 0.5 mg (0.05%); INACTIVE: boric acid, castor oil, glycerin, polysorbate 80, water for injection, sodium acetate, edetate disodium, sodium hydroxide (to adjust the pH to 5.2 to 5.8). The emulsion is essentially isotonic with a tonicity of 304 to 411 mOsm/kg. PRESERVATIVE: sorbic acid 0.1%.

12.1 Mechanism Of Action

Corticosteroids inhibit the inflammatory response to a variety of inciting agents and may delay or slow healing. They inhibit edema, fibrin deposition, capillary dilation, leukocyte migration, capillary proliferation, fibroblast proliferation, deposition of collagen, and scar formation associated with inflammation. There is no generally accepted explanation for the mechanism of action of ocular corticosteroids. However, corticosteroids are thought to act by the induction of phospholipase A2 inhibitory proteins, collectively called lipocortins. It is postulated that these proteins control the biosynthesis of potent mediators of inflammation such as prostaglandins and leukotreines by inhibiting the release of their common precursor arachidonic acid. Arachidonic acid is released from membrane phospholipids by phospholipase A2.Difluprednate is structurally similar to other corticosteroids.

12.3 Pharmacokinetics

Difluprednate undergoes deacetylation in vivo to 6α, 9-difluoroprednisolone 17-butyrate (DFB), an active metabolite of difluprednate.Clinical pharmacokinetic studies of difluprednate after repeat ocular instillation of 2 drops of difluprednate (0.01% or 0.05%) four times per day for 7 days showed that DFB levels in blood were below the quantification limit (50 ng/mL) at all time points for all subjects, indicating the systemic absorption of difluprednate after ocular instillation of DUREZOL is limited.

13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, And Impairment Of Fertility

Difluprednate was not genotoxic in vitro in the Ames test, and in cultured mammalian cells CHL/IU (a fibroblastic cell line derived from the lungs of newborn female Chinese hamsters). An in vivo micronucleus test of difluprednate in mice was also negative. Treatment of male and female rats with subcutaneous difluprednate up to 10 mcg/kg/day prior to and during mating did not impair fertility in either gender. Long-term studies have not been conducted to evaluate the carcinogenic potential of difluprednate.

13.2 Animal Toxicology And/Or Pharmacology

In multiple studies performed in rodents and non-rodents, subchronic and chronic toxicity tests of difluprednate showed systemic effects such as suppression of body weight gain; a decrease in lymphocyte count; atrophy of the lymphatic glands and adrenal gland; and for local effects, thinning of the skin; all of which were due to the pharmacologic action of the molecule and are well known glucocorticosteroid effects. Most, if not all of these effects were reversible after drug withdrawal. The NOEL for the subchronic and chronic toxicity tests were consistent between species and ranged from 1-1.25 mcg/kg/day.

14.1 Ocular Surgery

Clinical efficacy was evaluated in 2 randomized, double-masked, placebo-controlled trials in which subjects with an anterior chamber cell grade greater than or equal to "2" (a cell count of 11 or higher) after cataract surgery were assigned to DUREZOL or placebo (vehicle) following surgery. One drop of DUREZOL or vehicle was self-instilled either 2 times per day or 4 times per day for 14 days, beginning the day after surgery. The presence of complete clearing (a cell count of 0) was assessed 3, 8 and 15 days post surgery using a slit lamp binocular microscope. In the intent-to-treat analyses of both studies, a significant benefit was seen in the 4 times per day DUREZOL-treated group in ocular inflammation, at Days 8 and 15, and reduction of pain, at Days 3, 8 and 15, when compared with placebo. The consolidated clinical trial results are provided below.Figure 1 Percent of Subjects With Anterior Chamber Cells Clearing (Cell Count = 0)Figure 2 Percent of Subjects Who Were Pain Free

14.2 Endogenous Anterior Uveitis

Clinical efficacy was evaluated in two randomized, double masked active controlled trials in which patients who presented with endogenous anterior uveitis were treated with either DUREZOL 4 times daily or prednisolone acetate ophthalmic suspension, 1%, 8 times daily for 14 days.  Both studies demonstrated that DUREZOL was equally effective as prednisolone acetate ophthalmic suspension, 1% in treating subjects with endogenous anterior uveitis. The results are found in Table 1 below.Table 1: Mean Change from Baseline in Anterior Chamber Cell Gradewith 5 grades: 0 = 0 cells; 1 = 1 to 10 cells; 2 = 11 to 20 cells; 3 = 21 to 50 cells; and 4 = greater than 50 cellsStudy 1time pointDUREZOLN=57Prednisolone AcetateN=53Differenceadjusted for baseline AC cell grade and study center and based on ITT dataset with LOCF for missing dataCI = confidence interval(95% CI)Baseline2.62.5 0.0  (-0.22, 0.28) Day 3-1.0-1.0-0.1  (-0.35, 0.25)Day 7-1.6-1.5-0.0  (-0.31, 0.25)Day 14-2.0-1.8-0.2  (-0.46, 0.10)Day 21-2.2-1.9-0.3  (-0.53, 0.01)Day 28-2.2-2.1-0.1  (-0.37, 0.18)Day 35-2.1-2.0-0.1  (-0.39, 0.20)Day 42-2.1-2.1 0.0  (-0.27, 0.34)Study 2time pointDUREZOLN=50Prednisolone AcetateN=40Difference(95% Cl)Baseline2.42.40.0  (-0.21, 0.29)Day 3-0.9-0.9-0.0  (-0.34, 0.25)Day 7-1.7-1.6-0.1  (-0.35, 0.21)Day 14-1.9-1.8-0.1  (-0.34, 0.20)Day 21-2.0-2.00.0  (-0.25, 0.28)Day 28-2.0-2.00.0  (-0.21, 0.26)Day 35-2.1-2.0-0.1  (-0.32, 0.16)Day 42-2.0-1.9-0.1  (-0.36, 0.24)

16 How Supplied/Storage And Handling

DUREZOL (difluprednate ophthalmic emulsion) 0.05% is a sterile, aqueous topical ophthalmic emulsion supplied in an opaque plastic bottle with a controlled drop tip and a pink cap in the following sizes: 5 mL in a 8 mL bottle NDC 0065-9240-07Storage and HandlingStore at 15°C to 25°C (59°F to 77°F). Do not freeze. Protect from light. When not in use, keep the bottles in the protective carton.

17 Patient Counseling Information

Risk of ContaminationThis product is sterile when packaged. Advise patients not to allow the dropper tip to touch any surface, as this may contaminate the emulsion. Use of the same bottle for both eyes is not recommended with topical eye drops that are used in association with surgery.Risk of Secondary InfectionIf pain develops, or if redness, itching, or inflammation becomes aggravated, advise patients to consult a physician.Contact Lens WearDUREZOL should not be instilled while wearing contact lenses. Advise patients to remove contact lenses prior to instillation of DUREZOL. The preservative in DUREZOL may be absorbed by soft contact lenses.  Lenses may be reinserted after 10 minutes following administration of DUREZOL.U.S. Pat.: www.alconpatents.com©2013, 2016 NovartisDistributed by: Alcon LaboratoriesFort Worth, Texas 76134 USAT2017-52April 2017

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