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- Congestive Heart Failure TOLSURA can cause or exacerbate congestive heart failure (CHF). When itraconazole was administered intravenously to healthy human volunteers and dogs, negative inotropic effects were seen. If signs or symptoms of congestive heart failure occur or worsen during administration of TOLSURA, reassess the benefit and risk of continuing treatment [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1) and Adverse Reactions (6.1)].
- Drug InteractionsCo-administration of certain drugs that are metabolized by human CYP3A4 enzymes are contraindicated with TOLSURA because plasma concentrations of such drugs are increased, which may also increase or prolong both the pharmacologic effects and/or adverse reactions to these drugs [see Contraindications (4.1) and Drug Interactions (7.1)]Co-administration with colchicine, fesoterodine and solifenacin is contraindicated in subjects with varying degrees of renal or hepatic impairment, and Co-administration with eliglustat is contraindicated in subjects that are poor or intermediate metabolizers of CYP2D6 and in subjects taking strong or moderate CYP2D6 inhibitors. Increased plasma concentrations of some of these drugs caused by co-administration with TOLSURA can lead to QT prolongation and/or ventricular tachyarrhythmias, including occurrences of torsades de pointes, a potentially fatal arrhythmia [see Contraindications (4.1), Warnings and Precautions (5.4) and Drug Interactions (7.1)].
Limitations of Use:TOLSURA is not indicated for the treatment of onychomycosis.TOLSURA is NOT interchangeable or substitutable with other itraconazole products due to the differences in the dosing between TOLSURA and other itraconazole products. Therefore, follow the specific dosage recommendations for TOLSURA [see Dosage and Administration (2)].
Adverse Reactions in the Treatment of Systemic Fungal Infections Safety data with itraconazole capsules were derived from 602 patients treated for systemic fungal disease in U.S. clinical trials who were immunocompromised or receiving multiple concomitant medications. Treatment was discontinued in 10.5% of patients due to adverse events. The median duration before discontinuation of therapy was 81 days (range: 2 to 776 days). Table 2 lists adverse reactions reported by at least 1% of patients.Table 2: Clinical Trials of Systemic Fungal Infections: Adverse Reactions Occurring with an Incidence of ≥1%Body System/Adverse ReactionIncidence (%) (N=602)GastrointestinalNausea11Vomiting5Diarrhea3Abdominal Pain2Anorexia1Body as a WholeEdema4Fatigue3Fever3Malaise1Skin and AppendagesRashRash tends to occur more frequently in immunocompromised patients receiving immunosuppressive medications.9Pruritus3Central/Peripheral Nervous SystemHeadache4Dizziness2PsychiatricLibido Decreased1Somnolence1CardiovascularHypertension3Metabolic/NutritionalHypokalemia2Urinary SystemAlbuminuria1Liver and Biliary SystemHepatic Function Abnormal3Reproductive System, MaleImpotence1Adverse reactions reported at a rate of <1% included: constipation, gastritis, depression, insomnia, tinnitus, menstrual disorder, adrenal insufficiency, gynecomastia, and male breast pain.
Adverse Reactions Reported from Other Clinical Trials In addition, the following adverse reactions were reported in itraconazole-treated patients who participated in clinical trials:Hepatobiliary Disorders: hyperbilirubinemia;Cardiac Disorders: cardiac failure, left ventricular failure, tachycardia;General Disorders and Administration Site Conditions: face edema, chest pain, chills;Hepatobiliary Disorders: hepatic failure, jaundice;Investigations: alanine aminotransferase increased, aspartate aminotransferase increased, blood alkaline phosphatase increased, blood lactate dehydrogenase increased, blood urea increased, gammaglutamyltransferase increased, urine analysis abnormal;Metabolism and Nutrition Disorders: hyperglycemia, hyperkalemia, hypomagnesemia;Psychiatric Disorders: confusional state;Renal and Urinary Disorders: renal impairment;Respiratory, Thoracic and Mediastinal Disorders: dysphonia, cough;Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue Disorders: hyperhidrosis;Vascular Disorders: hypotension
Risk SummaryThere are no data on exposure to itraconazole during pregnancy for the approved indications. Published epidemiologic studies of women exposed to short courses of treatment with itraconazole in the first trimester of pregnancy have reported no risk of major birth defects overall and inconclusive findings on the risk of miscarriage (see Data).In animal reproduction studies, itraconazole was found to cause a dose-related increase in maternal toxicity, embryotoxicity, and teratogenicity in rats at dosage levels of approximately (6-25 times the maximum recommended human dose [MRHD] of 390 mg/day based on mg/kg comparisons), and in mice at dosage levels of approximately 80 mg/kg/day (12 times the MRHD).All pregnancies have a background risk of birth defect, loss, or other adverse outcomes. The estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage for the indicated populations is unknown. In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2 to 4% and 15 to 20%, respectively.
Human DataPublished prospective and retrospective cohort studies of women exposed to short courses of treatment with itraconazole in the first trimester of pregnancy (sample size 198-687) have reported no increase in the rate of major birth defects. The most important methodological limitation of these studies is the short duration of exposure in pregnancy (mean duration 6.9 to 8.5 days), or the lack of information on treatment duration. The risk of prolonged exposure in pregnancy is not known.Published prospective and retrospective cohort studies of pregnant women exposed to itraconazole (sample size 131-198) have reported inconsistent findings on the risk of miscarriage. Available data are inconclusive and limited by possible bias due to earlier enrollment and possible residual confounding in the exposed group compared to the unexposed group.
Animal DataItraconazole has been shown to cross the placenta in a rat model. In animal reproduction studies, itraconazole administration to rats and mice during organogenesis resulted in maternal toxicity, embryotoxicity and teratogenicity at and above 40 and 80 mg/kg respectively (doses equivalent to 6- and 12-times the MRHD of 390 mg/day, based on mg/kg comparisons). In rats, the teratogenicity consisted of major skeletal defects; in mice, it consisted of encephaloceles and/or macroglossia.
Risk SummaryItraconazole is excreted in human milk; however, there are no data on the amount of itraconazole in human milk, the effects on the breastfed child, or the effects on milk production. The developmental and health benefits of breastfeeding should be considered along with the mother's clinical need for TOLSURA and any potential adverse effects on the breastfed child from TOLSURA or from the underlying maternal condition.
General Pharmacokinetic Characteristics The steady-state pharmacokinetics of itraconazole following administration of a 130 mg twice daily dose regimen of TOLSURA (2 × 65 mg) was compared with a 200 mg twice daily dose regimen of itraconazole capsules (2 × 100 mg) immediately after a meal for 14.5 days in 16 healthy volunteers; the results from this study are presented in Table 6 belowTable 6: Pharmacokinetics of Itraconazole Following Administration of TOLSURA and Itraconazole Capsules Given Twice Daily for 14.5 Days Under Fed ConditionsStandardized high-fat, high-calorie breakfast was given 30 minutes prior to dosing on the morning of Day 15; standardized meals given prior to all other doses. in 16 Healthy Subjects ParameterGeometric means ± standard deviation,Tmax presented as median (range)TOLSURA 130 mg twice daily(2 × 65 mg Capsules)Itraconazole 200 mg twice daily(2 × 100 mg Capsules)AUC0-tau(hr*mcg/ml)15.6 ± 3.714.9 ±3.8Ctrough(mcg/ml)1.2 ±0.41.0±0.3Cmax,ss(mcg/ml)1.6 ±0.41.5 ±0.4Tmax,ss(h)7.0 (1-10)5.0 (1-8)Peak plasma concentrations of itraconazole after administration of a single dose of TOLSURA are reached within 2 to 6 hours following oral administration in either the fasted or fed states. As a consequence of non-linear pharmacokinetics, itraconazole accumulates in plasma during multiple dosing of TOLSURA. Steady-state concentrations are generally reached within about 15 days, with mean Cmax values of 0.6 mcg/ml and 1.7 mcg/ml after oral administration of 130 mg once daily and 130 mg twice daily, respectively
Effect of FoodThe effect of food on the steady-state pharmacokinetics of itraconazole following administration of a 130 mg twice daily dose regimen of TOLSURA (2 × 65 mg) for 14.5 days under fed and fasted conditions was evaluated in 20 healthy volunteers. A high-fat meal with total caloric content of 919 calories (526 fat calories, 260 carbohydrate calories and 133 protein calories) was used in the study. The results are shown in Table 7 below. Table 7: Pharmacokinetic Parameters of Itraconazole Following Administration of TOLSURA 130 mg (2 × 65 mg capsules) Given Twice Daily for 14.5 Days Under Fed and Fasted Conditions in 20 Healthy Subjects ParameterTreatmentGeometric MeanFed/Fasted Ratio(%)90% Confidence IntervalCmax_ss(mcg/mL)Fed1.4 ± 0.673.769.0, 77.3Fasted1.9 ± 0.9Ctrough,ss(mcg/mL)Fed1.0 ± 0.390.086.4, 97.0Fasted1.1 ± 0.6AUCtau(hr*mcg/mL)Fed13.4 ± 5.078.474.5, 81.9Fasted17.1 ± 8.0MedianRangeTmax(hr)Fed4.000.5 to 10Fasted3.500.5 to 5
DistributionMost of the itraconazole in plasma is bound to protein (99.8%), with albumin being the main binding component (99.6% for the hydroxy-metabolite). It has also a marked affinity for lipids. Only 0.2% of the itraconazole in plasma is present as free drug. Itraconazole is distributed in a large apparent volume in the body (>700 L), suggesting extensive distribution into tissues. Concentrations in lung, kidney, liver, bone, stomach, spleen and muscle were found to be two to three times higher than corresponding concentrations in plasma, and the uptake into keratinous tissues, skin in particular, up to four times higher. Concentrations in the cerebrospinal fluid are much lower than in plasma.
EliminationThe terminal half-life of itraconazole following repeated dose administration of TOLSURA ranges between 34 to 42 hours under fed conditions.
MetabolismItraconazole is extensively metabolized by the liver into a large number of metabolites. In vitro studies have shown that CYP3A4 is the major enzyme involved in the metabolism of itraconazole. The main metabolite is hydroxy-itraconazole, which has in vitro antifungal activity comparable to itraconazole; trough plasma concentrations of this metabolite are about twice those of itraconazole.
ExcretionItraconazole is excreted mainly as inactive metabolites in urine (35%) and in feces (54%) within one week of an oral solution dose. Renal excretion of itraconazole and the active metabolite hydroxyitraconazole account for less than 1% of an intravenous dose. Based on an oral radiolabeled dose, fecal excretion of unchanged drug ranges from 3% to 18% of the dose.As re-distribution of itraconazole from keratinous tissues appears to be negligible, elimination of itraconazole from these tissues is related to epidermal regeneration. Contrary to plasma, the concentration in skin persists for 2 to 4 weeks after discontinuation of a 4-week treatment and in nail keratin - where itraconazole can be detected as early as 1 week after start of treatment - for at least six months after the end of a 3-month treatment period.
Patients with Renal ImpairmentLimited data are available on the use of oral itraconazole in patients with renal impairment. A pharmacokinetic study using a single 200-mg oral dose of itraconazole was conducted in three groups of patients with renal impairment (uremia: n=7; hemodialysis: n=7; and continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis: n=5). In uremic subjects with a mean creatinine clearance of 13 mL/min. × 1.73 m2, the exposure, based on AUC, was slightly reduced compared with normal population parameters. This study did not demonstrate any significant effect of hemodialysis or continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis on the pharmacokinetics of itraconazole (tmax, Cmax, and AUC0-8h). Plasma concentration versus-time profiles showed wide intersubject variation in all three groups. After a single intravenous versus-time profiles showed wide intersubject variation in all three groups.After a single intravenous dose, the mean terminal half-lives of itraconazole in patients with mild (defined in this study as CrCl 50-79 ml/min), moderate (defined in this study as CrCl 20-49 ml/min), and severe renal impairment (defined in this study as CrCl <20 ml/min) were similar to that in healthy subjects (range of means 42-49 hours vs 48 hours in renally impaired patients and healthy subjects, respectively). Overall exposure to itraconazole, based on AUC, was decreased in patients with moderate and severe renal impairment by approximately 30% and 40%, respectively, as compared with subjects with normal renal function. Data are not available in renally impaired patients during long-term use of itraconazole. Dialysis has no effect on the half-life or clearance of itraconazole or hydroxy-itraconazole.
Patients with Hepatic ImpairmentItraconazole is predominantly metabolized in the liver. A pharmacokinetic study was conducted in 6 healthy and 12 cirrhotic subjects who were administered a single 100-mg dose of itraconazole capsules. A statistically significant reduction in mean Cmax (47%) and a twofold increase in the elimination half-life (37 ± 17 hours vs. 16 ± 5 hours) of itraconazole were noted in cirrhotic subjects compared with healthy subjects. However, overall exposure to itraconazole, based on AUC, was similar in cirrhotic patients and in healthy subjects. Data are not available in cirrhotic patients during long-term use of itraconazole.
Drug Interaction Studies
OmeprazoleThe effect of multiple daily oral 40 mg doses (steady-state conditions) of the proton pump inhibitor, omeprazole, on the exposure to itraconazole from a single 130 mg dose of TOLSURA (2 × 65 mg capsules) when dosed under fasted conditions was evaluated in 30 healthy adult subjects. As illustrated in Table 8 below, the mean itraconazole AUC∞ was 22% higher and mean Cmax 31% higher when TOLSURA was co-administered with omeprazole.Table 8: Pharmacokinetics of Itraconazole Following Single Dose Administration of TOLSURA 130 mg (2 × 65mg capsules) Alone or with Omeprazole 40 mg QD Administered for 7 Days Under Fasted Conditions in Healthy VolunteersParameterTreatment ATreatment A: TOLSURA Mean ±SDTreatment A + BTreatment B: OmeprazoleMean ±SDTreatment A+B vs Treatment ARatio %90% Confidence IntervalAUC∞(h∙ng/mL)2846.3 ±1644.43477.9 ± 1572.6122.2108.7, 137.3Cmax(ng/mL)212.9 ± 119.1278.8 ±106.8130.9111.4, 153.8TmaxTmax is given as median (Range)(h)3.5(2.0 -5.0)3.3(1.5 – 5.0)--
Mechanism of ActionIn vitro studies have demonstrated that itraconazole inhibits the cytochrome P450-dependent, 14C-demethylation of ergosterol, which is a vital component of fungal cell membranes.
ResistanceIsolates from several fungal species with decreased susceptibility to itraconazole have been isolated in vitro and from patients receiving prolonged therapy. Several in vitro studies have reported that some fungal clinical isolates with reduced susceptibility to one azole antifungal agent may also be less susceptible to other azole derivatives. The finding of cross-resistance is dependent on a number of factors, including the species evaluated, its clinical history, the particular azole compounds compared, and the type of susceptibility test performed.Itraconazole is not active against Zygomycetes (e.g., Rhizopus spp., Rhizomucor spp., Mucor spp. and Absidia spp.), Fusarium spp., Scedosporium spp. and Scopulariopsis spp.
Interaction with Other AntimicrobialsStudies (both in vitro and in vivo) suggest that the activity of amphotericin B may be suppressed by prior azole antifungal therapy. Ergosterol is the active site for amphotericin B. In one study, the antifungal activity of amphotericin B against Aspergillus fumigatus infections in mice was inhibited by ketoconazole therapy. The clinical significance of this finding is unknown.
Antifungal Activity Itraconazole exhibits in vitro activity against Blastomyces dermatitidis, Histoplasma capsulatum, Histoplasma duboisii, Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus fumigatus, and Trichophyton species [see Indications and Usage (1)]. Correlation between minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) results in vitro and clinical outcome has yet to be established for azole antifungal agents.
CarcinogenesisItraconazole showed no evidence of carcinogenicity potential in mice treated orally for 23 months at dosage levels up to 80 mg/kg/day (approximately 12×MRHD, based on mg/kg comparisons). Male rats treated with 25 mg/kg/day (4×MRHD) had a slightly increased incidence of soft tissue sarcoma. These sarcomas may have been a consequence of hypercholesterolemia, which is a response of rats, but not dogs or humans, to chronic itraconazole administration. Female rats treated with 50 mg/kg/day (8×MRHD) had an increased incidence of squamous cell carcinoma of the lung (2/50) as compared to the untreated group. Although the occurrence of squamous cell carcinoma in the lung is extremely uncommon in untreated rats, the increase in this study was not statistically significant.
MutagenesisItraconazole produced no mutagenic effects when assayed in DNA repair test (unscheduled DNA synthesis) in primary rat hepatocytes, in Ames tests with Salmonella typhimurium (6 strains) and Escherichia coli, in the mouse lymphoma gene mutation tests, in a sex-linked recessive lethal mutation (Drosophila melanogaster) test, in chromosome aberration tests in human lymphocytes, in a cell transformation test with C3H/10T½ C18 mouse embryo fibroblasts cells, in a dominant lethal mutation test in male and female mice, and in micronucleus tests in mice and rats.
Impairment of Fertility Itraconazole did not affect the fertility of male or female rats treated orally with dosage levels of up to 40 mg/kg/day (6×MRHD, based on mg/kg comparisons), even though parental toxicity was present at this dosage level.
Overview of the Clinical StudiesClinical studies in invasive mycoses listed in this section were conducted with itraconazole 100 mg capsules. Dosage for TOLSURA is different from that of other itraconazole formulations. TOLSURA is not interchangeable or substitutable with other itraconazole products [see Indications and Usage (1), Dosage and Administration (2) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]
- Important Administration InstructionsInstruct the patients that TOLSURA:Cannot be interchanged or substituted with other itraconazole products.Must be swallowed whole and administered with food.
Congestive Heart FailureInform patients about the signs and symptoms of congestive heart failure. Instruct them to discontinue TOLSURA and contact their healthcare provider immediately, if these signs or symptoms occur during TOLSURA administration [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].
HepatoxicityInstruct patients to stop TOLSURA treatment immediately and contact their healthcare provider if any signs and symptoms suggestive of liver dysfunction develop. Such signs and symptoms may include unusual fatigue, anorexia, nausea and/or vomiting, jaundice, dark urine, or pale stools [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)].
Use with Proton Pump Inhibitors and Potential Drug InteractionsAdvise patients to discuss with their physician the use of TOLSURA with proton pump inhibitors, such as omeprazole. Instruct patients to contact their physician before taking any other concomitant medications with TOLSURA to ensure there are no potential drug interactions [see Contraindications (4.1, 4.2), Warnings and Precautions (5.4) and Drug interactions (7.2)].
Hearing LossInstruct patients that hearing loss can occur with the use of TOLSURA. The hearing loss usually resolves when treatment is stopped but can persist in some patients. Advise patients to inform their healthcare provider if any hearing loss symptoms occur [see Warnings and Precautions (5.6)].
Vision ProblemInstruct patients that dizziness or blurred/double vision can sometimes occur with TOLSURA. Advise patients that if they experience these dizziness or blurred/double vision, they should contact their healthcare provider, and instruct the patient not to drive or use machines [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)].
Pregnancy Advise patients to notify their physician if they become pregnant or intend to become pregnant during therapy [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1)].
Mayne PharmaGreenville, NC 27834Made in Spain© Mayne Pharma International Pty Ltd
1 Indications And Usage
- TOLSURA is indicated for the treatment of the following fungal infections in immunocompromised and non-immunocompromised adult patients:Blastomycosis, pulmonary and extrapulmonaryHistoplasmosis, including chronic cavitary pulmonary disease and disseminated, non-meningeal histoplasmosis, andAspergillosis, pulmonary and extrapulmonary, in patients who are intolerant of or who are refractory to amphotericin B therapy.Specimens for fungal cultures and other relevant laboratory studies (wet mount, histopathology, serology) should be obtained before therapy to isolate and identify causative organisms. Therapy may be instituted before the results of the cultures and other laboratory studies are known; however, once these results become available, anti-fungal therapy should be adjusted accordingly
2 Dosage And Administration
TOLSURA must be administered with food.TOLSURA capsules must be swallowed whole. Do not chew, crush or break TOLSURA capsules.Table 1 below describes the recommended dosage for TOLSURA.Table 1: Dosage and Administration of TOLSURAIndicationsDaily DosingTreatment of Blastomycosis and HistoplasmosisRecommended dose130 mg (2 × 65 mg capsules) once dailyIf no obvious improvement, or there is evidence of progressive fungal disease, the dose should be increased in 65 mg increments to a maximum of 260 mg/day (130 mg (2 × 65 mg capsules) twice daily). Doses above 130 mg/day should be given in two divided doses.Treatment of AspergillosisRecommended dose 130 mg (2 × 65 mg capsules) once daily260 mg/day (130 mg (2 × 65 mg capsules) twice daily)Treatment in Life-Threatening SituationsAlthough clinical studies did not provide for a loading dose, it is recommended, based on pharmacokinetic data, that a loading dose should be used.A loading dose of 130 mg (2 × 65 mg capsules) three times daily (390 mg/day) is recommended to be given for the first 3 days, followed by the appropriate recommended dosing based on indication. Treatment should be continued for a minimum of three months and until clinical parameters and laboratory tests indicate that the active fungal infection has subsided. An inadequate period of treatment may lead to recurrence of active infection.
3 Dosage Forms And Strengths
TOLSURA (itraconazole capsules) is available in a size 1, hard gelatin capsules with light blue cap and white body, imprinted with "i-65" in black on the cap and containing 65 mg of itraconazole.
4.1 Drug Interactions
- Co-administration of certain drugs that are metabolized by human CYP3A4 substrates are contraindicated with TOLSURA because plasma concentrations of such drugs are increased, which may also increase or prolong both the pharmacologic effects and/or adverse reactions to these drugs [see Warnings and Precaution (5.4) and Drug Interactions (7.1)].Co-administration with colchicine, fesoterodine and solifenacin is contraindicated in subjects with varying degrees of renal or hepatic impairment.Co-administration with eliglustat is contraindicated in subjects that are poor or intermediate metabolizers of CYP2D6 and in subjects taking strong or moderate CYP2D6 inhibitors [see Drug Interactions (7.1)].Increased plasma concentrations of some of these drugs due to co-administration of TOLSURA can lead to QT prolongation and ventricular tachyarrhythmias including occurrences of torsade de pointes, a potentially fatal arrhythmia [see Drug Interactions (7.1)].
TOLSURA is contraindicated in patients with known hypersensitivity to itraconazole. There is limited information regarding cross-hypersensitivity between itraconazole and other azole antifungal agents [see Warnings and Precautions (5.7)].
5.1 Congestive Heart Failure
TOLSURA can cause or exacerbate congestive heart failure (CHF) [see Boxed Warning and Adverse Reactions (6.1)]. For patients with evidence of ventricular dysfunction such as CHF, history or risk factors for CHF, physicians should carefully review the risks and benefits of TOLSURA therapy. These risk factors include cardiac disease such as ischemic and valvular disease; significant pulmonary disease such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; and renal failure and other edematous disorders. Inform such patients of the signs and symptoms of CHF and monitor carefully for signs and symptoms of CHF during treatment. If signs or symptoms of CHF appear or worsen during administration of TOLSURA, reassess the benefit-risk of continuing treatment.When itraconazole was administered intravenously to anesthetized dogs, a dose-related negative inotropic effect was demonstrated. In a healthy volunteer study of itraconazole intravenous infusion, transient, asymptomatic decreases in left ventricular ejection fraction were observed using gated SPECT imaging; these resolved before the next infusion, 12 hours later.Itraconazole has been associated with reports of CHF, peripheral edema, and pulmonary edema. In post-marketing experience, heart failure was more frequently reported in patients receiving higher total daily doses of itraconazole of 400 mg although there were also cases reported among those receiving lower total daily doses [see Adverse Reactions (6.2)].Calcium channel blockers can have negative inotropic effects which may be additive to those of itraconazole. In addition, itraconazole can inhibit the metabolism of calcium channel blockers. Therefore, when co-administering itraconazole and calcium channel blockers, monitor carefully for signs and symptoms of CHF during treatment due to an increased risk of CHF. Concomitant administration of TOLSURA and felodipine or nisoldipine is contraindicated [see Contraindications (4.1), Drug Interactions (7.1) and Adverse Reactions (6.2)]
Itraconazole has been associated with cases of serious hepatotoxicity, including liver failure and death. Some of these cases had neither pre-existing liver disease nor a serious underlying medical condition, and some of these cases developed within the first week of treatment. If clinical signs or symptoms develop that are consistent with liver disease, discontinue treatment and perform testing for liver disease. Continued TOLSURA use or reinstitution of treatment with TOLSURA is strongly discouraged unless there is a serious or life-threatening situation where the expected benefit exceeds the risk [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)].
5.3 Cardiac Dysrhythmias
Life-threatening cardiac dysrhythmias and/or sudden death have occurred in patients using drugs such as, pimozide, methadone, or quinidine concomitantly with oral itraconazole and/or other CYP3A4 inhibitors. Concomitant administration of these drugs with TOLSURA is contraindicated [see Boxed Warning, Contraindications (4) and Drug Interactions (7)].
5.4 Drug Interaction Potential
Itraconazole has a potential for clinically important drug interactions [see Drug Interactions (7.1, 7.2)]. Co-administration of specific drugs with TOLSURA may result in changes in the efficacy of itraconazole and/or the co-administered drug, life-threatening effects and/or sudden death. [see Boxed Warning, Contraindications (4.1) and Drug Interactions (7.1, 7.2)].
5.5 Peripheral Neuropathy
Cases of peripheral neuropathy have been reported in patients on long-term therapy with itraconazole. Monitor for and promptly evaluate neurologic symptoms. If neuropathy attributable to TOLSURA occurs, discontinue treatment.
5.6 Hearing Loss
Reversible or permanent hearing loss has been reported in patients receiving treatment with itraconazole. Several of these reports included concurrent administration of quinidine which is contraindicated [see Boxed Warning, Contraindications (4.2) and Drug Interactions (7)]. The hearing loss usually resolves when treatment is stopped but can persist in some patients.
5.7 Hypersensitivity Reactions
TOLSURA is contraindicated in patients with a known hypersensitivity to itraconazole [see Contraindications (4.2)]. Hypersensitivity reactions have been reported with the use of itraconazole [see Adverse Reactions (6.2)]. Due to the limited information regarding cross-hypersensitivity between itraconazole and other azole antifungal drugs, careful enquiry about previous hypersensitivity to other azole antifungal drugs should be made when prescribing TOLSURA. If hypersensitivity reactions to TOLSURA occurs, discontinue the drug and institute appropriate therapy.
6 Adverse Reactions
- The following clinically significant adverse reactions are described elsewhere in the labeling:Congestive Heart Failure [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)]Hepatotoxicity [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)]Cardiac Dysrhythmias [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)]Peripheral Neuropathy [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)]Hearing Loss [see Warnings and Precautions (5.6)]Hypersensitivity Reactions [see Warnings and Precautions (5.7)]
6.1 Clinical Trials Experience
Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in clinical practice.
6.2 Postmarketing Experience
Adverse reactions that have been identified during post-marketing experience with itraconazole are listed in Table 3. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, reliably estimating their frequency or establishing a causal relationship to drug exposure is not always possible.Table 3: Postmarketing Reports of Adverse Drug ReactionsBlood and Lymphatic System Disorders:Leukopenia, neutropenia, thrombocytopeniaImmune System Disorders:Anaphylaxis; anaphylactic, anaphylactoid and allergic reactions; serum sickness; angioneurotic edemaNervous System Disorders:Peripheral neuropathy, paresthesia, hypoesthesia, tremorEye Disorders:Visual disturbances, including blurred vision and diplopiaEar and Labyrinth Disorders:Transientor permanent hearing lossRespiratory, Thoracic and Mediastinal Disorders:Pulmonary edema, dyspneaGastrointestinal Disorders:Pancreatitis, dysgeusiaHepatobiliary Disorders:Serious hepatotoxicity (including some cases of fatal acute liver failure), hepatitisSkin and Subcutaneous Tissue Disorders:Toxic epidermal necrolysis, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis, erythema multiforme, exfoliative dermatitis, leukocytoclastic vasculitis, alopecia, photosensitivity, urticariaMusculoskeletal and Connective Tissue Disorders:ArthralgiaRenal and Urinary Disorders:Urinary incontinence, pollakiuriaReproductive System and Breast Disorders:Erectile dysfunctionGeneral Disorders and Administration Site Conditions:Peripheral edemaInvestigations:Blood creatine phosphokinase increased
7.1 Effect Of Tolsura On Other Drugs
Itraconazole and its major metabolite, hydroxy-itraconazole, are potent CYP3A4 inhibitors. Itraconazole is an inhibitor of the drug transporters P-glycoprotein and breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP). Consequently, itraconazole has the potential to interact with many concomitant drugs resulting in either increased or sometimes decreased concentrations of the concomitant drugs. Increased concentrations may increase the risk of adverse reactions associated with the concomitant drug which can be severe or life-threatening in some cases (e.g., QT prolongation, Torsade de Pointes, respiratory depression, hepatic adverse reactions, hypersensitivity reactions, myelosuppression, hypotension, seizures, angioedema, atrial fibrillation, bradycardia, priapism). Reduced concentrations of concomitant drugs may reduce their efficacy. Table 4 lists examples of drugs that may have their concentrations affected by itraconazole, but is not a comprehensive list. Refer to the approved product labeling to become familiar with the interaction pathways, risk potential, and specific actions to be taken with regards to each concomitant drug prior to initiating therapy with itraconazole.Although many of the clinical drug interactions in Table 4 are based on information with a similar azole antifungal, ketoconazole, these interactions are expected to occur with itraconazole.Table 4: Drug Interactions with TOLSURA that Affect Concomitant Drug ConcentrationsConcomitant Drug Within ClassPrevention or ManagementDrug Interactions with TOLSURA that Increase Concomitant Drug Concentrations and May Increase Risk of Adverse Reactions Associated with the Concomitant DrugAlpha BlockersAlfuzosinSilodosinTamsulosinNot recommended during and 2 weeks after TOLSURA treatment.AnalgesicsMethadoneContraindicated during and 2 weeks after TOLSURA treatment.FentanylNot recommended during and 2 weeks after TOLSURA treatment.AlfentanilBuprenorphine (IV and sublingual)OxycodoneBased on clinical drug interaction information with itraconazole.SufentanilMonitor for adverse reactions. Concomitant drug dose reduction may be necessary.AntiarrhythmicsDisopyramideDofetilideDronedaroneQuinidineContraindicated during and 2 weeks after TOLSURA treatment.DigoxinMonitor for adverse reactions. Concomitant drug dose reduction may be necessary. AntibacterialsBedaquilineBased on 400 mg Bedaquiline once daily for 2 weeks.Concomitant TOLSURA not recommended for more than 2 weeks at any time during bedaquiline treatment.RifabutinNot recommended 2 weeks before, during, and 2 weeks after TOLSURA treatment. See also Table 5.ClarithromycinMonitor for adverse reactions. Concomitant drug dose reduction may be necessary. See also Table 5.TrimetrexateMonitor for adverse reactions. Concomitant drug dose reduction may be necessary.Anticoagulants and AntiplateletsTicagrelorContraindicated during and 2 weeks after TOLSURA treatment.ApixabanRivaroxabanVorapaxarNot recommended during and 2 weeks after TOLSURA treatment.CilostazolDabigatranWarfarinMonitor for adverse reactions. Concomitant drug dose reduction may be necessary.AnticonvulsantsCarbamazepineNot recommended 2 weeks before, during, and 2 weeks after TOLSURA treatment. See also Table 5.Antidiabetic DrugsRepaglinideSaxagliptinMonitor for adverse reactions. Concomitant drug dose reduction may be necessary.Antihelminthics, Antifungals and AntiprotozoalsIsavuconazoniumContraindicated during and 2 weeks after TOLSURA treatment. PraziquantelMonitor for adverse reactions. Concomitant drug dose reduction may be necessary.Artemether-lumefantrineQuinineMonitor for adverse reactions.Antimigraine DrugsErgot alkaloids (e.g., dihydroergotamine, ergotamine)Contraindicated during and 2 weeks after TOLSURA treatment.EletriptanMonitor for adverse reactions. Concomitant drug dose reduction may be necessaryAntineoplasticsIrinotecanContraindicated during and 2 weeks after TOLSURA treatment.AxitinibBosutinibCabazitaxelCabozantinibCeritinibCobimetinibCrizotinibDabrafenibDasatinibDocetaxelIbrutinibLapatinibNilotinibOlaparibPazopanibSunitinibTrabectedinTrastuzumab-emtansineVinca alkaloidsNot recommended during and 2 weeks after TOLSURA treatment.BortezomibBrentuximab-vedotinBusulfanErlotinibGefitinibIdelalisibImatinibIxabepiloneNintedanibPanobinostatPonatinibRuxolitinibSonidegibVandetanibMonitor for adverse reactions. Concomitant drug dose reduction may be necessary. For Idelalisib, see also Table 5.Antipsychotics, Anxiolytics and HypnoticsAlprazolamAripiprazoleBuspironeDiazepamHaloperidolMidazolam (IV)QuetiapineRamelteonRisperidoneSuvorexantMonitor for adverse reactions. Concomitant drug dose reduction may be necessary.ZopicloneMonitor for adverse reactions. Concomitant drug dose reduction may be necessary.LurasidoneMidazolam (oral)PimozideTriazolamContraindicated during and 2 weeks after TOLSURA treatment.AntiviralsSimeprevirNot recommended during and 2 weeks after TOLSURA treatment.DaclatasvirIndinavirMaravirocMonitor for adverse reactions. Concomitant drug dose reduction may be necessary. For indinavir, see also Table 5.CobicistatElvitegravir (ritonavir-boosted)RitonavirSaquinavir (unboosted)Monitor for adverse reactions. See also Table 5.Tenofovir disoproxil fumarateMonitor for adverse reactions.Beta BlockersNadololMonitor for adverse reactions. Concomitant drug dose reduction may be necessary.Calcium Channel BlockersFelodipineNisoldipineContraindicated during and 2 weeks after TOLSURA treatment.DiltiazemOther dihydropyridinesVerapamilMonitor for adverse reactions. Concomitant drug dose reduction may be necessary. For diltiazem, see also Table 5.Cardiovascular Drugs, MiscellaneousIvabradineRanolazineContraindicated during and 2 weeks after TOLSURA treatment.AliskirenRiociguatSildenafil (for pulmonary hypertension)Tadalafil (for pulmonary hypertension)Not recommended during and 2 weeks after TOLSURA treatment. For sildenafil and tadalafil, see also Urologic Drugs below.BosentanGuanfacineMonitor for adverse reactions. Concomitant drug dose reduction may be necessary.ContraceptivesDienogestUlipristalMonitor for adverse reactions.DiureticsEplerenoneContraindicated during and 2 weeks after TOLSURA treatment.Gastrointestinal DrugsNaloxegolContraindicated during and 2 weeks after TOLSURA treatment.AprepitantLoperamideMonitor for adverse reactions. Concomitant drug dose reduction may be necessary.NetupitantMonitor for adverse reactions. ImmunosuppressantsEverolimusSirolimusTemsirolimus (IV)Not recommended during and 2 weeks after TOLSURA treatment.Budesonide (inhalation)Budesonide (noninhalation)Ciclesonide (inhalation)Cyclosporine (IV)Cyclosporine (non-IV)DexamethasoneFluticasone (inhalation)Fluticasone (nasal)MethylprednisoloneTacrolimus (IV)Tacrolimus (oral)Monitor for adverse reactions. Concomitant drug dose reduction may be necessary.Lipid-Lowering DrugsLomitapideLovastatinSimvastatinContraindicated during and 2 weeks after TOLSURA treatment.AtorvastatinMonitor for drug adverse reactions. Concomitant drug dose reduction may be necessary. Respiratory DrugsSalmeterolNot recommended during and 2 weeks after TOLSURA treatment.SSRIs, Tricyclics and Related AntidepressantsVenlafaxineMonitor for adverse reactions. Concomitant drug dose reduction may be necessary.Urologic DrugsAvanafilContraindicated during and 2 weeks after TOLSURA treatment.FesoterodinePatients with moderate to severe renal or hepatic impairment: Contraindicated during and 2 weeks after TOLSURA treatment.Other patients: Monitor for adverse reactions.Concomitant drug dose reduction may be necessarySolifenacinPatients with severe renal or moderate to severe hepatic impairment: Contraindicated during and 2 weeks after TOLSURA treatment.Other patients: Monitor for adverse reactions. Concomitant drug dose reduction may be necessary.DarifenacinVardenafilNot recommended during and 2 weeks after TOLSURA treatment.DutasterideOxybutyninSildenafil (for erectile dysfunction)Tadalafil (for erectile dysfunction and benign prostatic hyperplasia)TolterodineMonitor for adverse reactions. Concomitant drug dose reduction may be necessary. For sildenafil and tadalafil, see also Cardiovascular Drugs above.Miscellaneous Drugs and Other SubstancesColchicinePatients with renal or hepatic impairment: Contraindicated during and 2 weeks after TOLSURA treatment.Other patients: Not recommended during and 2 weeks after TOLSURA treatment. EliglustatCYP2D6 EMsEMs: extensive metabolizers; IMs: intermediate metabolizers, PMs: poor metabolizers. taking a strong or moderate CYP2D6 inhibitor, CYP2D6 IMs, or CYP2D6 PMs: Contraindicated during and 2 weeks after TOLSURA treatment.CYP2D6 EMs not taking a strong or moderate CYP2D6 inhibitor: Monitor for adverse reactions. Eliglustat dose reduction may be necessary.Lumacaftor/IvacaftorNot recommended 2 weeks before, during, and 2 weeks after TOLSURA treatment.Alitretinoin (oral)CabergolineCannabinoidsCinacalcetIvacaftorMonitor for adverse reactions. Concomitant drug dose reduction may be necessary.Vasopressin Receptor AntagonistsConivaptanTolvaptanNot recommended during and 2 weeks after TOLSURA treatment.Drug Interactions with TOLSURA that Decrease Concomitant Drug Concentrations and May Reduce Efficacy of the Concomitant DrugAntineoplasticsRegorafenibNot recommended during and 2 weeks after TOLSURA treatment. Gastrointestinal DrugsSaccharomyces boulardiiNot recommended during and 2 weeks after TOLSURA treatment.Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory DrugsMeloxicamConcomitant drug dose increase may be necessary.
7.2 Effect Of Other Drugs On Tolsura
Itraconazole is mainly metabolized through CYP3A4. Other substances that either share this metabolic pathway or modify CYP3A4 activity may influence the pharmacokinetics of itraconazole. Some concomitant drugs have the potential to interact with TOLSURA resulting in either increased or sometimes decreased concentrations of TOLSURA. Increased concentrations may increase the risk of adverse reactions associated with TOLSURA. Decreased concentrations may reduce TOLSURA efficacy.Table 4 lists examples of drugs that may affect itraconazole concentrations, but is not a comprehensive list. Refer to the approved product labeling to become familiar with the interaction pathways, risk potential and specific actions to be taken with regards to each concomitant drug prior to initiating therapy with TOLSURA.Although many of the clinical drug interactions in Table 5 are based on information with a similar azole antifungal, ketoconazole, these interactions are expected to occur with TOLSURA.Table 5: Drug Interactions with Other Drugs that Affect TOLSURA ConcentrationsConcomitant Drug Within ClassPrevention or ManagementDrug Interactions with Other Drugs that Increase TOLSURA Concentrations and May Increase Risk of Adverse Reactions Associated with TOLSURA Antibacterials CiprofloxacinBased on clinical drug interaction information with itraconazole. ErythromycinClarithromycinMonitor for adverse reactions. TOLSURA dose reduction may be necessary.Antineoplastics IdelalisibMonitor for adverse reactions. TOLSURA dose reduction may be necessary. See also Table 4.Antivirals CobicistatDarunavir (ritonavir-boosted)Elvitegravir (ritonavir-boosted)Fosamprenavir (ritonavir-boosted)IndinavirRitonavirSaquinavirMonitor for adverse reactions. TOLSURA dose reduction may be necessary. For, cobicistat, elvitegravir, indinavir, ritonavir, and saquinavir, see also Table 4.Calcium Channel Blockers DiltiazemMonitor for adverse reactions. TOLSURA dose reduction may be necessary. See also Table 4.Gastrointestinal Drugs Drugs that reduce gastric acidity e.g. acid neutralizing medicines such as aluminum hydroxide, or acid secretion suppressors such as H2- receptor antagonists and proton pump inhibitors (e.g., omeprazole).Co-administration of these drugs, including omeprazole, with TOLSURA increases the systemic exposure to itraconazole. Monitor for adverse reactions. TOLSURA dose reduction may be necessary [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].Drug Interactions with Other Drugs that Decrease TOLSURA Concentrations and May Reduce Efficacy of TOLSURA Antibacterials IsoniazidRifampicinNot recommended 2 weeks before and during TOLSURA treatment.RifabutinNot recommended 2 weeks before, during, and 2 weeks after TOLSURA treatment. See also Table 4.Anticonvulsants PhenobarbitalPhenytoinNot recommended 2 weeks before and during TOLSURA treatment. CarbamazepineNot recommended 2 weeks before, during, and 2 weeks after TOLSURA treatment. See also Table 4.Antivirals EfavirenzNevirapineNot recommended 2 weeks before and during TOLSURA treatment. Miscellaneous Drugs and Other Substances Lumacaftor/IvacaftorNot recommended 2 weeks before, during, and 2 weeks after TOLSURA treatment.
8.4 Pediatric Use
Safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients have not been established.The long-term effects of itraconazole on bone growth in children are unknown. Bone lesions were observed in the young adult rats dosed with oral itraconazole for 3 to 12 months [see Nonclinical Toxicology (13.2)].
8.5 Geriatric Use
Clinical studies of itraconazole did not include sufficient numbers of subjects aged 65 years and over to determine whether they respond differently from younger subjects. It is advised to use TOLSURA Capsules in these patients only if it is determined that the potential benefit outweighs the potential risks. In general, it is recommended that the dose selection for an elderly patient should be taken into consideration, reflecting the greater frequency of decreased hepatic, renal, or cardiac function, and of concomitant disease or other drug therapy.Reversible or permanent hearing loss has been reported in elderly patients receiving treatment with itraconazole. Several of these reports included concurrent administration of quinidine which is contraindicated [see Boxed Warning, Contraindications (4.1) and Drug Interactions (7.1)].
8.6 Renal Impairment
Limited data are available on the use of oral itraconazole in patients with renal impairment. It is recommended that patients with renal impairment be carefully monitored when taking TOLSURA [see Clinical Pharmacology (12) and Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].
8.7 Hepatic Impairment
Limited data are available on the use of oral itraconazole in patients with hepatic impairment. It is recommended that patients with impaired hepatic function be carefully monitored when taking TOLSURA. It is recommended that the prolonged elimination half-life of itraconazole observed in the single oral dose clinical trial with itraconazole capsules in cirrhotic patients be considered when deciding to initiate therapy with other medications metabolized by CYP3A4 [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].In patients with elevated or abnormal liver enzymes or active liver disease, or who have experienced liver toxicity with other drugs, treatment with TOLSURA is strongly discouraged unless there is a serious or life-threatening situation where the expected benefit exceeds the risk. It is recommended that liver function monitoring be done in patients with pre-existing hepatic function abnormalities or those who have experienced liver toxicity with other medications [see Clinical Pharmacology (12) and Warnings and Precautions (5.2)].
Itraconazole is not removed by dialysis. In the event of accidental overdosage, supportive measures should be employed. Activated charcoal may be given if considered appropriate.
TOLSURA (itraconazole capsules) is an azole antifungal drug for oral use. Itraconazole is an equal mixture of four diastereomers (two enantiomeric pairs), each possessing three chiral centers. It may be represented by the following structural formula and nomenclature:(±)-1-[(R*)-sec-butyl]-4-[p-[4-[p-[[(2R*,4S*)-2-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-2-(1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-ylmethyl)-1,3-dioxolan-4-yl]methoxy]phenyl]-1-piperazinyl]phenyl]-Δ2-1,2,4-triazolin-5-one mixture with (±)-1-[(R*)-sec-butyl]-4-[p-[4-[p-[[(2S*,4R*)-2-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-2-(1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-ylmethyl)-1,3-dioxolan-4-yl]methoxy]phenyl]-1-piperazinyl]phenyl]-Δ2-1,2,4-triazolin-5-oneor(±)-1-[(RS)-sec-butyl]-4-[p-[4-[p-[[(2R,4S)-2-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-2-(1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-ylmethyl)-1,3-dioxolan-4-yl]methoxy]phenyl]-1-piperazinyl]phenyl]-Δ2-1,2,4-triazolin-5-one.Itraconazole has a molecular formula of C35H38Cl2N8O4 and a molecular weight of 705.64. It is a white to slightly yellowish powder. It is insoluble in water, very slightly soluble in alcohols, and freely soluble in dichloromethane. It has a pKa of 3.70 (based on extrapolation of values obtained from methanolic solutions) and a log (n-octanol/water) partition coefficient of 5.66 at pH 8.1.Each TOLSURA capsule contains 65 mg of itraconazole dispersed in a polymer matrix and encapsulated in a hard gelatin capsule. The inactive ingredients are colloidal silicon dioxide, hypromellose phthalate, magnesium stearate and sodium starch glycolate.
12.1 Mechanism Of Action
Itraconazole is an azole antifungal drug [see Microbiology (12.4)].
13.2 Animal Toxicology And/Or Pharmacology
When itraconazole was administered intravenously to anesthetized dogs, a dose-related negative inotropic effect was documented.In three toxicology studies using rats, itraconazole (dosed in feed or via oral gavage) induced bone defects at dosage levels as low as 20 mg/kg/day (3×MRHD, based on mg/kg comparisons). The induced defects included reduced bone plate activity, thinning of the zona compacta of the large bones, and increased bone fragility. At a dosage level of 80 mg/kg/day (12×MRHD) over 1 year or 160 mg/kg/day (25×MRHD) for 6 months, itraconazole induced small tooth pulp with hypocellular appearance in some rats.
Analyses were conducted on data from two open-label, non-concurrently controlled studies (N=73 combined) in patients with normal or abnormal immune status treated with the100 mg itraconazole capsules. The median dose was 200 mg/day (2 × 100 mg). A response for most signs and symptoms was observed within the first 2 weeks, and all signs and symptoms cleared between 3 and 6 months. Results of these two studies demonstrated substantial evidence of the effectiveness of itraconazole for the treatment of blastomycosis compared with the natural history of untreated cases.
Analyses were conducted on data from two open-label, non-concurrently controlled studies (N=34 combined) in patients with normal or abnormal immune status (not including HIV-infected patients) treated with the 100 mg itraconazole capsules. The median dose was 200 mg/day (2 × 100 mg). A response for most signs and symptoms was observed within the first 2 weeks, and all signs and symptoms cleared between 3 and 12 months. Results of these two studies demonstrated substantial evidence of the effectiveness of itraconazole for the treatment of histoplasmosis, compared with the natural history of untreated cases.
14.3 Histoplasmosis In Hiv-Infected Patients
Data from a small number of HIV-infected patients treated with the 100 mg itraconazole capsules suggested that the response rate of histoplasmosis in HIV-infected patients is similar to that of non-HIV-infected patients. The clinical course of histoplasmosis in HIV-infected patients is more severe and usually requires maintenance therapy to prevent relapse.
Analyses were conducted on data from an open-label, "single-patient-use" protocol designed to make itraconazole available in the U.S. for patients who either failed or were intolerant of amphotericin B therapy (N=190). The findings were corroborated by two smaller open-label studies (N=31 combined) in the same patient population. Most adult patients were treated with a daily dose of 200 (2 × 100 mg) to 400 (4 × 100 mg) mg, with a median duration of 3 months. Results of these studies demonstrated substantial evidence of effectiveness of the 100 mg itraconazole capsules as a second-line therapy for the treatment of aspergillosis compared with the natural history of the disease in patients who either failed or were intolerant of amphotericin B therapy.
16 How Supplied/Storage And Handling
TOLSURA (itraconazole capsules) is supplied in a size 1, hard gelatin capsules with light blue cap and white body, imprinted with "i-65" in black on the cap and containing 65 mg of itraconazole.TOLSURA capsules are supplied in bottles of 60 capsules, NDC 51862-462-60
Storage And Handling
Store at 25°C (77°F); excursions permitted 15°C to 30°C (59°F to 86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature]. Dispense in a tight, light resistant container.
17 Patient Counseling Information
Advise the patient to read the FDA-approved patient labeling (Patient Information).
Spl Patient Package Insert
- This Patient Information has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Issued: 12/2018 Patient InformationTOLSURA (tol sur ah)(itraconazole capsules)Read this Patient Information that comes with TOLSURA before you start taking it and each time you get a refill. There may be new information. This information does not take the place of talking with your doctor about your medical condition or your treatment. What is the most important information I should know about TOLSURA?TOLSURA can cause serious side effects, including:1.Congestive heart failure. TOLSURA can cause congestive heart failure or make congestive heart failure that you already have worse. Stop taking TOLSURA and call your doctor right away if you have any of these symptoms of congestive heart failure:shortness of breathswelling of your feet, ankles or legssudden weight gainincreased tirednesscoughing up white or pink mucus (phlegm)fast heartbeatwaking up at night more than normal for you2.Heart problems and other serious medical problems. Serious medical problems that affect the heart and other parts of your body can happen if you take TOLSURA with certain other medicines.Do not take TOLSURA if you take any of the following medicines:avanafildisopyramide dofetilide dronedaroneeplerenoneergot alkaloids (such as dihydroergotamine or ergotamine)felodipineirinotecanisavuconazoniumivabradinelomitapidelovastatinlurasidonemethadonemidazolam (taken by mouth) naloxegolnisoldipinepimozidequinidineranolazine simvastatinticagrelortriazolamDo not take TOLSURA if you have kidney or liver problems and take any of the following medicines: colchicinefesoterodinesolifenacinDo not take TOLSURA:if you have been told that an enzyme in your body, called CYP2D6, breaks down (metabolizes) certain medicines in your body too slowly.if you are taking the medicine eliglustat and are also taking a medicine that slows the rate that your body breaks down (metabolizes) certain other medicines (CYP2D inhibitor). Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you take any of these medicines.These are not complete lists of medicines that can interact with TOLSURA. TOLSURA may affect the way other medicines work, and other medicines may affect how TOLSURA works. You can ask your pharmacist for a list of medicines that interact with TOLSURA.Before you start taking TOLSURA, tell your doctor about all the medicines you take, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements.Before you start any new medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist if it is safe to take it with TOLSURA or within 2 weeks after stopping treatment with TOLSURA.3.Liver problems. TOLSURA can cause serious liver problems which may be severe and lead to death. Stop taking TOLSURA and call your doctor right away if you have any of these symptoms of liver problems:unusual fatigueloss of appetite nausea or vomiting your skin or the white part of your eyes turn yellow (jaundice)dark (tea-colored) urinelight-colored stools (bowel movement)For more information about side effects, see "What are the possible side effects of TOLSURA?"What is TOLSURA?TOLSURA is a prescription medicine used to treat the following fungal infections in adults: blastomycosis, histoplasmosis, and aspergillosis.TOLSURA is not for use for the treatment of fungal infections of the toenails or fingernails (onychomycosis).TOLSURA is not for use in place of other medicines that contain itraconazole.It is not known if TOLSURA is safe and effective in children.Do not take TOLSURA if you:See "What is the most important information I should know about TOLSURA?"are allergic to itraconazole or any of the ingredients in TOLSURA. See the end of this Patient Information leaflet for a complete list of ingredients in TOLSURA.Before taking TOLSURA, tell your doctor about all of your medical conditions, including if you:have heart problems.have lung problems.have kidney problems.have liver problems.have had an allergic reaction to a medicine used to treat a fungal infection.are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. It is not known if TOLSURA will harm your unborn baby. Tell your doctor if you become pregnant during treatment with TOLSURA.are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. TOLSURA can pass into your breast milk. Talk to your doctor about the best way to feed your baby if you take TOLSURA.Before you start taking TOLSURA, tell your doctor about all the medicines you take, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements.Especially tell your doctor if you take:a medicine to treat high blood pressure or certain other heart problems called a calcium channel blocker.a medicine to reduce acid in your stomach called a proton pump inhibitor, such as omeprazole.How should I take TOLSURA?Take TOLSURA exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Your doctor will tell you how much TOLSURA to take and when to take it.TOLSURA must be taken with food.TOLSURA capsules must be swallowed whole.Do not chew, crush or break TOLSURA capsules.If you take too much TOLSURA, call your doctor or go to the nearest hospital emergency room right away. What should I avoid while taking TOLSURA?TOLSURA can cause dizziness and vision problems. Do not drive or operate machinery until you know how TOLSURA affects you. Tell your doctor if you get dizziness or vision problems. What are the possible side effects of TOLSURA?TOLSURA may cause serious side effects, including:See "What is the most important information I should know about TOLSURA?"Nerve problems (neuropathy). Nerve problems have happened in some people who have taken TOLSURA for longer than 3 months. Call your doctor right away if you have tingling or numbness in your hands or feet. Your doctor may stop your treatment with TOLSURA if you have nerve problems.Hearing loss. Hearing loss can happen in some people who take TOLSURA. Hearing loss usually improves when treatment with TOLSURA is stopped, but hearing loss has been permanent in some people. Call your doctor if you have any changes in your hearing.The most common side effects of TOLSURA include:nausearashvomitingswellingheadachediarrheafatiguefeveritchinghigh blood pressureabnormal liver blood testsstomach paindizzinesslow blood potassium levelsloss of appetitegeneral feeling of discomfortdecreased sex drivesleepinesselevated levels of a type of protein, called albumin, in your urineerectile dysfunctionThese are not all the possible side effects of TOLSURA.Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.How should I store TOLSURA?Store TOLSURA at room temperature between 68°F to 77°F (20°C to 25°C).Keep TOLSURA in a tightly closed container.Keep TOLSURA away from light.Keep TOLSURA and all medicines out of the reach of children.General information about the safe and effective use of TOLSURA.Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in a Patient Information leaflet. Do not use TOLSURA for a condition for which it was not prescribed. Do not give TOLSURA to other people, even if they have the same symptoms that you have. It may harm them.You can ask your doctor or pharmacist for information about TOLSURA that is written for health professionals.What are the ingredients in TOLSURA?Active ingredient: itraconazoleInactive ingredients: colloidal silicon dioxide, hypromellose phthalate, magnesium stearate and sodium starch glycolateManufactured by: Mayne PharmaFor more information, go to www.maynepharma.com or call 1-844-825-8500
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